This is article is 02nd entry of PMI PMP Exam Preparation Tutorials, by Aditya Chinni.
This article reviews
- PMBOK Guide structure
- Process Definition
- 47 Processes
- and Process Chart
Understanding PMBOK Guide fifth edition
A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® Guide) is STANDARDS document published by Project Management Institute (PMI) for project management professional practices. This guide is an ANSI standard and gets updated every 4 years and fifth edition is the latest edition. The PMBOK® Guide identifies the good practices of the project management practice.
The PMBOK® Guide provides and promotes a common vocabulary within the project management profession for using and applying project management concepts. The PMI Lexicon of Project Management Terms provides the foundational professional vocabulary that can be consistently used by project, program, and portfolio managers and other stakeholders.
Understanding the PMBOK Guide and Lexicon is crucial for your success in the exam. The PMBOK Guide is categorized in to 3 major parts.
- Part 1: Defines key terms in Project, Program and Portfolio environment and other organizational structures
- Part 2: Overview of the 5 Process Groups, 10 Knowledge areas and interactions among those items.
- Part 3: Which is sub divided in to chapters 4 to 13 provides project management body of knowledge. Each one of those chapter talks about individual knowledge area and processes in that knowledge area. To understand "Knowledge Areas" term, we can map it with the term project constraint. A project constrain is limitation or a condition that you need to satisfy to move forward or needs your special attention.
In this series of articles, I will cover most of these terms and you can also check the Project Management Glossary
What is a Process
A process is a sequence of activities designed to achieve a pre specified objective such as products or services. To perform "a sequence of activities" you need ingredients called INPUTS and Tools and Techniques. As we know the purpose of these sequence of steps is to produce Outputs.
Processes are categorized as
1. Project oriented processes (covered in PMBOK Guide) (are Project Management Processes)
2. Product oriented processes (Related to implementing domain)
Performing project team needs to select appropriate processes in appropriate time to meet project objectives.
PMBOK Guide defines 47 project management processes to mange the project. We can further categorize Project Oriented processes in 5 process groups. Those 5 process Groups are
Initiation Process Group
Planning Process Group
Execution Process Group
Monitoring and Control Process Group
Closing Process Group
Those 47 Process categorized by process groups are
|Process Groups||# of Processes||Process Names|
4.1 Develop Project Charter
13.1 Identify Stakeholders
4.2 Develop Project Management Plan
4.3 Direct and Manage Project Work
|Monitoring and Control||11||
4.4 Monitor and Control Project Work
4.5 Perform Integrated Change Control
5.5 Validate Scope
5.6 Control Scope
6.7 Control Schedule
7.4 Control Costs
8.3 Control Quality
10.3 Control Communications
11.6 Control Risks
12.3 Control Procurements
13.4 Control Stakeholder Engagement
4.6 Close Project or Phase
12.4 Close Procurements