SIGN clause

The SIGN clause specifies the position and mode of representation of the operational sign for the signed numeric item to which it applies.

The SIGN clause is required only when an explicit description of the properties or position of the operational sign is necessary.

Format

Read syntax diagramSkip visual syntax diagramSIGNISLEADINGTRAILINGSEPARATECHARACTER

The SIGN clause can be specified only for the following items:

  • An elementary numeric data item of usage DISPLAY or NATIONAL that is described with an S in its picture character string, or
  • A group item that contains at least one such elementary entry as a subordinate item

When the SIGN clause is specified at the group level, that SIGN clause applies only to subordinate signed numeric elementary data items of usage DISPLAY or NATIONAL. Such a group can also contain items that are not affected by the SIGN clause. If the SIGN clause is specified for a group or elementary entry that is subordinate to a group item that has a SIGN clause, the SIGN clause for the subordinate entry takes precedence for that subordinate entry.

The SIGN clause is treated as documentation for external floating-point items.

When the SIGN clause is specified without the SEPARATE phrase, USAGE DISPLAY must be specified explicitly or implicitly. When SIGN IS SEPARATE is specified, either USAGE DISPLAY or USAGE NATIONAL can be specified.

If you specify the CODE-SET clause in an FD entry, any signed numeric data description entries associated with that file description entry must be described with the SIGN IS SEPARATE clause.

If the SEPARATE CHARACTER phrase is not specified, then:

  • The operational sign is presumed to be associated with the LEADING or TRAILING digit position, whichever is specified, of the elementary numeric data item. (In this instance, specification of SIGN IS TRAILING is the equivalent of the standard action of the compiler.)
  • The character S in the PICTURE character string is not counted in determining the size of the item (in terms of standard data format characters).

If the SEPARATE CHARACTER phrase is specified, then:

  • The operational sign is presumed to be the LEADING or TRAILING character position, whichever is specified, of the elementary numeric data item. This character position is not a digit position.
  • The character S in the PICTURE character string is counted in determining the size of the data item (in terms of standard data format characters).
  • + is the character used for the positive operational sign.
  • - is the character used for the negative operational sign.