Residuals (linear models)
This displays a diagnostic chart of model residuals.
Chart styles. There are different display styles, which are accessible from the Style dropdown list.
- Histogram. This is a binned histogram of the studentized residuals with an overlay of the normal distribution. Linear models assume that the residuals have a normal distribution, so the histogram should ideally closely approximate the smooth line.
- P-P Plot. This is a binned probability-probability plot comparing the studentized residuals to a normal distribution. If the slope of the plotted points is less steep than the normal line, the residuals show greater variability than a normal distribution; if the slope is steeper, the residuals show less variability than a normal distribution. If the plotted points have an S-shaped curve, then the distribution of residuals is skewed.