Migration recommendations to Enterprise COBOL V5 and V6
Migration to Enterprise COBOL V5 and V6 is more difficult than earlier COBOL compiler migrations (except for the OS/VS COBOL to Enterprise COBOL migration), and it is recommended that you read this section before you migrate to Enterprise COBOL V5 or V6.
The recommended migration strategy for Enterprise COBOL V5 and V6 is to compile each application (group of programs) with COBOL V5 or V6 using INITCHECK, NUMCHECK, PARMCHECK, and SSRANGE, and regression test the application alongside the same application in its current form (that is, compiled with Enterprise COBOL V4 or earlier compilers). If you do not get any INITCHECK, NUMCHECK, PARMCHECK, or SSRANGE errors, and you are sure that you get the same results with the new compiler as with the earlier compilers, recompile with NOINITCHECK, NONUMCHECK, NOPARMCHECK, and NOSSRANGE, and move the application into production. The reason for compiling with INITCHECK, NUMCHECK, PARMCHECK, and SSRANGE is that some customers have found that they have invalid COBOL data that gets different results with COBOL V5 or V6.
Instead of treating Enterprise COBOL V5 and V6 like business as usual, consider having a team identified to migrate each application completely, rather than migrating one or two programs at a time. In this way, all programs in an application will be migrated, so that future updates or fixes will not also involve a migration. You can save costs in the long run because more programs can take advantage of the 'million instructions per second (MIPS)' savings with Enterprise COBOL V5 and V6.
Common problems and solutions
- Invalid data in numeric USAGE DISPLAY data items
- Parameter/argument size mismatches
- Overpopulated binary data items, with values that have more digits than are defined in the data definitions in programs compiled with TRUNC(STD) or TRUNC(OPT)
- Always compile with RULES(NOEVENPACK) and DIAGTRUNC.
- Use the "Scanning COBOL programs for compatibility" feature of IBM® Developer for z/OS® to check parameters and arguments. For details, see Scanning COBOL programs for compatibility.
- Compile with INITCHECK, NUMCHECK, PARMCHECK, and SSRANGE for initial code changes and unit tests.
- Recompile with NOINITCHECK, NONUMCHECK, NOPARMCHECK, and NOSSRANGE for quality assurance tests and production.