IBM WCM (Web content management) Quick Start
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In this tutorial, I will explain how to start working with the IBM WCM (Web Content Management). I will give a brief overview of some of the useful IBM WCM elements.
In this example, I assume that we have a person object that simply has the following attributes:
1. Creating the library
First of all, it is good to create your own content library from the portal administration (Iam here using WebSphere Portal 6.1), let’s call the library the “personLibrary”. Check Figure 1.
Figure 1: Creating a new library for content
Then make sure that you are selecting the personLibrary as shown below in Figure 2.
2. Creating the Workflow
In the second step, let’s define the workflow of our content. For the purpose of this introductory tutorial, I will create a dummy workflow with a single workflow stage that includes the publish action ONLY. This means that the content will be published automatically once it is created.
2.1. Creating the Workflow Action
To create a publish action; Just click (New -> Workflow Action -> Publish Action) as shown below in Figure 3.
Figure 3: Create the publish action
Enter the information of the workflow action “PublishAction” as shown below in Figure 4, and then click the “Save and Close” button.
2.2. Creating the Workflow Stage
Now, we created our “Publish Action”. To create a new workflow stage, just click (New->Workflow Stage) as shown below in Figure 5.
Figure 5: Creating new workflow stage
Enter the workflow stage information “Stage1” as shown in Figure 6 (Do not forget to bind our created “PublishAction” with the “Execute on Entering Stage” of the workflow stage, then click the “Save and Close” button.
2.3. Creating the Workflow
Now, we are about to create the workflow (Workflow1). Select (New -> Workflow), and enter the workflow information as shown in Figure 7 (Do not forget to select our workflow stage “Stage1” for the workflow).
Figure 7: Creating the workflow
3. Creating the Site Area
Now, we should start creating the site area in which we will store the contents.
3.1. Creating the Site
Site area should be placed under site. so before creating the site area, we should create the site. To create the site, click (New -> Site), and then enter the site (Site1) information as shown in Figure 8, and click the “Save and Close” button.
3.2. Creating the Site Area
Now, we can create the site area under the site. Click (New -> Site Area), and then select the parent site as shown below in Figure 9.
Figure 9: Placing the site area under the created site
Then enter the site area (siteArea1) information as shown below, and click the “Save and Close” button as shown in Figure 10.
4. Creating the Authoring Template
The authoring template is used for defining the attributes of the WCM contents. To create the authoring template for our Person content, just click (New->Authoring Template). And select “Manage Elements” to add the Person content attributes as shown Figure 11.
Figure 11: Create the authoring template
Select the element type “Text” for both Person name and national id as shown in Figure 12.
For the person image, select the element type “Image” for the person photo as shown in Figure 13.
Finally, save the authoring template with the “PersonAT” name as shown below in Figure 14 then click the “Save and Close” button.
5. Creating Sample Persons
After defining the person authoring template, we can use the WCM authoring tool to create sample persons.
Click (New->Content) and select the (PersonAT) authoring template then click “OK”.
Then enter the person information in the input screen. Select our created “workflow1” for the content and select our created “siteArea1” to place the content under as shown in Figure 15.
Once you click save, the content will be automatically published.
6. Creating the Presentation Template
To display the person content, we need to define a presentation template. To create a presentation template, just select (New->Presentation Template).
Enter the information of the presentation template as follows:
And then click “Save and Close”.
To link the presentation template with the authoring template, we should go to the (siteArea1) and click the template mapping button to map the authoring template with the presentation template as shown in Figure 16.
7. Creating the Menu Component
If we need to list the created persons and display their contents in our portal application, then we should use the menu component.
To create the menu component, just select (New
Enter the information of the menu as follows, check Figure 18:
Menu Element Query:
Design for each menu search result:
<b>Name: </b><Element context="autoFill" type="content" key="personName"/> <br/>
No result design:
After clicking the “Save” button, click the “Preview” button to see the output of the menu component. The result is shown in the picture below.
8. Calling the Menu Component from our portlet application
To call the menu component from our portlet application, we can use the WCM tag library for doing this task. So in our portlet page, we can call the menu component using the <wcm
This tutorial shows us how to create a WCM Library, Workflow, Site, Site Area, Authoring Template, Presentation Template and Menu Component. The tutorial shows us also how it easy to use the WCM APIs from our portlet application.