Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products

Checkpoint 1.3: Touchscreens

Provide alternative input methods for touchscreens or contact-sensitive controls.


Touchscreens or contact-sensitive controls provide no tactile cues so they require the user to be able to see the areas of the screen in order to activate a touch control. Blind users cannot locate the areas of the touchscreen to activate the controls. Contact-sensitive controls often require physical body contact. Someone with a physical disability who may have an artificial limb would not be able to activate the control.

Required development techniques

When touchscreens or contact-sensitive controls are used, provide a redundant set of controls that complies with the following in order to meet Checkpoint 1.3 from the IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products Accessibility Checklist:

Required test techniques

Test the hardware to ensure that it complies with accessibility requirements.


No tools are needed to test this checkpoint:


The following techniques are required to verify this checkpoint:
Action Result
1. Check each control or each key to determine that it can be identified uniquely without activating it.

This can be accomplished by touching or viewing each control or key and perceiving the distinctions as to its physical configuration or location in regard to other controls or keys with the eye or the mind.

2. Check that each control can be activated with only one hand, requires no tight grasping, pinching, no twisting of the wrist, and requires no more than 5 lbs of force to activate.

Use a force or torque gauge to measure the force required to activate the control.

3. If key repeat is supported:

Verify that the repeat rate can be set to at least 2 seconds.

4. Verify the status of locking and toggle keys is provided visually and either through touch or sound. Pass:


©2009 IBM Corporation

Last updated September 21, 2009.