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Security Bulletin: Multiple vulnerabilities affect IBM Cloud Pak for Automation

Security Bulletin


Summary

The vulnerabilities are related to Node.js runtime and modules and other open source packages. Issues related to connection credentials written in clear in log files, in the event emitters and other component level connections, have been fixed.

Vulnerability Details

CVEID:   CVE-2020-8277
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js is vulnerable to a denial of service. By getting the application to resolve a DNS record with a larger number of responses, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to trigger a DNS request for a host of their choice resulting in a denial of service.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/191755 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-20358
DESCRIPTION:   IBM Business Automation Insights stores potentially sensitive information in clear text in API connection log files. This information could be obtained by a user with permissions to read log files.
CVSS Base score: 6.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/194965 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-28168
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js axios module is vulnerable to server-side request forgery, caused by improper input validation. By providing a URL that responds with a redirect to a restricted host or IP address, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to conduct SSRF attack to bypass a proxy.
CVSS Base score: 5.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/191660 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2019-10785
DESCRIPTION:   Dojox is vulnerable to cross-site scripting, caused by improper validation of user-supplied input by the dojox.xmpp.util.xmlEncode. A remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute script in a victim's Web browser within the security context of the hosting Web site. An attacker could use this vulnerability to steal the victim's cookie-based authentication credentials.
CVSS Base score: 6.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/176460 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-5259
DESCRIPTION:   Dojo dojox could allow a remote attacker to inject arbitrary code on the system, caused by a prototype pollution flaw. By injecting other values, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to overwrite, or pollute, a JavaScript application object prototype of the base object.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/177752 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-5258
DESCRIPTION:   Dojo dojo could allow a remote attacker to inject arbitrary code on the system, caused by a prototype pollution flaw. By injecting other values, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to overwrite, or pollute, a JavaScript application object prototype of the base object.
CVSS Base score: 7.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/177751 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-4051
DESCRIPTION:   Dijit is vulnerable to cross-site scripting, caused by improper validation of user-supplied input by the Editor's LinkDialog plugin. A remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to inject malicious script into a Web page which would be executed in a victim's Web browser within the security context of the hosting Web site, once the page is viewed. An attacker could use this vulnerability to steal the victim's cookie-based authentication credentials.
CVSS Base score: 6.1
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/183740 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2021-20359
DESCRIPTION:   Business Automation Application Designer Component stores potentially sensitive information in log files that could be obtained by an unauthorized user.
CVSS Base score: 6.5
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/194966 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N)

CVEID:   CVE-2020-7774
DESCRIPTION:   Node.js y18n module could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the system, caused by a prototype pollution flaw. By sending a specially-crafted request, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code on the system.
CVSS Base score: 7.3
CVSS Temporal Score: See: https://exchange.xforce.ibmcloud.com/vulnerabilities/191999 for the current score.
CVSS Vector: (CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L)

Affected Products and Versions

Affected Product(s) Version(s)
IBM Cloud Pak for Automation 20.0.3
IBM Cloud Pak for Automation 20.0.2 IF002

Workarounds and Mitigations

None

Get Notified about Future Security Bulletins

References

Off

Acknowledgement

Change History

03 Feb 2021: Initial Publication

*The CVSS Environment Score is customer environment specific and will ultimately impact the Overall CVSS Score. Customers can evaluate the impact of this vulnerability in their environments by accessing the links in the Reference section of this Security Bulletin.

Disclaimer

According to the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST), the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is an "industry open standard designed to convey vulnerability severity and help to determine urgency and priority of response." IBM PROVIDES THE CVSS SCORES ""AS IS"" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CUSTOMERS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF ANY ACTUAL OR POTENTIAL SECURITY VULNERABILITY.

Document Location

Worldwide

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Document Information

Modified date:
05 February 2021

UID

ibm16412345