XMLROW scalar function

The XMLROW function returns an XML value with a single XQuery document node containing one top-level element node.

Read syntax diagramSkip visual syntax diagramXMLROW( ,expressionASqname-identifier OPTION1ROW "row"ROWrow-nameAS ATTRIBUTES)
  • 1 The same clause must not be specified more than once.

The schema is SYSIBM. The function name cannot be specified as a qualified name.

The content of each generated XML element node is specified by an expression. The data type of the expression cannot be a BINARY type, a VARBINARY type, or a structured type (SQLSTATE 42884). The expression can be any SQL expression. If the expression is not a simple column reference, an element name must be specified.
AS qname-identifier
Specifies the XML element name or attribute name as an SQL identifier. The qname-identifier must be of the form of an XML qualified name, or QName (SQLSTATE 42634). See the W3C XML namespace specifications for more details on valid names. If the name is qualified, the namespace prefix must be declared within the scope (SQLSTATE 42635). If qname-identifier is not specified, expression must be a column name (SQLSTATE 42703). The element name or attribute name is created from the column name using the fully escaped mapping from a column name to an QName.
Specifies additional options for constructing the XML value. If no OPTION clause is specified, the default behavior applies.
Specifies that each expression is mapped to an attribute value with column name or qname-identifier serving as the attribute name.
ROW row-name
Specifies the name of the element to which each row is mapped. If this option is not specified, the default element name is "row".


By default, each row in the result set is mapped to an XML value as follows:

  • Each row is transformed into an XML element named "row" and each column is transformed into a nested element with the column name as the element name.
  • The null handling behavior is NULL ON NULL. A null value in a column maps to the absence of the subelement. If all column values are null, a null value is returned by the function.
  • The binary encoding scheme for BLOB and FOR BIT DATA data types is base64Binary encoding.
  • A document node will be added implicitly to the row element to make the XML result a well-formed single-rooted XML document.


Assume the following table T1 with columns C1 and C2 that contain numeric data stored in a relational format:
C1          C2
----------- -----------
          1           2
          -           2
          1           -
          -           -

  4 record(s) selected.
  • Example 1: The following example shows an XMLRow query and output fragment with default behavior, using a sequence of row elements to represent the table:
      4 record(s) selected.
  • Example 2: The following example shows an XMLRow query and output fragment with attribute centric mapping. Instead of appearing as nested elements as in the previous example, relational data is mapped to element attributes:
    <row C1="1" C2="2"/>
    <row C2="2"/>
    <row C1="1"/>
      4 record(s) selected.
  • Example 3: The following example shows an XMLRow query and output fragment with the default <row> element replaced by <entry>. Columns C1 and C2 are returned as <column1> and <column2> elements, and the total of C1 and C2 is returned inside a <total> element:
       C1 AS "column1", C2 AS "column2",
       C1+C2 AS "total" OPTION ROW "entry")
    FROM T1
      4 record(s) selected.