Generating XML Using DFSORT - Part I
MartinPacker 11000094DH Visits (2988)
Following on from This entry on creating CSV files here's the first of several entries on manipulating XML with DFSORT...
This is not intended to be a tutorial on XML but rather an exploration of how DFSORT can read (shred) and write (compose) XML. (I also use the terms
XML is - to my mind - much better than CSV...
So XML is a great way of structuring information for exchange between programs and systems.
So we'll start with a simple set of data we'd like to convert to XML...
Consider the small data set
Mercury Freddie Singer May Brian GuitaristTaylor Roger Drummer Deacon John Bassist
This data is mapped with the following DFSORT Symbols deck:
We'd like to create an XML file:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?><band><member surname="Mercury" firstname="Freddie" job="Singer" /><member surname="May" firstname="Brian" job="Guitarist" /> <member surname="Taylor" firstname="Roger" job="Drummer" /> <member surname="Deacon" firstname="John" job="Bassist" /></band>>
The first thing we do is to take the input records and wrap them with quotes, squeezing out the trailing spaces:
<member surname="Mercury" firstname="Freddie" job="Singer" /><member surname="May" firstname="Brian" job="Guitarist" /><member surname="Taylor" firstname="Roger" job="Drummer" /><member surname="Deacon" firstname="John" job="Bassist" />
To do this we can use the following INREC statement:
INREC BUILD=(C'<member surname=', Surn
The above statement reformats the three fields - removing the trailing spaces - in the manner described in my CSV creation blog entry.
The next (OUTREC) statement squeezes out the spaces, preserving those within the quotes:
To make the above code work I defined an additional symbol
This symbol maps the whole of the output of the INREC statement - that is the records wrapped in quotes.
The final step is an OUTFIL statement that tops and tails the output data with some more tags:
NOTE: REMOVECC removes the ANSI carriage control bytes.
In this example I've spread the transformations across INREC, OUTREC and OUTFIL statements. You might want to place the function differently: You might, for instance, want to do a SORT or include only certain records upstream of the XML creation. Perhaps in a later blog entry I'll talk about that some more. But there are other things I want to talk about regarding DFSORT and XML. Stay tuned for a different style of XML.