The POSITION function returns the starting position of the first occurrence of one string (called the search-string) within another string (called the source-string). If the search-string is not found and neither argument is null, the result is zero. If the search-string is found, the result is a number from 1 to the actual length of the source-string.
- An expression that specifies the string that is to be searched for. search-string can be any built-in numeric, datetime, or string expression. It must be compatible with the source-string. A numeric or datetime argument is cast to a character string before evaluating the function. For more information about converting numeric and datetime to a character string, see VARCHAR.
- An expression that specifies the source string in which the search is to take place. source-string can be any built-in numeric, datetime, or string expression. A numeric or datetime argument is cast to a character string before evaluating the function. For more information about converting numeric and datetime to a character string, see VARCHAR.
The result of the function is a large integer. If either of the arguments can be null, the result can be null. If either of the arguments is null, the result is the null value.
The POSITION function operates on a character basis. Because POSITION operates on a character-string basis, any shift-in and shift-out characters are not required to be in exactly the same position, and their only significance is to indicate which characters are SBCS and which characters are DBCS.
If the CCSID of the search-string is different from the CCSID of the source-string, it is converted to the CCSID of the source-string. If the CCSID of the source-string is mixed data or UTF-8, CCSID conversion to UTF-16 will occur.
If a collating sequence other than *HEX is in effect when the statement that contains the POSITION function is executed and the arguments are SBCS data, mixed data, or Unicode data, then the result is obtained by comparing weighted values for each value in the set. The weighted values are based on the collating sequence. An ICU collating sequence table cannot be specified with the POSITION function.
If the search-string has a length of zero, the result returned by the function is 1. Otherwise:
- If the source-string has a length of zero, the result returned by the function is 0.
- If the value of search-string is equal to an identical length of substring of contiguous positions within the value of source-string, then the result returned by the function is the starting position of the first such substring within the source-string value.
- Otherwise, the result returned by the function is 0.1
- Select RECEIVED and SUBJECT columns as well as the starting position
of the words 'GOOD' within the NOTE_TEXT column for all entries in
the IN_TRAY table that contain these words.
SELECT RECEIVED, SUBJECT, POSITION('GOOD', NOTE_TEXT) FROM IN_TRAY WHERE POSITION('GOOD', NOTE_TEXT) <> 0
- Assume that NOTE is a VARCHAR(128) column, encoded in Unicode
UTF-8, that contains the value 'Jürgen lives on Hegelstraße'.
Find the character position of the character 'ß' in the string.
Returns the value 26 for POSITION and 27 for POSSTR.
SELECT POSITION('ß', NOTE), POSSTR( NOTE, 'ß') FROM T1