RichardSwain 060000VQ8G Tags:  tsm tivoli snapshots rto data wine sonas nas hsm rpo backup ltfs recovery ibm protection 9,387 Views
How does one judge a glass of wine? There are a few tests, how it looks, smells and taste are the basic three. But as the wine is poured you may or may not know that your wine is made up of different varieties of grapes. A producer sits down and experiments with different percentages of grapes and this allows some creativity in making a better glass of wine for the consumer. Of course there are many more factors that play into this process but its by in large the same no matter what wine you enjoy. You enjoy the wine as a whole, a combination of things put together for you with out you having to know or even understand all that went into making that glass of wine.
When we talk to clients about their data backup strategy, we find a very similar process to that of wine making. The end user rarely knows all that goes in to creating a backup of their data and protecting it for them. They just enjoy the knowledge that their data is safe and will be there if they need to access it. But what we see in the making of the backup is a blend of technologies and a creative element that allows administrators some work around constraints like budget and man power.
As data evolves, we are seeing multiple layers of protection and depending on the severity of the data will determine the recovery point and recovery time as well as retention period. Backup technologies usually mean more than doing a bunch of incrementals and then a full off to disk pools and then tape. There are many different levels of protection that we can use.
Snapshots seem to be more common today than 5 years ago. They allow for a clean and consistent recovery point of a database or file system. But snapshots are used for more than just a quick backup, with writable copies we can quickly setup copies for test and dev environments and also rapidly deploy virtual images for desktops or servers. Snapshots are usually set to the same disk set that data is sitting on, and can be moved around via a vault technology or a mirror to another site. This can be used for long term storage if needed but typically snapshots are used for quick recoveries of less than 7 days. Snapshots are also vulnerable to data corruption. If a software bug comes in and corrupts data on the storage system, that can effect the snapshots and mirrors.
Backups are more traditional where the file system is scanned for changes and then those changes are sent off to a device where the data is stored until needed. In the past it has taken more time to backup file systems and as storage has gotten larger, those backup times grow longer. The technology has tried to keep up with adding larger backup servers and more tape drives allowing for more streams coming in. Now with the idea of using spinning disk for tape pools, we can backup a little quicker as the disk can write data faster than tape. There are many things that have evolved out of this technology, for example Long Term File System or Hierarchical Storage Management.
When clients are looking for strategies on protecting their data, they will use a combination of these techniques, and a mixture of both disks and tape to fully protect their environment. Depending o the data type, you may want to just use snapshots as the data changes rapidly and you do not need to restore from a week or a year ago. Snapshots are really useful in the case, and so is mirroring or even metro mirroring if the RTO is small enough. There are other factors such as Sarbanes-Oxley that will require longer term recovery methods like backups.
Just like a great wine, there is fewer rules today and room for creativity in designing data protection. And just like wine, there are many consultants that will help you find a good balance of technology to match levels of protection with data. Spend the time looking at your protection schemes and see if there are any better ways of balancing this equation. Maybe, with the right planning, you will be able to enjoy a glass of wine instead of spending time recovering from a disaster.
RichardSwain 060000VQ8G Tags:  nseries ibm storage rtc #ibmtechu sonas ibmtechconfs 5,326 Views
Every year IBM puts on a conference for all of our clients, business partners and strategic partners.
One of my favorite TV programs is the BBC show Top Gear. They go through and test cars not only for handling, looks, and cup holders but mainly for power. At the end they run all of the cars through the same test track and get a time. That time then gets recorded on their list of all the cars tested and is celebrated for achievement or scorned at for doing poorly. No matter what the car turns up, they were all treated equally.
Today, IBM is announcing a test done by a certain benchmark called SPECsfs. This has been the yardstick for all NAS vendors wanting to flex their muscles and show how they handle small block I/O. Vendors can bring how ever many drives and tweaks they want but the test itself is very rigid and has to be certified before the results are published.
IBM put together a SONAS system consisting of 10 interface nodes and 8 storage pods with all SAS disk. A total of about 900TB of usable disk, and about 1/3 of the maximum SONAS configuration. There was no solid state disk or extra tweaks done just a SONAS system that you could order today. That said, the IBM SONAS set a new world record for performance for a single file system at 403,000 IOPS per second.
Yes you read that right, 403k IOPS in a single file system. If you look at the other vendors they have used multiple file systems to aggregate the performance together in order to achieve a benchmark. Then they tend to use a virtual name space with software that is layered over all of the file systems, but here SONAS is one file system over 900TB with a true global name space. Some issues with multiple file system is they cannot stripe data across the file systems and the load balancing becomes an issue. If you look at the comparison of performance per file system, you can see that IBM is WAY beyond the competitors.
So you maybe asking, "Yeah that's pretty cool but what was the response time?". According to the test, the average response time was 3.23 MS from 0 to 403k IOPs per second. This is extremely good and when you think that was coming from one file system of 900TB, you realize how good that number is compared to other results.
There will be tons of vendors trying to debunk how IBM out performed them and how they have better software or better market share but it really boils down to these key points:
I have included the slide deck for the announcement below. Feel free to check out the information on the SPECsfs website.
I was driving into the IBM Almaden Research Center and just enjoying the beautiful scenery of the San Jose area. The campus is on top of a hill and surrounded by farm lands. I would really like to have a corner office here, but I don't think I would get much done. So here is my Vlog for this morning and I am hoping to get some interviews on here from some of the presenters and attendees.
RichardSwain 060000VQ8G Tags:  cloud v7000 storage unified sonas san ace gpfs nas 5 Comments 39,986 Views
Storwize V7000 Unified, A marriage of SAN and NAS
Storwize V7000 and the IBM NAS software were married Wednesday, October 12, 2012 at midnight at IBM Storage chapel in San Jose, California. The Reverend Rod Adkins officiated. Following the ceremony, the bride’s parents hosted a reception at the Almaden Research Center.
The bride comes from the NAS family who were in attendance. She also has ties with the Tivoli and GPFS families deep within the storage community. There were family members from the X series family who were at the ceremony.
The groom comes from a long line of storage products. XiV, DS8800 and SVC were all part of the festivities and supported the groom throughout entire day.
The couple will honeymoon Redwood City, California with a visit to the Storage Performance Council.
After long anticipation, IBM is now in the unified storage market with the introduction of the Storwize V7000 Unified (SV7kU?). The system stands as small as 6U of rack space and can flex up to four clustered systems (via RPQ) supporting internal SAS, SATA or virtualized external disk from other vendors.
The V7000 Unified is a midrange disk system that will allow new V7000 or existing V7000 customers the ability to integrate their NAS workload into the system. Using the standard V7000 shelf, IBM has added two 3650m3 servers with the IBM NAS software stack to complete a unified architecture.
A new GUI that ingrates the NAS portion of the software is now available that will combine management for both technologies with a few mouse clicks. Setup of the system stays the same with the simplified USB key approach. Customers have reported that between the USB key installation and the wizard driven alerts, the V7000 has been one of the easiest systems to install and configure. IBM decided to keep these features in the enhanced GUI.
V7000 Unified will support NFS/CIFS/FTP/HTTPs/SCP protocols in addition to block functions FCP and iSCSI. It will also support file replication and file level snapshots for business continuity in addition to existing block functions.
Another function in the V7000 Unified that will help customers is the introduction of the IBM Active Cloud Engine. What is it? Think of it as a very smart, very fast robot – that never sleeps – keeping your cloud storage neat, tidy and running smoothly. Think Rosie the robot from The Jetsons.
This engine is a policy driven engine that will help improve the storage efficiency by automatically placing, moving and deleting files to the appropriate storage. The efficiency gain comes from storing the files where they should be with out an administrator manually moving them. As data is gets older, the engine can move the file to another location where the price per TB is less and even delete the file if necessary.
The movement is done seamlessly and the end user does not have any idea their data has moved. Another aspect of the engine is identifying files for backups or replication to a DR location. As the data ages, the data continues the life cycle through the data center without storage administrators intervention.
Data can be moved from internal disk to external virtualized disk and even to tape. The diagram below shows the movement from file creation to 180 days old and off to deduped tape.
The policy can be created from a wizard in the V7000 Unified GUI by creating thresholds and start times. Customers can also exclude certain files by different file attributes like size or last accessed. For the more advanced customer, an edit feature of the policy is allowed.
Another question people are asking is about the relationship with Netapp and how will this product effect the N series product line. IBM is expanding the midrange storage portfolio by offering both the new V7000 Unified along with our N series products to focus on different client needs.
N series continues to be IBM’s offering focused on clients who have a primary need for NAS optimized (file) workloads. Existing N series clients with growing data requirements will continue to require additional N series disk drives, expansion units, and new systems to meet their needs.
IBM Storwize V7000 Unified will particularly appeal to clients who have a primary need for storage to support block optimized workloads with additional needs to consolidate file workloads for greater efficiency (unified storage). Storwize V7000 Unified is also targeted to clients that can benefit from the unique capabilities of IBM Active Cloud Engine or to clients that already are using Storwize V7000 or SONAS.
Just like in real life, we have seen other marriages come and go but this one seems to be different. The V7000 Unified is using the best of the storage portfolio and bringing value to the customer. IBM is also leveraging the investments made over 10 years of innovation; Virtualization, Easy Tier, Simplified GUI, Active Cloud Engine and is producing a product that will accomplish the lowering total cost of ownership.
As goes with the tradition of the bride to have good-luck:
“Something old, something new, something borrowed,
something blue, and a silver sixpence in her shoe."
(You can find this poem in Leslie Jones' book "Happy is the Bride the Sun Shines On."). We find the IBM version of this offering good luck with the following:
Something Old: 4,500 V7000 systems sold last year
Something New: Active Cloud Engine
Something Borrowed: Storage Virtualization
Something Blue: Storwize V7000 Unified, a true IBM organic product
I am still looking for the sixpence but feel free to mail us one and we will attach it to the bezel of each controller.
RichardSwain 060000VQ8G Tags:  nas ibm trainer" sonas "tom cloud chris_mellor ddn storage 9,762 Views
I just read the blogs from Chris Mellor from the Register and Tom Trainer Network Computing and thought how insightful are these two outsiders about the inner workings of IBM.
First off, yes IBM is no longer selling the DCS9900, a DDN OEM rebranded system in the very large IBM storage portfolio. There is no question that this product is no longer available after the October 15 date.
Second, the DCS 3700 is already part of our portfolio and is now an OEM box from Netapp/Engenio/LSI. The density of this system is the same as the DCS 9900 and makes sense to use the DCS 3700 as a replacement for the DCS9900.
Third, Tom’s blog about SONAS being a monolithic NAS storage is very skewed. SONAS is a very flexible in the way we can scale both storage and the throughput with out affecting either variable. Most “scale out” systems you have to scale both in order to keep up with demand. SONAS uses some of the best technology on the market with a huge amount of throughput.
His statement about IBM dropping DDN from SONAS is un-true and goes to show how much research Tom put into writing this blog. I am sure Tom is looking out to write a non-biased blog for Network Computing but maybe those days at HDS are still making a big influence in his ability to look at announcement letter and make a extrapolations about other products.
Finally, If HDS thought BlueArc was so great, why didn’t they buy them back when they could have gotten the company for a better deal? Has the product changed THAT much since 2006? I wish HDS only the best for dealing with the transition and getting that product under the HDS umbrella.
If you do your homework and base your assumptions on facts instead of conjecture, you will find SONAS is a solid platform in the enterprise NAS market. SONAS has proven it can be the market leader with a low cost to performance ratio and will only get better as time goes on.
RichardSwain 060000VQ8G Tags:  pearson x3650 nseries sonas tony ibm storage r1.2 nas 5,844 Views
May 9th has been a target on my calendar for some time now. Inside of IBM, we have been waiting for this day to come so we could talk about the new things being released in the storage platform. It almost feels like Christmas morning with a bunch of new presents under the tree. Each gift has inside something that is either really cool or something very useful. The only difference is your Aunt Matilda and her little dog is not coming over for brunch.
Under the IBM tree today is a slew of presents for almost the entire storage platform. I will concentrate on just the IBM NAS ones but if you are interested in knowing what is going on elsewhere, you can find more information at the main website.
SONAS must have been a good boy because there are plenty of gifts for him under the tree this morning. Not only did he find presents under the tree but there were a few little things in his stocking. Here is what Santa brought:
This SONAS release is labeled R1.2 and can be obtained by contacting the technical advisor assigned to you.
Santa was also at the N series house and dropped off a few gifts. A new N6270 to replace the N6070. This new system is in line with the N6200 series with larger amounts of RAM and processors. Just like the smaller N6240, there is an expansion controller where customers can add more PCI control cards like HBAs, 10GbE or even FCoE. A new disk shelf was also released which uses the smaller 2.5 inch drives with improved back end performance.
And over at the Real Time Compression house they got new support for EMC Celerra.
Over all a very busy time of year for IBM (and Santa) as these were just a fraction of the Storage announcements today. Also today is the IBM Storage Executive Summit in New York City. My friend and fellow blogger Tony Pearson is covering this great event and will be updating his blog and twitter feed. If you were not able to make it to NYC for the event, feel free to tweet him your questions @az990tony You can also send questions to our IBM Storage feed at @ibmstorage
Day 1: Today, IBM has massed the troops together to learn more about the SONAS product and how the product will look in the near and far future. There is a ton of information they are dumping that I need time to just process it all. Its also nice to meet people from all around the world that have the same mission as I do. I hope to get some interviews tomorrow as well as listening to Sven Ohme talk about performance of the box.
This video is shot in front of the first hard drive, ever. What a testimonial to the IBM innovation. The first words written are..... you gotta watch to find out.
I am headed out west to learn more about SONAS and the future of the product. I think there will be lots of good information that I will try to share with you. If you have any question that you want to ask a SONAS developer, let me know as they will all be there!
There is an ancient proverb that says " When you have only two pennies left in the world, buy a loaf of bread with one, and a lily with the other.". There is some wisdom in this old saying that we can still apply to today's IT budget and strategy. If you have been keeping up with the news, you would know companies are starting to invest again in their IT hardware and software. This maybe the turn in some of the hardest times in the hardware business. But what are customers really buying and planning to buy with their dollars?
What is my bread and what is my lily today? The bread represents nourishment of the body. We have to eat in order to keep going. With out it, we starve and eventually die. This would be the basic part of a business IT strategy. What do you have to do to keep the lights on? I have this conversation with IT planners all the time. People love to do the newest and greatest, but have a smaller understanding or take for granted the things they have to do to keep the business going.
The lily is a beautiful and majestic flower. Dating as far back as 1580 B.C., when images of lilies were discovered in a villa in Crete, these majestic flowers have long held a role in ancient mythology. Derived from the Greek word “leiron,” (generally assumed to refer to the white Madonna lily), the lily was so revered by the Greeks that they believed it sprouted from the milk of Hera, the queen of the gods.
The storage market is evolving with the help of cloud storage, unified platforms and consolidation. IT planners and CIOs are dealing with a new way of putting value to these terms and offering their business units a charge back model not only based on data consumption but throughput and retention. The smarter businesses are seeing that running multiple storage platforms with trapped efficiency does not work in today's data center. Storage has to be big, wide and easy to use.
Long gone are the days where 10-25 TB were a big deal. We now see systems that start at those levels and go to infinite proportions. Networks are becoming faster and even consolidated with 10/20 gbps driving protocols like FCoE and iSCSI. Backups are being replaced by better replication algorithms that have quality of service levels and automated failover.
NAS storage can take advantage of these technologies that can also help you keep the lights on. Most businesses have some form of NAS storage to help employees share documents, spreadsheets, images, and what nots. There is a movement from the traditional block based systems to unstructured data sets using NAS and these are pushing the market and vendors to come up with better NAS products. Companies like Amazon, Facebook, Twitter, all push vendors to think about how they do storage.
So how are you planning your IT spending are you going to spend more on things that you have to have or will you spend more on the things that look nice? I suspect in most cases there will be an 80/20 split of bread to lily ratio. But how you classify what is needed and what is 'nice to have' in your IT department will change as your business changes this year. Businesses are putting more demand on IT with fewer resources. Even though there is evidence businesses are spending more the hardware recently, the resources (admins) are still not there. The only way companies will be able to achieve success with such a high demand on storage with out the resources is to have simple, scalable storage that allows single admins to manage multiple petabytes of storage.
IBM is working to help customers achieve this type of new IT department. Cloud is one way, either public or even private, but also from a basic system level. Interfaces that are less complicated like the V7000 or XiV allow admins to move easily with out much training. SONAS offers large scale out NAS storage where storage and throughput can be scaled independently.
This year, take time to figure out what is needed and what will be cool to have in your department. Technology will always change, even if its a change back to what we had 20 years ago (mainframe/virtualization). Keep in mind it might look like a lily today, but will be a loaf soon, where do you want to be when the business needs it.
First, off I want to say what an awesome year IBM had in storage! We announced several new products and improvements to older ones. SONAS was one of the NAS product of 2010 at IBM. The idea that came from bringing a parallel file system and merging it with commodity parts is brilliant. People have been building these systems for years and having to deal with the issues of interoperability and supportability, can now focus more on making storage work for them. Real Time Compression was also released for the N series product. This was an acquisition that really helps IBM position compression technology in the NAS market. RTC today is an appliance that compresses the data into smaller packages with no performance degrade. I believe we will see more of this technology spread into other aspects of storage line.
The biggest storage announcement was definitely the introduction of a new mid-tier storage device, Storwize V7000. This device is based on the tried and true SVC code base with some new enterprise class features from our DS8000 line. This system has the cool XiV like interface and a very cool form factor and with things like easy-tier and disk virtualzation, the box is going to be hard to beat in 2011.
Second, I want to honor IBM as we celebrate our centennial year of business. The Computing Tabulating Record Company started on June 15, 1911 and while the name has changed and our products and services have changed, but our mission and dedication to our clients remains unchanged. So many of us do not even begin to understand the role IBM has made on our world as it is today. IBM has been well known through most of its recent history as one of the world's largest computer companies and systems integrators. With over 388,000 employees worldwide, IBM is one of the largest and most profitable information technology employers in the world. IBM holds more patents than any other U.S. based technology company and has eight research laboratories worldwide. The company has scientists, engineers, consultants, and sales professionals in over 170 countries. IBM employees have earned Five Nobel Prizes, four Turning Awards, five National Medals of Technology and five National Medals of Science.
Lastly, I want to challenge everyone, IBMers, clients, everyone, to really look at what is going on in the storage space this year. With the explosive growth of data we are seeing people buying unprecedented amounts of storage. Most of the vendors are going to be investing in R & D for storage and coming out with new and time saving features. Clients should challenge their vendors to exceed their requirements not just make them. I also want vendors to look beyond products and start looking the services that help clients make better decisions and support the products they have purchased.
Good luck to everyone in the New Year!
I am always blown away with the expertise and insight our Advanced Technical Services team displays. They are our “Go To” guys for driving technology to our field teams and they are the last resort before getting into a development team. For me, they are a well of information and experience that I can use to help build solutions.
Today, I am sitting in the SONAS system training with Mark Taylor. Mark and I have been working together at IBM for a few years and I have the most respect for him. Mark is responsible for supporting the N series and SONAS at IBM along with a few other team members. He has is known for being a stickler on our solution assurance calls and is always finding solutions for our clients.
Our mission this week is to learn more about storage products on a deeper level. Many of the technical sales group has specialty that they focus on. It could be XiV, SONAS, Mid-Tier storage, what ever. This week, when we leave on Friday, we should come away as more rounded technical experts.
I am still amazed at the SONAS product and how powerful it really is, especially compared to other products in the market place. I find it hard to compare to other brands due to great feature set it brings and integration with TSM. No other storage out there is able to provide unstructured NAS data a platform to live on from cradle to grave like SOANS.
This mimics how IBM is doing more solution selling in the marketplace. Our Storage team is partnering with the POWER team and the Software teams to provide customers with a ‘one stop’ solution. If you look just at the SONAS product, it has multiple components all from IBM; X series servers, TSM and GPFS software, XiV storage. We are finding that if we combine these products into a solution based product, customers can solve more issues with the same amount of dollars. I believe this is the future of IBM storage and storage in general.
SONAS does have a couple of points that I would like to see cleaned up. One is the GUI, and the other is its policy writer. From what I can tell, the information in the SONAS GUI is very similar to that of the XiV system. It just has a different look and feel. With the Storwize V7000 getting the ‘XiV’ look and feel, I suspect future releases of SONAS might get the same treatment. As for the policy engine, it’s all based on SQL Query language. If you know how to write it then it’s not an issue but there are some out there that might not be privy to such skills. There are some guidelines and examples that can be used to help setup the policies like moving data from one pool to the next but I suspect people will rely more on their Technical Advisor to help define those rules.
Tomorrow is all about protect tier. I am excited about the hands on and finding how this box can really save people space with their backups.
Well the last two days have been crazy with really good sessions, lots of networking with tons of people and great discussions throughout the entire conference. The sessions have been well attended and people are really asking great questions. For the most part, I hear that everyone is learning from the sessions, which I hope they dont get overloaded with so much information.
Today I presented on PAM II technology for the N series system. We disussed the need for large Read Cache systems and how its not only the size of the disks that are driving this need, but also the business requesting for lower return times on data. During this session, the question was brought up about the new acquisition of StorWize and how that would effect the NAS solutions at IBM.
Here is IBM VP of Storage, Doug Balog, talking about the product.
I think its going to be a good product to put in front of our NAS systems and it will drive the heavy read cache systems like PAM II and the huge amounts of cache in the SONAS systems. Speaking of StorWize, I wanted to give everyone a little more information about this product and maybe why IBM purchased them. They provide real time compression technology that will reduce the storage need by compressing the data into images. They have an engine called Random Access Compression Engine (RACE) which is just a compression algorithm that does the conversion with no overhead. The Storwize appliance will work with popular NAS systems, including IBM N series and SONAS, as well as non-IBM NAS systems from EMC, HP, NetApp and others. Storwize real-time compression can provide added value to clients already using data deduplication, thin provisioning and other storage efficiency technologies.
For more information on the StorWize acquisition, go here for the press release.