AI

IBM Research AI: Advancing AI for industry and society

Pushing the boundaries of human-AI interaction at IUI 2021

At the 2021 virtual edition of the ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI), researchers at IBM will present five full papers, two workshop papers, and two demos.

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From HPC Consortium’s success to National Strategic Computing Reserve

Founded in March 2020 just as the pandemic’s wave was starting to wash over the world, the Consortium has brought together 43 members with supercomputing resources. Private and public enterprises, academia, government and technology companies, many of whom are typically rivals. “It is simply unprecedented,” said Dario Gil, Senior Vice President and Director of IBM Research, one of the founding organizations. “The outcomes we’ve achieved, the lessons we’ve learned, and the next steps we have to pursue are all the result of the collective efforts of these Consortium’s community.” The next step? Creating the National Strategic Computing Reserve to help the world be better prepared for future global emergencies.

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The remarkable work of women scientists and researchers at IBM Research

During the month of March, IBM Research put the spotlight on a number of women scientists and engineers, and asked them about their professional and personal motivations, journeys and experiences as women — and particularly, as women in STEM. They represent the breadth of career experiences at IBM Research, across disciplines, geographies, ethnicities, tenures and backgrounds, who share a passion for science and tech, as well as a commitment to help all women rise to meet their aspirations.

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AI helps explain your microbiome

Newly published research describes an Explainable AI to help understand the link between skin microbiome composition and personal wellbeing.

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Introducing the AI chip leading the world in precision scaling

We’ve made strides in delivering the next-gen AI computational systems with cutting-edge performance and unparalleled energy efficiency.

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IBM’s AI goes multilingual — with single language training

At AAAI, our team presented two new multilingual research techniques that enable AI to understand different languages while only trained on one.

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IBM boosts material discovery to make gadgets more sustainable

PAGs play a vital role in the manufacturing of computer chips. They are also one of several classes of chemical compounds that have recently come under enhanced scrutiny from environmental regulators. Researchers have been racing to create more sustainable ones – but the traditional process of discovering new materials is too slow, too costly, and too risky. So IBM researchers have turned to AI for help – and created new PAGs much, much faster, paving the way to the era of Accelerated Discovery.

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IBM researchers check AI bias with counterfactual text

Our team has developed an AI that verifies other AIs’ ‘fairness’ by generating a set of counterfactual text samples and testing machine learning systems without supervision.

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IBM’s AI learns to navigate around a virtual home using common sense

In a recent paper introduced at the 2021 AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), we describe an AI that trades off ‘exploration’ of the world with ‘exploitation’ of its action strategy to maximize rewards. In Reinforcement Learning, an AI gets a reward – such as a bag of gold behind a locked door in a video game – every time it reaches specific desirable states. We have greatly improved this exploration vs exploitation tradeoff using additional commonsense knowledge – in the form of crowdsourced text. Our work could lead to better mapping and navigation applications, and to a new generation of interactive assistive agents able to reason like humans.

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IBM AI helps to break down massive code to ease cloud migration

We use AI to automatically break down the overall application by representing application code as graphs. Our AI relies on Graph Representation Learning – a popular method in deep learning. Graphs are a natural representation for software and applications. We translated the application to a graph where the programs become nodes. Their relationships with other programs become edges and determine the boundary to separate the nodes of common business functionality.

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Mono2Micro AI speeds up app ‘refactoring’ before cloud move

To help the developers that update legacy applications, our team has created Mono2Micro (monolith-to-microservice) – an AI assistant that modernizes legacy applications to help move them to the cloud as microservices. Our tool simplifies and speeds up the often error-prone “application refactoring” process of partitioning and preserving the original semantics of the legacy, monolith applications.

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