What is edge computing?
Process and act on data wherever it's created
Process and act on data wherever it's created
Edge computing is a distributed computing framework that brings enterprise applications closer to data sources such as IoT devices or local edge servers. This proximity to data at its source can deliver strong business benefits: faster insights, improved response times and better bandwidth availability.
Gartner estimates that by 2025, 75% of data will be processed outside the traditional data center or cloud.¹
The explosive growth and increasing computing power of IoT devices has resulted in unprecedented volumes of data. And data volumes will continue to grow as 5G networks increase the number of connected mobile devices.
In the past, the promise of cloud and AI was to automate and speed innovation by driving actionable insight from data. But the unprecedented scale and complexity of data that’s created by connected devices has outpaced network and infrastructure capabilities.
Sending all that device-generated data to a centralized data center or to the cloud causes bandwidth and latency issues. Edge computing offers a more efficient alternative: data is processed and analyzed closer to the point where it's created. Because data does not traverse over a network to a cloud or data center to be processed, latency is significantly reduced. Edge computing — and mobile edge computing on 5G networks — enables faster and more comprehensive data analysis, creating the opportunity for deeper insights, faster response times and improved customer experiences.
From connected vehicles to intelligent bots on the factory floor, the amount of data from devices being generated in our world is higher than ever before, yet most of this IoT data is not exploited or used at all. For example, a McKinsey & Company study found that an offshore oil rig generates data from 30,000 sensors — but less than one percent of that data is currently used to make decisions.²
Edge computing harnesses growing in-device computing capability to provide deep insights and predictive analysis in near-real time. This increased analytics capability in edge devices can power innovation to improve quality and enhance value. It also raises important strategic questions: How do you manage the deployment of workloads that perform these types of actions in the presence of increased compute capacity? How can you use the embedded intelligence in devices to influence operational processes for your employees, your customers and your business more responsively? In order to extract the most value from all those devices, significant volumes of computation must move to the edge.
Edge computing helps you unlock the potential of the vast untapped data that’s created by connected devices. You can uncover new business opportunities, increase operational efficiency and provide faster, more reliable and consistent experiences for your customers. The best edge computing models can help you accelerate performance by analyzing data locally. A well-considered approach to edge computing can keep workloads up-to-date according to predefined policies, can help maintain privacy, and will adhere to data residency laws and regulations.
But this process is not without its challenges. An effective edge computing model should address network security risks, management complexities, and the limitations of latency and bandwidth. A viable model should help you:
CIOs in banking, mining, retail, or just about any other industry, are building strategies designed to personalize customer experiences, generate faster insights and actions, and maintain continuous operations. This can be achieved by adopting a massively decentralized computing architecture, otherwise known as edge computing. Within each industry, however, are particular uses cases that drive the need for edge IT.
Banks may need edge to analyze ATM video feeds in real-time in order to increase consumer safety. Mining companies can use their data to optimize their operations, improve worker safety, reduce energy consumption and increase productivity. Retailers can personalize the shopping experiences for their customers and rapidly communicate specialized offers. Companies that leverage kiosk services can automate the remote distribution and management of their kiosk-based applications, helping to ensure they continue to operate even when they aren’t connected or have poor network connectivity.
No matter which variety of edge computing interests you — cloud edge, IoT edge or mobile edge — be sure that you find a solution that can help you accomplish the following goals:
Reduce unnecessary administrators, save the associated costs, and deploy software where and when it’s needed.
Leverage an edge computing solution that nurtures the ability to innovate and can handle the diversity of equipment and devices in today’s marketplace.
Know that the right workloads are on the right machine at the right time. Make sure there’s an easy way to govern and enforce the policies of your enterprise.
Find a vendor with a proven multicloud platform and a comprehensive portfolio of services designed to increase scalability, accelerate performance and strengthen security in your edge deployments. Ask your vendor about extended services that maximize intelligence and performance at the edge.
Edge computing with 5G creates tremendous opportunities in every industry. It brings computation and data storage closer to where data is generated, enabling better data control and reduced costs, faster insights and actions, and continuous operations. In fact, by 2025, 50% of enterprise data will be processed at the edge, compared to only 10% today.
IBM provides an autonomous management offering that addresses the scale, variability and rate of change in edge environments, edge-enabled industry solutions and services. IBM also offers solutions to help communications service providers (CSPs) modernize their networks and deliver new services at the edge.
¹"What Edge Computing Means for Infrastructure and Operations Leaders," Rob van der Meulen, Gartner Research, October 2018 (link resides outside IBM)
²"The Internet of Things: Mapping the Value Beyond the Hype," McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey & Company, June 2015 (link resides outside IBM)