The evolution of IBM SVC connection choices
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IBM SAN Volume Controller (SVC) has offered Fibre Channel Storage Virtualization since June 2003. Two SVC nodes communicate with each other via fibre channel to form a high
Each Fibre Channel port on an SVC node can be a SCSI initiator to backend storage, a SCSI target to hosts and all the time communicate to its peer nodes using those same ports. With every generation of SVC node, these ports got faster and faster, going from 2 Gbps to 4 Gbps to 8 Gbps. In SVC firmware V5.1 IBM added iSCSI capability to the SVC using the two 1 Gbps ethernet ports in each node. This allowed each node to also be an iSCSI target to LAN attached hosts.
When the Storwize V7000 came out in Oct 2010 it offered all of this capability, plus offered two fundamental changes to the design.
When IBM added 10 Gbps Converged Enhanced Ethernet adapters to the SVC and to the Storwize V7000, these adapters operated as iSCSI Targets, allowing clients to access their volumes via a high-speed iSCSI network. In V6.4 code IBM allowed these adapters to also be used for FCoE (Fibre Channel over Ethernet). These are also effectively SCSI targets ports allowing hosts that use CEE adapters to connect to the SVC or V7000 over a converged network.
If you have a look at the Configuration limits page for SVC and Storwize V7000 version 6.4 (the Storwize V7000 one is here), you will see this interesting comment:
"Partnerships between systems, for Metro Mirror or Global Mirror replication, do not require Fibre Channel SAN connectivity and can be supported using only FCoE if desired"
So does this mean we can stop using FCIP routers to achieve near real-time replication between SVC clusters or Storwize V7000s? The short answer is most likely not. Lets look at why...
The whole reason Fibre Channel became the standard method to interconnect Enterprise Storage to Enterprise hosts is simple: Packet loss is prevented by buffer credit flow control. Frames are not allowed to enter a Fibre Channel network unless there are buffers in the system to hold them. Frames are normally only dropped if there is no destination to accept them. Fibre channel is a highly reliable, scalable and mature architecture. When we extend Fibre Channel over a WAN we do not want to lose this reliable nature, so we use FCIP routers like Brocade 7800s, that continues to ensure frames are reliably delivered in order, from one end point to another.
Converged enhanced ethernet allows Fibre Channel to be transported inside enhanced ethernet frames. The one
For more information on FCoE over distance check out this fantastic Q&A from Cisco:
If you want to understand FCoE better, this document from Brocade is very good: