There are two kinds of WLB:
1) Connection based WLB:
In summary this is based on routing new connections to the servers with the lowest load.
A list of information about servers is maintained.
This is updated regularly and when this is done a coordinating member will construct the server list.
Active members return their load information to the coordinating member. This includes Hostname, port number, CPU load, memory load.
The coordinating member then sends the server list to the other members.
On each server it's Weight is calculated by an algorithm and based on this server's load information and the total number of servers.
Higher weight means there is lower workload on this machine so send more workload to it.
The % workload being handled by a server is approximated from the number of connections the server is currently serving from the total number the entire cluster is serving.
% of workload to be sent to member = this member weight / (total of other member weights).
New connections are sent to servers where the "% workload being handled" is under the "% of workload to be sent to member"
2) Transaction based WLB.
This works in a similar way to the above and involves the server list.
Because we are not dealing purely with new connections as above, existing connections need to be actively rerouted to different members to rebalance the workload.
This works as follows.
A transport pool is maintained on each member, each connection can be moved from one member to an other (by disassociation from a transport on the first server and association to an transport on the second server).
After every 8 transactions or 2 seconds whichever comes first, each server will attempt to re-balance workloads by moving the logical connections if necessary.
WLB for purescale involving j2ee is configured in the j2ee driver file.
db2pd -serverlist shows the currently cached serverlist on this member (note priority and weight are synonymous).
pureScale on Linux