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Reference / Glossary

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Cross References
WAIS (Wide Area Information Service) n. A network information system that enables clients to search documents on the World Wide Web.
wallet n. Software that enables a user to make approved payments to authenticated merchants over public networks and to manage payment card accounts and purchases.
WAN See wide area network.
warm start 1. n. The start of a database management system with preprocessing of before-images. 2. n. A restart that allows reuse of previously initialized input and output work queues.
Web See World Wide Web
Web browser n. A client program that initiates requests to a Web server and displays the information that the server returns.
Web page n. Any document that can be accessed by a uniform resource locator (URL) on the World Wide Web.
Web server n. A server that is connected to the Internet and is dedicated to serving Web pages.
Web site n. A Web server that is managed by a single entity (an organization or an individual) and contains information in hypertext for its users, often including hypertext links to other Web sites. Each Web site has a home page. In a uniform resource locator (URL), the Web site is indicated by the fully qualified domain name. For example, in the URL, the Web site is indicated by, which is the fully qualified domain name.
Webmaster n. The person who is ultimately responsible for managing and maintaining a particular Web site.
WebSphere n. A family of IBM software products that provide a development and deployment environment for basic Web publishing and for transaction-intensive, enterprise-scale e-business applications.
well-behaved application program n. An application program that runs without disruption to the network.
wide area network (WAN) 1. n. A network that provides communication services to a geographic area larger than that served by a local area network or a metropolitan area network, and that may use or provide public communication facilities. 2. n. A data communication network designed to serve an area of hundreds or thousands of miles; for example, public and private packet-switching networks, and national telephone networks.
wideband See broadband.
wild duck n. A creative or technical person who does unconventional things. The term implies respect and an acknowledgment that many of that person's ideas turn out to be valuable.
window [1] 1. n. A portion of a display surface in which display images pertaining to a particular application can be presented. Different applications can be displayed simultaneously in different windows. 2. n. An area with visible boundaries that presents a view of an object or with which a user conducts a dialog with a computer system.
window [2] 3. n. In data communication, the number of data packets a data terminal equipment (DTE) or data circuit-terminating equipment (DCE) can send across a logical channel before waiting for authorization to send another data packet. The window is the main mechanism of pacing, or flow control, of packets.
wing-tipped warrior n. An experienced and proficient IBM Marketing Representative. A "wing-tip" is a style of dress shoe that has a wing-like pattern of dots punched in the leather on the toes.
WinSock application programming interface (API) n. A socket-style transport interface developed for the Windows family of operating systems.
wireless adj. Pertaining to communication that typically occurs over radio frequencies.
wiring closet n. A room that contains one or more equipment racks and distribution panels that are used to connect cables.
wizard n. A dialog within an application that uses step-by-step instructions to guide a user through a specific task.
wordsmith v. To create or edit a memo, letter, speech or other document with a word processor usually with a view to improve it or make it more acceptable to others. The phrase is usually used by people who do not write professionally (as in: "All it needs is a little wordsmithing.").
work space 1. n. That portion of main storage that is used by a computer program for temporary storage of data. 2. n. In Tivoli NetView, a container for a set of event cards that meet certain criteria.
work-around n. A technique suggested by an engineering or programming department for getting around a problem or bug until a more permanent repair can be made.
workstation 1. n. A functional unit at which a user works. A workstation often has some processing capability. 2. n. One or more programmable or nonprogrammable devices that allow a user to do work. 3. n. A terminal or microcomputer, usually one that is connected to a mainframe or to a network, at which a user can perform applications.
World Trade n. IBM's international business and organization outside the United States. In recent years, this area of the world has been referred to as "the geographies."
World Wide Web n. A network of servers that contain programs and files. Many of the files contain hypertext links to other documents available through the network.
wrap v. In general, to go from the maximum to the minimum in computer storage. For example, the continuation of an operation from the maximum value in storage to the first minimal value.
write access n. In computer security, permission to write to an object.
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