AIXpert Blog is about the AIX operating system from IBM running on POWER based machines called Power Systems and software related to it like IBM Systems Director, PowerVM for virtualisation and PowerSC for security plus performance monitoring and nmon
I have been looking at some nmon data from an IBMer looking into a customers machine. The virtual machine (LPAR) is running the Oracle RDBMS with 75 dedicated CPUs - on a POWER7 Power 795 at 4 GHz.
The Excel spreadsheet is quite scary at 144 MB thank goodness my Thinkpad has a SSD but not the record by a long way. Too many data save points can ready add u and so too can lots of processes if you are saving process data. Also with 75 CPU and SMT=4 that is 300 Tabs for Logical CPU, 300 for PCPU and 300 for SCPU and that... [More]
Time to correct a few assumptions and statements that I made a while back. Previously I said the POWER Hypervisor decides where to put a Virtual Machine (VM/LPAR) based on the Virtual Processor number (spreading factor). Well, apart from it nearly being right ... I was actually wrong! I got talking to one of these very impressive Hypervisor developers in Germany and he put me right. In most of my larger machines, I do what I think is fairly normal for creating an VM - like working with a CPU core to RAM ratio that my customers use, like 1... [More]
At last I have got round to rebuilding my Shared Storage Pool cluster of machines. We have the four VIOS limit. So I was thinking: For machines with Dual Virtual I/O Servers - the options are limited so I would pair up machines for mutual Live Partition Mobility. For machines with single VIOSs - I would create a cluster of four machines for some extra flexibility and LPM across any of the machines. The "cluster -create" command to make the first node of the cluster too about 3 minutes and the "cluster -addnode" command... [More]
I need you to help me settle an argument or rather lack of information. I am getting conflicting messages about whether these smaller Power7 machines use Local and Near or Local and Far memory. I documented what I thought was correct in the Part 1 of this series of blog's. Actually, there is not much difference as these machines have two tiers of memory like "on the chip" or "some where else" so the names are hardly vital but I would like my facts straight. Unfortunately, I don't have examples of these machines with more... [More]
Seasonal Greeting. My family decided to give me a Kindle e-book - Wow! So after the usual experiments with reading a book, playing with the web browser via WiFi, I then thought; Could this help me at work too! So reading up I noted it fully supports PDF format files and the IBM Redbooks come in PDF. So a quick download over USB cable and I can read them easily enough in landscape mode. As part of Advanced Technical Support, I am expected to "know everything" and over the past 10 years I have read all the POWER4, 5, 6, 7 machine... [More]
I have been running the nmon ( n igel's mon itor) for AIX project for 15 years now but I am still learning. I initially wrote it to help me run AIX 3.2 then AIX 4 benchmarks on RS/6000 machines as running the older "down the screen" and "line by line" tools like vmstat and iostat was driving me mad (literally making my eye hurt) and so using screen curses enabled the number to stop moving on the screen. nmon's second most important feature was to make graphing the results simpler as a graph includes the time dimension, it... [More]
Installing Open Source on AIX systems can be a little .... um .... frustrating and I have just been round that loop with installing Ganglia the excellent Performance Monitoring tool to demonstrate it and actually use it too on my own servers. The hard bit is that for every Open Source program, that you want to install, there is 10 to 20 prerequisite packages that you need to install first and you go round this the loop four times as the prerequisites have prerequisites .... This has got known as the "RPM dependencies form... [More]
Our Advanced Technology Support, Europe team have had a few months secretly testing the Power 750/760 internally to IBM as part of the normal Early Ship Program which lets a few machine out of the development labs to be tested by others to gain feedback on the product, documentation, features and usability. I thought others would like to see a few pictures of the team and the equipment involved. Please note: This is an Early Ship Machine, so there are a few details like stickers and handle colours that may differ slightly from the final product... [More]
OK, this is "blowing my own trumpet" a little but I just finished a 12 minute movie on the best bits of Systems Director. Best in the sense that they "save me a lot of time" and you might like to take a look to see if they can help you too. As I run lots of POWER based machines and lots of copies of AIX, this is why it is very relevant to this AIXpert Blog. The 8 areas are: One Hour Install, Update Manager - HMC, Firmware & AIX in four mouse clicks, Whole
Machine Performance View, LPAR direct to HMC, Active Energy... [More]
We have blogged on this really cool AIX 7 feature in the past - but here is my problem: Once I install the AIX 5.2 mksysb image in to the Workload Partition running on AIX7 it all works fine but ... then what can I show an audience to show off "AIX 5.2 running on top of AIX 7": I need a simple application that only runs on AIX 5.2 . Something simple enough that it does not take hours to install and hopefully that it is something visually interesting to see. I am told we can run Oracle 8 now including the kernel extension but its not... [More]
I've just told me this is now available from http://www.ibm.com/systems/support/tools/systemplanningtool/ Update to Version 4.10.323.0 (once you have 4.09.323 installed) OK, we have waited long enough so "hurray" its here at last. My colleague in Norway is going to use this to install a very large Power 795 in Norway next week. He is so happy because its going to save him hours and hours in setup time and will get it right first time.
In case you missed the announcements, I have released four new movies this week: Shared Storage Pools phase 2 - Getting Started - movie 101 Active Memory Deduplication Theory - movie 102 Active System Optimizer - movie 103 System Director 6.3 First Use - movie 104 Catch them all at the home of POWER6, POWER7, PowerVM, Systems Director and AIX Movies - or save this link for 21 hours of intensive techie learning - http://tinyurl.com/AIXmovies ps: The previous movie last month about installing Systems Director 6.3 on AIX is a good movie... [More]
So you have Discovered, given Access and run Inventory on your HMC and it is not finding the Servers and Virtual Servers that the HMC is connected too! What do you do next? Well here are a series of suggestions for you to try (this is not an official diagnostics path but might help you out): How much memory has your HMC got? I get people trying to use old HMCs and the original ones had just 1 GB of memory. This is basically not enough these days - in my humble opinion - unless you have just one machine! But how do you find out what you have?... [More]
Many countries switch to Daylight Saving Time (DST) next weekend March 25th - unfortunately you may need to apply a fix to AIX 6 and AIX 7 before the change or programs can get inconsistent time from various time function and systems calls. This could have a major impact on many tools, for example, make, logs and databases ... well just about anything that uses a time value. There was an earlier temporary fix available but now there is a fully details final fix. Please got to the bellow website for all the details :... [More]
Your first reaction might be "Why would you do that, Nigel?" and "Isn't this a AIX blog: Why are we talking about Linux?"
Well AIX is great and all that but when it comes to Open Source it is not Linux. Like it or not most Open Source stuff is developed on Linux and there are readily available binary compiled for Linux and 100's of Open Source packages actually come with the the distribution on their DVD media and arch repositories on the Internet for rapid and straight forward install and updates.