Run SQL Statements (RUNSQLSTM)

The Run SQL Statements (RUNSQLSTM) command processes a source file of Structure Query Language (SQL) statements.

RUNSQLSTM will run SQL statements in the default activation group. If RUNSQLSTM is included in a compiled CL program or ILE CL procedure, the activation group of the CL program or procedure is ignored.

Parameters

Keyword Description Choices Notes
SRCFILE Source file Qualified object name Optional, Positional 1
Qualifier 1: Source file Name
Qualifier 2: Library Name, *LIBL, *CURLIB
SRCMBR Source member Name Optional, Positional 2
SRCSTMF Source stream file Path name Optional
COMMIT Commitment control *CHG, *UR, *CS, *ALL, *RS, *NONE, *NC, *RR Optional, Positional 3
NAMING Naming *SYS, *SQL Optional, Positional 4
ERRLVL Severity level 0-40, 10 Optional
DATFMT Date format *JOB, *USA, *ISO, *EUR, *JIS, *MDY, *DMY, *YMD, *JUL Optional
DATSEP Date separator character *JOB, '/', '.', ',', '-', ' ', *BLANK Optional
TIMFMT Time format *HMS, *USA, *ISO, *EUR, *JIS Optional
TIMSEP Time separator character *JOB, ':', '.', ',', ' ', *BLANK Optional
MARGINS Source margins Element list Optional
Element 1: Right margin 1-32754, 80
DFTRDBCOL Default collection Name, *NONE Optional
SAAFLAG IBM SQL flagging *NOFLAG, *FLAG Optional
FLAGSTD ANS flagging *NONE, *ANS Optional
DECMPT Decimal point *JOB, *SYSVAL, *PERIOD, *COMMA Optional
SRTSEQ Sort sequence Single values: *JOB, *LANGIDUNQ, *LANGIDSHR, *HEX
Other values: Qualified object name
Optional
Qualifier 1: Sort sequence Name
Qualifier 2: Library Name, *LIBL, *CURLIB
LANGID Language id Character value, *JOB Optional
OPTION Source listing options *LIST, *NOSRC, *ERRLIST, *NOLIST Optional
PRTFILE Print file Qualified object name Optional
Qualifier 1: Print file Name, QSYSPRT
Qualifier 2: Library Name, *LIBL, *CURLIB
PROCESS Statement processing *RUN, *SYN Optional
SECLVLTXT Second level text *NO, *YES Optional
ALWCPYDTA Allow copy of data *OPTIMIZE, *YES, *NO Optional
ALWBLK Allow blocking *ALLREAD, *NONE, *READ Optional
SQLCURRULE SQL rules *DB2, *STD Optional
DECRESULT Decimal result options Element list Optional
Element 1: Maximum precision 31, 63
Element 2: Maximum scale 0-63, 31
Element 3: Minimum divide scale 0-9, 0
CONACC Concurrent access resolution *DFT, *CURCMT, *WAIT Optional
Start of changeSYSTIMEend of change System time sensitive *YES, *NO Optional
OUTPUT Listing output *NONE, *ERROR, *NOLIST, *MSG, *PRINT Optional
TGTRLS Target release Simple name, *CURRENT Optional
DBGVIEW Debugging view *NONE, *SOURCE, *STMT, *LIST Optional
CLOSQLCSR Close SQL cursor *ENDMOD, *ENDACTGRP Optional
DLYPRP Delay PREPARE *NO, *YES Optional
USRPRF User profile *NAMING, *USER, *OWNER Optional
DYNUSRPRF Dynamic user profile *USER, *OWNER Optional

Source file (SRCFILE)

Specifies the source file that contains the Structured Query Language (SQL) statements to be run.

Qualifier 1: Run SQL Statements

name
Specify the name of the source file that contains the SQL statements to be run. The source file can be a database file or an inline data file.

Qualifier 2: Library

*LIBL
All libraries in the library list for the current thread are searched until the first match is found.
*CURLIB
The current library for the job is searched. If no library is specified as the current library for the job, the QGPL library is used.
name
Specify the name of the library to be searched.

Source member (SRCMBR)

Specifies the source file member that contains the Structured Query Language (SQL) statements to be run.

name
Specify the name of the source file member that contains the SQL statements to be run.

Source stream file (SRCSTMF)

Specifies the path name to the file that contains the SQL statements. The path name can be either absolute or relative.

Commitment control (COMMIT)

Specifies whether SQL statements are run under commitment control.

*CHG or *UR
Specifies the objects referred to in SQL ALTER, CALL, COMMENT ON, CREATE, DROP, GRANT, LABEL ON, RENAME, and REVOKE statements and the rows updated, deleted, and inserted are locked until the end of the unit of work (transaction). Uncommitted changes in other jobs can be seen.
*CS
Specifies the objects referred to in SQL ALTER, CALL, COMMENT ON, CREATE, DROP, GRANT, LABEL ON, RENAME, and REVOKE statements and the rows updated, deleted, and inserted are locked until the end of the unit of work (transaction). A row that is selected, but not updated, is locked until the next row is selected. Uncommitted changes in other jobs cannot be seen.
*ALL or *RS
Specifies the objects referred to in SQL ALTER, CALL, COMMENT ON, CREATE, DROP, GRANT, LABEL ON, RENAME, and REVOKE statements and the rows selected, updated, deleted, and inserted are locked until the end of the unit of work (transaction). Uncommitted changes in other jobs cannot be seen.
*NONE or *NC
Specifies that commitment control is not used. Uncommitted changes in other jobs can be seen. If the SQL DROP SCHEMA statement is included in the program, *NONE or *NC must be used.
*RR
Specifies the objects referred to in SQL ALTER, CALL, COMMENT ON, CREATE, DROP, GRANT, LABEL ON, RENAME, and REVOKE statements and the rows selected, updated, deleted, and inserted are locked until the end of the unit of work (transaction). Uncommitted changes in other jobs cannot be seen. All tables referred to in SELECT, UPDATE, DELETE, and INSERT statements are locked exclusively until the end of the unit of work (transaction).

Naming convention (NAMING)

Specifies the naming convention used for objects in SQL statements.

*SYS
The system naming convention (library-name/file-name) is used.
*SQL
The SQL naming convention (schema-name.table-name) is used.

Severity level (ERRLVL)

Specifies whether the processing is successful, based on the severity of the messages generated by the processing of the SQL statements. If errors that are greater than the value specified for this parameter occur during processing, no more statements are run and the statements are rolled back if they are running under commitment control. Syntax checking will be attempted for the remaining statements in the source.

10
Statement processing is stopped when error messages with a severity level greater than 10 are received.
0-40
Specify the severity level to be used.

Date format (DATFMT)

Specifies the format used when accessing date result columns. For input date strings, the specified value is used to determine whether the date is specified in a valid format.

Note: An input date string that uses the format *USA, *ISO, *EUR, or *JIS is always valid.

*JOB
The format specified for the job is used. Use the Display Job (DSPJOB) command to determine the current date format for the job.
*USA
The United States date format mm/dd/yyyy is used.
*ISO
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) date format yyyy-mm-dd is used.
*EUR
The European date format dd.mm.yyyy is used.
*JIS
The Japanese Industrial Standard date format yyyy-mm-dd is used.
*MDY
The date format mm/dd/yy is used.
*DMY
The date format dd/mm/yy is used.
*YMD
The date format yy/mm/dd is used.
*JUL
The Julian date format yy/ddd is used.

Date separator character (DATSEP)

Specifies the separator used when accessing date result columns.

Note: This parameter applies only when *JOB, *MDY, *DMY, *YMD, or *JUL is specified for the Date format (DATFMT) parameter.

*JOB
The date separator specified for the job at precompile time, when a new interactive SQL session is created, or when RUNSQLSTM is run is used.

Use the Display Job (DSPJOB) command to determine the current date separator value for the job.

'/'
A slash is used as the date separator.
'.'
A period is used as the date separator.
'-'
A dash is used as the date separator.
','
A comma is used as the date separator.
' ' or *BLANK
A blank is used as the date separator.

Time format (TIMFMT)

Specifies the format used when accessing time result columns. For input time strings, the specified value is used to determine whether the time is specified in a valid format.

Note: An input time string that uses the format *USA, *ISO, *EUR, or *JIS is always valid.

*HMS
The hh:mm:ss format is used.
*USA
The United States time format hh:mmxx is used, where xx is AM or PM.
*ISO
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) time format hh.mm.ss is used.
*EUR
The European time format hh.mm.ss is used.
*JIS
The Japanese Industrial Standard time format hh:mm:ss is used.

Time separator character (TIMSEP)

Specifies the separator used when accessing time result columns.

Note: This parameter applies only when *HMS is specified for the Time format (TIMFMT) parameter.

*JOB
The time separator specified for the job at precompile time, when a new interactive SQL session is created, or when RUNSQLSTM is run is used.

Use the Display Job (DSPJOB) command to determine the current time separator value for the job.

':'
A colon is used as the time separator.
'.'
A period is used as the time separator.
','
A comma is used as the time separator.
' ' or *BLANK
A blank is used as the time separator.

Source margins (MARGINS)

Specifies the part of the source input record that contains source text. The left margin is always position 1 of the input record. The right margin defaults to 80.

If the Source stream file (SRCSTMF) parameter is specified, margins are ignored.

1-32754
Specify the ending position to be used for each input record.

Default collection (DFTRDBCOL)

Specifies the name of the schema identifier used for the unqualified names of the tables, views, indexes, SQL packages, aliases, constraints, external programs, node groups, and triggers. This parameter applies only to static SQL statements.

*NONE
The naming convention specified for the Naming convention (NAMING) parameter is used.
name
Specify the name of the schema identifier to be used instead of the naming convention specified for the NAMING parameter.

IBM SQL flagging (SAAFLAG)

Specifies the IBM SQL flagging function. This parameter allows you to flag SQL statements to verify whether they conform to IBM SQL syntax.

*NOFLAG
No checks are made to see whether SQL statements conform to IBM SQL syntax.
*FLAG
Checks are made to see whether SQL statements conform to IBM SQL syntax.

ANS flagging (FLAGSTD)

Specifies whether non-standard statements are flagged. This parameter allows you to flag SQL statements to verify whether they conform to the Core level of the ISO/IEC 9075-2003 standards.

*NONE
No checks are made to see whether SQL statements conform to ANSI standards.
*ANS
Checks are made to see whether SQL statements conform to standards.

Decimal point (DECMPT)

Specifies the decimal point value used for numeric constants in SQL statements. This value is also used as the decimal point character when casting between character and numeric values.

*JOB
The representation for the decimal point is the value used by the job running the statement.
*SYSVAL
The QDECFMT system value is used as the decimal point.
*PERIOD
A period represents the decimal point.
*COMMA
A comma represents the decimal point.

Sort sequence (SRTSEQ)

Specifies the sort sequence table to be used for string comparisons in SQL statements.

Single values

*JOB
The SRTSEQ value for the job is used.
*LANGIDUNQ
The unique-weight sort table for the language specified for the Language id (LANGID) parameter is used.
*LANGIDSHR
The shared-weight sort table for the language specified for the LANGID parameter is used.
*HEX
A sort sequence table is not used. The hexadecimal values of the characters are used to determine the sort sequence.

Qualifier 1: Sort sequence

name
Specify the name of the sort sequence table to be used with this program.

Qualifier 2: Library

*LIBL
All libraries in the library list for the current thread are searched until the first match is found.
*CURLIB
The current library for the job is searched. If no library is specified as the current library for the job, the QGPL library is used.
name
Specify the name of the library to be searched.

Language id (LANGID)

Specifies the language identifier to be used when SRTSEQ(*LANGIDUNQ) or SRTSEQ(*LANGIDSHR) is specified.

*JOB
The LANGID value for the job is retrieved.
language-identifier
Specify a language identifier.

Source listing options (OPTION)

Specifies the option for the listing generated by the command.

*LIST
A complete listing with the contents of the source and all errors is generated.
*NOSRC
A listing with only the messages is generated.
*ERRLIST
A complete listing is generated only if errors greater than the ERRLVL parameter are encountered during processing.
*NOLIST
No listing is generated. If errors greater than the ERRLVL parameter are encountered during processing, the messages will be sent to the joblog.

Print file (PRTFILE)

Start of change

Specifies the printer device file to which the printout from the command is directed. The file must have a minimum length of 132 bytes. If a file with a record length of less than 132 bytes is specified, information is lost.End of change

Qualifier 1: Print file

QSYSPRT
Start of change
The output file is directed to the IBM-supplied printer file, QSYSPRT.End of change
name
Start of change
Specify the name of the printer device file to which the output is directed.End of change

Qualifier 2: Library

*LIBL
All libraries in the library list for the current thread are searched until the first match is found.
*CURLIB
The current library for the job is searched. If no library is specified as the current library for the job, the QGPL library is used.
name
Specify the name of the library where the printer file is located.

Statement processing (PROCESS)

Specifies whether SQL statements in the source file member are executed or syntax-checked only.

*RUN
Statements are syntax-checked and run.
*SYN
Statements are syntax-checked only.

Second level text (SECLVLTXT)

Specifies whether the second-level message text descriptions should be written to the output listing.

*NO
Second-level text is not included in the listing.
*YES
Second-level text with replacement data is added to the listing for all messages.

Allow copy of data (ALWCPYDTA)

Specifies whether a copy of the data can be used in a SELECT statement.

*OPTIMIZE
The system determines whether to use the data retrieved directly from the database or to use a copy of the data. The decision is based on which method provides the best performance. If the Commitment control (COMMIT) parameter is not *NONE, the Allow blocking (ALWBLK) parameter should be set to *ALLREAD, when possible, for best performance.
*YES
A copy of the data is used only when necessary.
*NO
A copy of the data is not used. If a temporary copy of the data is required to perform the query, an error message is returned.

Allow blocking (ALWBLK)

Specifies whether the database manager can use record blocking and the extent to which blocking can be used for read-only cursors.

*ALLREAD
Rows are blocked for read-only cursors. All cursors in a program that are not explicitly able to be changed are opened for read-only processing even though there may be EXECUTE or EXECUTE IMMEDIATE statements in the program.

Specifying *ALLREAD:

  • Allows record blocking for all read-only cursors.
  • Can improve the performance of almost all read-only cursors in programs, but limits queries in the following ways:
    • The Rollback (ROLLBACK) command, a ROLLBACK statement in host languages, or the ROLLBACK HOLD SQL statement does not reposition a read-only cursor when *ALLREAD is specified.
    • Dynamic running of a positioned UPDATE or DELETE statement (for example, using EXECUTE IMMEDIATE), can not be used to update a row in a cursor unless the DECLARE statement for the cursor includes the FOR UPDATE clause.
*NONE
Rows are not blocked for retrieval of data for cursors.

Specifying *NONE:

  • Guarantees that the data retrieved is current.
  • May reduce the amount of time required to retrieve the first row of data for a query.
  • Stops the database manager from retrieving a block of data rows that is not used by the program when only the first few rows of a query are retrieved before the query is closed.
  • Can degrade the overall performance of a query that retrieves a large number of rows.
*READ
Records are blocked for read-only retrieval of data for cursors when:
  • *NONE is specified for the Commitment control (COMMIT) parameter, which indicates that commitment control is not used.
  • The cursor is declared with a FOR READ ONLY clause or there are no dynamic statements that could run a positioned UPDATE or DELETE statement for the cursor.

SQL rules (SQLCURRULE)

Specifies the semantics used for SQL statements.

*DB2
The semantics of all SQL statements will default to the rules established for DB2. The following semantics are controlled by this option:

Hexadecimal constants are treated as character data.

*STD
The semantics of all SQL statements will default to the rules established by the ISO and ANSI SQL standards. The following semantics are controlled by this option:

Hexadecimal constants are treated as binary data.

Decimal result options (DECRESULT)

Specifies the maximum precision, maximum scale, and minimum divide scale that should be used during decimal operations, such as decimal arithmetic. The specified limits only apply to NUMERIC and DECIMAL data types.

Element 1: Maximum precision

31
The maximum precision (length) that should be returned from decimal operations is 31 digits.
63
The maximum precision (length) that should be returned from decimal operations is 63 digits.

Element 2: Maximum scale

31
The maximum scale (number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point) that should be returned from decimal operations is 31 digits.
0-63
Specify the maximum scale (number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point) that should be returned from decimal operations. The value can range from 0 to the maximum precision.

Element 3: Minimum divide scale

0
The minimum divide scale is not used.
0-9
Specify the minimum divide scale (number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point) that should be returned from decimal operations. The value cannot exceed the maximum scale. If 0 is specified for the maximum scale, minimum divide scale is not used.

Concurrent access resolution (CONACC)

Specifies how the database manager should handle record lock conflicts for data in the process of being updated.

*DFT
Specifies that the concurrent access option will not be explicitly set for this program. The value that is in effect when the program is invoked will be used. The value can be set using the SQL_CONCURRENT_ACCESS_RESOLUTION option in the query options file QAQQINI.
*CURCMT
Directs the database manager to use the currently committed data when possible in the case of record lock conflicts for read-only queries. This only applies when the commit level is *CS.
*WAIT
Directs the database manager to wait for the outcome in the case of record lock conflicts.

System time sensitive (SYSTIME)

Specifies whether references to system-period temporal tables in both static and dynamic SQL statements are affected by the value of the CURRENT TEMPORAL SYSTEM_TIME special register.

*YES
References to system-period temporal tables are affected by the value of the CURRENT TEMPORAL SYSTEM_TIME special register.
*NO
References to system-period temporal tables are not affected by the value of the CURRENT TEMPORAL SYSTEM_TIME special register.

Listing output (OUTPUT)

Specifies whether the precompiler listing is generated.

Note: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.

*NONE
The precompiler listing is not generated.
*PRINT
The precompiler listing is generated.

Target release (TGTRLS)

Specifies the release of the operating system on which you intend to use the object being created.

Note: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.

When specifying the target-release value, the format VxRxMx is used to specify the release, where Vx is the version, Rx is the release, and Mx is the modification level. For example, V5R3M0 is version 5, release 3, modification 0.

Valid values depend on the current version, release, and modification level of the operating system, and they change with each new release.

*CURRENT
The object is to be used on the release of the operating system currently running on your system. The object can also be used on a system with any subsequent release of the operating system installed.
target-release
Specify the release in the format VxRxMx. The object can be used on a system with the specified release or with any subsequent release of the operating system installed.

Debugging view (DBGVIEW)

Specifies the type of source debug information to be provided by SQL.

Note: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.

*NONE
No debug view information is generated.
*SOURCE
Generates a source view of the C source generated by RUNSQLSTM for the SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the input SQL source member. The C source member is passed to the SQL precompiler by invoking the CRTSQLCI (Create SQL ILE C object) command. A source view is also generated by the SQL precompiler for the C source member which is produced by the precompiler.
*STMT
Allows the compiled object to be debugged using program statement numbers and symbolic identifiers.
*LIST
Generates the listing view for debugging the compiled object.

Close SQL cursor (CLOSQLCSR)

Start of change

Specifies when SQL cursors are implicitly closed, SQL prepared statements are implicitly discarded, and LOCK TABLE locks are released. SQL cursors are explicitly closed when the user issues the CLOSE, COMMIT, or ROLLBACK (without HOLD) SQL statements. This option is ignored for SQL table functions and triggers.End of change

Start of changeNote: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures and functions in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.End of change

*ENDMOD
SQL cursors are closed and SQL prepared statements are implicitly discarded when the module is exited. LOCK TABLE locks are released when the first SQL program on the call stack ends.
*ENDACTGRP
SQL cursors are closed and SQL prepared statements are implicitly discarded, and LOCK TABLE locks are released when the activation group ends.

Delay PREPARE (DLYPRP)

Specifies whether the dynamic statement validation for a PREPARE statement is delayed until an OPEN, EXECUTE, or DESCRIBE statement is run. Delaying validation improves performance by eliminating redundant validation.

Note: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.

*NO
Dynamic statement validation is not delayed. When the dynamic statement is prepared, the access plan is validated. When the dynamic statement is used in an OPEN or EXECUTE statement, the access plan is revalidated. Because the authority or the existence of objects referred to by the dynamic statement may change, you must still check the SQLCODE or SQLSTATE after issuing the OPEN or EXECUTE statement to ensure that the dynamic statement is still valid.
*YES
Dynamic statement validation is delayed until the dynamic statement is used in an OPEN, EXECUTE, or DESCRIBE SQL statement. When the dynamic statement is used, the validation is completed and an access plan is built. If you specify *YES on this parameter for precompiled programs, you should check the SQLCODE and SQLSTATE after running an OPEN, EXECUTE, or DESCRIBE statement to ensure that the dynamic statement is valid.

Note: If you specify *YES, performance is not improved if the INTO clause is used on the PREPARE statement or if a DESCRIBE statement uses the dynamic statement before an OPEN is issued for the statement.

User profile (USRPRF)

Specifies the user profile that is used when the compiled program object and SQL package object is run, including the authority that the program object or SQL package has for each object in static SQL statements. The profile of either the owner or the user is used to control access to objects.

Note: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.

*NAMING
The user profile is determined by the naming convention. If the naming convention is *SQL, USRPRF(*OWNER) is used. If the naming convention is *SYS, USRPRF(*USER) is used.
*USER
The profile of the user running the program or SQL package is used.
*OWNER
The user profiles of both the owner and the user are used when the program or SQL package is run.

Dynamic user profile (DYNUSRPRF)

Specifies the user profile used for dynamic SQL statements.

Note: This parameter applies only to CREATE and ALTER statements for SQL procedures, functions, or triggers in the source file. This value will be used when creating the program for the SQL routine.

*USER
Local dynamic SQL statements are run under the profile of the program's user. Distributed dynamic SQL statements are run under the profile of the application server job.
*OWNER
Local dynamic SQL statements are run under the profile of the program's owner. Distributed dynamic SQL statements are run under the profile of the SQL package's owner.

Examples

RUNSQLSTM   SRCFILE(MYLIB/MYFILE)  SRCMBR(MYMBR)

This command processes the SQL statements in member MYMBR found in file MYFILE in library MYLIB.

Error messages

*ESCAPE Messages

SQL9006
DB2 Query Mgr and SQL DevKit not at same install level as the operating system.
SQL9010
RUNSQLSTM or RUNSQL command failed.
SQL9014
Remote Connection Active