ISO 14001 standard on environmental management systems

IBM formalized its environmental programs and commitment to leadership with the issuance of its Corporate Policy on IBM's Environmental Responsibilities in 1971, a quarter-century before the first International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001 environmental management systems standard was published in September 1996. In 1997, IBM became the first major multinational company to earn a single global registration of its environmental management system (EMS) to the ISO 14001 standard. We achieved this credential within one year of the finalization of the first edition of the standard, in part due to the results already delivered under our environmental policy and the early implementation of our environmental management programs, and we have maintained it through the different versions of the standard.

IBM's initial ISO 14001 registration covered manufacturing, product design and hardware development operations across its business units worldwide. We have since expanded our global ISO 14001 registration to include additional entities such as our research locations that use chemicals, several country organizations and their non-manufacturing locations, as well as our Global Asset Recovery Services, Global Procurement, Global Services and Global Logistics organizations.

As our business model has evolved to include more services offerings, we have updated our EMS to address environmental opportunities and challenges in the services area. A complete list of IBM entities registered to the ISO 14001 standard can be found on our ISO 14001 certificate.

Approximately 15 sites or registered entities are audited annually by an independent ISO 14001 registrar. The ISO 14001 surveillance audits are used to verify implementation of IBM's EMS.