Updates the access and modification times of a file.
The touch command updates the access and modification times of each file specified by the File parameter of each directory specified by the Directory parameter. If you do not specify a value for the Time variable, the touch command uses the current time. If you specify a file that does not exist, the touch command creates the file unless you specify the -c flag.
The return code from the touch command is the number of files for which the times could not be successfully modified (including files that did not exist and were not created).
|-a||Changes the access time of the file specified by the File variable. Does not change the modification time unless -m is also specified.|
|-c||Does not create the file if it does not already exist. No diagnostic messages are written concerning this condition.|
|-f||Attempts to force the touch in spite of read and write permissions on a file.|
|-m||Changes the modification time of File. Does not change the access time unless -a is also specified.|
|-r RefFile||Uses the corresponding time of the file specified by the RefFile variable instead of the current time.|
|Time|| Specifies the date and time of the new timestamp in the format MMDDhhmm[YY],
If the value of the YY digits is between 70 and 99, the century is assumed to be 19.
If the value of the YY digits is between 00 and 37, the century is assumed to be 20.
|-t Time|| Uses the specified time instead of the current time. The Time variable
is specified in the decimal form [[CC]YY]MMDDhhmm[.SS]
- The touch command calls the utime () subroutine to change the modification and access times of the file touched. This may cause the touch command to fail when flags are used if you do not actually own the file, even though you may have write permission to the file.
- Do not specify the full path name /usr/bin/touch if you receive an error message when using the touch command.
This command returns the following exit values:
|0||The command executed successfully. All requested changes were made.|
|>0||An error occurred.|
- To update the access
and modification times of a file, enter:
This sets the last access and modification times of the program.c file to the current date and time. If the program.c file does not exist, the touch command creates an empty file with that name.
- To avoid creating a
new file, enter: touch -c program.c
- To update only the modification
time, enter: touch -m *.oThis updates the last modification times (not the access times) of the files that end with a .o extension in the current directory. The touch command is often used in this way to alter the results of the make command.
- To explicitly set the access and modification times, enter:
- To use the time stamp
of another file instead of the current time, enter: touch -r file1 program.cThis gives the program.c file the same time stamp as the file1 file.
- To touch a file using
a specified time other than the current time, enter: touch -t 198503030303.55 program.cThis gives the program.c file a time stamp of 3:03:55 a.m. on March 3, 1985.
|/usr/bin/touch||Contains the touch command.|