OpenSSH for IBM i is vulnerable to arbitrary code execution due to a flaw in ssh-agent (CVE-2023-38408), OpenSSL for IBM i is vulnerable to a denial of service due to a flaw in DH key check (CVE-2023-3817), a denial of service due to using an object to text function (CVE-2023-2650), and a security restrictions bypass due to a flaw verifying certificates (CVE-2023-0465) as described in the vulnerability details section. IBM i has addressed the vulnerabilities in OpenSSH and OpenSSL with a fix as described in the remediation/fixes section.
DESCRIPTION: OpenSSH could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a flaw in the forwarded ssh-agent. By sending specially crafted requests, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system.
CVSS Base score: 8.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/261022 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)
DESCRIPTION: OpenSSL is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by a flaw when using the DH_check(), DH_check_ex() or EVP_PKEY_param_check() functions to check a DH key or DH parameters. By sending a specially crafted request, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause long delays, and results in a denial of service condition.
CVSS Base score: 3.7
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/262046 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L)
DESCRIPTION: OpenSSL could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by a flaw when using a non-default option to verify certificates. By using invalid certificate policies in leaf certificates, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to bypass policy checking.
CVSS Base score: 3.7
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/251293 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)
DESCRIPTION: OpenSSL is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by a flaw when using OBJ_obj2txt() directly, or use any of the OpenSSL subsystems OCSP, PKCS7/SMIME, CMS, CMP/CRMF or TS with no message size limit. By sending a specially crafted request, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a denial of service.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/256611 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)
Affected Products and Versions
Important note: IBM recommends that all users running unsupported versions of affected products upgrade to supported and fixed version of affected products.
Workarounds and Mitigations
Get Notified about Future Security Bulletins
07 Sep 2023: Initial Publication
*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Security Bulletin.
According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES ""AS IS"" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY. In addition to other efforts to address potential vulnerabilities, IBM periodically updates the record of components contained in our product offerings. As part of that effort, if IBM identifies previously unidentified packages in a product/service inventory, we address relevant vulnerabilities regardless of CVE date. Inclusion of an older CVEID does not demonstrate that the referenced product has been used by IBM since that date, nor that IBM was aware of a vulnerability as of that date. We are making clients aware of relevant vulnerabilities as we become aware of them. "Affected Products and Versions" referenced in IBM Security Bulletins are intended to be only products and versions that are supported by IBM and have not passed their end-of-support or warranty date. Thus, failure to reference unsupported or extended-support products and versions in this Security Bulletin does not constitute a determination by IBM that they are unaffected by the vulnerability. Reference to one or more unsupported versions in this Security Bulletin shall not create an obligation for IBM to provide fixes for any unsupported or extended-support products or versions.
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07 September 2023