Identification and authentication
Identification is the ability to identify uniquely a user of a system or an application that is running in the system. Authentication is the ability to prove that a user or application is genuinely who that person or what that application claims to be.
For example, consider a user who logs on to a system by entering a user ID and password. The system uses the user ID to identify the user. The system authenticates the user at the time of logon by checking that the supplied password is correct.
The non-repudiation service can be viewed as an extension to the identification and authentication service. In general, non-repudiation applies when data is transmitted electronically; for example, an order to a stock broker to buy or sell stock, or an order to a bank to transfer funds from one account to another.
The overall goal of the non-repudiation service is to be able to prove that a particular message is associated with a particular individual.
The non-repudiation service can contain more than one component, where each component provides a different function. If the sender of a message ever denies sending it, the non-repudiation service with proof of origin can provide the receiver with undeniable evidence that the message was sent by that particular individual. If the receiver of a message ever denies receiving it, the non-repudiation service with proof of delivery can provide the sender with undeniable evidence that the message was received by that particular individual.
In practice, proof with virtually 100% certainty, or undeniable evidence, is a difficult goal. In the real world, nothing is fully secure. Managing security is more concerned with managing risk to a level that is acceptable to the business. In such an environment, a more realistic expectation of the non-repudiation service is to be able to provide evidence that is admissible, and supports your case, in a court of law.
Non-repudiation is a relevant security service in an IBM® WebSphere® MQ environment because IBM WebSphere MQ is a means of transmitting data electronically. For example, you might require contemporaneous evidence that a particular message was sent or received by an application associated with a particular individual.
IBM WebSphere MQ with IBM WebSphere MQ Advanced Message Security does not provide a non-repudiation service as part of its base function. However, this product documentation does contain suggestions on how you might provide your own non-repudiation service within a WebSphere MQ environment by writing your own exit programs.