Frances E. Allen: Surpasses the Turing Test
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The Turing Award is the ACM's most prestigious technical award, and is given to an individual selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community.
Allen was given the award for her pioneering contributions to the theory and practice of optimizing compiler techniques that laid the foundation for modern optimizing compilers and automatic parallel execution.
These techniques have advanced the use of high-performance computing in weather forecasting, DNA matching, and encryption.
You can read more about Ms. Allen's work here, where you can also see video interviews and read an oral history transcript about her early forays in computing.
Also check out the highlight feature on ibm.com.