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Resource shortage in MQ queue manager in Linux when running large number of clients - additional kernel parameters

Question & Answer


Question

You are running a large number of clients against a MQ V7.1 or later queue manager and you want to know why there are FDC files showing resource shortage: probeid XC035040 from pthread_create. An example of the FDC is: | LVLS :- 7.1.0.0 | Product Long Name :- WebSphere MQ for Linux (x86-64 platform) | Probe Id :- XC035040 | Component :- xcsCreateThread | Program Name :- amqrmppa | Addressing mode :- 64-bit | Major Errorcode :- xecF_E_UNEXPECTED_SYSTEM_RC | Probe Description :- AMQ6119: An internal WebSphere MQ error has occurred | ('11 - Resource temporarily unavailable' from pthread_create.) | Arith1 :- 11 (0xb) | Comment1 :- '11 - Resource temporarily unavailable' from | pthread_create. . And it might be followed by: | Probe Id :- ZS401010 | Component :- zstStartAsyncConsumeThread | Major Errorcode :- xecP_E_PROC_LIMIT | Probe Description :- AMQ6026: A resource shortage prevented the creation of a WebSphere MQ process.

Answer

The following page from the MQ V7.1 documentation has more details on some kernel parameters that can be tuned:

WebSphere MQ > Installing > Installing WebSphere MQ > Preparing the system
Additional settings for installing on Linux systems
These are the corresponding links for the MQ 8 and MQ 9.1 online manuals.
.
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/SSFKSJ_8.0.0/com.ibm.mq.ins.doc/q008550_.htm
IBM MQ 8.0.0 / IBM MQ / Installing / Planning your installation / Preparing your system / Operating System configuration and tuning for UNIX and Linux systems and IBMi  / 
Operating system configuration and tuning for IBM MQ on Linux systems
.
https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/SSFKSJ_9.1.0/com.ibm.mq.ins.doc/q008550_.htm
IBM MQ 9.1.x / IBM MQ / Installing and uninstalling / Installing and uninstalling IBM MQ on Linux / Preparing the system on Linux / 
Configuring and tuning the operating system on Linux
.
The minimum configuration for WebSphere MQ for these resources is as follows:
kernel.msgmni = 1024
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 268435456
kernel.sem = 500 256000 250 1024
fs.file-max = 524288
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 300


To load these sysctl values immediately, enter the following command sysctl -p.
If you do not issue the sysctl -p command, the new values are loaded when the system is rebooted.

There are some other kernel parameters that might be useful, but they are not documented in the above section, such as:

a) kernel.pid_max

By default the Linux kernel has a maximum process identifier, which may also be used with threads and may limit the allowed number of threads. This parameter is mentioned in the following technical documents. The value used was the same in both documents:
kernel.pid_max = 120000

MPL7: WebSphere MQ for Linux (Intel) V7.1 - Performance Evaluations

MPL8: WebSphere MQ for Linux (zSeries) V7.1 - Performance Evaluations

b) kernel.threads-max

According to the Linux manual page, the Operating System reports when the system lacks the necessary resources to create another thread, or the system-imposed limit on the total number of threads in a process {PTHREAD_THREADS_MAX} would be exceeded. If the value of kernel.threads-max is low, increase its value. The command "cat /proc/sys/kernel/threads-max" displays the current value.

The number of threads created by MQ depends on number of application connecting to the queue manager. MQ creates one thread for each local connection (in amqzlaa0) or two threads (one in amqzlaa0 and the other one in amqrmppa) for each client connection. If there are 100 connections active to the queue manager, then the queue manager may need about 200 (amqzlla0 and amqrmppa) + approximately 100 threads (for other MQ processes).

In Linux, the number of active threads can be calculated from the output of the command:
ps -elfL

This parameter is mentioned in the following technical document.
The value used is: kernel.threads-max = 48000

Internal Use Only

PMR 50622,379,000

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Product Alias/Synonym

WMQ MQ MQSeries

Document Information

Modified date:
23 September 2019

UID

swg21588655