AIXpert Blog is about the AIX operating system from IBM running on POWER based machines called Power Systems and software related to it like IBM Systems Director, PowerVM for virtualisation and PowerSC for security plus performance monitoring and nmon
Time to correct a few assumptions and statements that I made a while back. Previously I said the POWER Hypervisor decides where to put a Virtual Machine (VM/LPAR) based on the Virtual Processor number (spreading factor). Well, apart from it nearly being right ... I was actually wrong! I got talking to one of these very impressive Hypervisor developers in Germany and he put me right. In most of my larger machines, I do what I think is fairly normal for creating an VM - like working with a CPU core to RAM ratio that my customers use, like 1... [More]
I have indirectly been getting copies of this 4 page, .PDF, once a quarter, Power Systems Newsletter written by Richard Milton (an IBMer in the USA) and every time found a few "Wow! That's Cool!" items in it. I just checked with Richard and he says anyone is free to sign up to the email list and you will get it emailed to you once a quarter. I have signed up. Needless to say, it is for Techies and not marketing fluff but has a couple of one page quick details of particular products and experience and comments on them. Then there... [More]
A large UK customer is running a series of tests on AIX and POWER7 machines and wanted to display the results on a webserver using rrdtool and needed help getting a working example running. So I stepped up to the challenge one night rather than it becoming a search for rrdtool skills inside IBM - when I could sort something out in a few hours. No one in IBM would claim to be a rrdtool expert until they knew the details of what was required. Many people know it well enough to get what they want done but would not put rrdtool guru on their CV. ... [More]
I am currently updating my AIX systems and AIX 7 TL2 with its first service pack is now available for download from ESS or IBM Entitlem Software Support to spell it out in full (http://www.ibm.com/servers/eserver/ess) for install media and FixCentral for updates (http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/). While downloading the install media files I noticed there is a new Firefox for AIX available Firefox V3.6.25. This is a jump up from the previous one and I have had (in the past) a few annoying problems with Firefox on AIX Some weird issue... [More]
Four things I think you should know before you try this: The documentation for the update can be found here: http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=hpc1vios117f5701 I updated three of my Virtual I/O Servers to 22.214.171.124 from 126.96.36.199 over the weekend. I started these late on Friday night with the "no reboot" options and they finished about the same time on Sunday afternoon i.e. 48 hours . The Release Manager downloads the update directly to the VIOS /opt/VIOS/update/VIOS and sub directory for the release name and this takes over... [More]
Common question: I see XX% of Used Memory but I don't know who is using it and how?
A simple question but there is no simple answer as memory use if complex.
nmon then hit "m" will quickly show you a few big uses of memory as below:
The shared memory used by lots of applications like DB2 and Oracle - check the SEGSZ for the size.
The Owner column usually tells you what it is used for like the oracle user for the SGA or db2inst1 for the DB2 buffer... [More]
At a recent POWER & AIX Workshop, I was challenged when I stated that you can download IBM Systems Director (ISD) and run it at no costs. Granted: If you want IBM Support for ISD functions then you do need to purchase the license and SWMA for every endpoint (think HMC and every core of any machine that ISD is controlling). Compared to other systems management tools (I have worked with in the past) the ISD prices are very low so its worth asking for the local currency price. I also think most people (including myself) will get stuck on... [More]
It has bee a long few weeks traveling to Dublin, Las Vegas, Slovenia, Germany and Sweden to give lots of presentations. Six Weeks and five countries and the expenses are piling up on my desk. I was presenting a core set of topics like POWER7+ announcement summary, VIOS Shared Storage Pools (SSP3), Workload Partitions (WPAR) and Versioned WPARs to run AIX 5.2 and AIX 5.3, quick introduction to PowerSC (security tools), a Techie "what you need to know about" Systems Director for AIX, and Quick Dips in to Active Memory Deduplication... [More]
I suddenly could not get AIX updates to work via my NIM server. The problem number DNZPAX075E just means the NIM command failed for unknown reasons. Not very helpful when you have a ISD Server, NIM Server and a Target AIX Server and the problem could be anywhere. I looked around and found a few other people were stuck on this one. So now I worked it out - with the help excellent help of systems Director support. 1) Restart the Systems Director Server and the NIM Server - just good house keeping and check you have free disk space in the... [More]
This is part 2 of Systems Director licensing or at least working out what you are doing with System Director that requires a license. In part 1, we looked at listing (via the command line) the POWER machines that Systems Director was connected too. This time we what to find out the machines that Active Energy Manager (AEM) is controlling. Once you have installed AEM it is tempting to start monitoring and controlling all your Power Systems electrical use and temperatures but you should only use AEM if you have a license for AEM for each... [More]
I have long thought it is rather silly that IBM Systems Director can't give you a list the licenses that you should have! It does, after all, know what machines it is controlling and the data is in the database. Perhaps, that will come in the future. What can we do in the short term? Generally, I like to do everything from the graphical user interface (GUI) . I have not got time to learn and use both GUI and CLI. The system configuration data can be extracted using the command line interface (CLI) on the Systems Director server, so I spent... [More]
Stephen Atkins (the Guru behind the nmon Analyser) has released a new version - two days ago. This includes loads of improvements and some new features. Best of all - less problems running on newer Excel releases (it works around inconsistencies with the Microsoft API). I have always said that at least 50% of the popularity of my nmon is down to the excellent Analyser graphs. Very few people regularly see the online screen view. Thanks again Steve, for all your many hours of hard work in your personal time on the behalf of the tens of... [More]
Yes, I admit it I am a "hacker" in the old sense of the word i.e. Definition 4 = A person who is good at programming quickly.See Hackers Dictionary below. I was think that there are certain books every one in the computer industry should have read before they can claim any level of computer expertise. If you have not read them don't tell any one and quickly get yourself a copy and read it quickly. Thumbnails are borrowed from Amazon - thanks guys and good to see all these important books are still available. My five top books all... [More]
I have just updated my article on DeveloperWorks that cover the nweb Webserver. You can find it here: nweb: a tiny, safe Web server (static pages only) The what? I wrote the nweb Webserver as example C code to show the concepts and details of how they work. It was under 100 lines but I thought it actually was a pretty useful tool and used it, for real, in a number of projects and others have used it too. Then I though I had better put in some safety checks - otherwise you could give away read access to ALL the files on your AIX, UNIX or... [More]
I have never really understood why I get peaks and troughs in nmon questions and urgent situations but July seems to be a peak and fortunately I was not at work for a large part of it. Performance and nmon Questions trend to come in three flavours: really dumb, genuine and mega-urgent critical lets blame the hardware. Let me give you a flavour of each type of question from the last month. Perhaps, reading these will let you avoid the same problem or at least let you learn "you are not alone". Really dumb "nmon has stopped... [More]