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Jython
Jython is an implementation of the high-level, dynamic, object-oriented language Python written in 100% Pure Java, and seamlessly integrated with the Java platform. It thus allows you to run Python on any Java platform and compile Python into Java bytecode.
Downloads 25 Sep 1999
Charming Python: My first Web-based filtering proxy
This article introduces Txt2Html, a public-domain working project created by David to illustrate programming techniques in Python. Txt2Html is a "Web-based filtering proxy" -- a program that reads Web-based documents for the user, then presents a modified page to the user's browser. To make this possible, Txt2Html runs as a CGI program, queries outside Web resources, and makes use of regular-expressions. David steps you through each of these general-purpose subtasks, explaining, clarifying, and demonstrating along the way.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Jul 2000
Charming Python: Using state machines
State machines, in a theoretical sense, underlie almost everything related to computers and programming. And it also turns out that state machines, in a practical sense, can help solve many ordinary problems (especially for Python programmers). In this article, David Mertz discusses some practical examples of when and how to code a state machine in Python.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Aug 2000
Charming Python: Curses programming
A certain class of Python applications works best with an interactive user interface without the overhead or complexity of a graphical environment. For interactive text-mode programs (under Linux/UNIX), for example, the ncurses library, wrapped in Python's standard curses module, is just what you need. In this article, David Mertz discusses the use of curses in Python. He illustrates the curses environment using sample source code from a front-end to the Txt2Html program.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Sep 2000
Charming Python: Text processing in Python
Along with several other popular scripting languages, Python is an excellent tool for scanning and manipulating textual data. This article summarizes Python's text processing facilities for the programmer new to Python. The article explains some general concepts of regular expressions and offers advice on when to use (or not use) regular expressions while processing text.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 01 Sep 2000
Charming Python: TK programming in Python
David Mertz introduces TK and the Tkinter wrapper (Python's GUI library) with source code samples accompanied by detailed running commentary. To make life easy, he illustrates his examples with the GUI port of the Txt2Html front-end that he's used in many of his earlier articles. He assumes, of course, that you follow his column regularly. :)
Articles 01 Dec 2000
Charming Python: Updating your Python reading list
In little more than a year, the availability of material for learning and programming in Python has gone from a thin selection of books to the current forest of dead trees. Some books are general introductions to the Python language, while others specialize in particular tasks. Even within the 'general' category, level and focus differ considerably. This column gives David's impressions and recommendations on eight of the best known books about Python.
Articles 01 Feb 2001
Charming Python: Developing a full-text indexer in Python
As the volume of information grows, effective means of locating specific information become ever more crucial. This column discusses the field of full-text indexing, with a focus on the author's public-domain indexer module.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 May 2001
The Python Web services developer, Part 3: Web services software repository, Part 2
Continuing their example of a Web service for storing and managing software, Uche Ogbuji and Mike Olson illustrate how to update the repository using SOAP messages and how to advertise it as a Web service.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 May 2001
XML Matters: Using Python modules xml2sql and dtd2sql
David Mertz shows that the reverse direction of translating an XML document and DTD back into an RDBMS storage format is equally possible, but with its own set of constraints and complications.
Articles 01 Jun 2001
Charming Python: pydoc and distutils modules
The introduction of several modules and tools in recent Python versions has improved Python, not so much as a language, but as a tool. Author David Mertz reviews these modules that make the job of Python developers substantially easier by improving the documentation and distribution of Python modules and packages.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Aug 2001
xmlBlaster
XmlBlaster is a MOM (Message oriented Middleware) toolkit, including a publish/subscribe and point-to-point messaging server. Messages can be described with XML-encoded meta information, and can contain GIF images, Java objects, Python scripts, XML data, Word documents, plain text - anything.
Downloads 24 Sep 2001
Charming Python: Parsing with the SimpleParse module
Many parsing tools have been written for Python. This column discusses a high-level parsing language built on top of Python.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Jan 2002
WSDL4Py
WSDL4Py is an API implementation for the Python programming language that gives access to creating and using Web Services Description Language files. It requires you to install the Python, PyXML and 4Suite packages.
Downloads 04 Apr 2002
Charming Python: Implementing "weightless threads" with Python generators
David Mertz introduces weightless threads. Similar to Stackless Python microthreads, but using standard Python 2.2 -- they allow for extremely large numbers of cooperating processes with virtually no overhead.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 01 Jun 2002
Charming Python: Generator-based state machines
Introduced in Python 2.2, simple generators may be used to simplify state machines and to simulate coroutines. Coroutines are an exotic flow mechanism that few widely used languages -- not even non-Stackless Python -- allow. Python's new generators, however, get you almost all the way to coroutines, and the extra few steps can be faked. In this installment of Charming Python, David Mertz explains all the relevant concepts through illustrative code samples.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 01 Jul 2002
Charming Python: Parsing with the Spark module
Spark is a powerful and general parser/compiler framework written in Python. In some respects, Spark offers more than SimpleParse or other Python parsers. Being pure Python, however, it is also slower. In this article, David discusses the Spark module, with code samples, an explanation of its usage, and suggestions for its areas of application.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Aug 2002
Charming Python: Make Python run as fast as C with Psyco
With only a tiny amount of extra programming, Python programmers can often increase code speed by orders of magnitude with the help of an external module known as the Python Specializing Compiler (or Psyco for short). David Mertz looks at what Psyco is, and tests it in some applications.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 01 Oct 2002
Python persistence management
Persistence is all about keeping objects around, even between executions of a program. In this article you'll get a general understanding of various persistence mechanisms for Python objects, from relational databases to Python pickles and beyond. You'll also take an in-depth look at Python's object serialization capabilities.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 01 Nov 2002
Charming Python: SimPy simplifies complex models
The stochastic behavior of real-world systems is often difficult to understand or predict. Sometimes it is possible rigorously to demonstrate statistical properties of systems, such as average, worst-case, and best-case performance features. But at other times, pitfalls of concrete designs only become evident when you actually run (or simulate) a system. In this article, David takes a look at SimPy, a Python package that allows you to very easily create models of discrete event systems.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Dec 2002
Guide to Python introspection
Introspection reveals useful information about your program's objects. Python, a dynamic, object-oriented programming language, provides tremendous introspection support. This article showcases many of its capabilities, from the most basic forms of help to the more advanced forms of inquisition.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 01 Dec 2002
UDDI for Python
UDDI4Py is a Python package that allows the sending of requests to and processing of responses from the UDDI Version 2 APIs. It facilitates the transport and processing of the various SOAP messages supported by the UDDI 2.0 API.
Downloads 07 Jan 2003
XML Matters: reStructuredText
The document format called reStructuredText has been adopted as one of the official source formats for Python documentation, but is also useful for other types of documentation. reStructuredText is an interesting hybrid of technologies -- in syntax and appearance it is similar to other "almost-plaintext" formats, but in semantics and API it is very close to XML. David takes a look at this format and shows you how existing tools can transform reStructuredText into several XML dialects (docutils, DocBook, OpenOffice), along with other useful formats like LaTeX, HTML, and PDF.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 01 Feb 2003
Charming Python: Create declarative mini-languages
The object orientation and transparent introspective capabilities of Python allow you to easily create declarative mini-languages for programming tasks. In this installment, David looks not so much at using Python to interpret or translate other specialized languages (although that is possible), but rather the ways that Python code itself can be helpfully restricted to a set of declarative elements. He'll show you how developers can use declarative techniques to state application requirements in a concise and clear way, while letting the behind-the-scenes framework do the heavy work.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 27 Feb 2003
Charming Python: Multiple dispatch
Object-oriented programming gains much of its versatility through polymorphism: objects of different kinds can behave in similar ways, given the right contexts. But most OOP programming is single dispatch; that is, just one designated object determines which code path is taken. Conceptually, a more general technique is to allow all the arguments to a function/method to determine its specialization. This article presents an implementation of multiple dispatch in Python, and shows examples where this makes for better programs."
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 20 Mar 2003
Tip: Asynchronous SAX
Over asynchronous channels -- such as a socket that produces data over a long duration -- SAX is a wonderfully lightweight programming technique for parsing incoming messages.
Articles 14 May 2003
Charming Python: Using combinatorial functions in the itertools module
Python 2.2 introduced simple generators to the Python language and reconceived standard loops in terms of underlying iterators. With Python 2.3, generators become standard (no need for _future_, and the new module itertools is introduced to work flexibly with iterators. The itertools module is essentially a set of combinatorial higher-order functions, but ones that work with lazy iterators rather than with finite lists. In this installment, David explores the new module, and gives you a sense of the new expressive power available with combinatorial iterators.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 12 Jun 2003
XML Matters: Process XML in Python with ElementTree
Fredrik Lundh's ElementTree module is an increasingly popular API for light-weight and fast manipulation of XML documents within Python. In this installment, David contrasts ElementTree with several other libraries devoted to processing XML instances as object trees, especially with his own gnosis.xml.objectify module.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 24 Jun 2003
Network programming with the Twisted framework, Part 1
Twisted is an increasingly popular pure-Python framework for programming network services and applications. While there are a large number of loosely coupled modular components within Twisted, a central concept to the framework is the idea of non-blocking asynchronous servers. In this article, David introduces you to this style of programming -- a novel one for developers accustomed to threading or forking servers, but one capable of great efficiency under heavy loads.
Articles 25 Jun 2003
Network programming with the Twisted framework, Part 2
In the first installment in this series on Twisted, David introduced asynchronous server programming. While a Web server is, in a sense, just another network service, as David shows in this installment, Twisted provides a number of higher-level techniques for writing Web services.
Articles 15 Jul 2003
Jython
Jython is a Java implementation of the Python scripting language. It can be used to embed Python scripting in Java applications, execute Python scripts from within Java, or compile Python scripts to Java bytecode.
Downloads 29 Jul 2003
Python
Python is an open-source, interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language, often compared to Tcl, Perl, Scheme or Java. Python can be extended in a systematic fashion by adding new modules implemented in a compiled language such as C or C++. Such extension modules can define new functions and variables as well as new object types.
Downloads 21 Aug 2003
Network programming with the Twisted framework, Part 4
In this final installment of his series on Twisted, David looks at specialized protocols and servers contained in the Twisted package, with a focus on secure connections.
Articles 11 Sep 2003
Database Monitoring with BusyBee
BusyBee is a free tool you can use to monitor your IDS servers. This article explains the architecture and tells you how to use it to solve many of your monitoring problems.
Articles 25 Sep 2003
Netegrity SiteMinder and Domino-based collaborative services
Want to use SiteMinder for single sign-on with Domino, Lotus Team Workplace (QuickPlace), and Lotus Instant Messaging and Web Conferencing (Sametime), but don’t know where to start? This article provides you with a roadmap for implementation.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 22 Dec 2003
JPublish
JPublish is a web publishing system designed to ensure a clean separation of developer roles. JPublish includes support for multiple templating engines, including Apache's Velocity, FreeMarker, and WebMacro, and numerous scripting languages including Python, BeanShell, and JavaScript.
Downloads 25 Mar 2004
Learn how to write DB2 JDBC tools in Jython
Do you want to cut development and maintenance costs for tools written in DB2 UDB JDBC? In this article Victor Yang explains how Jython can help.
Articles 01 Apr 2004
Web services for bioinformatics, Part 1
This series describes the process of building, deploying, and using high-throughput web services for bioinformatics applications. This is meant to serve as a guide for development of software based on the Open-Bioinformatics Foundations software toolkits with packages such as BioPerl, BioJava, and BioPython. This article provides directions for how to deploy a service and present a new implementation of document-style web services extensions to the BioPerl module that will allow a wide range of existing applications to consume such services.
Articles 18 May 2004
SOAPy
SOAPy is a SOAP/XML Schema Library for Python. Given either a WSDL or SDL document, SOAPy discovers the published API for a Web service and exposes it to Python applications as transparently as possible. SOAPy is designed to support WSDL 1.0 and SOAP 1.1.
Downloads 14 Jun 2004
Charming Python: Get started with the Natural Language Toolkit
In this installment, David introduces you to the Natural Language Toolkit, a Python library for applying academic linguistic techniques to collections of textual data. Programming that goes by the name "text processing" is a start; other capabilities for syntactic and even semantic analysis are further specialized to studying natural languages.
Articles 24 Jun 2004
alt.lang.jre: Feeling Groovy
Andrew Glover offers an informal introduction to Groovy, the proposed addition to the standard programming languages for the Java platform.
Articles 03 Aug 2004
gnosis.xml.objectify
Gnosis Utilities is a Python package with a variety of utility classes for data management that transform data in XML documents into completely native Python objects.
Downloads 13 Dec 2004
Connect to Apache Derby databases using Jython
Using Jython to manipulate Derby databases allows us to quickly and easily explore, learn, and proptotype relational database applications.
Articles 17 Feb 2005
Welcome to the Open source zone
IBM is launching a revamped developerWorks Open source zone, which will deliver more articles, resources, tools, and tutorials that support major industry open source initiatives, including Linux, Apache, Derby, Globus, and Eclipse. Learn how you can benefit.
Articles 25 Feb 2005
Customizing WebSphere Studio to use the Struts Scripting tool with ActionClasses in Jython
This article describes how to set up WebSphere Studio Application Developer V5.1.2 (hereafter called Application Developer) to use the Struts Scripting tool to implement ActionClasses in Jython. Developing Struts actions using a scripting language gives you a faster write-and-test cycle and lets you reuse existing Jython/Python scripts without translating them into Java. Choosing Jython as your scripting language lets you easily interact with Java and use the Struts framework classes. The configuration, however, is a bit tricky, because it is based on the Bean Scripting Framework, the Struts scripting tool, and Jython. This article provides a step-by-step guide to customize the environment. You should have some experience with WebSphere Studio, Struts, and Jython or Python.
Articles 30 Mar 2005
MySQL for Linux on POWER, Part 1: Introduction to creating a database
Learn about the availability of MySQL Database Server for Linux(R) running on IBM(R) POWER(TM) and PowerPC(R) processor-based servers (collectively referred to as Linux on POWER). As a brief guide for application developers using MySQL on Linux on POWER, this paper is intended for MySQL developers and database administrators who are familiar with their system environment, networks, media devices, and disk resources. In Part 2 of this article, read about developing applications for MySQL using PHP, C/C++, Java, Perl, and Python.
Articles 05 Apr 2005
MySQL for Linux on POWER, Part 2: Developing applications
In this second, and final, part of this series, learn more about the availability of MySQL Database Server for Linux(TM) running on IBM(R) POWER(TM) and PowerPC(R) processor-based servers (collectively referred to as Linux on POWER). Part 2 focuses on developing applications for MySQL in some of the major programming languages, such as PHP, Java(TM), C/C++, Python, and Perl. As a brief guide for application developers using MySQL on Linux on POWER, this paper is intended for MySQL developers and database administrators who are familiar with their system environment, networks, media devices, and disk resources.
Articles 07 Apr 2005
Discover Python, Part 1: Python's built-in numerical types
The flexible nature of the Python programming language supports multiple programming philosophies, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional. But most importantly, programming in Python is fun. The language supports rather than hinders the development process. This article, the first in a series on Python programming, introduces Python and its built-in numerical types.
Articles 03 May 2005
Connect to Apache Derby databases using Python
Using Python to manipulate Derby databases allows us to quickly and easily explore, learn, and prototype relational database applications.
Articles 19 May 2005
Discover Python, Part 2: Explore the Python type hierarchy
The Python programming language is a simple yet powerful language. This article explores the object nature of the language, initially for the built-in simple types. The Python tuple class is also introduced and used to demonstrate the concept of a container type.
Articles 31 May 2005
Discover Python, Part 3: Explore the Python type hierarchy
Unlike many other programming languages, the Python language does not include a special data type to handle a single character, such as "a" or "z." In contrast, Python takes a different approach: It uses a class designed especially for holding sequences of characters. This article introduces the string class and demonstrates different ways in which you can use a string within Python.
Articles 02 Aug 2005
Discover Python, Part 4: Explore the Python type hierarchy
Python provides a number of useful features, of which the list class is one of the most important. This article introduces the list class and demonstrates some of the many ways in which you can use it to simplify difficult programming tasks.
Articles 30 Aug 2005
Thinking XML: Serving up WordNet as XML
A few articles back, Uche Ogbuji discussed WordNet 2.0, a Princeton University project that aims to build a database of English words and lexical relationships between them. He showed how to extract XML serializations from the word database. In this article he continues the exploration, demonstrating code to serve up these WordNet/XML documents over Web protocols and showing you how to access these from XSLT.
Articles 30 Aug 2005
Discover Python, Part 5: Programming in Python
This article begins to demonstrate how to do things in Python by focusing on flow control, which is one of the simplest methods for writing programs. In this programming model, data is manipulated -- perhaps from a user interface, sensors, or a file; depending on the value of the data or resulting expressions, different actions are taken. Python provides several flow control mechanisms. This article discusses the if statement, and the while and for loops.
Articles 20 Sep 2005
Discover Python, Part 6: Programming in Python
This article explores the Python for loop. The for loop is used to iterate through the items in a Python collection, including the Python tuple, string, and list container types discussed in previous "Discover Python" articles. The for loop can also be used to access elements from a container type by using the range (or xrange) method. In addition, you can use the range method to execute a group of statements a specific number of times within a for loop.
Articles 25 Oct 2005
Discover Python, Part 7: Explore the Python type hierarchy
This article returns to the exploration of the Python type hierarchy and introduces the Python dictionary container type. Unlike the Python tuple, string, and list container types discussed in previous articles, the dictionary type is an unordered container that relies on a key-to-value mapping. As a result, items in a dictionary are accessed by a key value and not by their location within a sequence. The unique features of the dictionary type may seem unusual, but they provide a great deal of power when used properly.
Articles 06 Dec 2005
Drools
Drools is an open source rules-engine implementation based on the Rete algorithm. Drools is designed to allow pluggable rules language implementations. Rules can be written in the Java language, Python, and Groovy.
Downloads 16 Dec 2005
Develop applications using Python and DB2 Express-C
Python is an incredibly powerful, general purpose, high-level, object-oriented, dynamically-typed programming language that is easy to read and understand, and fun to write. To make it really exciting, all we need do is to be able to connect it to an equally powerful, and attractively priced version of the IBM DB2 core engine. DB2 Express-C is a no-charge data server for use in development and deployment, that allows us to do this. This article provides step-by-step instructions for obtaining, installing, and configuring all that you need in order to use Python to connect to, and start using a DB2 Express-C instance.
Also available in: Chinese   Japanese  
Articles 22 Jun 2006
Mix and match Web components with Python WSGI
Learn to create and reuse components in your Web server using Python. The Python community created the Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI), a standard for creating Python Web components that work across servers and frameworks. It provides a way to develop Web applications that take advantage of the many strengths of different Web tools. This article introduces WSGI and shows how to develop components that contribute to well-designed Web applications.
Also available in: Russian  
Articles 22 Aug 2006
ANTLR
ANTLR, ANother Tool for Language Recognition, is a language tool that provides a framework for constructing recognizers, compilers, and translators from grammatical descriptions containing Java, C#, C++, or Python actions. ANTLR supports tree construction, tree walking, and translation.
Downloads 10 Nov 2006
StringTemplate
StringTemplate is a Java template engine (with ports for C# and Python) for generating source code, web pages, email, or any other formatted text output. StringTemplate is particularly good at multitargeted code generators, multiple site skins, and internationalization/localization.
Downloads 10 Nov 2006
Selenium
Selenium is a browser-based testing tool for web applications. It can be used to create functional tests and to ensure that applications run correctly on a wide variety of browsers and platforms. With the Selenium Remote Control add-on, tests can be written in Java, .NET, Perl, Python, or Ruby.
Downloads 04 Jan 2007
Ruby: A gem of a language
from The Rational Edge: Take a closer look at Ruby, a dynamic programming language that is growing rapidly in popularity. Explore its intriguing features and learn what programmers are doing with it.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 15 Jul 2007
Web development tips: Use antipool.py for threaded Python database access
Databases are happy to handle many parallel requests (doing so is almost in the definition of a database). However, active processes (threaded or forked) almost inevitably eat up a valuable resource: database connections. The antipool.py module in Martin Blais' "antiorm" library does a nice job of making the pooling and reuse of connections transparent to programmers, and in a RDBMS-agnostic fashion.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 21 Aug 2007
Using Python in WebSphere MQ applications
PyMQI, an open-source Python extension for WebSphere MQ, is an open-source library built on top of the WebSphere MQ MQI library. This article shows you how PyMQI lets you use the power of Python to developing tools and applications for WebSphere MQ.
Articles 29 Aug 2007
Metaclass programming in Python, Part 3
Too much cleverness in programming makes designs more complicated, code more fragile, learning curves steeper, and worst of all, it makes debugging harder. Michele and David feel, in part, responsible for some excesses of cleverness in Python metaclasses. In this article, they attempt to make amends, by helping programmers eschew cleverness.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 25 Sep 2007
Application development for the OLPC laptop
The XO laptop (of the One-Laptop-Per-Child initiative) is an inexpensive laptop project intended to help educate children around the world. The XO laptop includes many innovations, such as a novel, inexpensive, and durable hardware design and the use of GNU/Linux as the underlying operating system. The XO also includes an application environment written in Python with a human interface called Sugar, accessible to everyone (including kids). Explore the Sugar APIs and learn how to develop and debug a graphical activity in Sugar using Python.
Tutorial 18 Dec 2007
Example-driven ZODB
Relational databases are not the only solution available for Python programmers in the enterprise. Often an object database can be a more natural fit for solving certain problems. This article discusses ZODB, a scalable and redundant object database that specializes in storing extensible objects, without the natural Object-relational impedance mismatch that can occur by attempting to make an Object Oriented Language and a Relational Query System map objects to relations.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 15 Apr 2008
Manage widget geometry in PyGTK
Several container widgets exist in GTK+, and with the toolkit's API, you can create user-defined containers. This API is also exposed to PyGTK. In this article, learn how to create a "weighted-table" container in PyGTK. The implementation introduces you to the basic model of GTK+ geometry management and gives you a feel for what to consider and expect when implementing container widgets.
Also available in: Chinese   Russian  
Articles 20 May 2008
Creating mashups on the Google App Engine using Eclipse, Part 3: Using RESTful Web services
Social networks are making it easier to take data and mash it up to create innovative Web applications. You still, however, must deal with all the usual issues with creating a scalable Web application. Now the Google App Engine (GAE) makes that easier for you. With it, you can forget all about managing pools of application servers, and, instead, you can concentrate on creating a great mashup. In this article, the last of a three-part "Creating mashups on the Google App Engine using Eclipse" series, we will take the application built in the first two parts and further enhance it. We will add the ability to view other users of the app and subscribe to their aggregate feeds. We will then complete the mashup circle by exposing the app as a Web service that can be used by other mashups.
Articles 19 Aug 2008
Automatic deployment toolkit for an SOA project environment, Part 1: Overview of the automatic deployment toolkit
This article series introduces an automatic deployment toolkit (Automatic-DT), which helps infrastructure architects install and configure deployment nodes with IBM software installed and configured automatically. It also helps testers or developers refresh builds in their daily tests or integration life cycle. This first article in the series gives you an overview of Automatic-DT.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 22 Aug 2008
Writing plug-ins in Python
Learn how to extend your Python command-line tools by writing plug-ins.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 02 Sep 2008
Python and LDAP
At some point in their careers, most systems administrators need to interact with an LDAP server. This article shows how LDAP can be used for Apache authentication, as well as how to perform CRUD, or Create, Read, Update, and Delete operations on an OpenLDAP database, using the Python module python-ldap.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 28 Oct 2008
Ruby for systems administrators
Apart from its use as a powerful Web application development platform, in combination with the Rails framework Ruby has another less-heralded side of itself, which is as a powerful scripting language, such as Python or Perl. It has immense capabilities, owing to the availability of many built-in and external libraries, the power of which can be harnessed to solve a great deal of the scripting needs that come up in any typical systems administrative work environment. Also, it's fun to program in Ruby!
Also available in: Chinese   Russian  
Articles 09 Dec 2008
Connecting Apple's iPhone to Google's cloud computing offerings
Cloud computing and software development for handheld devices are two very hot technologies that are increasingly being combined to create hybrid solutions. With this article, learn how to connect Google App Engine, Google's cloud computing offering, with the iPhone, Apple's mobile platform. You'll also see how to use the open source library, TouchEngine, to dynamically control application data on the iPhone by connecting to the App Engine cloud and caching that data for offline use.
Also available in: Chinese   Japanese  
Articles 20 Jan 2009
Build a digital book with EPUB
Need to distribute documentation, create an eBook, or just archive your favorite blog posts? EPUB is an open specification for digital books based on familiar technologies like XML, CSS, and XHTML, and EPUB files can be read on portable e-ink devices, mobile phones, and desktop computers. This tutorial explains the EPUB format in detail, demonstrates EPUB validation using Java technology, and moves step-by-step through automating EPUB creation using DocBook and Python.
Tutorials 05 Feb 2009
Using E4X on the server-side with Jaxer
The ECMAScript for XML (E4X) standard gives JavaScript developers a powerful API to work with XML. As it is not supported in Internet Explorer, you might not get to use it often. That is not an issue if you use JavaScript on the server with Jaxer. In this article, you see how JavaScript and E4X make it easy to work with XML on the server. Combine this key ingredient with Jaxer to create Ajax applications using nothing but JavaScript.
Also available in: Chinese   Japanese  
Articles 03 Mar 2009
Ganglia and Nagios, Part 1: Monitor enterprise clusters with Ganglia
This is the first article in a two-part series that looks at a hands-on approach to monitoring a data center using the open source tools Ganglia and Nagios. In Part 1, see how to install and configure Ganglia, the scalable, distributed monitoring system for high-performance clusters based on a hierarchical design. Also learn how to add more monitoring capability by writing Ganglia plug-ins and by enabling external-source spoofing.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese   Portuguese  
Articles 04 Mar 2009
Functional testing for Web applications
If you are entering into the cloud, testing becomes even more critical for your applications to be reliable. Learn to master automated, functional testing using the open source tools, Selenium, Windmill, and twill. The techniques covered in this article work on Google App Engine, blogging software, or your own home grown application.
Also available in: Chinese   Japanese  
Articles 10 Mar 2009
Ganglia and Nagios, Part 2: Monitor enterprise clusters with Nagios
This is the second article in a two-part series that looks at a hands-on approach to monitoring a data center using the open source tools Ganglia and Nagios. In Part 2, learn how to install and configure Nagios, the popular open source computer system and network monitoring application software that watches hosts and services, alerting users when things go wrong. The article also shows you how to unite Nagios with Ganglia (from Part 1) and add two other features to Nagios for standard clusters, grids, and clouds to help with monitoring network switches and the resource manager.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese  
Articles 25 Mar 2009
A CMIS API library for Python, Part 2: Build real world ECM tools with Python and cmislib
In Part 2 of this series on CMIS and Python, build an xcopy-like data population and migration tool using the Python cmislib library. The tool not only xcopies local file systems to any CMIS repository but is also aware of JPG Exif data and preserves it during the copy if possible. Walk through the source code and learn how to use the tool on the command line. Also, you can download the fully functional source..
Also available in: Chinese   Russian  
Articles 25 Mar 2009
Deploying Django applications to a production server
Django is a Python-based open source Web application framework that focuses on making the process of creating database-driven Web sites and Web applications easier. Getting started with developing Django applications is simple, as a development Web server is included with the framework. However, this server is not suitable for use in a production environment, so further steps are required to deploy your Django application to the Web. In this article, you will learn about the Django framework and how to install it on your local machine. Discover how a Django application is made and about the automatic administration interface created for your application. You will then find out how to deploy your Django application to the Web on a server running Apache and mod_python. Finally, learn how Django applications can and should be scaled as your application's requirements grow.
Also available in: Russian   Japanese   Portuguese  
Articles 07 Apr 2009
Better Django models
After graduating from the five-minute wiki to real-life applications, Django programmers can easily create confusing, hard-to-maintain, or inefficient model classes. Learn how to avoid common querying mistakes, use model managers to encapsulate complex queries, and take advantage of the powerful new aggregation features available in Django V1.1.
Also available in: Russian  
Articles 19 May 2009
Doing more with the Django admin
The built-in administration console provided by Django is one of its biggest selling points. What if you need to customize more than just the look and feel and a couple of model fields? Find out how to extend the existing admin application without ever modifying the source.
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Articles 26 May 2009
Python testing frameworks: Finding modules to test
The recent emergence of industrial-strength Python testing frameworks means that Python tests are being written more succinctly, more uniformly, and with better reporting of results than ever before. Here we look at how the leading testing frameworks provide robust auto-discovery of your application tests, and how this replaces the fragile central lists of tests that you used to maintain.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 02 Jun 2009
Python testing frameworks: Selecting and running tests
The recent emergence of industrial-strength Python testing frameworks means that Python tests are being written more succinctly, more uniformly, and with better reporting of results than ever before. This article examines how the three most popular testing frameworks identify and gather tests, and what support they provide for writing entire layers of tests that share common setup and teardown code.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 23 Jun 2009
Google App Engine for Java, Part 1: Rev it up!
Remember when Google App Engine was just for Pythonistas? Those were some dark days. Google Inc. opened up its cloud-computing platform to Java developers in April 2009. In this three-part article series, Java technology author and trainer Rick Hightower gets you started with this reliable, robust, and fun platform for Java-based development. In this article, you'll get an overview of why Google App Engine for Java could be the deployment platform for your next highly scalable killer app, then start using the Google Plugin for Eclipse to build two example apps: one based on Google Web Toolkit (GWT) and one based on the Java Servlet API. You'll learn for yourself what a difference Google App Engine for Java makes, both in building out an application from scratch and in deploying it to the tune of up to five million views. (And that's just the free version.)
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Articles 11 Aug 2009
Conversing through the Internet with cURL and libcurl
cURL is a command-line tool that speaks a number of protocols for file transfer, including HTTP, FTP, Secure Copy (SCP), Telnet, and others. But in addition to conversing with endpoints over the Internet from the command line, you can also write simple to complex programs using libcurl to automate application-layer protocol tasks. This article introduces the cURL command-line tool, then shows you how to build an HTTP client in C and Python using libcurl.
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Articles 08 Sep 2009
Working with Web server logs
How do you know who is doing what and where on your site? Chances are you have an Apache-style log for your site, and you just need to learn how to mine it for valuable information. Learn about the format of Web server logs and how to access them in code. Along the way, apply a recipe to identify spider traffic from Web crawlers.
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Articles 27 Oct 2009
Open output: Producing ODF spreadsheets from your Web services
Writing a Web service that produces data in text format is quite simple, but users often prefer getting something they can work in, like spreadsheets. Producing ODF spreadsheets isn't particularly complicated, and this article introduces some ways of doing so working with PHP and Python.
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Articles 17 Nov 2009
Charming Python: Easy Web data collection with mechanize and Beautiful Soup
For collecting data from Web pages, the mechanize library automates scraping and interaction with Web sites. Mechanize lets you fill in forms and set and save cookies, and it offers miscellaneous other tools to make a Python script look like a genuine Web browser to an interactive Web site. A frequently used companion tool called Beautiful Soup helps a Python program makes sense of the messy "almost-HTML" that Web sites tend to contain.
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Articles 24 Nov 2009
Build a Twitter Web application
Learn how to create a Twitter-enabled Web 2.0-style application using Django, jQuery, and the python-twitter wrapper that you can easily use and plug in to your own Django project. With this application, you'll be able to see recent tweets, post updates, and show your friends and followers.
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Articles 03 Dec 2009
Manipulate CSV data with Python and pureXML
IBM DB2 pureXML allows you to store XML data natively in a relational database management system, giving you the power and flexibility to report on this data without disturbing the advantages that its XML format offers. In this tutorial, you will learn how to connect to a DB2 database from the Python programming language, importing data about population from the United States Census Bureau. You will use Python to convert this CSV file into XML, before inserting this XML data natively into DB2. Finally, you will use Python to create a command-line application that produces some informative tables that you can access through a menu system.
Also available in: Chinese   Korean  
Tutorial 22 Dec 2009
Python basics for PHP developers
Are you an experienced PHP developer who needs to learn Python? This article approaches the world of Python development from a PHP developer's perspective, translating familiar PHP concepts, such as variables, lists, and functions, into their Python equivalents.
Also available in: Japanese  
Articles 09 Feb 2010
Introduction to Pyjamas, Part 1: Exploit the synergy of GWT and Python
Pyjamas is a cool tool, or framework, for developing Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (Ajax) applications in Python. It's a versatile tool that you can use to write comprehensive applications without writing any JavaScript code. This series examines the myriad aspects of Pyjamas, and this first article explores Pyjamas's background and basic elements. Step through the process of building a sample application with Pyjamas using the article's examples.
Also available in: Chinese  
Articles 09 Mar 2010
A CMIS API library for Python, Part 1: Introducing cmislib
This is the first of a two-part series which will introduce you to cmislib, a client-side library for working with CMIS content libraries. Content Management Interoperability Services (CMIS) is a specification that provides a standard way to access content, regardless of the underlying repository implementation or the choice of the front-end programming language. In this article, learn about the cmislib API for Python using examples.
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Articles 25 Mar 2010
Simple server-side 2G phone apps
Mobile phones are transforming economies and societies all over the world, but often with phones that might be considered out-of-date by gadget geeks in more developed nations. The good news is that applications that work with these phones can be very simple to write, and they give your application a huge potential user base. In this article, learn how to write programs that respond to specialized requests for information from 2G phones.
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Articles 25 May 2010
Continuous integration with Buildbot
The days of cowboy coding are long gone at most organizations, replaced by a renewed interest in generating quality software. Continuous integration (CI) testing is a vital component in the practice of agile programming techniques that lead to high-quality software. Learn the theory and practice of CI testing by exploring Buildbot, an open source CI system written in Python.
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Articles 02 Jun 2010
Add your own GIMP features
The GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP) is a robust application for editing and manipulating digital images. Because it's open source software, any developer is allowed to modify and extend it with even more features. In this article, you will learn how to get started with the GIMP code, how to build the project from the Git repositories, and how to find your way around the code tree. And you will build an example application that creates a whole new painting tool for the program.
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Articles 20 Jul 2010
Import XML data to Google App Engine
The Google App Engine launched in April 2008, and included a method to upload bulk data stored in CSV files using Python. Java language support was added a year later. To date, the App Engine lacks Java-native support for bulk uploads and CSV remains the only data storage medium supported by the bulk uploading tool. Explore the various methods to store data from XML documents on the App Engine persistent database in this article.
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Articles 07 Sep 2010
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