# General rules for updating catalog statistics manually

When you update catalog statistics, the most important general rule is to ensure that valid values, ranges, and formats of the various statistics are stored in the views for those statistics.

It is also important to preserve the consistency of relationships among various statistics. For example, COLCARD in SYSSTAT.COLUMNS must be less than CARD in SYSSTAT.TABLES (the number of distinct values in a column cannot be greater than the number of rows in a table). Suppose that you want to reduce COLCARD from 100 to 25, and CARD from 200 to 50. If you update SYSSTAT.TABLES first, an error is returned, because CARD would be less than COLCARD.

In some cases, however, a conflict is difficult to detect, and an error might not be returned, especially if the impacted statistics are stored in different catalog tables.

- Numeric statistics are either -1 or greater than or equal to zero.
- Numeric statistics representing percentages (for example, CLUSTERRATIO in SYSSTAT.INDEXES) are between 0 and 100.

When a table is created, catalog statistics are set to -1 to indicate that the table has no statistics. Until statistics are collected, the Db2® server uses default values for SQL or XQuery statement compilation and optimization. Updating the table or index statistics might fail if the new values are inconsistent with the default values. Therefore, it is recommended that you use the runstats utility after creating a table, and before attempting to update statistics for the table or its indexes.

- For row types, the table-level statistics NPAGES, FPAGES, and OVERFLOW are not updatable for a subtable.
- Partition-level table and index statistics are not updatable.