Impersonation on Linux and UNIX systems
The su command (as used by IBM® UrbanCode® Deploy) enables a user to start a shell as another user (process steps can be considered individual shells).
When you configure a process step (see Processes),
you can tell IBM UrbanCode Deploy to
use impersonation for the step. By default,
used but you can use sudo instead. To configure
impersonation, you supply the user name that is required by the target
host. When the impersonation-configured process step runs, the su or sudo command
runs the step as the impersonated user. Each step that needs user
impersonation must be configured independently.
sudo can be used, impersonation privileges
must be defined in the /etc/sudoers file. When
you configure sudoers, ensure that the impersonating
user does not need to supply a password. Typically, you would configure
the /etc/sudoers file like the following example:
X ALL=(Y) NOPASSWD: ALL
where X and Y are user names. Configured this way, user X can run any command as user Y without supplying a password.
Also, Y can be a comma separated list, as shown here:
X ALL=(Y1, Y2, Y3) NOPASSWD: ALL
As an alternative to configuring sudoers,
in some cases you can configure the PAM via the module
allow certain users to log in without specifying a password. In this
case, add users to a specific
wheel group and edit
the PAM configuration allow users in this group to run commands as
though they were the root user.
su and sudo maintain a record in the system logs of all of their activity. su can be used without configuring the sudoers file. For information about su/sudo, see the UNIX™ or Linux™ documentation.
||Syntax of the sudo command|
||Syntax of the sudo command when a group is specified|
||Syntax of the su command|
- Create a generic process that appends the property to the file located at /conf/agent/installed.properties (for example, use a Shell step to append the property to the file). Make sure you have the right file, the default working directory for a generic process is \var\work.
- Once you've added the property, go to the Resources -> Agents tab, select
the agents, and go to Actions -> Restart . This will restart the agent
process and pick up the new property. It is recommended restarting no more than ~100 agents at a
time to make sure they're all able to reconnect to the server quickly.
If the agents are installed as services and you don't mind restarting the whole machine, you could alternatively use the Linux or Windows System tools plug-ins to restart the whole machine as part of the generic process, removing the need to restart all the agents from the UI.
If the agents are started by a root user having system group, then the user running WAS plug-in should also be part of the system group or else the plug-in step fails with permission issue.
- If later you need to run the generic process in bulk, you can create an application just for that purpose and add all the agents to an environment. You can then use the For every agent step to run a generic process on all the agents at once. It is recommended you should only do this process on a few agents so that you can test that everything is configured properly before moving to configuring the agents in bulk.
||The location of the su or sudo executable|
||The command to run|