Chapter 14 - Management Platform & Managed Environments
To design a good cloud management platform we need to
understand the managed environment. As we know that the workloads would include
not only stuff running on virtual infrastructure but also traditional
infrastructure. So we need to design a management platform that can support
delivery of traditional services as well as cloud services.
The advantage of using IBM reference architecture (refer
previous chapter) is that we the service management cost to a minimum and be
able to manage multiple services (IAAS, PAAS, SAAS, Traditional Services)
through a single management platform (Common Cloud Management Platform).
The design of the management platform is mainly driven by
what platforms we need to manage as well as the services we have to deliver.
The core components of the management platform are determined by the amount of
service automation expected to be provided by the platform.
The cloud management platform can be thought of like a
Service Delivery Platform as applied to Telecommunication industries. The term Service Delivery
Platform (SDP) usually refers to a set of components that provides a
services delivery architecture (such as service creation, session control &
protocols) supporting multiple delivery models of service.
The core components can be again classified into the
business support (BSS) components and the operational support (OSS) components. The
business components include ways to manage the customer, subscription, offering
& catalog, contract, order, billing, and financial aspects of the platform.
The OSS deals
with the backend aspects of fulfilling the service request. So it includes
components like service automation, provisioning, monitoring and management.
The IBM Tivoli suite of products supports addressing almost
all of the OSS
requirements as well as some of the key components in the BSS components. As an
architect, the key decisions to take are to look at the capabilities required
based on the client needs and create a platform that is extensible. This needs to be done keeping flexibility in
mind which means you have the capability to add and remove components to
support different capabilities. In an
established and mature Data
Center, it is highly
unlikely that all these components are delivered by a single vendor. That’s why
an architecture build on open standards is critical to the success of building
a good management platform.
IBM is leading the efforts for adoption of standards by
different cloud providers, consumers and tools vendors. The work being done by
IBM with Open Group and Cloud Standards Customers Council are
some examples for the same.
Once we have determined the functional components of our
solution we need to worry about the non-functional requirements. These include
aspects like security, availability, resiliency, performance, scalability,
capacity planning and sizing. We will
need to determine these aspects for the management platform based on the size
and heterogeneity of the managed environment. We will discuss these aspects in
the next chapter.
In our previous posts on the IT industry’s shift to the Cloud Services era, we’ve provided definitions
, market context
, user adoption
trends, and user views about cloud services benefits, challenges
In this post, We offer our initial forecast of IT cloud services delivery across five major IT product segments.we
offer our initial forecast of IT cloud services delivery across five
major IT product segments that, in aggregate, represent almost
two-thirds of enterprise IT spending (excluding PCs). This forecast
sizes IT suppliers’ opportunity to deliver their own IT offerings to
customers via the cloud services model (”opportunity #1“, as described in our recent post Framing the Cloud Opportunity for IT Suppliers).
The development of this forecast involved a team of over 30 IDC analysts, led by Robert Mahowald (Business Applications/SaaS), Tim Grieser (Infrastructure Software), Steve Hendrick (Application Development & Deployment Software), Matt Eastwood (Servers) and Rick Villars (Storage), with additional contributions from David Tapper (Outsourcing/Hosted Services) and John Gantz (Global Research).
SAN FRANCISCO, CA,
07 Apr 2011:
IBM (NYSE: IBM) today
unveiled its next generation IBM SmartCloud, an enterprise-class, secure
cloud specifically created to meet the demands of businesses.
To accelerate the shift from experimentation, development and
assessment to full scale enterprise deployment of cloud, IBM is building
out its existing cloud portfolio with IBM SmartCloud, enterprise cloud
technologies and services offerings for private, public and hybrid
clouds based on IBM hardware, software, services and best practices.
As part of this announcement, IBM is demonstrating a next-generation,
enterprise cloud service delivery platform currently piloting with key
clients and available later this year. For the first time, enterprise
clients will be able to select key characteristics of a public, private
and hybrid cloud to match workload requirements from simple Web
infrastructure to complex business processes, along five dimensions,
· Security and isolation
· Availability and performance
· Technology platforms
· Management Support and Deployment
· Payment and Billing
The IBM SmartCloud includes a broad spectrum of secure managed
services, to run diverse workloads across multiple delivery methods both
public and private. It includes customer choice with the potential for
end-to-end management of service delivery from the server and operating
system to the application and process layer.
“The new IBM SmartCloud allows for the best of both worlds – the cost
savings and scalability of a shared cloud environment plus the
security, enterprise capabilities and support services of a private
environment,” said Erich Clementi, senior vice president, IBM Global
Technology Services. “In thousands of cloud engagements, we have
discovered that enterprise client wants a choice of cloud deployment
models that meet the requirements of their workloads and the demands of
This level of choice and control translates into capabilities
customized to your needs and priorities, whether you’re deploying a
simple web application, an ordering logistics system or a complete ERP
The new IBM cloud can enable organizations, their employees and
partners, to get what they need, as they need it – from advanced
analytics and business applications to IT infrastructure like virtual
servers and storage or access to tools for testing software code - all
deployed securely across IBM’s global network of cloud data centers.
The IBM SmartCloud has two implementation options: Enterprise and Enterprise +.
- Enterprise – Available today and
expanding on our existing Development and Test Cloud allowing customers
to expand on internal development and test efforts with reduction of
application development tasks from days to minutes via automation and
rapid provisioning with over 30% reduction in costs versus traditional
application environments. This offering is available immediately.
- Enterprise + -- To be made
available later this year, Enterprise + will complement and expand on
the value of Enterprise, offering brand new capabilities provide a core
set of multi-tenant services to manage virtual server, storage, network
and security infrastructure components including managed operational
Optimization of SAP Infrastructure to result in better performance, low costs and high energy efficiency
20 Apr 2011:
Today IBM (NYSE: IBM)
announced that Audi selected IBM to build a cloud environment for
Audi's SAP infrastructure to deliver higher performance, fast and
flexible provisioning of SAP applications and capacities, lower
infrastructure costs, and to deliver above-average energy efficiency
with the ability to enlarge future SAP applications to an almost
Audi was facing challenges to scale its IT systems by the
increased use of business-critical applications in areas such as
production and logistics, supplier relationship management and human
resources which challenged their IT infrastructure regarding reliability
In April 2010, Audi signed a contract with IBM to rebuild their
existing SAP infrastructure, including consolidation and virtualization
of the server hardware, process standardization, opportunities for
performance-related billing and a much higher operational flexibility.
Audi's new SAP Infrastructure solution is based on a new generation of
high-performance IBM POWER 7 Servers and IBM database technology (DB2).
"Along with a very high level of reliability and failure safety, the
new SAP Infrastructure solution, which we will migrate into a private
cloud, substantially lowering energy consumption," said Audi's Lorenz
Schoberl, head of IT Infrastructure Services. "The DB2 solution's
built-in data compression capability will enable us to save time and
reduce costs of storage and archiving."
"We were able to demonstrate that our combination of POWER servers
and DB2 will decrease the total cost of ownership over the next four
years -- from a business and technology point of view," said Gunter
Frohlich, IBM Client Manager for Audi.
The new infrastructure is fully operational and will be managed by
IBM in a private cloud environment hosted in Audi's data center.
About IBM Cloud Computing
IBM has helped thousands of clients adopt cloud models and manages
millions of cloud based transactions every day. IBM assists clients in
areas as diverse as banking, communications, healthcare and government
to build their own clouds or securely tap into IBM cloud-based business
and infrastructure services. IBM is unique in bringing together key
cloud technologies, deep process knowledge, a broad portfolio of cloud
solutions, and a network of global delivery centers. For more
information about IBM cloud solutions, visit www.ibm.com/smartcloud
For more about IBM, visit www.ibm.com/de/pressroom.
SAN JOSE, CA -- (MARKET WIRE) -- 03/22/11 -- Brocade® (NASDAQ: BRCD)
today announced it is taking a leadership position to help define standards to enable scalability and manageability in hyper-scale cloud infrastructures. Brocade has become an initial member of the Open Networking Foundation (ONF)
, a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting a new approach to networking called Software-Defined Networking (SDN).
SDN involves several components, one of the most important being standard-based OpenFlow, an emerging standard delivering service providers granular control of their network infrastructures. Brocade will leverage its work in developing OpenFlow across its high-performance service provider portfolio to enable customers to build high-value applications across their networks with greater efficiency and unparalleled simplicity.
Today's service providers and network operators face a number of challenges that require multiple solutions in order to ensure highly efficient and profitable operation. Brocade's goal in working with the Open Networking Foundation is to alleviate the burden of operational complexity for service providers by leveraging OpenFlow to manage and operate their networks.
Brocade has developed an OpenFlow enabled IP/MPLS router as part of its service provider product portfolio for application verification and interoperability testing with its partners and customers. Brocade plans to make additional OpenFlow strategy and product announcements later this year. Brocade will initially focus its efforts on delivering solutions that enable the scalability and manageability required in hyper-scale cloud infrastructures.
"Stronger definition of network behavior in software is a growing trend, and open interfaces are going to lead to faster innovation," said Nick McKeown, ONF board member and professor at Stanford University.
"In June 2010, Brocade was one of the first major networking vendors to publicly endorse OpenFlow," said Ken Cheng, vice president, Service Provider Products, Brocade. "Our goal is to leverage OpenFlow to build compelling cloud networking solutions for service providers and network operators worldwide, while lowering the cost associated with operating their networks."
Social Media Tags: Brocade, OpenFlow, NetIron, Storage Area Networks, SAN, IP, Fibre Channel, Ethernet, WAN, LAN, Networks, Switch, Router
Brocade® (NASDAQ: BRCD) networking solutions help the world's leading organizations transition smoothly to a world where applications and information reside anywhere. (www.brocade.com)
Brocade, the B-wing symbol, BigIron, DCFM, DCX, Fabric OS, FastIron, IronView, NetIron, SAN Health, ServerIron, TurboIron, and Wingspan are registered trademarks, and Brocade Assurance, Brocade NET Health, Brocade One, Extraordinary Networks, MyBrocade, and VCS are trademarks of Brocade Communications Systems, Inc., in the United States and/or in other countries. Other brands, products, or service names mentioned are or may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners.
Intel® Cloud Builders Reference Architecture Library
Key challenges and focus areas for IT include enhancing efficiency,
security, resource utilization, flexibility, and simplifying data center
management, among others. Intel works closely with leading systems and
solution providers to deliver proven reference architectures to address
IT challenges. This work is based on IT requirements—from a wide range
of end users—that address challenges in evolving to cloud and next-
generation data centers, including the evolving usage requirements of
the Open Data Center Alliance.
This lab-based experience is embodied in Intel® Cloud Builders
reference architectures. Each reference architecture provides detailed
instructions on how to install and configure a particular cloud software
solution using Intel® Xeon® processor-based servers.
Developed with ecosystem leaders, the following reference architectures relate to building a cloud, or Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and to enhancing and optimizing cloud infrastructure with a focus on security, efficiency, and simplifying your cloud environment.
Learn more about how to build and optimize your cloud infrastructure via reference architecture guides below. Read More>
Teresa Takai, the Defense Department's chief information officer, says the "paramount" goal of effective security in a cloud computing infrastructure is best achieved using an internal "private" system, though she wouldn't rule out use of commercial providers.
In oral testimony at a hearing of the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities on April 6, Takai said Defense could opt for public cloud services offered by companies such as Google and Microsoft Corp.
In response to questions from Rep. James Langevin, D-R.I., Takai said, "There will be instances where we [can] use commercial cloud providers ... [if] they meet our standards." She did not specify what type of applications Defense would host on a commercial cloud.
Takai added the department plans to tap the Defense Information Systems Agency, which already is providing private cloud services to the Army and email service for 1.4 million personnel. The Army, Takai said, is "looking to move [its] apps to the cloud."
One of her key priorities is to secure the Pentagon's classified networks after masses of data were illicitly siphoned off last fall to the WikiLeaks website, said Takai, who took office last October. In her prepared testimony, she said Defense plans to deploy a public key infrastructure-based identity credential on a hardened smart card for use on the department's Secret classified networks. It is similar to, but stronger than, the technology in the Common Access Card on unclassified networks.
Defense also plans to use a Host-Based Security System to protect classified networks, a tool that "will allow us to know who is on the network" and detect anomalous behavior, Takai told the hearing.
ARMONK, N.Y. - 07 Apr 2011: IBM (NYSE: IBM) has joined more than 45 leading cloud organizations to form the new Cloud Standards Customer Council, which is managed by OMG®. Organizations including Lockheed Martin, Citigroup and North Carolina State University have already joined the Council, which will help advance cloud adoption prioritizing key interoperability issues such as management, reference architectures, hybrid cloud, as well as security and compliance.
The Council will complement vendor-led cloud standards efforts and establish a core set of client–driven requirements to ensure cloud users will have the same freedom of choice, flexibility, and openness they have with traditional IT environments. The Cloud Standards Customer Council is open to all end-user organizations and further enhances customers' abilities to offer both public and private cloud offerings through a standardized platform.
IBM is inviting all of its users to participate in the CSCC and work together in addressing the challenges faced while implementing Cloud Computing. The group will work to lower the barriers for widespread adoption of Cloud Computing by helping to prioritize key Interoperability issues such as cloud management, reference architecture, hybrid clouds, as well as security and compliance.
“To make Open Cloud successful and reflective of real business needs, IBM is asking for client feedback regarding their direction and priorities around cloud standards development,” said Angel Diaz, vice president, IBM Software Standards. “This council is designed to focus on the reality of what provides the greatest cloud computing benefits for clients. Ultimately, this effort is about how organizations can use what they have today and extend their business - using open standards - to get the greatest benefits from cloud.”
Brocade CTO Named to TechAmerica CLOUD(2) Commission
Commission to Provide Recommendations on Deployment of Cloud Technologies to the United States Federal Government
SAN JOSE, CA -- (MARKET WIRE) -- 04/15/11 -- Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) today announced that Dave Stevens, the company's chief technology officer (CTO) has been named a Commissioner on the TechAmerica Foundation's "Leadership Opportunity in U.S. Deployment of the Cloud," known also as CLOUD(2).
The commission's mandate is to deliver recommendations to the U.S. government on ways it can effectively deploy cloud technologies and set specific public policies that will help drive further cloud innovation in both the private and public sectors.
Brocade has direct and highly relevant experience in the challenges and opportunities that the CLOUD(2) Commission is addressing by the virtue of its 15 years of experience in building mission-critical data center networks for some of the most demanding IT environments in the world. This experience and expertise has positioned Brocade to address the challenges on moving to more agile, flexible cloud IT models.
The Brocade approach, as defined by its Brocade One™ strategy, is to help its customers migrate smoothly from current networking architectures to a world where information and applications reside and can be accessed anywhere through open, multivendor cloud technologies.
"Brocade is an established leader in building and deploying fabric-based data center architectures, and customers continue to trust their networks to Brocade as they move to highly virtualized and cloud models," said Dave Stevens, chief technology officer at Brocade. "I am honored to serve as a commissioner for CLOUD(2), and I Iook forward to the opportunity to leverage our experience in this space and to play a key role in advancing the deployment of cloud architectures."
The commission will make recommendations for how government should deploy cloud technologies and address policies that might hinder U.S. leadership of the cloud in the commercial space. Recommendations for government deployment will be presented to Federal Chief Information Officer Vivek Kundra. Commercial-facing recommendations will be shared with Commerce Secretary Gary Locke and Commerce Under Secretary Pat Gallagher.
"The Obama Administration has demonstrated a clear understanding of the need to adopt cloud technologies across the government enterprise," said Dallas Advisory Partners Founder, and TechAmerica Foundation Chairman, David Sanders. "CLOUD(2) represents a broad range of companies, and is well-positioned to provide diverse insight on issues critical to the cloud. These new commissioners will be essential to the continued advancement of U.S. innovation, and we look forward to providing the Administration constructive recommendations that address these critical issues."
The commission is composed of 71 experts in the field, from both the business and academic worlds. Leading the CLOUD(2) commission are co-commissioners Salesforce.com CEO and Chairman Marc Benioff and VCE Chairman and CEO Michael D. Capellas, as well as CSC North American public sector president Jim Scheaffer and Microsoft corporate VP of technology policy and strategy Dan Reed.
Also joining co-chairmen Benioff and Capellas representing academia will be John Mallery of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and Michael R. Nelson, visiting professor of Internet studies in Georgetown University's Communication, Culture and Technology Program.
A full list of commissioners is available at http://www.techamericafoundation.org/cloud-commission-commissioners
To learn more about CLOUD(2), please visit http://www.techamericafoundation.org/cloud-commission
Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) networking solutions help the world's leading organizations transition smoothly to a world where applications and information reside anywhere. (www.brocade.com)
Brocade, the B-wing symbol, BigIron, DCFM, DCX, Fabric OS, FastIron, IronView, NetIron, SAN Health, ServerIron, TurboIron, and Wingspan are registered trademarks, and Brocade Assurance, Brocade NET Health, Brocade One, Extraordinary Networks, MyBrocade, VCS, and VDX are trademarks of Brocade Communications Systems, Inc., in the United States and/or in other countries. Other brands, products, or service names mentioned are or may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners