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Management discussion
International Business Machines Corporation and Subsidiary Companies

Discontinued operations

On December 31, 2002, the company sold its HDD business to Hitachi for approximately $2 billion. The final cash payment of $399 million was received on December 30, 2005. In addition, the company paid Hitachi $80 million to settle warranty obligations during 2005. These transactions were consistent with the company’s previous estimates. The HDD business was accounted for as a discontinued operation whereby the results of operations and cash flows were removed from the company’s results from continuing operations for all periods presented.

In 2006, the company reported net income of $76 million, net of tax, primarily related to tax benefits from tax audit settlements. The company incurred a loss from discontinued operations of $24 million in 2005, net of tax. This loss was primarily due to additional costs associated with parts warranty as agreed upon by the company and Hitachi, under the terms of the agreement for the sale of the HDD business to Hitachi.

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