After a full first day at VMworld, I started to think more about IBM and their technology solutions that help customers in a VMware environment. Here is a top ten list of things to consider when looking at a VMware implementation and how IBM can help.
VMware is playing Switzerland and ensuring all vendors are on a level playing field, so when other vendors state that they have “better” or “closer” technology integration than other vendors its probably not true. Some vendors may not choose to integrate with certain things, but rest assured, all of VMware’s APIs are open to all vendors. Take a look and see how IBM is providing plug-ins for vSphere, SRM, and VAAI in XIV as well as other storage platforms.
#2 Ease of Use
IBM has seen, firsthand, a number of our customers switch from one platform to XIV because of their pleasure in the simplicity of the XIV solution. A large manufacturer is one example of a customer who is provisioning new VMware instances in less than five minutes.
One XIV customer, who is a very experienced storage administrator, saw the XIV GUI and quoted"I don't get it (XIV GUI). It can't be that easy. Either I'm missing something or they are not showing me everything." The reality is, it is that easy and that interface is prolific throughout the IBM storage portfolio including the Storwize V7000 and SVC.
#3 Storage Efficiency
Probably one of the most important topics this year is Storage Efficiency and IBM is a leader in this department. The Storwize V7000 utilizing compression or N-Series with the Real-time Compression appliance can reduce the VMware storage footprint up to 75%. Users tell us that by implementing VMware, their storage footprint has grown by as much as 4x. Therefore their overall IT budgets didn’t get better, the dollars just shifted from servers to storage. IBM’s Real-time Compression users can save up to 75% without any performance impact. Additionally, Real-time Compression is the only compression technology that works in conjunction with deduplication, compressing the data before it is dedplicated, giving an added benefit to the technology.
Now users have the opportunity to get their overall IT budget back under control.
#4 Data Protection
The reality here is that many enterprises are waiting for the war to be fought out between the vendors in this space, or looking to embedded snapshots and disk based technologies with mirroring to cut out all of the host based challenges with data protection.
A report by Taneja Group, sponsored by multiple clients, suggests that the biggest issue in virtual environment is data protection as many enterprise do not know what they need to do and they are looking at their current vendors to provide solutions. So work closely with the IBM team and leverage all of the work that IBM has done with Tivoli and VMware to help solve your data protection challenges.
A lot of folks like to talk about deduplication when it comes to VMware, just make sure it is implemented properly and at the right place. ProtecTIER has as good a deduplication ratios and great performance.
I am not sure how you get more flexible from IBM. From hardware to software to services to partners, IBM offers solutions across a wide spectrum. Whether it be hardware solutions that can meet a range of performance requirements and application types, to software that can help users analyze their data more effectively. IBM can also deliver all of these solutions through our relationships with or ISVs as well as partners offering superior flexibility.
When it comes to high availability in storage, it is hard to beat the new V7000 or the XIV product. Innovatively designed specifically high availability, users can move to a virtualized storage platform such as XIV and users can see the real-world of availability and reliability that does not sacrifice performance in any of their applications.
With IBM XIV, you can simple scale as you need to and automatically and take advantage of new capacity and linear performance improvements as well as managing the entire enterprise from a single, easy to use GUI.
Also, with Real-time Compression, you now have the added benefit of putting more capacity in your existing footprint to do even more analytics while saving on footprint, power and cooling – all in real-time.
#8 Services / Solutions
IBM is the worldwide leader in providing services. IBM is the largest OEM of VMware solutions on the planet and provides support and services in 170 countries around the globe. IBM’s Global Services team has architected and installed hundreds, if not thousands of VMware implementations, helping customers go from a non-virtualized to a virtualized world. IBM, as well as its partners, can help migrate customer's virtualized environment without a long outage and maintain application and customer production as well as move to Thin Provisioning, and a truly virtualized platform not Vblocks and a coalition.
#9 TCO / ROI
IBM offers great solutions that reduce the risk, cost, and complexity of the virtualized world. IBM focuses on the real-world customer challenges. Customers have been hit hard these last few years when it comes to budgets in order to manage their IT environments. We keep helping our customers do more with less by enabling a more efficient storage platform than any other vendor. IBM XIV, V7000, N-Series, SVC and ProtecTIER solutions are great fit for solving difficult VMware challenges and we have real-world references to prove it.
#10 100 Years of Innovation
The bottom line: there is always more to do, IT changes at a rapid pace and it is the vendors job to keep up with the needs of its customers. IBM has been doing this for 100 years and we will continue to do so.
Brocade Unlocks the Power of the Cloud Through Open, Multi-Vendor Virtual Compute Blocks
Brocade and Its Partners Help Customers Build the Next Generation of Distributed and Virtualized Data Centers in a Simple, Evolutionary Way
LAS VEGAS, NV-- (MARKET WIRE) --08/30/11--(VMworld 2011) --Today at VMworld,Brocade(NASDAQ: BRCD), the leader infabric-baseddata center architectures, today announced significant advancements to the Brocade®CloudPlex™ architecturewith new Brocade Virtual Compute Blocks. These bundled solutions consist of integrated, tested and validated multi-vendor server, virtualization, networking and storage resources. Demonstrating substantial partner traction, the new solutions are available today, delivered and supported in collaboration with a wide range of alliance partners, includingDell, EMC, Fujitsu,Hitachi Data Systemsand VMware.
This open approach is an underlying tenet of the Brocade CloudPlex architecture, which was announced inMay 2011. The open, extensible framework is designed to help customers build the next generation of distributed and virtualized data centers in a simple, evolutionary way that preserves their ability to dictate all aspects of the migration. It is the foundation for integrated compute blocks and it supports existing multi-vendor infrastructure to unify customers' assets into a single compute and storage domain.
"Organizations are seeking to maximize the benefits of cloud computing through more efficient infrastructure procurement, pre-integrated components, faster support response, and greater choice in best-in-class products to meet specific business needs," saidJohn McHugh, CMO of Brocade. "Brocade Virtual Compute Blocks leverage our Ethernet fabrics and industry-leading Fibre Channel SAN fabrics to allow our partners to create integrated stacks that optimize cost effectiveness, flexibility and performance. Because these solutions are open, they allow our customers to scale components independently and better utilize legacy infrastructures."
According to IDC research, "As organizations move to create a dynamic data center enabled by virtualization, they are moving to architectures where server, storage, and network assets are in tighter alignment into converged infrastructures. IDC defines a converged infrastructure as one in which the server, storage, and network infrastructure resources are treated as pools to be assigned as needed to business services... The top benefits organizations achieve by implementing a converged infrastructure are cost savings, simplified management, better availability, increased flexibility, and higher utilization."(1)
Brocade Virtual Compute Block Partner Solutions Brocade Virtual Compute Block solutions include hypervisor software integrated with servers, storage and Brocade fabric networking products in bundled, pre-racked and pre-tested configurations enriched by technology from Dell, EMC, Fujitsu,Hitachi Data Systemsand VMware.
Dell Brocade and Dell have partnered to develop a reference architecture that includes Dell Compellent Fibre Channel storage, Dell PowerEdge servers, Brocade data center and SAN switches and the VMware hypervisor, which is being shown at the Brocade VMworld booth.
"Our reference architecture developed with Brocade demonstrates Dell Compellent's commitment to provide open, cloud-optimized solutions for our customers' increasingly dynamic requirements in Fibre Channel environments," saidPhil Soran, president of Dell Compellent. "Enterprises that deploy this reference architecture benefit from the ability to scale virtualization with their business requirements while deploying industry-leading storage from Dell Compellent and Fibre Channel networking solutions from Brocade."
EMC EMC and Brocade have joined forces with several partners to deliver Virtual Compute Blocks, which combine VMware virtualization software and management tools, EMC® VNXe™ unified storage, servers and integrated Brocade Fibre Channel and Ethernet fabric networking technologies. EMC and Brocade are now working with Arrow, Tech Data, First Distribution and Acao to deliver Virtual Compute Blocks in the U.S., and in parts ofEurope,Africa, andSouth America. These integrated, easy-to-install solutions enable EMC customers to quickly deploy private and hybrid cloud infrastructures, which provide data center consolidation, availability, scalability and automation.
"Our integration work with Brocade is a key enabler for our resellers in providing simplified deployment of Virtual Compute Blocks and further demonstrates our commitment to delivering cloud infrastructure solutions for our mutual customers that help transform data centers into highly efficient and agile environments," saidJosh Kahn, vice president of Solutions Marketing at EMC.
Fujitsu Fujitsu and Brocade have partnered to create solutions supporting Fujitsu's Dynamic Infrastructures architecture, which will help enterprises boost business agility, efficiency and IT economics. These are designed for data centers of the future, delivering powerful automated pools of computing resources made up of server, storage, network and virtualization technology.
"Fabric-based networks are an important requirement to successful deployments of solutions that will enable our customers to accelerate their cloud-based IT initiatives," saidJens-Peter Seick, senior vice president of theProduct Development GroupatFujitsu Technology Solutions. "We are pleased to add Brocade Ethernet fabric technologies to our portfolio, which enhances the long-term partnership we have had in deploying SANs for our customers' virtualized environments."
Hitachi Data Systems Hitachiconverged data center solutionscombine storage, compute and networking, with software management, automation and optimization to automate, accelerate and simplify cloud adoption. As a key networking partner, Brocade provides networking solutions for Hitachi converged data center solutions, including Ethernet switch, Fibre Channel fabric data center switches, and Fibre Channel switch modules for the Hitachi Compute Blade family. Solutions include:
Hitachi solutions built on Microsoft Hyper-V Cloud Fast Track: A combination of Hitachi storage and compute, with Brocade networking and Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 with Hyper-V andSystem Centerfor high-performance private cloud infrastructures and an avenue for further automation and orchestration.
Hitachi Unified Compute Platform: An open and converged platform that provides orchestration and management within the portfolio of Hitachi converged solutions for automated dynamic management of servers, storage and networking to create business resource pools from a simple, yet comprehensive interface.
Hitachi Converged Platform for Microsoft Exchange 2010: The first in a portfolio of pre-tested application-specific converged solutions, engineered for rapid deployment and tightly integrated with Exchange 2010's powerful new features for resilience, predictable performance and seamless scalability.
"HDS and Brocade have partnered to deliver tested and proven solutions with tightly integrated storage, compute and networking products that allow our mutual customers to benefit from Ethernet switch and Fibre Channel fabric technologies to create flexible cloud-based infrastructures," saidAsim Zaheer, vice president of Corporate and Product Marketing atHitachi Data Systems. "Through quicker deployment, automation and scalability, Hitachi converged data center solutions help organizations adopt cloud at their own pace and see predictable results and faster time to value."
VMware VMware and Brocade have developed a reference architecture solution that enables organizations to create a scalable virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) environment.
The VMware/Brocade VDI reference architecture,VMware View™, combines Brocade VDX data center switches and converged network adapters, Intel x-86-based rack servers, iSCSI-based storage and TrendMicro security software.
Benefits of the VMware/Brocade VDI solution include best-in-class performance and scalability, enhanced security, ease-of-migration and lower total cost of ownership.
"VMware and Brocade have collaborated on a joint VDI solution that addresses our customers' needs to improve business productivity though increased performance, secured client access and elimination of business disruptions," saidVittorio Viarengo, vice president of End-User Computing at VMware. "IT organizations can utilize our reference architecture to deploy a quick-start configuration within their data center or at remote locations. In addition, it can be used as a test or development platform for businesses eager to gain the benefits and advantages of virtualizing user desktops."
Avnet Virtual Compute Block Solutions Separately today at VMworld, Brocade and Avnet announced the joint development of marketing and enablement support for a new set of multi-vendor, pre-tested and configured virtualization solutions. The first of these is a reference architecture and validated solution designed to cost effectively scale virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) environments to support thousands of clients (or desktops) per solution bundle. The VDI bundle will help Avnet reseller partners design and deploy open, efficient and scalable virtualization solutions for their end customers by incorporating Brocade and VMware networking and hypervisor technologies in conjunction with a variety of compute and storage platforms.
About Brocade Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) networking solutions help the world's leading organizations transition smoothly to a world where applications and information reside anywhere. (www.brocade.com)
Brocade, the B-wing symbol, DCX, Fabric OS, andSAN Healthare registered trademarks, and Brocade Assurance,Brocade NET Health, Brocade One, CloudPlex, MLX, VCS, VDX, and When the Mission Is Critical, the Network Is Brocade are trademarks of Brocade Communications Systems, Inc., inthe United Statesand/or in other countries. Other brands, products, or service names mentioned are or may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners.
VMware, VMware View and VMworld are registered trademarks and/or trademarks of VMware, Inc. inthe United Statesand/or other jurisdictions. The use of the word "partner" or "partnership" does not imply a legal partnership relationship between VMware and any other company.
Leading Fuel Card Provider Values Brocade Market Leadership, Reliability and Network Security
SAN JOSE, CA -- (MARKET WIRE) -- 07/19/11 --
Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) today announced that FleetCor,
a leading independent global provider of specialized payment products
and services to businesses, commercial fleets, major oil companies,
petroleum marketers and government fleets, has selected Brocade as the
vendor to build its cloud-optimized
network. This new network enhances FleetCor's ability to securely
process millions of transactions monthly and ultimately better serve its
commercial accounts in 18 countries in North America, Europe, Africa and Asia.
Millions of commercial payment cards are in the hands of FleetCor
cardholders worldwide, and they are used to purchase billions of gallons
of fuel per year. Given this volume of network-based transactions, network reliability, scalability and security were critical factors for FleetCor to consider in its selection process to maintain superior customer satisfaction.
In addition, FleetCor selected Brocade as its networking expert to help
evolve its data center and IT operations into a more agile private cloud
infrastructure. Brocade® cloud-optimized networks
are designed to reduce network complexity while increasing performance
and reliability. Brocade solutions for private cloud networking are
purpose-built to support highly virtualized data centers.
"When we evaluated networking vendors to build our private cloud, we
looked at market leadership and non-stop access to critical data," said
Waddaah Keirbeck, senior vice president global IT, FleetCor. "Brocade
cloud-optimized networking solutions are perfect for our data centers
because they allow us to optimize applications faster, virtually
eliminate downtime and help us meet service level agreements for our
customers. Moving to a cloud-based model also provides us the
flexibility to make adjustments on the fly and access secure information
virtually anywhere and anytime."
FleetCor installed a Brocade MLXe router for each of its three data
centers, citing scalability as a major driver for the purchase. This
approach enables FleetCor to virtualize its geographically distributed
data centers and leverage the equipment it already has, at the highest
level, to achieve maximum return on investment. The Brocade MLXe
provides additional benefits for FleetCor by using less power and has a
smaller footprint than competitive routers; critical in power-and
space-constrained locations in order to allow for growth. The Brocade
MLXe also enables continuous business operation for FleetCor based on
Multi-Chassis Trunking, massive scalability supporting highest 100 GbE
density in the industry with no performance degradation for advanced
features like IPv6 and flexible chassis options to meet network and
The Brocade ServerIron ADX
Series of high-performance application delivery switches provides
FleetCor with a broad range of application optimization functions to
help ensure the reliable delivery of critical applications.
Purpose-built for large-scale, low-latency environments, these switches
accelerate application performance, load-balance high volumes of data
and improve application availability while making the most efficient use
of the company's existing infrastructure. It also delivers dynamic
application provisioning and de-provisioning for FleetCor's highly
virtualized data center, enables seamless migration and translation to
IPv6 with unmatched performance.
As an added benefit for its bottom line, through the use of Brocade ADX Series switches and Brocade MLX™ Series routers
FleetCor has eliminated thousands of costly networking cables, saving
it hundreds of thousands of dollars and allowing the company to segment,
streamline and secure its network. FleetCor has also been able to
easily integrate Brocade network technology with third-party offerings
already installed in the network, for complete investment protection.
FleetCor anticipates moving to 10 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) solutions for
its backbone switch in the near future.
"We wanted a dependable, secure, redundant, 24 by 7 backbone switch in
each of our data centers to help us leverage the benefits of cloud
computing and the Brocade MLXe delivered on all fronts," said Keirbeck.
"By virtualizing our data center, Brocade allows for non-stop access to
the mission-critical data that FleetCor and its customers rely on every
day. We chose the Brocade MLXe because of the tremendous results we
already saw from our existing Brocade solutions and the exceptional
support and service."
According to a report from analyst firm Gartner, "Although 'economic
affordability' is an immediate, attractive benefit, the biggest
advantages (of cloud services) result from characteristics such as
built-in elasticity and scalability, reduced barriers to entry,
flexibility in service provisioning and agility in contracting."(1)
bySteve Kenniston History truly does repeat itself. We are talking about the history of
data storage. Every once and a while a new technology comes along that
requires a new way to think about infrastructure. Notice I said
“infrastructure”. I’d like to paint two analogies:
1: RAID – Prior to RAID users stored their data on disk and if they
could afford it, they backed that data up to have a protected copy of
their data. When RAID came out, users were able to store their data on
multiple disks appearing as one device. The benefits to this were,
increased data reliability, better performance. This new technology
however, fundamentally changed how disk was sold, but the questions were
How much capacity do you need?
What type of performance does your application require?
sales reps point of view changed. There were a number of new
considerations that needed to be taken into account. First, the age old
question, “Will I sell less storage “stuff?” Remember the person, at
the time, selling the disk was probably also selling the backup tape and
software to protect that information. If the disks are more reliable,
maybe the customer won’t need as much tape? Second, when the capacity
question came up, the seller also needed to know what type of RAID the
customer wanted to ensure they sold them enough drives. It was no
longer as simple as asking the capacity requirements and dividing it by
the drive capacity at the time. Now depending upon RAID levels there
was a new set of math that needed to be done. Third was the notion of
performance and more spindles meant more performance so now that the
capacity equation was solved for, you also needed to know the I/O
requirements in order to make sure the right number of drives were sold
to solve for the capacity as well as the performance.
what, we figured it out and the industry never looked back. RAID is a
defacto standard in all storage subsystems today, I even run RAID in my
home. The business benefits of having RAID far outweighed the costs.
In fact, it is probably one of the first times in storage history that
the question of, “how can you afford not to have it”, came up.
2: Virtual Machines – When VMware came out the value proposition was,
do more work, with less physical infrastructure. And again, the
business benefits far outweighed the technology hurdle of implementing
the new solution.
in mind that it is much harder to change process in IT than it is to
change technology, IT decided that this new way of serving up processing
power to applications was well worth all of the process changes that it
would require. One example, backup would need to change when
implementing virtual server technology. The data would grow 4x and the
processing of that information for backup would take longer, in a world
where time was all to valuable. However the business benefit justified
Again, the sellers questions were consistent:
How many virtual servers do you need? (Capacity)
What type of performance do you need for each virtual server?
answers to these questions allowed a sales rep to configure the right
number of physical systems to handle the right number of systems to make
the line of business successful. Additionally, some of the same
considerations came up. “Will I sell less server and make less money?”
Now that there was new server technology (more processors, the ability
to handle more memory) systems could be bigger, and more expensive.
Sellers also needed to know a bit more about “capacity”, how many
virtual systems could a physical system run successfully? They also
needed to have an understanding of performance. Now sellers were
configuring systems to run the equivalent of 20 to 100 servers on one
Today I would suggest that we are at a cross roads in history. New technology has come along that will have asignificantimpact
on the storage world. First, research from IBM reflects the fact that
disk drives can no longer keep getting two times as dense for half the
cost as they had been throughout the late 90’s and early 2000’s. The
technology doesn’t exist today to make the drives spin faster, stay cool
and not loose data. Until now. Real-time compressionis
a game changing technology that will add significant value to the
storage industry without having to change the way IT thinks about the
deployment of their storage.
is growing at such a significant pace today and with the latest IBM
research about disk capacities, something needs to change. Data centers
are just running out of space and more customers want to keep more data
on line for reasons such as competitive edge or compliance, but no
matter the reason, they want access to their information. Enter
real-time compression. Now there is a fundamental difference between
real-time compression and other compression technologies and compression
implementations but I am not going get into it here, but it is safe to
say that post process and in-line compression are very different than
real-time compression and users can’t get the benefits of improved
primary storage capacity, transparently, with no performance impact with
anything but real-time compression technology.
real-time compression, like other game changing technology, doesn’t
require any new questions; there are just simply a new set of math
How much capacity is required?
What is the performance requirement?
time, real-time compression will be as ubiquitous as RAID, and just
like users don’t think that much about RAID, users won’t need to think
about compression. Compression will become an expected feature of the
array. It doesn’t matter that it now takes fewer drives to satisfy the
original question around capacity and performance. With data growing as
fast as it is and with disks not being able to keep up their growth
pace, something needs to change and that something is real-time
compression. Soon, it won’t matter what the physical disk capacity is
of a disk drive, it will be about a disks virtual disk capacity, what it
has the capability of storing that matters. It is time we all started
thinking this way.
“Storage Efficiency” has become a big topic over the past 12 months. There are a number of new technologies that have come out in the last few years that are helping to deal with storage growth. We all know that data is the root of the decisions that drive business today. The more data you have, hopefully, the better decisions you can make to drive your business to success. The question is, “what is the value (and hence the cost) of the infrastructure to create that success?” What we do know is that the ability to put more data in a highly efficient footprint can give your company a competitive edge. There are five technologies that can help an IT organization create an efficient storage infrastructure. These are:
3) Thin Provisioning
It is also important to point out that there are some semantics when talking about storage efficiency, specifically between efficiency and optimization technologies. I think it is useful to attempt to define these as they lead us to picking the right solutions for what we are trying to accomplish. For the purpose of this post, efficiency will relate to making existing capacity more useful and optimization will mean making more capacity out of existing capacity.
Using these definitions, technologies such as Tiering, Virtualization and Thin Provisioning are efficiency technologies. These technologies help to utilize the existing capacity that you have.
Tiering is technology that is used on about 10% of your data or less. It is used to move data that requires higher performance to flash storage. Good tiering technology analyzes data access patterns and moves the most active data to the highest performing disk. It doesn’t really change the amount of physical capacity that is required; it just changes whattypeof capacity is required and allows IT to make sure data is operating as fast and efficiently as possible.
Virtualization technology allows IT to make sure disk utilization is used as efficiently as possible. Until recently storage utilization rates were around 50%. By leveraging virtualization technology, IT can group pools of storage so they don’t need to purchase capacity needlessly. Virtualization can be used on 50% to 60% of your storage but it doesn’t change your physical capacity infrastructure requirements and at most allows users to take advantage of 20% to 40% of their capacity that they once didn’t access.
Similar to Virtualization technology, thin provisioning technology also can be used on 50% to 60% of your capacity however, thin provisioning technology gives IT about 10% to 40% of their capacity back. Thin Provisioning helps IT manage their existing capacity and their utilization by being able to make capacity available to users much easier again however it doesn’t change the amount of physical storage infrastructure required.
Optimization technologies help IT to better manage their physical storage footprint. Optimization technologies optimize existing infrastructure by allowing users to put more capacity in the physical same space. The two technologies that are currently used today are data deduplication and real-time compression.
Optimization technologies are a bit tricky. There is a balance that is required between optimization and performance and availability. At the end of the day, IT chooses the storage it buys with two very important characteristics in mind, performance and availability. Optimization technologies can not affect these characteristics. It is for this reason that data deduplication really isn’t ready for “prime time” on primary, active storage. Data deduplication creates too much of a performance impact on primary, active data. Today, data deduplication could be used on about 10% to 15% of the primary, less active capacity that is in the data center and only provides about 30% to 50% overall optimization. In other words deduplication technology can impact the physical infrastructure by as much as 10%, meaning IT may not need to buy as much physical capacity.
Real-time compression, on the other hand, has one of the most dramatic affects on primary storage capacity. Real-time compression can be used on as much as 85% of the storage footprint and can compress data between 50% and 80%. That said Real-time compression could have IT purchase as much as 70% less overall storage capacity. Real-time compression also does not affect the main characteristics for which users buy storage (performance and availability). IT could have as much as 70% less footprint but keep the same amount of data or more on-line. Additionally, IT can now purchase storage opportunistically without having to have such a dramatic impact on their infrastructure, process or budgets. This allows companies to keep more capacity on line and available to help companies do more analytics on more capacity and become more competitive.
When deciding which storage efficiency technology will have a more effective impact on your overall environment and budget, start with optimization technologies and start to get the data growth under control. Adding value to the line of business that can drive revenue with more data will make you a hero and your business more successful.
“Procedures for replacing or adding nodes to an existing cluster” Scope and Objectives The scope of this document is two fold. The first section provides a procedure for replacing existing nodes in a SVC cluster non-disruptively. For example, the current cluster consists of two 2145-8F4 nodes and the desire is to replace them with two 2145-CF8 nodes maintaining the cluster size at two nodes. The second section provides a procedure to add nodes to an existing cluster to expand the cluster to support additional workload. For example, the current cluster consists of two 2145-8G4 nodes and the desire is to grow it to a four node cluster by adding two 2145-CF8 nodes. The objective of this document is to provide greater detail on the steps required to perform the above procedures then is currently available in the SVC Software Installation and Configuration Guide, SC23-6628, located at www.ibm.com/storage/support/2145. In addition, it provides important information to assist the person performing the procedures to avoid problems while following the various steps. Section 1: Procedure to replace existing SVC nodes non-disruptively You can replace SAN Volume Controller 2145-8F2, 2145-8F4, 2145-8G4, and 2145-8A4 nodes with SAN Volume Controller 2145-CF8 nodes in an existing, active cluster without taking an outage on the SVC or on your host applications. In fact you can use this procedure to replace any model node with a different model node as long as the SVC software level supports that particular node model type. For example, you might want to replace a 2145-8F2 node in a test environment with a 2145-8G4 node previously in production that just got replaced by a new 2145-CF8 node. Note: If you are attempting to replace existing 2145-4F2 nodes with new 2145-CF8 nodes do not use this procedure as you must use the procedure specifically for this sort of upgrade located at the following URL: ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/storage/san/sanvc/V5.1.0/pubs/multi/4F2MigrationVer1.pdf This procedure does not require changes to your SAN environment because the new node being installed uses the same worldwide node name (WWNN) as the node you are replacing. Since SVC uses this to generate the unique worldwide port name (WWPN), no SAN zoning or disk controller LUN masking changes are required.READ MORE>
United States Army Advances Ethernet Infrastructure to Optimize Applications and Deliver Mission-Critical Military Information
Brocade Improves Business Continuity With Non-Stop Networking and Maximum Performance
SAN JOSE, CA -- (MARKET WIRE) -- 06/01/11 --
Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) today announced it is working with the United States Army as part of the Installation Information Infrastructure Modernization Program (I3MP) at Fort Carson
to create a highly resilient network to support advanced voice, video
and critical military applications in an effort to modernize the base's
core enterprise information infrastructure. This installation represents
one of the largest core-to-edge deployments of 100 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE)-ready routers and 10 GbE aggregation and LAN switches.
Fort Carson, winner of the Network Enterprise Center (NEC) of the Year award, is a United States Army installation located in Colorado. Its 137,000-acre facility is home to critical members of the military, including the 4th Infantry Division, the 10th Special Forces Group, the 71st Ordnance Group (EOD), the 4th Engineer Battalion, the 759th Military Police Battalion, the 10th Combat Support Hospital, the 43rd Sustainment Brigade and the 13th Air Support Operations
Squadron of the United States Air Force. Due to the
sheer number of users requiring more bandwidth to support emerging forms
of external and inter-base network communication, Fort Carson
required an infrastructure refresh that would provide scalability for
growth while simplifying the delivery of latency-sensitive voice, video
This mission-critical imperative was successfully solved by deploying 100 GbE-ready Brocade® NetIron® XMR
Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) IPv6-ready core routers as the
backbone of the network. The MPLS capabilities provide superior
efficiency, Quality of Service (QoS) and reduced latency times for
critical online applications and services. As a result, Fort Carson's
personnel can minimize network bottlenecks by prioritizing their
delay-sensitive traffic over a path with minimal hops and lower
congestion -- helping boost overall productivity and expedite response
to urgent situations.
In the federal government, network manageability is a top priority for
IT managers. A challenge has been deploying scalable solutions that are
cost-effective and do not degrade or impair network performance. Through
the use of Brocade IronView® Network Manager,
customers can leverage the power of sFlow scalability and wire-speed
operation to deliver a network-wide solution for detecting and
monitoring network traffic without impacting application performance.
This is a significant advantage over alternative network management
solutions that are limited in their scope and that can impact
performance when implemented as inline appliances.
The entire Brocade network solution meets the stringent Defense Information Systems Agency
(DISA) Joint Interoperability and Test Center (JITC) requirements. DISA
JITC's mission is to support the war-fighter with direct technical
assistance and to conduct performance and interoperability testing and
certification for net-centric strategic voice, video and data networking
systems integral to the Department of Defense (DoD) Global Information Grid.
"The selection of Brocade by the United States Army's I3MP
program is a significant win for Brocade, highlighting our proven
expertise in providing high-performance, non-stop networking solutions
to government organizations worldwide," said John McHugh,
chief marketing officer, Brocade. "By meeting the I3MP network and
service requirements, Brocade is well-positioned to further extend its
market presence within the government sector as a leading networking
provider to support and optimize mission-critical applications."
About Brocade Brocade (NASDAQ: BRCD) networking solutions help the world's
leading organizations transition smoothly to a world where applications
and information reside anywhere. (www.brocade.com)
Brocade, the B-wing symbol, BigIron, DCFM, DCX, Fabric OS, FastIron, IronView, NetIron, SAN Health, ServerIron, TurboIron, and Wingspan are registered trademarks, and Brocade Assurance, Brocade NET Health, Brocade One, Extraordinary Networks, MyBrocade, VCS, and VDX are trademarks of Brocade Communications Systems, Inc., in the United States
and/or in other countries. Other brands, products, or service names
mentioned are or may be trademarks or service marks of their respective
Businesses continue to search for storage solutions that save money
without sacrificing performance. Last year, IBM introduced Scale Out
Network Attached Storage (SONAS), the industry’s first such
network-attached storage (NAS) offering to address this business need.
SONAS is an enterprise class, NAS system that provides extreme
scalability, availability and security—and does so with record-breaking
performance. It’s designed as a single global repository to manage
multiple petabytes of storage and billions of files all under one file
In April, IBM announced significant performance enhancements to
SONAS: improved information lifecycle management (ILM), hierarchical
storage management (HSM) as well as ease of deployment and antivirus
Todd Neville, SONAS program leader at IBM, says SONAS is unique in
that it can very near-linearly scale to almost any performance level.
With SONAS, he says, “You can build a system that’s as fast as you want
it to be; but it’s not just about absolute size, it’s also about bang
for your buck. We’ve significantly increased the software performance in
our upcoming release 1.2, so customers see a significant performance
increase on their current platform with no additional costs.”
Funda Eceral, SONAS market segment manager at IBM, says SONAS is the
only true scale-out NAS system available in the marketplace. “While you
can nondisruptively add capacity with storage building blocks,” Eceral
says, “you can also still continue to independently scale out your I/O
performance with interface nodes. It brings operational efficiency and
extraordinary utilization rates for each customer.”
Three Key Features
This version of SONAS offers three key features, according to Neville:
Ease of deployment. Using Network Data Management Protocol
(NDMP), a SONAS device can be easily integrated into existing
data-center backup infrastructures. “If you have an enterprise backup
deployment using NDMP, you will be able to take SONAS and quickly
connect with a wide variety of popular backup systems,” Neville says.
Built-in antivirus integration. Scalable NAS storage devices
must have a way for an antivirus function to perform scans on files
intelligently, such as when they’re opened or closed. SONAS includes a
built-in functionality that lets a third party like Symantec integrate
into the SONAS device to perform antivirus operations, as simple “full
file-system scans” become cumbersome at enterprise scales.
Physical size. Neville says customers asked IBM to make the
SONAS device more compact, although it supports almost a full petabyte
in a single rack, making it the only offering in IBM’s NAS portfolio
that can do so. It’s now 10 inches shorter than the original device, can
scale up to 14.4 petabytes (with 2 TB drives) and has a single point of
management, which can significantly reduce storage-administration
“Everyone says, ‘We do tiering, HSM and ILM,’ but design
matters—IBM does it differently.” —Todd Neville, SONAS program leader,
“Everyone says, ‘We do tiering, HSM and ILM,’ but design matters—IBM does it differently.” —Todd Neville, SONAS program leader, IBM Next Page >>
In the cover story this month,
Lee Cleveland, Distinguished Engineer, Power Systems direct attach
storage, and Andy Walls, Distinguished Engineer, chief hardware
architect for DS8000 and solid-state drives (SSDs), sat down to talk
about all of the new storage technologies IBM has been releasing lately.
What I didn’t have room for in the article was a nice summary of the
technologies that can help you improve access, manage growth, protect
data, reduce costs or reduce complexity. Whatever your goals, IBM has an
integrated storage option for every organization.
Here are the quick highlights of the latest storage announcements:
IBM Storwize V7000
New advanced software functions
New easy-to-use, Web-based GUI
RAID and enclosure RAS services and diagnostics
Additional host, controller and ISV interoperability
Integration with IBM Systems Director
Enhancements to Tivoli Storage Productivity Center (TPC), FlashCopy Manager (FCM) and Tivoli Storage Manager (TSM) support
Proven IBM software functionalities
Easy Tier (dynamic HDD/SSD management)
RAID 0, 1, 5, 6, 10
Storage virtualization (local and external disks)
Non-disruptive data migration
Global and Metro Mirror
FlashCopy up to 256 copies of each volume
IBM Storwize Rapid Application Storage Solution
Runs on: AIX 7.1-5.3, IBM i 7.1-6.1 (with VIOS), Red Hat and SUSE Linux, z/VSE, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X
ProtecTier deduplication offers 25-to-1 reduction and online backup
In June, IBM debuted ProtecTIER* deduplication solutions
for AIX* and IBM i. ProtecTIER offers solutions to those who can’t
complete backup operations in a given window, have difficulty protecting
rapidly growing amounts of data or find their current backup
With data amounts growing, deduplication is becoming a vital part of
data management, backup and recovery. “One of the reasons ProtecTIER is
so crucial is because of the crazy growth the world is experiencing as
it moves to an all-digital environment,” says Victor Nemechek,
ProtecTIER deduplication offering manager at IBM. “Customers are finding
their data often doubles or more every year and their current backup
systems make it difficult to capture that data, protect it and restore
it when they need to.”
For backups many companies use tapes that load data quickly, but
present retrieval problems. These challenges—along with reliability
problems—sent customers to disk where data was more accessible, but also
expensive. Companies used disk for small portions of their most
critical data, and kept their other data on tape. “Even with disk for
critical data, backup is still an issue because you have a primary disk
that you store your data on and you have to have that much disk to back
up to, basically doubling your disk needs, and that can be very
expensive,” Nemechek says.
“Deduplication can squeeze 25 terabytes of data down to only
1 terabyte of physical disk, so customers can have the speed and
reliability of disk but without that one-to-one cost.” —Victor Nemechek,
ProtecTIER deduplication offering manager, IBM
Estimates say that data volumes will grow 44x in the next ten years.
Smarter computing solutions from IBM can help you store this data more
efficiently. With IBM data protection and retention solutions you can
safely store big data – back it up, archive it, get access to it when
you need it for day-to-day business decisions, audits or disaster
recovery. IBM data protection and retention solutions support
automation, integration, high performance to help you improve your data
security, data recovery and compliance.
Store more data in less space
Store up to 1.2 PBs per square foot of floor space with the new TS1140 tape drive
Store twice as many volumes on a single TS7700 virtual tape library (VTL)
Store up to 5x more data on file servers with IBM Real-time Compression appliances, now with support for EMC Celerra
Find your data faster and put it to work sooner
Access 2.7 exabytes of data in a single tape library image with the TS3500
Discover trends and patterns faster with a new graphic visualization
capabilities in IBM Information Archive for E-mail, Files and
Find data easily and put it to work faster with Linear Tape File System Library Edition
Recover backup data in remote data centers faster with enhanced
multi-site data replication for the TS7600 deduplication solutions
Cisco’s apparently going to try to simplify its sales, services and engineering organizations in the next 120 days
Faced with a nasty loss of credibility, a string of poor financial
results, shrinking market share in its core business, an unwieldy and
alienating bureaucracy blamed for the top executive exodus it been
experiencing, and a stock price that's plunged into the toilet Cisco,
once an economic bellwether, is promising to do more than simply kill
off its once-popular Flip video camcorder business and lay 550 people
off, an admission that its foray into the consumer segment had largely
It said in a press release issued Thursday morning that it's going to
a "streamlined operating model" focused on five areas, not apparently
the literally 30 different directions it's been going in although it did
say, come to think of it, something about "greater focus" so maybe it's
not really cutting back.
These focus areas are, it said, "routing, switching, and services;
collaboration; data center virtualization and cloud; video; and
architectures for business transformation."
Nobody seems to know what that last one is and the Wall Street
Journal criticized Cisco for not being able to explain in plain English
what it's doing and Barron's complained that it needed a Kremlinologist
to decrypt the jargon in the press release.
Anyway Cisco's apparently going to try to simplify its sales,
services and engineering organizations in the next 120 days or by July
31 when its next fiscal year begins. Well, maybe not everything, it
warned, but sales ought to be reorganized by then.
This streamlining seems to mean that:
Field operations will be organized into three geographic regions
for faster decision making and greater accountability: the Americas,
EMEA and Asia Pacific, Japan and Greater China still under sales chief
Services will follow key customer segments and delivery models still under its multi-tasking COO Gary Moore;
Engineering, still reporting to Moore, will now be led by
two-in-a-box Pankaj Patel and Padmasree Warrior and aside from the
company's five focus areas there will be a dedicated Emerging Business
Group under Marthin De Beer focused on "select early-phase businesses"
"with continued focus on integrating the Medianet architecture for video
across the company."
Lastly, it's going to "refine" - but apparently not dismantle its
hydra-headed, decision-inhibiting Council structure blamed for
frustrating and running off key talent - down to three "that reinforce
consistent and globally aligned customer focus and speed to market
across major areas of the business: Enterprise, Service Provider and
Emerging Countries. These councils will serve to further strengthen the
connection between strategy and execution across functional groups.
Resource allocation and profitability targets will move to the sales and
engineering leadership teams which will have accountability and direct
responsibility for business results."
It's unclear whether any of this means layoffs.
Cisco piped in a quote credited to Moore saying. "Cisco is focused on
making a series of changes throughout the next quarter and as we enter
the new fiscal year that will make it easier to work for and with Cisco,
as we focus our portfolio, simplify operations and manage expenses. Our
five company priorities are for a reason - they are the five drivers of
the future of the network, and they define what our customers know
Cisco is uniquely able to provide for their business success. The new
operating model will enable Cisco to execute on the significant market
opportunities of the network and empower our sales, service and
Load Balancers Are Dead: Time to Focus on Application Delivery 2 February 2009 Mark Fabbi Gartner RAS Core Research Note G00164098 When looking at feature requirements in front of and between server tiers, too many organizations think only about load balancing. However, the era of load balancing is long past, and organizations will be better served to focus their attention on improving the delivery of applications. Overview This research shifts the attention from basic load-balancing features to application delivery features to aid in the deployment and delivery of applications. Networking organizations are missing significant opportunities to increase application performance and user experience by ignoring this fundamental market shift. Key Findings
Enterprises are still focused on load balancing.
There is little cooperation between networking and application teams on a holistic approach for application deployment.
Properly deployed application delivery controllers can improve application performance and security, increase the efficiency of data center infrastructure, and assist the deployment of the virtualized data center.
Network architects must shift attention and resources away from Layer 3 packet delivery networks and basic load balancing to application delivery networks.
Enterprises must start building specialized expertise around application delivery
What you need to Know IT organizations that shift to application delivery will improve internal application performance that will noticeably improve business processes and productivity for key applications. For external-facing applications, end-user experience and satisfaction will improve, positively affecting the ease of doing business with supply chain partners and customers. Despite application delivery technologies being well proved, they have not yet reached a level of deployment that reflects their value to the enterprise, and too many clients do not have the right business and technology requirements on their radar. Analysis What's the Issue? Many organizations are missing out on big opportunities to improve the performance of internal processes and external service interactions by not understanding application delivery technologies. This is very obvious when considering the types of client inquiries we receive on a regular basis. In the majority of cases, clients phrase their questions to ask specifically about load balancing. In some cases, they are replacing aged server load balancers (SLBs), purchased before the advent of the advanced features now available in leading application delivery controllers (ADCs). In other cases, we get calls about application performance challenges, and, after exploring the current infrastructure, we find that these clients have modern, advanced ADCs already installed, but they haven't turned on any of the advanced features and are using new equipment, such as circa 1998 SLBs. In both cases, there is a striking lack of understanding of what ADCs can and should bring to the enterprise infrastructure. Organizations that still think of this critically important position in the data center as one that only requires load balancing are missing out on years of valuable innovation and are not taking advantage of the growing list of services that are available to increase application performance and security and to play an active role in the increasing vitalization and automation of server resources. Modern ADCs are the only devices in the data center capable of providing a real-time, pan-application view of application data flows and resource requirements. This insight will continue to drive innovation of new capabilities for distributed and vitalized applications. Why Did This Happen? The "blame" for this misunderstanding can be distributed in many ways, though it is largely history that is at fault. SLBs were created to better solve the networking problem of how to distribute requests across a group of servers responsible for delivering a specific Web application. Initially, this was done with simple round-robin DNS, but because of the limitations of this approach, function-specific load-balancing appliances appeared on the market to examine inbound application requests and to map these requests dynamically to available servers. Because this was a networking function, the responsibility landed solely in network operations and, while there were always smaller innovative players, the bulk of the early market ended up in the hands of networking vendors (largely Cisco, Nortel and Foundry [now part of Brocade]). So, a decade ago, the situation basically consisted of networking vendors selling network solutions to network staff. However, innovation continued, and the ADC market became one of the most innovative areas of enterprise networking over the past decade. Initially, this innovation focused on the inbound problem — such as the dynamic recognition of server load or failure and session persistence to ensure that online "shopping carts" weren't lost. Soon, the market started to evolve to look at other problems, such as application and server efficiency. The best example would be the adoption of SSL termination and offload. Finally, the attention turned to outbound traffic, and a series of techniques and features started appearing in the market to improve the performance of the applications being delivered across the network. Innovations migrated from a pure networking focus to infrastructure efficiencies to application performance optimization and security — from a networking product to one that touched networking, server, applications and security staff. The networking vendors that were big players when SLB was the focus, quickly became laggards in this newly emerging ADC market. Current Obstacles As the market shifts toward modern ADCs, some of the blame must rest on the shoulders of the new leaders (vendors such as F5 and Citrix NetScaler). While their products have many advanced capabilities, these vendors often undersell their products and don't do enough to clearly demonstrate their leadership and vision to sway more of the market to adopting the new features. The other challenge for vendors (and users) is that modern ADCs impact many parts of the IT organization. Finally, some blame rests with the IT organization. By maintaining siloed operational functions, it has been difficult to recognize and define requirements that fall between functional areas. Why We Need More and Why Should Enterprises Care? Not all new technologies deserve consideration for mainstream deployment. However, in this case, advanced ADCs provide capabilities to help mitigate the challenges of deploying and delivering the complex application environments of today. The past decade saw a mass migration to browser-based enterprise applications targeting business processes and user productivity as well as increasing adoption of service-oriented architectures (SOAs), Web 2.0 and now cloud computing models. These approaches tend to place increased demand on the infrastructure, because of "chatty" and complex protocols. Without providing features to mitigate latency, to reduce round trips and bandwidth, and to strengthen security, these approaches almost always lead to disappointing performance for enterprise and external users. The modern ADC provides a range of features (see Note 1) to deal with these complex environments. Beyond application performance and security, application delivery controllers can reduce the number of required servers, provide real-time control mechanisms to assist in data center virtualization, and reduce data center power and cooling requirements. ADCs also provide simplified deployment and extensibility and are now being deployed between the Web server tier and the application or services tier (for SOA) servers. Most ADCs incorporate rule-based extensibility that enables customization of the behavior of the ADC. For example, a rule might enable the ADC to examine the response portion of an e-commerce transaction to strip off all but the last four digits of credit card numbers. Organizations can use these capabilities as a simple, quick alternative to modifying Web applications. Most ADCs incorporate a programmatic interface (open APIs) that allows them to be controlled by external systems, including application servers, data center management, and provisioning applications and network/system management applications. This capability may be used for regular periodic reconfigurations (end-of-month closing) or may even be driven by external events (taking an instance of an application offline for maintenance). In some cases, the application programming interfaces link the ADC to server virtualization systems and data center provisioning frameworks in order to deliver the promise of real-time infrastructure. What Vendors Provide ADC Solutions Today? During the past five years, the innovations have largely segmented the market into vendors that understand complex application environments and the subtleties in implementations (examples would be F5, Citrix NetScaler and Radware) and those with more of a focus on static feature sets and networking. "Magic Quadrant for Application Delivery Controllers" provides a more complete analysis and view of the vendors in the market. Vendors that have more-attractive offerings will have most or all of these attributes:
A strong set of advanced platform capabilities
Customizable, extensible platforms and solutions
A vision focused on application delivery networking
Affinity to applications:
Needs to be application-fluent (that is, they need to "speak the language")
Support organizations need to "talk applications"
*What Should Enterprises Do About This?
Enterprises must start to move beyond refreshing their load-balancing footprint. The features of advanced ADCs are so compelling for those that make an effort to shift their thinking and organizational boundaries that continuing efforts on SLBs is wasting time and resources. In most cases, the incremental investment in advanced ADC platforms is easily compensated by reduced requirements for servers and bandwidth and the clear improvements in end-user experience and productivity. In addition, enterprises should:
Use the approach documented in "Five Dimensions of Network Design to Improve Performance and Save Money" to understand user demographics and productivity tools and applications. Also, part of this requirements phase should entail gaining an understanding of any shifts in application architectures and strategies. This approach provides the networking team with much greater insight into broader IT requirements.
Understand what they already have in their installed base. We find, in at least 25% of our interactions, enterprises have already purchased and installed an advanced ADC platform, but are not using it to its potential. In some cases, they already have the software installed, so two to three days of training and some internal discussions can lead to massive improvements.
Start building application delivery expertise. This skill set will be one that bridges the gaps between networking, applications, security and possibly the server. Organizations can use this function to help extend the career path and interest for high-performance individuals from groups like application performance monitoring or networking operations. Networking staff aspiring to this role must have strong application and personal communication skills to achieve the correct balance. Some organizations will find they have the genesis of these skills scattered across multiple groups. Building a cohesive home will provide immediate benefits, because the organization's barriers will be quickly eliminated.
Start thinking about ADCs as strategic platforms, and move beyond tactical deployments of SLBs. Once organizations think about application delivery as a basic infrastructure asset, the use of these tools and services (and associated benefits) will be more readily achieved.
Note: We have defined a category of advanced ADCs to distinguish their capabilities from basic, more-static function load balancers. These advanced ADCs operate on a per-transaction basis and achieve application fluency. These devices become actively involved in the delivery of the application and provide sophisticated capabilities, including:
Application layer proxy, which is often bidirectional
Brocade is leading the way by helping
organizations around the world build cloud-optimized networks that increase
business agility and profitability. Offering robust, yet flexible network
solutions, Brocade enables organizations to choose the best type of cloud model
for their unique business requirements and objectives. Brocade is introducing
two industry-leading product line advancements that are catered towards your
customer's existing IT infrastructure.
Developments to the Data Center SAN Environment
Based on years of proven success, Brocade SAN
fabrics provide the most reliable, scalable, high-performance foundation for
private cloud architectures. Brocade continues that leadership with the
industry's first 16 Gbps Fibre Channel SAN solutions:
The Brocade® DCX® 8510 Backbone, the industry's most
powerful SAN backbone for private cloud storage
The Brocade 6510 Switch, the new price/performance leader in enterprise SAN
The Brocade 1860 Fabric Adapter, a new class of adapter that meets all your
customer's Fibre Channel/FCoE/IP connectivity needs in a single device
Brocade Network Advisor, an easy-to-use, unified network management platform
the NetIron® MLX
Brocade network solutions for service providers
combine high scalability and performance to transform your customer's business
with new revenue-generating cloud services—increasing their overall level of
profitability. Key offerings include:
New 10 GbE, 100 GbE, and advanced management modules for the Brocade MLX
Series of high-performance core routers
Compact Brocade NetIron CER 2000 Series routers, delivering high scalability
and performance at the network edge
Leading-edge enhancements in the Brocade NetIron 5.2 software release for
IPv6 scaling, broader MPLS connectivity, and more
Brocade Network Advisor, an easy-to-use, unified network management platform
World-class professional services and technical support for carrier-class
Backups are a necessity. They’re important in any computing environment, and you would be hard pressed to find anybody who would disagree with the criticality of having backup copies of their data. In the event that primary systems or data sets are unavailable, backups are designed to provide the assurance that significant amounts of work, time or money aren’t lost.
To protect the partners, customers and constituents of organizations from risks associated with potential data loss, the U.S. federal government has established various compliance requirements that must be met and maintained. In addition to general business-compliance requirements, many industries have additional regulations that must be met. Examples include Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX), Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA), and the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA); it’s easy to see why compliance is often referred to as regulatory alphabet soup (which is not far off from the storage industry, I would add).
Depending on the industry, the mandated data-retention timeframe can vary from a few as seven years to as many as 100 years. At the upper end of that spectrum, a significant amount of infrastructure investment and planning is necessary. Unfortunately, systems complexity becomes a byproduct of trying to solve these challenges and that complexity evolves over time until it becomes unmanageable.
Just as the specific requirements for these regulations vary, so do the consequences of being non-compliant, which is often discovered during periodic industry audits or following a breach. Failure to meet compliance requirements could result in warnings or fines, and in extreme cases, termination of operations and prison time. The trouble is: Compliance testing can be difficult to do, and it can come down to having a confidence in whether or not systems will be able to perform adequately under trial.