AIXpert Blog is about the AIX operating system from IBM running on POWER based machines called Power Systems and software related to it like IBM Systems Director, PowerVM for virtualisation and PowerSC for security plus performance monitoring and nmon
If you're planning to upgrade the microcode on your p590/p595 system, I recommend waiting for the 153 version which should be out soon. (The current version is 150, Nov 2005) If you have already planned an outage for the upgrade, I would consider downloading the 153 ISO image from the server located in Boulder. open a DOS window ftp testcase-blue.boulder.ibm.com enter 'anonymous' as the id enter 'your e-mail address' as the password cd /hardware/fromibm/9119/ bin mget 01SF230_153_120.iso Be sure to check the prereq's before upgrading: -... [More]
When you install Linux on an IBM POWER processor machine (Red Hat, SUSE or now includes Fedora), you then need to add the IBM supplied additional RPM packages. These give you a whole bunch of useful tools like HMC comms so you can Dynamic LPAR change and LPM, diagnostic tools, and configuration listing commands. Plus more importantly nmon :-) The repository allows you to update your packages as new versions become available and to benefit from fixes and additional functions. Without these you don't get the full Power... [More]
In case, you did not notice (as its the silly summer season) AIX 7 is shipping in 19 days time. See the official AIX 7 Announcement Letter for all the details This is a whole 2 months early - well done guys.
March 11, 2007, marks the start of Daylight Savings Time this year. At 2 a.m. on Sunday, the time will officially "spring forward" one hour. Patches to HMC code have been available on the HMC home page: https://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/set2/sas/f/hmc/home.html What happens if you haven't updated your HMC by the time DST begins? Will there be an impact on the managed serves? The HMC will not stop working, and neither will the managed servers. The time can be reset manually on the HMC. This will entail rebooting, but again, this has no... [More]
I use the following formula to size the minimum number of cores on replacement servers. The formula is based on "used" performance on the installed servers matching "used" performance on the replacement server. c2 = (u1)(c1)(p1) / (u2)(p2) Where c1 = # cores on the installed server p1 = "performance per core" of the installed server u1 = % utilization of the installed server c2 = # cores on the replacement server p2 = "performance per core" of the replacement server u2 = % utilization of the replacement server If consolidating multiple... [More]
I have tried to get permission to pass on these numbers publically but got no answer at all. As these are facts rather than opinions, I see no harm in them. So I will work on the old theory: "it is easier to ask for forgiveness than permission" ... here goes. The AIX Virtual User Group often asks a few questions as part of the registration process for the next webinar session and it generates fascinating statistics from real POWER and AIX users. Observations: The people that join the AIX Virtual User Group are well above the... [More]
Here is Jaqui Lynch's AIX 5.3 initial tuning guidelines for commercial workloads. Jaqui wrote and delivered the "AIX Performance Tuning" session at the "IBM System p, AIX, Linux Technical University" this year in Las Vegas. no -p -o rfc1323=1no -p -o sb_max=1310720no -p -o tcp_sendspace=262144no -p -o tcp_recvspace=262144no -p -o udp_sendspace=65536no -p -o udp_recvspace=655360nfso -p -o nfs_rfc1323=1nfso -p -o nfs_socketsize=60000nfso -p -o nfs_tcp_socketsize=600000vmo -p -o minperm%=5vmo -p -o minfree=960vmo -p -o maxfree=1088vmo -p -o... [More]
Here is a great index page for AIX information. Most ofthe links are to www.ibm.com ... but you get to avoid theIBM search engine :-) One of the very nice features is that every link (or leastevery one I tried) opens a new window. http://www.aix.lap.hu There is also a Google-based search engine for AIX: http://www.aixsearch.com
I was recently sent pictures and got questions about the handle colours on the Power System E870 / E880 CEC and System Control Unit. On my early ship beta test machine, the adapter carriers have terracotta (red-ish) handles and on GA customer shipped machine blue . Terracotta handles means customer hot-plug capable - but don't just grab and yank. You must to go through the HMC maintenance procedure at the very least for the adapter slot to be powered off to make it safe to be removed. Blue handles means you (dear customer) should not... [More]
Starting in AIX 5.3 ML5, there is a new "topas -R" option that records theperformance of all partitions on a physical server. The command is runon just one server, and the output is stored in the /etc/perf directory. The "topasout" command converts the output file into a CSV or XML file. The CSV file can be imported into the nmon Analyser 3.2.3+. (Requires AIX 5.3 TL5 service pack 4 with APAR IY87993) The advantage is that topas is a supported tool. The disadvantage isthat it is not well documented, and you have to do some of the parsing. ... [More]
HACMP recently announced support for the following: HACMP 5.4.1 for Linux HACMP Support Announcement for the JS22 HACMP supports the IBM 4-Port Ethernet 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI-X Adapter HACMP announces support for P6 p520 and p550 HACMP supports IBM VIO Server V1.5 Click on the above linked text for full support details.
Yes, it does happen. When you want to use all the main unit (CEC) adapters slots for high speed adapters like Fibre Channel and the ROCE network and want to avoid adding the extra POWER8 I/O Drawers for just 1 or 2 adapters - but did not realises the ROCE adapters can't do a NIM install. I think it is actually due to the basic boot code "PROM" not having the "smarts" to run the advanced adapters in a basic limp along mode to run the network for the bootp and tftpboot download before you get a... [More]
Assuming you have dozens to hundreds of AIX VM's now running on your PowerVC controlled machines at some point you will have to upgrade the AIX version to keep current and ensure security. PowerVC does not have OS upgrade functions but it does have features that can help make upgrades safe and simpler. The upgrading of AIX is already handled by tried and tested methods and to be blunt I am not convinced I want PowerVC to do it as I want to visually check the install worked and immediately address any issues to ensure the... [More]
The following paper by Ralf Schmidt-Dannert discusses the performance impact of AIX micropartition options on a 2 tier Java/C++/Oracle application. His benchmarks show micropartitioningcan have a positive impact on application performance. His conclusionsinclude: 1. The micropartition CPU sharing improved performance over static LPARs2. SMT improved performance (default AIX setting)3. Don't over configure Virtual Processors (My recommendation is to configure at most one Virtual Processor per CPU in the free pool)... [More]