The Pacific Commerciale Company of Manila becomes the first user of Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) tabulating machines in Asia. (CTR is renamed IBM in 1924.)

IBM enters the Philippine market.

The Insurance Company of Manila becomes the second user of IBM machines in the country.

H. E. Hancock And Company -- led by T. Kevin Mallen -- is appointed on September 30 to represent IBM’s electric accounting machine product line. Mallen later organizes Watson Business Machines in 1937.

The first IBM manager is appointed. Insular Life Assurance Company becomes an IBM customer. Other early customers include: the Bureau of Census (the forerunner of the National Census and Statistics Office), the Manila Electric Company and the Government Services Insurance System.

Ernesto D. Guzman and T. Kevin Mallen form Watson Business Machines Corporation, which is incorporated on July 20. The company’s product line consists of electric accounting machines, electric typewriters, and time recording systems.

IBM machines are used by the Census Bureau to process population and agriculture data. The first electric typewriters are sold.

Following the end of World War II, Watson Business Machines Corporation reestablishes operations. Its initial activities are directed toward servicing the U.S. Army’s IBM equipment.

Ramon V. Del Rosario, Sr., is appointed general manager, the first Filipino manager of IBM Philippines. He goes on to become one of the nation’s leading businessmen.

IBM Philippines installs the first IBM machines on Guam for use by Luzon Stevedoring

The company participates in the first National Business Show in Manila, and exhibits a key punch, interpreter, sorter, alphabetical accounting machine, proof machine, test scoring machine, electric typewriters, and a time system.

IBM World Trade Corporation general manager Arthur K. Watson visits the country.

IBM begins a card manufacturing plant in Manila. The Manila Railroad Company mechanizes its accounting operations with IBM equipment.

IBM employs 64 people.

The first computer system in the Philippines -- an IBM 650 -- is installed at the Bureau of Lands to handle the country’s land survey computations.

The Philippine American Life Insurance Company begins operating an IBM 1401 data processing system in Manila -- the first such installation in the country. An IBM 1401 is also installed by the Social Security Commission.

The card plant is expanded to manufacture one million cards a day. IBM Philippines announces the IBM Magnetic Tape Selectric Typewriter.

The first IBM 1620 data processing system acquired by an educational institution in Southeast Asia is installed at the Mapua Institute of Technology in Manila. The first IBM 1440 data processing system in the Philippines is installed at the Central Azucarera de Tarlac. IBM punched card equipment is ordered by the Ysmel Steel Manufacturing Company to control its expanding operations in auto assembly and home appliances.

The new Education and Data Processing (DP) center opens in Manila. The IBM Service Bureau installs its own IBM 1401. IBM Philippines introduces the Magnetic Card Selectric Typewriter.

An IBM System/360 -- the first in the country -- is installed at the Bureau of Lands.

The IBM Data Center (formerly the Service Bureau) installs an IBM System/360 Model 30.

IBM Philippines introduces the Magnetic Tape/Selectric Composer. The first MT/SC in Asia is “inaugurated” by First Lady Mrs. Imelda R. Marcos at the Enterprise Publications plant. The University of the Philippines computer center is officially opened, with an IBM System/360 Model 40 -- the first such processor in the country -- to be used in research, registration, instruction and administration.

President Ferdinand E. Marcos and IBM World Trade Chairman Arthur K. Watson officiate at the dedication of a new headquarters for IBM Philippines in Makati, outside Manila. In the largest such installation in Asia, Elizalde Publications in Manila uses four IBM Magnetic Tape 72 Composer Systems for cold typesetting and to handle 60 percent of the company’s publishing operations. The China Banking Corporation in Manila becomes the first bank in Southeast Asia to use multi-programming online banking by employing its IBM System/360 Model 30 to process both savings and current accounts. The first IBM System/360 Model 25 in the Philippines is installed at the Manila Bankers and Manila Bankers Life Insurance Company. The first IBM 1130 computing system in the country is installed at the University of Mindanao.

IBM Philippines announces the IBM System/3, and the Travelers Life Assurance of the Philippines places the first order for the new product.

IBM Philippines introduces the IBM System/370, and the first order is placed by Caltex.

The first IBM System/370 Model 145 in the country is installed at the Manila Electric Company. IBM Philippines announces the IBM 3600 finance communications system. The Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources orders the first IBM System/370 Model 125 in the Philippines and it is installed by year-end. The Philippine Packing Corporation orders the country’s first IBM System/370 Model 115.

IBM Philippines employs more than 300 people. The Meralco Securities Corporation uses an IBM System/370 Model 145 to process data for the Philippine Engineering and Construction Corporation, the Philippine Electric Company and the Philippine Petroleum Company. The National Census and Statistics Office uses an IBM System/370 Model 135 to prepare reports and statistics. The University of the Philippines uses an IBM System/360 Model 40 for both academic and administrative applications. Manila Banking operates an online system connected to an IBM System/360 Model 40. The University of the Philippines Institute of Meteorology uses an IBM 1130 computing system for weather computations. Lopez Sugar Central orders an IBM System/3. The Atlas Mining and Development Corporation uses an IBM 1130 to process its commercial and mining data. IBM has installed approximately 11,000 electric typewriters to date.

By this date, IBM Philippines partners with the National School for the Deaf to enroll its students in key punch classes at the company’s education center in Makati. This Bukas Palad (Open Palms) program wins a prestigious Anvil Award as the most outstanding institutional program and was commended by the government.

The first IBM 4300 series mainframe in the Philippines is installed at Delta Motors.

The Bank of the Philippine Islands becomes the first client in the country to deploy IBM’s online automated teller machines, the IBM 3624.

To enhance the global competitiveness of the Philippines, IBM, in collaboration with the Department of Science and Technology and other partners from industry, government and academia launches “FILIPINNOVATION”. The initiative results in the National Innovation Strategy, the Filipinnovation Network, and the launch of significant innovation programs, including the Philippine Intellectual Property Policy Strategy, the Engineering Research & Development for Technology Program, and the National Technology Business Incubators Program. Now on its fourth year, the network comprises more than 50 member organizations from the public and private sectors.

IBM opens the first IBM Innovation Center in the Philippines, providing access to academe, developers, partners, and independent software vendors, in order to provide leading edge technology, at no cost. Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo attends the inauguration.

IBM hosts a Smarter Cities summit in Manila, gathering more than 400 participants from national and local government, industry and academia, for a dialog on how information technology can help solve the challenges brought about by rapid urbanization.

President Benigno Aquino, III speaks at the IBM Centennial THINK Forum, in New York, on the topic of “The Future of Leadership”. IBM Philippines celebrates the Centennial through the Celebration of Service, where Philippine IBMers volunteer more than 35,000 hours of service to various causes including education, health, the environment, and the protection of human rights.