CREATE EVENT MONITOR (activities) statement

The CREATE EVENT MONITOR (activities) statement defines a monitor that will record activity events that occur when using the database. The definition of the activity event monitor also specifies where the database should record the events.

Invocation

This statement can be embedded in an application program or issued interactively. It is an executable statement that can be dynamically prepared only if DYNAMICRULES run behavior is in effect for the package (SQLSTATE 42509).

Authorization

The privileges held by the authorization ID of the statement must include one of the following authorities:
  • DBADM authority
  • SQLADM authority

Syntax

Read syntax diagramSkip visual syntax diagramCREATE EVENT MONITORevent-monitor-name FOR ACTIVITIESWRITE TO TABLEformatted-event-table-infoPIPEpipe-nameFILEpath-namefile-options AUTOSTARTMANUALSTARTON MEMBERmember-numberLOCAL
formatted-event-table-info
Read syntax diagramSkip visual syntax diagram,evm-group(target-table-options) BLOCKED
target-table-options
Read syntax diagramSkip visual syntax diagram1TABLEtable-nameINtablespace-namePCTDEACTIVATE100PCTDEACTIVATEinteger
file-options
Read syntax diagramSkip visual syntax diagramMAXFILESNONEMAXFILESnumber-of-filesMAXFILESIZEpagesNONEBLOCKEDAPPENDREPLACE
Notes:
  • 1 Each clause can be specified only once.
  • 2 Clauses can be separated with a space or a comma.

Description

event-monitor-name
Name of the event monitor. This is a one-part name. It is an SQL identifier (either ordinary or delimited). The event-monitor-name must not identify an event monitor that already exists in the catalog (SQLSTATE 42710).
FOR
Introduces the type of event to record.
ACTIVITIES
Specifies that the event monitor records an activity event when an activity finishes executing, or before the completion of execution if the event is triggered by the WLM_CAPTURE_ACTIVITY_IN_PROGRESS procedure. The activity must either:
  • Belong to a service class or workload that has COLLECT ACTIVITY DATA set
  • Belong to a work class whose associated work action is COLLECT ACTIVITY DATA
  • Be identified as the activity that violated a threshold whose COLLECT ACTIVITY DATA clause was specified
  • Have been identified in a call to the WLM_CAPTURE_ACTIVITY_IN_PROGRESS procedure before completing
WRITE TO
Introduces the target for the data.
TABLE
Indicates that the target for the event monitor data is a set of database tables. The event monitor separates the data stream into one or more logical data groups and inserts each group into a separate table. Data for groups having a target table is kept, whereas data for groups not having a target table is discarded. Each monitor element contained within a group is mapped to a table column with the same name. Only elements that have a corresponding table column are inserted into the table. Other elements are discarded.
formatted-event-table-info
Defines the target tables for an event monitor. This clause should be specified for each grouping that is to be recorded. However, if no evm-group-info clauses are specified, all groups for the event monitor type are recorded.

For more information about logical data groups, see Logical data groups and event monitor output tables .

evm-group
Identifies the logical data group for which a target table is being defined. The value depends upon the type of event monitor, as shown in the following table:
Type of Event Monitor evm-group Value
Activities
  • ACTIVITY
  • ACTIVITYMETRICS
  • ACTIVITYSTMT
  • ACTIVITYVALS
  • CONTROL
target-table-options
Identifies the target table for the group.
TABLE table-name
Specifies the name of the target table. The target table must be a non-partitioned table. If the name is unqualified, the table schema defaults to the value in the CURRENT SCHEMA special register. If no name is provided, the unqualified name is derived from evm-group and event-monitor-name as follows:
   substring(evm-group CONCAT '_'
     CONCAT event-monitor-name,1,128)
IN tablespace-name
Defines the table space in which the table is to be created. If no table space name is provided, the table space is chosen using the same process as when a table is created without a table space name using CREATE TABLE.

Since the page size affects the INLINE LOB lengths used, consider specifying a table space with as large a page size as possible in order to improve the INSERT performance of the event monitor.

PCTDEACTIVATE integer
If a table for the event monitor is being created in an automatic storage (non-temporary) or DMS table space, the PCTDEACTIVATE parameter specifies how full the table space must be before the event monitor automatically deactivates. The specified value, which represents a percentage, can range from 0 to 100, where 100 means that the event monitor deactivates when the table space becomes completely full. The default value assumed is 100 if PCTDEACTIVATE is not specified. This option is ignored for SMS table spaces.
Important: If the target table space has auto-resize enabled, set PCTDEACTIVATE parameter to 100. Alternatively, omit this clause entirely to have the default of 100 apply. Otherwise, the event monitor might deactivate unexpectedly if the table space reaches the threshold specified by PCTDEACTIVTATE before the table space is automatically resized.
If a value for target-table-options is not specified, CREATE EVENT MONITOR processing proceeds as follows:
  • A derived table name is used.
  • A default table space is chosen.
  • The PCTDEACTIVATE parameter defaults to 100.
BLOCKED
Specifies that each agent that generates an event should wait for an event buffer to be written out to disk if the agent determines that both event buffers are full. BLOCKED should be selected to guarantee no event data loss. This is the default option.
PIPE
Specifies that the target for the event monitor data is a named pipe. The event monitor writes the data to the pipe in a single stream (that is, as if it were a single, infinitely long file). When writing the data to a pipe, an event monitor does not perform blocked writes. If there is no room in the pipe buffer, then the event monitor will discard the data. It is the monitoring application's responsibility to read the data promptly if it wishes to ensure no data loss.
pipe-name
The name of the pipe (FIFO on AIX®) to which the event monitor will write the data.
The naming rules for pipes are platform specific.
Operating system Naming rules
AIX
HP-UX
Solaris
Pipe names are treated like file names. As a result, relative pipe names are permitted, and are treated like relative path-names (see description for path-name).
Linux® Pipe names are treated like file names. As a result, relative pipe names are permitted, and are treated like relative path-names (see description for path-name).
Windows There is a special syntax for a pipe name and, as a result, absolute pipe names are required.

The existence of the pipe will not be checked at event monitor creation time. It is the responsibility of the monitoring application to have created and opened the pipe for reading at the time that the event monitor is activated. If the pipe is not available at this time, then the event monitor will turn itself off, and will log an error. (That is, if the event monitor was activated at database start time as a result of the AUTOSTART option, then the event monitor will log an error in the system error log.) If the event monitor is activated via the SET EVENT MONITOR STATE SQL statement, then that statement will fail (SQLSTATE 58030).

FILE
Indicates that the target for the event monitor data is a file (or set of files). The event monitor writes out the stream of data as a series of 8 character numbered files, with the extension "evt". (for example, 00000000.evt, 00000001.evt, and 00000002.evt). The data should be considered to be one logical file even though the data is broken up into smaller pieces (that is, the start of the data stream is the first byte in the file 00000000.evt; the end of the data stream is the last byte in the file nnnnnnnn.evt).

The maximum size of each file can be defined as well as the maximum number of files. An event monitor will never split a single event record across two files. However, an event monitor may write related records in two different files. It is the responsibility of the application that uses this data to keep track of such related information when processing the event files.

path-name
The name of the directory in which the event monitor should write the event files data. The path must be known at the server; however, the path itself could reside on another database partition (for example, an NFS mounted file). A string constant must be used when specifying the path-name.

The directory does not have to exist at CREATE EVENT MONITOR time. However, a check is made for the existence of the target path when the event monitor is activated. At that time, if the target path does not exist, an error (SQLSTATE 428A3) is raised.

If an absolute path is specified, the specified path will be the one used. In environments other than Db2® pureScale®, if a relative path (a path that does not start with the root) is specified, then the path relative to the DB2EVENT directory in the database directory will be used. In a Db2 pureScale environment, if a relative path is specified, then the path relative to the database owning directory in the database directory will be used.

It is possible to specify two or more event monitors that have the same target path. However, once one of the event monitors has been activated for the first time, and as long as the target directory is not empty, it will be impossible to activate any of the other event monitors.

file-options
Specifies the options for the file format.
MAXFILES NONE
Specifies that there is no limit to the number of event files that the event monitor will create. This is the default.
MAXFILES number-of-files
Specifies that there is a limit on the number of event monitor files that will exist for a particular event monitor at any time. Whenever an event monitor has to create another file, it will check to make sure that the number of .evt files in the directory is less than number-of-files. If this limit has already been reached, then the event monitor will turn itself off.

If an application removes the event files from the directory after they have been written, then the total number of files that an event monitor can produce can exceed number-of-files. This option has been provided to allow a user to guarantee that the event data will not consume more than a specified amount of disk space.

MAXFILESIZE pages
Specifies that there is a limit to the size of each event monitor file. Whenever an event monitor writes a new event record to a file, it checks that the file will not grow to be greater than pages (in units of 4K pages). If the resulting file would be too large, then the event monitor switches to the next file. The default for this option is:
  • Linux - 1000 4K pages
  • UNIX - 1000 4K pages
  • Windows - 200 4K pages

The number of pages must be greater than at least the size of the event buffer in pages. If this requirement is not met, then an error (SQLSTATE 428A4) is raised.

MAXFILESIZE NONE
Specifies that there is no set limit on a file's size. If MAXFILESIZE NONE is specified, then MAXFILES 1 must also be specified. This option means that one file will contain all of the event data for a particular event monitor. In this case the only event file will be 00000000.evt.
BLOCKED
Specifies that each agent that generates an event should wait for an event buffer to be written out to disk if the agent determines that both event buffers are full. BLOCKED should be selected to guarantee no event data loss. This is the default option.
APPEND
Specifies that if event data files already exist when the event monitor is turned on, then the event monitor will append the new event data to the existing stream of data files. When the event monitor is reactivated, it will resume writing to the event files as if it had never been turned off. APPEND is the default option.

The APPEND option does not apply at CREATE EVENT MONITOR time, if there is existing event data in the directory where the newly created event monitor is to write its event data.

REPLACE
Specifies that if event data files already exist when the event monitor is turned on, then the event monitor will erase all of the event files and start writing data to file 00000000.evt.
MANUALSTART
Specifies that the event monitor must be activated manually using the SET EVENT MONITOR STATE statement. After a MANUALSTART event monitor has been activated, it can be deactivated only by using the SET EVENT MONITOR STATE statement or by stopping the instance.
AUTOSTART
Specifies that the event monitor is to be automatically activated whenever the database partition on which the event monitor runs is activated. This is the default behavior of the activities event monitor.
ON MEMBER member-number
Specifies the member on which a file or pipe event monitor is to run. When the monitoring scope is defined as LOCAL, data is collected only on the specified member. The I/O component will physically run on the specified member, writing records to the specified file or pipe.

When the Db2 pureScale feature is enabled, -1 is the default.

If a value of -1 is specified, it allows the I/O component to run from any active member. Additionally, in the event that the I/O component is no longer able to run on a given member, the event monitor will be restarted with the I/O component running on another available active member.

This clause is not valid for table event monitors. In a partitioned database environment, write-to-table event monitors will run and write events on all database partitions where table spaces for target tables are defined.

In a Db2 pureScale environment, write-to-table event monitors will record events on all active members.

If this clause is not specified and Db2 pureScale is not enabled, the currently connected member (for the application) is used.

If this clause is not specified and Db2 pureScale is enabled, the I/O component is able to run on any currently connected member.

LOCAL
The event monitor reports only on the member that is running. It gives a partial trace of the database activity. This is the default.

This clause is valid for file or pipe monitors. It is not valid for table event monitors.

GLOBAL is not a valid scope for this type of event monitor.

Rules

  • The ACTIVITIES event type cannot be combined with any other event types in a particular event monitor definition.

Notes

  • Event monitor definitions are recorded in the SYSCAT.EVENTMONITORS catalog view. The events themselves are recorded in the SYSCAT.EVENTS catalog view. The names of target tables are recorded in the SYSCAT.EVENTTABLES catalog view.
  • If the member on which the event monitor is to run is not active, event monitor activation occurs when that member is reactivated.
  • After an event monitor is activated, it behaves like an autostart event monitor until that event monitor is explicitly deactivated or the instance is recycled. That is, if an event monitor is active when a member is deactivated, and that member is subsequently reactivated, the event monitor is also explicitly reactivated.
  • The FLUSH EVENT MONITOR statement is not applicable to this event monitor and will have no effect when issued against it.
  • Write to table event monitors: General notes:
    • All target tables are created when the CREATE EVENT MONITOR statement executes.
    • If the creation of a table fails for any reason, an error is passed back to the application program, and the CREATE EVENT MONITOR statement fails.
    • A target table can only be used by one event monitor. During CREATE EVENT MONITOR processing, if a target table is found to have already been defined for use by another event monitor, the CREATE EVENT MONITOR statement fails, and an error is passed back to the application program. A table is defined for use by another event monitor if the table name matches a value found in the SYSCAT.EVENTTABLES catalog view.
    • During CREATE EVENT MONITOR processing, if a table already exists, but is not defined for use by another event monitor, no table is created, and processing continues. A warning is passed back to the application program.
    • Any table spaces must exist before the CREATE EVENT MONITOR statement is executed. The CREATE EVENT MONITOR statement does not create table spaces.
    • If specified, the LOCAL and GLOBAL keywords are ignored. With WRITE TO TABLE event monitors, an event monitor output process or thread is started on each member in the instance, and each of these processes reports data only for the member on which it is running.
    • The following event types from the flat monitor log file or pipe format are not recorded by write to table event monitors:
      • LOG_STREAM_HEADER
      • LOG_HEADER
      • DB_HEADER (Elements db_name and db_path are not recorded. The element conn_time is recorded in CONTROL.)
    • In a partitioned database environment, data is only written to target tables on the database partitions where their table spaces exist. If a table space for a target table does not exist on some database partition, data for that target table is ignored. This behavior allows users to choose a subset of database partitions for monitoring, by creating a table space that exists only on certain database partitions.

      In a Db2 pureScale environment, data will be written from every member.

      In a partitioned database environment, if some target tables do not reside on a database partition, but other target tables do reside on that same database partition, only the data for the target tables that do reside on that database partition is recorded.

    • Users must manually prune all target tables.
    Table Columns:
    • Column names in a table match an event monitor element identifier. Any event monitor element that does not have a corresponding target table column is ignored.
    • Use the db2evtbl command to build a CREATE EVENT MONITOR statement that includes a complete list of elements for a group.
    • The types of columns being used for monitor elements correlate to the following mapping:
      SQLM_TYPE_STRING                     CHAR[n], VARCHAR[n] or CLOB(n)
                                           (If the data in the event monitor
                                           record exceeds n bytes,
                                           it is truncated.)
      SQLM_TYPE_U8BIT and SQLM_TYPE_8BIT   SMALLINT, INTEGER or BIGINT
      SQLM_TYPE_16BIT and SQLM_TYPE_U16BIT SMALLINT, INTEGER or BIGINT
      SQLM_TYPE_32BIT and SQLM_TYPE_U32BIT INTEGER or BIGINT
      SQLM_TYPE_U64BIT and SQLM_TYPE_64BIT BIGINT
      sqlm_timestamp                       TIMESTAMP
      sqlm_time(elapsed time)              BIGINT
      sqlca:
        sqlerrmc                           VARCHAR[72]
        sqlstate                           CHAR[5]
        sqlwarn                            CHAR[11]
        other fields                       INTEGER or BIGINT
    • Columns are defined to be NOT NULL.
    • Unlike other target tables, the columns in the CONTROL table do not match monitor element identifiers. Columns are defined as follows:
      Column Name Data Type Nullable Description
      PARTITION_KEY INTEGER N Distribution key (partitioned database only)
      PARTITION_NUMBER INTEGER N Database partition number (partitioned database only)
      EVMONNAME VARCHAR(128) N Name of the event monitor
      MESSAGE VARCHAR(128) N Describes the nature of the MESSAGE_TIME column.

      For more details see, message - Control Table Message monitor element

      MESSAGE_TIME TIMESTAMP N Timestamp
    • In a partitioned database environment, the first column of each table is named PARTITION_KEY, is NOT NULL, and is of type INTEGER. This column is used as the distribution key for the table. The value of this column is chosen so that each event monitor process inserts data into the member on which the process is running; that is, insert operations are performed locally on the member where the event monitor process is running. On any database partition, the PARTITION_KEY field will contain the same value. This means that if a database partition is dropped and data redistribution is performed, all data on the dropped database partition will go to one other database partition instead of being evenly distributed. Therefore, before removing a database partition, consider deleting all table rows on that database partition.
    • In a partitioned database environment, a column named PARTITION_NUMBER can be defined for each table. This column is NOT NULL and is of type INTEGER. It contains the number of the database partition on which the data was inserted. Unlike the PARTITION_KEY column, the PARTITION_NUMBER column is not mandatory. The PARTITION_NUMBER column is not allowed in a non-partitioned database environment.
    Table Attributes:
    • Default table attributes are used. Besides distribution key (partitioned databases only), no extra options are specified when creating tables.
    • Indexes on the table can be created.
    • Extra table attributes (such as volatile, RI, triggers, constraints, and so on) can be added, but the event monitor process (or thread) will ignore them.
    • If "not logged initially" is added as a table attribute, it is turned off at the first COMMIT, and is not set back on.
    Event Monitor Activation:
    • When an event monitor activates, all target table names are retrieved from the SYSCAT.EVENTTABLES catalog view.
    • In a partitioned database environment, activation processing occurs on every member of the instance. On a particular member, activation processing determines the table spaces and database partition groups for each target table. The event monitor only activates on a database partition if at least one target table exists on that database partition. Moreover, if some target table is not found on a database partition, that target table is flagged so that data destined for that table is dropped during runtime processing.
    • If a target table does not exist when the event monitor activates (or, in a partitioned database environment, if the table space does not reside on a database partition), activation continues, and data that would otherwise be inserted into this table is ignored.
    • Activation processing validates each target table. If validation fails, activation of the event monitor fails, and messages are written to the administration log.
    • During activation in a partitioned database environment, the CONTROL table rows for FIRST_CONNECT and EVMON_START are only inserted on the catalog database partition. This requires that the table space for the control table exist on the catalog database partition. If it does not exist on the catalog database partition, these inserts are not performed.
    • In a partitioned database environment, if a member is not yet active when a write to table event monitor is activated, the event monitor will be activated the next time that member is activated.
    Run Time:
    • An event monitor runs with DATAACCESS authority.
    • If, while an event monitor is active, an insert operation into a target table fails:
      • Uncommitted changes are rolled back.
      • A message is written to the administration log.
      • The event monitor is deactivated.
    • If an event monitor is active, it performs a local COMMIT when it has finished processing an event monitor buffer.
    • In an environment other than a partitioned database or a Db2 pureScale environment, all write to table event monitors are deactivated when the last application terminates (and the database has not been explicitly activated).

      In a Db2 pureScale environment, write to table event monitors are deactivated on a given member when the member stops and is reactivated when the member restarts.

      In a partitioned database environment, write to table event monitors are deactivated when the catalog partition deactivates.

    • The DROP EVENT MONITOR statement does not drop target tables.
    • Whenever a write-to-table event monitor activates, it will acquire IN table locks on each target table in order to prevent them from being modified while the event monitor is active. Table locks are maintained on all tables while the event monitor is active. If exclusive access is required on any of the target tables (for example, when a utility is to be run), first deactivate the event monitor to release the table locks before attempting such access.
  • Syntax alternatives: The following syntax alternatives are supported for compatibility with previous versions of Db2 and with other database products. These alternatives are non-standard and should not be used.
    • DBPARTITIONNUM or NODE can be specified in place of MEMBER, except when the DB2_ENFORCE_MEMBER_SYNTAX registry variable is set to ON.
    • Commas can be used to separate multiple options in the target-table-options clause

Example

Define an activity event monitor named DBACTIVITIES
   CREATE EVENT MONITOR DBACTIVITIES
       FOR ACTIVITIES
       WRITE TO TABLE
       ACTIVITY (TABLE ACTIVITY_DBACTIVITIES
                 IN USERSPACE1
                 PCTDEACTIVATE 100),
       ACTIVITYMETRICS (TABLE ACTIVITYMETRICS_DBACTIVITIES
                        IN USERSPACE1
                        PCTDEACTIVATE 100),
       ACTIVITYSTMT (TABLE ACTIVITYSTMT_DBACTIVITIES
                     IN USERSPACE1
                     PCTDEACTIVATE 100),
       ACTIVITYVALS (TABLE ACTIVITYVALS_DBACTIVITIES
                     IN USERSPACE1
                     PCTDEACTIVATE 100),
       CONTROL (TABLE CONTROL_DBACTIVITIES
                IN USERSPACE1
                PCTDEACTIVATE 100)
       AUTOSTART;