How to determine which type of IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ connectivity to use

The IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ supports two types of connectivity: type 2 connectivity and type 4 connectivity.

For the DriverManager interface, you specify the type of connectivity through the URL in the DriverManager.getConnection method. For the DataSource interface, you specify the type of connectivity through the driverType property.

The following table summarizes the differences between type 2 connectivity and type 4 connectivity:
Table 1. Comparison of IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ type 2 connectivity and IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ type 4 connectivity
Function IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ type 2 connectivity support IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ type 4 connectivity support
Performance Better for accessing a local data server Better for accessing a remote data server
Installation Requires installation of native libraries in addition to Java classes Requires installation of Java classes only
Stored procedures Can be used to call or execute stored procedures Can be used only to call stored procedures
Distributed transaction processing (XA) Not supported Supported
J2EE 1.4 compliance Compliant Compliant
CICS® environment Supported Not supported
IMS environment Supported Not supported

The following points can help you determine which type of connectivity to use.

Use IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ type 2 connectivity under these circumstances:

  • Your JDBC or SQLJ application runs locally most of the time.

    Local applications have better performance with type 2 connectivity.

  • You are running a Java stored procedure.

    A stored procedure environment consists of two parts: a client program, from which you call a stored procedure, and a server program, which is the stored procedure. You can call a stored procedure in a JDBC or SQLJ program that uses type 2 or type 4 connectivity, but you must run a Java stored procedure using type 2 connectivity.

  • Your application runs in the CICS environment or IMS environment.

Use IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ type 4 connectivity under these circumstances:

  • Your JDBC or SQLJ application runs remotely most of the time.

    Remote applications have better performance with type 4 connectivity.

  • You are using IBM Data Server Driver for JDBC and SQLJ connection concentrator and Sysplex workload balancing support.