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Security Bulletin: IBM Cognos Analytics has addressed multiple vulnerabilities

Security Bulletin


Summary

Security vulnerabilities have been addressed in IBM Cognos Analytics 11.2.3. These vulnerabilities have also been previously addressed in IBM Cognos Analytics 11.1.7 FP5 where applicable. Multiple Cross-Site Request Forgery vulnerabilities have been addressed (CVE-2020-4301, CVE-2021-20468, CVE-2021-29823). A vulnerability where passwords were being logged in plain text has been addressed (CVE-2021-39009). A vulnerability where a password field had autocomplete enabled has been addressed (CVE-2021-39045). A Denial of Service (DOS) vulnerability via email flooding has been addressed (CVE-2022-30614). An XML Entity Expansion vulnerability has been addressed CVE-2022-36773). The following 3rd party components are used by IBM Cognos Analytics: Node.js glob-parent is a package that helps extracts the non-magic parent path from a glob string (CVE-2020-28469). Chalk ansi-regex is a regular expression for matching ANSI escape codes (CVE-2021-3807). Axios is a promise-based HTTP client for the browser and node.js (CVE-2021-3749). Node.js mpath is a package that gets/sets javascript object values using MongoDB-like path notation (CVE-2021-23438). Node.js netmask is a library that parses and understands IPv4 CIDR blocks so they can be explored and compared (CVE-2021-29418, CVE-2021-28918). Netty is a Java-based non-blocking I/O networking framework (CVE-2021-43797). FasterXML Jackson is a JSON to Java object conversion API (CVE-2020-36518, XFID: 217968). Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform Javascript runtime environment (CVE-2021-44533, CVE-2022-21824, CVE-2021-44531, CVE-2021-44532). Node.js ejs is an embedded JavaScript templating language lets users to generate HTML markup with plain JavaScript (CVE-2022-29078). Node.js nconf is a hierarchical node.js configuration with files, environment variables, command-line arguments, and atomic object merging (CVE-2022-21803). Maven okhttp is an efficient HTTP & HTTP/2 client for Android and Java applications (XFID: 233967).

Vulnerability Details

CVEID:   CVE-2020-4301
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics is vulnerable to cross-site request forgery which could allow an attacker to execute malicious and unauthorized actions transmitted from a user that the website trusts.
CVSS Base score: 4.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/176609 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-3749
DESCRIPTION:   axios is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by a regular expression denial of service (ReDoS) flaw in the trim function. By sending a specially-crafted regex input, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause an application to consume an excessive amount of CPU.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/208438 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-36518
DESCRIPTION:   FasterXML jackson-databind is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by a Java StackOverflow exception. By using a large depth of nested objects, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a denial of service.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/222319 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVEID:   CVE-2022-29078
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js ejs module could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a server-side template injection flaw in settings[view options][outputFunctionName]. By sending a specially-crafted HTTP request to overwrites the outputFunctionName option with an arbitrary OS command, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system.
CVSS Base score: 9.8
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/225116 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-29418
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js netmask module could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by improper handling of certain unexpected characters in an IP address string. By using a specially-crafted argument using octal literals, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to bypass access control that is based on IP addresses.
CVSS Base score: 9.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/199130 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-28918
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js netmask module is vulnerable to server-side request forgery, caused by the improper handling of mixed-format IP addresses. By using a specially-crafted argument using octal literals, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to conduct SSRF, RFI, and LFI attacks to gain access to intranets, VPNs, containers, adjacent VPC instances, or LAN hosts.
CVSS Base score: 9.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/198894 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-39009
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics stores user credentials in plain clear text which can be read by a local privileged user.
CVSS Base score: 4.4
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/213554 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-28469
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js glob-parent module is vulnerable to a denial of service. By sending a specially-crafted request, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a regular expression denial of service.
CVSS Base score: 5.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/196451 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-39045
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics could allow a local attacker to obtain information due to the autocomplete feature on password input fields.
CVSS Base score: 6.2
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/214345 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-43797
DESCRIPTION:   Netty is vulnerable to HTTP request smuggling, caused by improper parsing of the HTTP transfer-encoding request header names. By sending a specially-crafted HTTP(S) transfer-encoding request header, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to poison the web cache, bypass web application firewall protection, and conduct XSS attacks.
CVSS Base score: 6.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/215118 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-44533
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by the incorrect handling of multi-value Relative Distinguished Names. By crafting certificate subjects containing a single-value Relative Distinguished Name that would be interpreted as a multi-value Relative Distinguished Name, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to bypass the certificate subject verification.
CVSS Base score: 5.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/216932 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2022-21824
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js could provide weaker than expected security, caused by an error related to the formatting logic of the console.table() function. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability using console.table properties to allow an empty string to be assigned to numerical keys of the object prototype.
CVSS Base score: 5.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/216933 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-44531
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by the improper handling of URI Subject Alternative Name (SAN) types. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to bypass name-constrained intermediates.
CVSS Base score: 5.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/216930 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-44532
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by a string injection vulnerability when name constraints were used within a certificate chain. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to bypass the name constraints.
CVSS Base score: 5.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/216931 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-3807
DESCRIPTION:   Chalk ansi-regex module for Node.js is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by a regular expression denial of service (ReDoS) flaw. By sending a specially-crafted regex input, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a denial of service condition.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/209596 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-29823
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics is vulnerable to cross-site request forgery which could allow an attacker to execute malicious and unauthorized actions transmitted from a user that the website trusts.
CVSS Base score: 4.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/204465 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-20468
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics is vulnerable to cross-site request forgery which could allow an attacker to execute malicious and unauthorized actions transmitted from a user that the website trusts.
CVSS Base score: 4.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/196825 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-23438
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js mpath module could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a prototype pollution flaw. By adding or modifying properties of Object.prototype using a __proto__ or constructor payload, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system.
CVSS Base score: 5.6
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/208595 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L)

CVEID:   CVE-2022-21803
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js nconf module could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a prototype pollution flaw when using the memory engine. By adding or modifying properties of Object.prototype using a __proto__ or constructor payload, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service condition on the system.
CVSS Base score: 7.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/224357 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L)

CVEID:   CVE-2022-30614
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics is vulnerable to a denial of service via email flooding caused by sending a specially-crafted request. A remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause the server to consume all available CPU resources.
CVSS Base score: 6.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/227591 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVEID:   CVE-2022-36773
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Cognos Analytics is vulnerable to an XML External Entity Injection (XXE) attack when processing XML data. A remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to expose sensitive information or consume memory resources.
CVSS Base score: 7.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/233571 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:L)

IBM X-Force ID:   217968
DESCRIPTION:   FasterXML jackson-databind is vulnerable to a denial of service, caused by an error when using JDK serialization to serialize and deserialize JsonNode values. By sending a specially crafted request, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a denial of service.
CVSS Base score: 5.9
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/217968 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

IBM X-Force ID:   233967
DESCRIPTION:   Maven OkHttp package could allow a remote attacker to obtain sensitive information, caused by the inclusion of sensitive information in an error message. By sending a specially-crafted request using an illegal character in a header value, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to trigger an IllegalArgumentException whose message includes the full header value.
CVSS Base score: 8.2
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/233967 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:L/A:N)

Affected Products and Versions

IBM Cognos Analytics 11.2.x

IBM Cognos Analytics 11.1.x

 

Remediation/Fixes

Affected VersionFix Version
IBM Cognos Analytics 11.2.x

Downloading IBM Cognos Analytics 11.2.3

IBM Cognos Analytics 11.1.x

IBM Cognos Analytics 11.1.7 Fix Pack 5

 

Workarounds and Mitigations

None

Get Notified about Future Security Bulletins

References

Off

Acknowledgement

Change History

31 Aug 2022: Initial Publication

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Security Bulletin.

Disclaimer

According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES ""AS IS"" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY. In addition to other efforts to address potential vulnerabilities, IBM periodically updates the record of components contained in our product offerings. As part of that effort, if IBM identifies previously unidentified packages in a product/service inventory, we address relevant vulnerabilities regardless of CVE date. Inclusion of an older CVEID does not demonstrate that the referenced product has been used by IBM since that date, nor that IBM was aware of a vulnerability as of that date. We are making clients aware of relevant vulnerabilities as we become aware of them. "Affected Products and Versions" referenced in IBM Security Bulletins are intended to be only products and versions that are supported by IBM and have not passed their end-of-support or warranty date. Thus, failure to reference unsupported or extended-support products and versions in this Security Bulletin does not constitute a determination by IBM that they are unaffected by the vulnerability. Reference to one or more unsupported versions in this Security Bulletin shall not create an obligation for IBM to provide fixes for any unsupported or extended-support products or versions.

Document Location

Worldwide

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Document Information

Modified date:
31 August 2022

UID

ibm16615285