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Well, it's Tuesday again, and you know what that means? IBM announcements!
Today's announcements are all about the Storwize family, IBM's market-leading Software Defined Storage offerings. Having sold over 55,000 systems, and managing over 1.6 Exabytes of data, IBM continues to be the #1 leader in storage virtualization solutions. The Storwize family consists of the SAN Volume Controller (SVC), Storwize V7000, Storwize V7000 Unified, Flex System V7000, Storwize V5000, Storwize V3700 and V3500.
You can learn more about the Storwize family at the [IBM Edge Conference], May 19-23, at Las Vegas. I'll be there!
technorati tags: IBM, Announcements, SAN Volume Controller, SVC, Storwize, Storwize V7000, Flex System V7000, Storwize V5000, Storwize V3700, 2145-DH8, hardware-assisted compression, Real-time Compression, Intel QuickAssist, New Storwize, HIC, Easy Tier, Storwize V7000 Unified, File Modules, OpenStack, OpenStack Havana, OpenStack Cinder, multiple-writer, independent-writer, Active Cloud Engine, Windows SFU, Kerberos, Storwize family, #ibmEdge, Las Vegas
Systems Technical University 1001 Arabian Nights
Wrapping up my coverage of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference, we had a special dinner with entertainment on Wednesday evening.
Before dinner, I was able to catch up with my colleagues from across the pond. Here I am pictured with Ola Surowiec, a Power Systems sales specialist from Scotland.
The dinner was set up as self-service buffet style, with choices of European, Asian, and Middle Eastern cuisine. This is largely the heritage of the Ottoman empire to provide a fusion of flavors from its neighbors.
The city of Istanbul is considered the border between Europe and Asia, with one side of the city on the "European" side, and the other side of the Bosphorus strait being the "Asian" side.
The entertainment started with two [belly dancers], one male and one female. (IBM is an equal opportunity employer!) For those not familiar with this particular form of performance art, it is improvised folk dances based on torso articulation and abdominal movements.
I have seen dancers before in Egypt, the country that most people associate with the origin of belly dancing, but the Turkish version is considered more energetic and athletic. Certainly both of our dancers were quite flexible.
This was followed by a live cover band that played the latest English-language hits. Several Americans at the table asked "Wait? We come all the way to Turkey and the local band sings the songs in English?"
I had to explain that [the Beatles made their start playing in Germany]. This let the band hone their performance skills, widened their reputation, and led to their first recording.
Today, what music tops the charts throughout Europe, including countries like Turkey that are predominantly not English-speaking residents, are mostly from American musicians. Emmanuel Legrand has a great article on this titled [Europe's music scene -- A mosaic of talent united by one language].
In the corner, attendees were invited to dress up as their favorite sultan to take photograph. Here for example, are some of the members of the STU event team. Mo McCullough, Don Meyer, Marlin Maddy, Glenn Anderson and Alex Abderrazag pose with two lovely local ladies in full costume.
The word "sultan" derives from the Arabic word meaning "strength", "authority" or "power". Sultans ruled the Turkish empire from 1299 to 1922.
The [Topkapi palace], where I visited earlier in the week, contains clothing on display of the sultans and princes from the second half of the 15th century to the early 20th century.
A fun time was had by all!
Continuing coverage of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference, we had our last set of breakout sessions on day 4.
Fun Fact: Istanbul is considered by TripAdvisor in 2014 as the #1 most popular city to visit in Europe!
technorati tags: IBM, #ibmtechu, STU, Istanbul, TripAdvisor, storage tiering, FlashSystem, HSM, ILM, SONAS, Storwize, ISTA, SmartCloud, Virtual Storage Center, data footprint reduction, FlashCopy, Thin Provisioning, Real-time Compression, Data Deduplication, Detlef Helmbrecht
Continuing coverage of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference, I participated in a "Meet the Experts" session on day 3.
Johann Weiss, Jim Blue and I joined several other local experts to answer questions and respond to comments and suggestions attendees had about IBM System Storage products and solutions. Here is a sample:
I would like to add 1TB of Flash to our FlashSystem 810 and have the system automatically re-stripe across this new capacity non-disruptively?
How can I have XIV systems at two datacenters in an active/active configuration that would allow me to vMotion from one location to the other non-disruptively?
Put them behind the SAN Volume Controller in Stretched Cluster mode.
What about a similar active/active but for NAS?
IBM N series.
I would like HyperSwap on the SVC/Storwize family like the DS8000 offers for AIX?
When will IBM offer a multi-frame XIV?
The "Hyper-Scale" set of features lets you logically connect 144 XIV frames together and treat as a single system. There is no need to physically bolt them together, since the communication is done over standard network switches.
When will IBM devices have native FCoE support?
All IBM System Storage products work within an FCoE framework today, either with native FCoE support, or through Top-of-Rack switches splitting out the traffic between IP and FCP traditional networks. IBM Storwize and N series products support FCoE natively, and any disk behind virtualized by SAN Volume Controller or Storwize can be access via FCoE hosts because of this support.
What is FLAPE?
FLAPE is the combination of Flash and Tape. Both of these technologies are improving over 40 percent year-to-year, but disk is slowing down to 20 percent improvement. It is possible to combine Flash and tape systems, such as IBM LTFS-EE or IBM ProtecTIER TS7600 series.
Only the Storwize V7000 Unified supports file modules to add NAS capabilities, what can IBM offer us that is smaller for NAS deployments, perhaps a Storwize V5000 Unified or Storwize V3700 Unified?
Consider the IBM N3000 series.
Other storage vendors indicate that RAID-5 and RAID-6 are running out of steam, are no longer practical to protect ever growing capacities of disk. What is IBM planning in this area?
IBM XIV Storage System was one of the first to offer a distributed RAID that addresses many of the RAID-5/RAID-6 drive rebuild concerns. IBM DCS3700 and DCS3860 also have Dynamic Disk Pooling to reduce drive rebuild impact. Lastly, IBM GPFS now offers Native RAID support, used in the IBM GPFS Storage Server.
Is it true that GPFS is NFS only?
Do not confuse GPFS the file system with the various storage offerings that are based on GPFS. IBM SONAS and Storwize V7000 Unified, both based on GPFS, support CIFS, NFS, HTTPS, SCP and FTP. IBM GPFS Storage Server can be configured to access GPFS natively, or you can run NFS v3/v4 server to make those protocols available. With Microsoft [Windows Storage Server], you can provide CIFS access to any GPFS-based storage solution.
LTFS-EE sounds like an exciting alternative to IBM Tivoli Storage Manager HSM space management for moving data from disk to tape. Do you agree?
Yes, we agree. However, TSM HSM space management supports a broader set of file systems. LTFS-EE only provides disk-to-tape movement for IBM GPFS.
Why does the DS8000 implementation of Easy Tier sub-LUN automated tiering support three tiers, but SVC/Storwize only support two tiers?
The same software engineering team works on both, but develop new features for the DS8000 first, get it working, then port it over to the Storwize family. At times, there might be gaps between what is supported on the latest DS8000 version and what is available on Storwize family products.
In an SVC Stretched Cluster, I would like to have the third quorum disk connected over the IP network, rather than FCP.
Personally, I enjoy these interchanges. They are sometimes called "Bir
technorati tags: IBM, FlashSystem, SAN Volume Controller, SVC, Stretched Cluster, Storwize, Multi-frame XIV, HyperSwap, Hyper-Scale, N3000, DS8000, RAID-5, RAID-6, Distributed RAID, Dynamic Disk Pooling, RAID rebuild, GPFS, GPFS Native RAID, GNR, SONAS, Storwize V7000 Unified, TSM, LTFS, LTFS-EE, BOF, Free-for-All, Meet the Experts
Continuing coverage of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference, I attended several breakout sessions on day 3.
It is interesting the angle or spin that each speaker gave to each topic!
technorati tags: IBM, #ibmtechu, STU2014, Istanbul, Glenn Anderson, presentation skills, Mandie Quartly, PowerVM, KVM, Power Systems, OpenStack, PowerLinux, storage cloud, Jeff Scheel, Dick Vogelsang, SmartCloud Storage Access, SCSA, VMware, Hyper-V, self-service provisioning
Continuing coverage of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference, we had an early morning awards ceremony to celebrate top sellers that led big wins in Europe for FlashSystems, XIV, Power Systems, and PureSystems.
Afterwards, there were several breakout sessions on day 2.
technorati tags: IBM, GPFS, Axel Koester, PERCS, XIV, SONAS, Storwize V7000 Unified, Linear Tape File System, LTFS, LTFS-EE, Henrik Wilken, Tivoli Storage Productivity Center, TPC, SmartCloud, Virtual Storage Center, VSC, DR550, Information Archive, SSAM, KPMG
Continuing coverage of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference, we had several breakout sessions on day 1.
This is shaping up to be an awesome conference!
technorati tags: IBM, #ibmtechu, Smarter Storage Strategy, Data-intensive, Business-critical, QoS, VMware, Hyper-V, KVM, PowerVM, z/VM, OpenStack Foundation, Business Continuity, Disaster Recovery, BC/DR, Big Data, storage administrator, DBA, Business Analyst, Data Scientist, Decision Maker, Empowered Employee, Bob Sutor, Stephen Brodsky, Linton Ward, Ralph McMullen
The first official day of the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference had keynote sessions in the morning. The conference features experts from IBM Power Systems, IBM System x, IBM PureSystems, and IBM System Storage.
The keynote sessions were started with Amy Purdy, IBM Director of Technical Training Services, the group that is running this conference.
This conference is not focused on System z solutions, as many of the System z clients were in New York City for this birthday event, but it came up several times during the keynote sessions.
Amy offered a special [Happy 50th Birthday to the IBM System zEnterprise mainframe]. Fifty years ago this week, [IBM announced its famous S/360] mainframe that raised IBM's revenues from $3.6 Billion USD in 1965, to $8.3 Billion in 1971.
(FTC Disclosure: I work for IBM, and this blog post may be considered a paid, celebrity endorsement of IBM products and services. IBM has business relationship with both Intel and Amazon mentioned during the course of the keynote sessions, but I have no financial stake in either company. I was the chief architect for DFSMS, the storage management component of the z/OS mainframe operating system, and was part of the team that ported Linux to the System z mainframe.)
Nicolas Sekkaki, IBM Vice President of Systems and Technology Group in Europe, discussed IBM's commitment to client's privacy, the x86 and POWER server platforms, and a variety of mind-bogging announcements. He is focused on three trends: Big Data, Cloud, and Mobile.
IBM is focusing its hardware efforts on high-value, high-margin solutions such as System Storage, POWER Systems and System zEnterprise mainframe environments. Did you know that 65 percent of the world's business transactions are processed by either POWER systems or System zEnterprise mainframe?
IBM is also extending its continued focus on Linux and Open Source initiatives. For the System zEnterprise mainframes, 78 percent of our clients run Linux on System z. Over 290 clients have added the "zBX" option that allows them to run Windows and AIX on the mainframe as well. It is now less expensive to run workloads on System zEnterprise -- about 1 dollar per day per server -- than public cloud offerings from Amazon Web Services. Linux on POWER also has lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) than Linux-x86.
Nicolas also mentioned major changes for the POWER Systems, starting with the [OpenPOWER Consortium], formed by IBM, Google, Mellanox, NVIDIA and Tyan.
The move makes POWER hardware and software available to open development for the first time as well as making POWER Intellectual Property licensable to others, greatly expanding the ecosystem of innovators on the platform. The consortium will offer open-source POWER firmware, the software that controls basic chip functions. By doing this, IBM and the consortium can offer unprecedented customization in creating new styles of server hardware for a variety of computing workloads.
IBM POWER has switched from being "Big Endian" to being "Bi-Endian", allowing operating systems to choose between "Big Endian" or "Little Endian" modes. The Big Endian mode allows for Linux compatibility with the System zEnterprise mainframe, and the Little Endian mode for compatibility with Linux-x86.
Thorston Kahrmann, Intel Account Director for EMEA, presented Intel's rich history of collaboration with IBM, from technologies like BlueTooth and PCiE Generation 3, to platforms like BladeCenter and NeXtScale, to Industry Standards.
IBM had a lot of "firsts" in the x86 server area, including the first 16-processor server, the first to offer hot-swap memory, and over 100 leading performance benchmarks.
The latest Intel Xeon chip is the E7 version 2. For example, changing from DB2 v10.1 on the old E7, to running DB2 BLU columnar acceleration on the new E7 version 2, resulted in a 148 times increase in performance. A query on a 10TB database that previously took four hours was completed in under 90 seconds.
Thorston also wanted to remind the audience that nearly every System Storage product from IBM, from the high-end XIV, SAN Volume Controller, SONAS and FlashSystem V840, to midrange and entry level Storwize products, are all based on Intel's x86 processors.
Louise Hemond-Wilson, IBM CTO and Distinguished Engineer for Lab Services, reminded everyone today was also the [International "Draw-a-Bird" day].
Louise covered the findings from the latest 2012 CEO study, gathering insight from 1709 CEO interviews. The major focus areas for CEOs are:
With smartphones, tablets and ubiquitous Internet access, everyone is now a technologist, so that IT is now becoming a competitive differentiator. IT projects and Business projects are no longer separate. If your IT department is seen as an expense, it will continue to get its budget cut. If, however, your IT department is part of your revenue stream, then it can be viewed as an asset.
Sadly, over 75 percent of IT projects fail, either are way over budget, delivered late, or some combination of the two. Business leaders are pushing for IT improvements, but often CIOs are too afraid to take the risks to move the business forward. Louise cited three reasons for this, which she called the three C's:
Louise wrapped up her session with asking a simple question: How much is the cost of a light bulb. Some might focus on the cost of the bulb itself, while others might add the cost of maintenance, having ladders and personnel to replace them as needed, and others might include the electricity consumed. Both Business and IT leaders need to focus on Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) in their planning.
technorati tags: IBM, #ibmtechu, Amy Purdy, Technical Training Services, mainframe50, zEnterprise, mainframe, Nicolas Sekkaki, OpenPOWER, Linux, zBX, Amazon Web Services, Thorston Kahrmann, Intel, E7v2, EMEA, CEO Study, TCO, Louse Hemond-Wilson, STG Lab Services
I have arrived safely to Istanbul, Turkey for the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference. The conference will feature experts from IBM Power Systems, IBM System x, IBM PureSystems, and IBM System Storage.
Here is the view from my hotel window. Up until the 19th century, this was open countryside. Around 1890, the Bomonti brothers from Switzerland set up a brewery, which was moved to this section of town in 1902, becoming the first Turkish brewery. In 1934, the brewery was nationalized and became the Istanbul Tekel Beer Factory. The Hilton Bomonti hotel where the conference is being held is named after these brothers.
Since this is my first time to Istanbul, and I did not have meetings until later in the afternoon for the conference, I decided to a bit of sightseeing.
(A special thanks to Gail Godbey of [Encounter Tours/Kaletours] who organized this entire tour of sightseeing for me on such short notice!)
The hippodrome was a stadium for horse and chariot racing, but now is just a square with a few obelisks. This one is the Thutmosis Obelisk from Egypt. The word hippodrome comes from the Greek hippos, meaning horse, and dromos, meaning path or way. Hippodromes were common features of Greek cities in the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine eras. My tour guide Erol Azor did a great job explaining everything.
My favorite stop of the day was the Blue Mosque, named after the blue tiles used on the dome. It is 43 meters high, making it one of the tallest mosques in the city. There are over 3,000 mosques here in Istanbul. In Turkish, this place is called Sultan Ahmet Camii after the Sultan Ahmet that had it built from 1609-1616. There are six minarets. The legend goes that the Sultan asked for a "gold" minaret, but the word for "gold" in Arabic sounds a lot the number six in Turkish, so that is why there are six of them.
Right next to the Blue Mosque is the Hagia Sofia, which was a Christian church first, then converted to a mosque, and now is a musuem. It was closed on Mondays, so all I could do was take pictures from the outside. Tulips are in full bloom throughout the city this month of April. If you notice, the minaret on the right is different color. Often, new sultans would add a minaret to an existing mosque, using whatever materials were available at the time. Kind of like adding a bedroom to an existing house.
Underneath the ground is the Basilica Cistern which held the drinking water for the city. The water came in on viaduct, and was kept underground. Today, it has a foot of water, and some fish, for people to admire the architecture employed.
Of course, no visit to Istanbul is complete without stopping at the Grand Bazaar. With over 4,000 tiny shops, it is a madhouse of gold and silver jewelry, blue jeans, leather goods, scarves, persian rugs, and antiques. Some places offered me free samples of Turkish delight, which are delicious cubes of flavored gelatin.
My day ended at the Topkapi palace. The word Topkapi is Turkish for "Cannon Gate", as this castle sits overlooking the peninsula and bosphorus strait that separates the Europe side from the Asian side of the city. Like the palace of Versaille in France, or Buckingham palace in England, the Topkapi palace was home to 36 sultans from 1299 to 1922.
You can spend hours here. There are beautiful gardens and various buildings surrounded by five kilometers of castle wall. Inside the buildings are displays of the family jewels, the clothes the sultans wore, their weapons, and religious relics.
It was good to get a flavor of the city, and a sense of the Turkish culture.
Next week, April 8-11, I will be presenting a variety of topics at the [Systems Technical University 2014] conference in Istanbul, Turkey. The conference will feature experts from IBM Power Systems, IBM System x, IBM PureSystems, and IBM System Storage.
Here are the titles and abstracts of the eight topics that I will be presenting next week, in chronological order, along with some related sessions for each topic:
If you will be at this conference all week, look for me and say "Hello!"
technorati tags: IBM, #ibmtechu, Systems Technical University, POWER Systems, PureSystems, System x, System Storage, Istanbul, Turkey, Smarter Storage, CAMS, Clod Barrera, Axel Koester, Pat O'rourke, Replication, Business Continuity, Disaster Recovery, BCDR, Markus Oscheka, Ralf Wohlfarth, VMware, Site Recovery Manager, SRM, Deniz Erguvan, PowerVM, storage Virtualization, Thomas Vogel, Torsten Rothenwaldt, SAN Volume Controller, SVC, stretched cluster, big data, BigInsights, hadoop, analytics, data scientist, Ajay Dholakia, CERN, Jean-Armand Broyelle, Cloud storage, XIV, SONAS, Storwize, Storwize Family, Storage V7000, Storwize V7000 Unified, Linear Tape File System, LTFS, LTFS-EE, Tivoli Storage, Productivity Center, TPC, Eric Aquaronne, Jeff Borek, Software Defined Storage, Software Defined Environment, SDS, SDE, Thomas Luther, TPC-R, Archive Storage, Government Compliance, SSAM, NENR, N series, WORM tape, Nils Haustein, DR550, Information Archive, storage Tiering, Easy Tier, Flash, FlashSystem, Intelligent ILM, ISTA, Levi Norman, Data Footprint Reduction, Antoine Maille, TurboCompression, Johann Weiss, Mathias Defiebre, ProtecTIER
Well, it's Tuesday again, and you know what that means! IBM Announcements!
Starting today, April 1, 2014, the IBM Executive Briefing Centers (EBC) are adopting a new self-hosted model. In the past, each briefing was assigned a "Briefing Host", a member of the EBC staff, who acted as [master of ceremonies] for the day (or more) for the clients. At some locations, if there were three rooms, there would be three or more briefing hosts so that concurrent briefings could be held.
However, the method does not scale. Having a person per briefing means that you are limited to the number of total concurrent briefings. Inspired by self-service provisioning and scalability of the Cloud, IBM has adopted a new methodology.
In the new model, the visiting client rep, sales rep, or IBM Business Partner will be handed instructions and a map. This will include the agenda, the schedule, biographies of each speaker, the locations of the nearest restrooms, and so on.
I can take partial credit for the idea. In 2012, I made the analogy that having briefing centers at each development lab made a lot of sense, because it allowed clients to interact directly with the engineers and executives that made development decisions. I also made the analogy that having a fully-staffed EBC was like a fire department, whether you have five briefings per month, or fifty, you need a team that is ready, staying abreast of the latest technological changes.
In my post, [Like animals in the zoo], I argued there are two kinds of zoos, the self-guided kind, where visitors are handed a map, versus the docent-guided kind, where a member of the zoo staff introduces you to each animal.
The EBC briefing hosts in this analogy were the docents, and the animals that people came to visit were the engineers and executives.
As with zoo docents who are highly trained about every animal to answer every conceivable question, briefing hosts at IBM went through extensive training by [Mandel Communications] to achieve the certification requirements of the [Association of Briefing Program Managers], or ABPM for short.
As for the fire department, IBM management flipped the analogy around. They argued that many smaller communities had "volunteer fire departments", eliminating the need to keep full-time employees doing nothing but playing cards and sliding down brass poles in between fire fighting sessions. When a fire happens, phones calls are made, and this will help get everyone notified to get involved.
In my past 28 years at IBM, I have to say that you know you have good analogies when they can be used in both directions. The zoo analogy was used to prevent management from consolidating all of the EBC staff to Austin, TX. The fire department analogy helped us keep all of our lab equipment to run demonstrations.
The new self-hosted model will address both scheduling and scalability issues. We often had two-day and three-day briefings, and scheduling the rooms, and the briefing managers, based on their availability, was quite challenging.
There are three advantages to the new method:
March 31 is [World Backup Day]!
Recently, a client asked how to backup their IBM PureData System for Analytics devices. IBM had [acquired Netezza in November 2010], and later renamed their TwinFin devices as the IBM PureData for Analytics, powered by Netezza.
The [IBM PureData System for Analytics] is incredibly fast for performing deep, ad-hoc analytics. However, the people who use them are "data scientists", not backup experts.
Likewise, there are backup administrators who may not be familiar with the unique characteristics of this expert-integrated system to know what backup options are available.
As with the rest of the IBM PureSystems line, the IBM PureData System for Analytics (or, PDA for short) has a combination of servers, storage and switches inside.
In a full-frame PDA, there are two servers in Active/Passive mode, these coordinate activity to FPGA-based blade servers, which have parallel access to hundreds of disk drives, storing nearly 200 TB of compressed database data. A system can span up to four frames.
But what do you backup? And why? You don't need to worry about backing up the Linux operating system or NPS server code, that is considered firmware and if anything every got corrupted, IBM would help restore it for you. System-wide metadata, such as the host catalog and global users, groups, and permissions should be backed up periodically to protect against data corruption.
There are a number of reasons to backup your user databases:
The PDA has three backup formats. You can backup the entire user database in compressed format, backup individual tables in compressed format, or export to a text-format file.
Compressed format is faster, but can only be restored to the same PDA, or a PDA that has the same or higher level of NPS firmware. The text-format is slower, but can be used to restore to lower levels of NPS firmware, or to other database systems.
There are basically two methods to backup your PDA. The first is called the "Filesystem" method. Basically, you can attach an external storage device to the NPS server, and use the built-in command line interface (CLI) to store the backups onto its file system.
You may find that your databases are so large, they will exceed the limits of the filesystem on the external storage device. For SAN or NAS deployments, I recommend the IBM Storwize V7000 Unified with IBM General Parallel File System (GPFS). However, if you are using something else, you may need to use the "nz_backup" scripts provided which split up the backup images into smaller pieces that most other filesystems can handle.
The PDA comes with 10GbE Ethernet ports that you can attach a NAS storage device over a Local Area Network (LAN), or add Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP) ports and connect over a Storage Area Network (SAN). To keep things simple, I will refer to whichever network you decide as the "Backup Network" in the drawings.
The second method for backup is called the "External Backup Software" method. As you have probably guessed, it involves sending the backups to a supported software product like IBM Tivoli Storage Manager (or, TSM for short).
In this case, the PDA acts as a client node, similar to a laptop, desktop, or application server with internal disk. Backup data is sent over the LAN to the designated TSM server, and the TSM server in turn writes over the SAN to its storage hierarchy of disk, virtual tape and/or physical tape resources.
Backups can be done by command "on demand", or automated on a schedule. For the /nz/data directory, direct the nzhostbackup command to send the backup copy to local disk, then use TSM's dsmc archive command to transfer this backup copy to the TSM server.
For nzbackup with the users or db parameters, you can send the data directly to the appropriate TSM server by specifying the connector and connectorArgs parameters.
To reduce traffic on the TSM Server, an intermediary "TSM Proxy Node" can be put in between. In this case, the PDA sends the backup to the Proxy Node, the Proxy Node uses a "LAN Free Storage Agent" to send the backups directly to the virtual tape and/or physical tape, and then notifies the TSM Server to updates its system catalog to record which tape holds these new backups.
Another configuration involves installing the TSM LAN Free storage agent directly on the PDA. While this will require FCP ports to be added and consume more CPU resources on the NPS server, it eliminates most of the LAN traffic, allowing the PDA to send its backups directly to virtual or physical tape.
To learn more about this, see my full presentation [Backup Options: IBM PureData System for Analytics, powered by Netezza] on the IBM Expert Network powered by SlideShare, or attend the upcoming [IBM Edge 2014] conference in Las Vegas, May 19-23. I will be there!
technorati tags: IBM, Netezza, PureData, PureData for Analytics, PDA, World Backup Day, Backup, NPS, nzhostbackup, nzbackup, expert-integrated, Tivoli, Tivoli Storage Manager, TSM, dsmc, #ibmedge, Slideshare
My how time flies! It has been nearly a year since our new Tucson Executive Briefing Center had its [Ribbon Cutting Ceremony].
To celebrate this achievement, IBM asked me to write and direct a short film to remind everyone we are here to help clients solve problems, determine an appropriate strategy and make solid purchase decisions.
I have produced other videos for IBM. See my October 2013 blog post [Incorporating Videos] for other examples. This was my first time as writer/director for a project.
This video won't win any Oscars, but I would still like to thank the Academy, my colleagues IBM VP Calline Sanchez, Lee Olguin, Joe Hayward and Kris Keller agreeing to be filmed on camera. Behind the scenes, I want to thank IBM Fellow John Cohn for his superb narration, Andrew Greenfield as cinematographer and editor, Shelly Jost as creative consultant selecting the musical tracks, and Denise White for reviewing the screenplay. Finally, I want to thank our producer, Bill Terry, for funding this effort.
What do you think? Will it go viral? Enter your comments below!
IBM Cloud announcements at Pulse 2014
Well it's Tuesday again, and you know what that means? IBM announcements! Many of the announcements were made by IBM Executives at the [IBM Pulse 2014 conference].
I am not at Pulse 2014 this year, but I managed to watch many of these announcements on the [IBM Pulse livestream].
Continuing my series on building a Desktop computer for a kindergarten class, I look at Fedora with Sugar mentioned in the article [Top 6 Linux Distributions for Children (Ages 2 and Up)].
(This series started with my post [Kindergarten desktop - The Challenge]. I have a 512MB RAM system with 40GB disk drive that I will install Linux and educational software for a class full of kindergarten children. My previous post covered three other Linux distributions [LinuxKidX, Qimo, and Foresight for Kids].)
I am not stranger to the Sugar learning platform, developed as part of the One Laptop per Child [OLPC] project.
As I mentioned in my post [Helping Young Students - part 1], I was part of the OLPC development team back in 2008, helped local volunteers deploy laptops to children in Nepal and Uruguay, mentored a college student in India, and learned a lot of Python programming language in the process.
Sugar is now developed by Sugar Labs, a nonprofit spin-off of OLPC. The code is free and open source desktop environment for many other machines, including as a "Desktop Environment" for Fedora Linux.
I kept my 40GB hard drive partitioned as follows. On the extended partition, sda5 will hold my system utilities, like Clonezilla and SystemRescue, and sda6 is my swap space, increased to 1500MB. Partition sda1 has Edubuntu 12.04 on it, and I will use sda2 to install Fedora with Sugar.
[Sugar-on-a-stick], is so named because it is designed so that each child has their own LiveUSB. This can run on PC with Windows or Mac OS without affecting those operating systems, allowing a child to use Sugar in the classroom, then take the stick home and continue on their home PC.
A 2GB or greater USB memory stick can hold both Fedora and Sugar, and use that to boot your desktop. Unfortunately, it requires 1GB of RAM, and I have only 512MB. Can I just run Sugar natively on a Fedora install? Yes, thanks to the [Sugar not "on a stick"] instructions, I can install Fedora first, then just:
$sudo bash #yum groupinstall "Sugar Desktop Environment"
Unfortunately, the latest Fedora release (F20) recommends 1GB of RAM. Fortunately, I found Dean Howell's rant [Fedora Irresponsibly Lowers Memory Requirement To 512MB] about the Fedora F17 release. I gave this a try.
There are three ways to install Fedora:
I chose method 3 and downloaded the appropriate ISO file. While F17 only requires 512MB of RAM to run, the graphic installer requires 768MB, and is fully explained in this [29-step F17 installation guide].
To get around this, select "Troubleshooting" which then lets you select low-graphics/text mode installation that ran well under 512MB. I installed both LXDE and Sugar, and everything worked fine!
Why both LXDE and Sugar? Well, Sugar is quite a different environment, and I wanted LXDE as an alternative for the admin and teacher to use.
The article on [Sugar software on Wikipedia] sums it up well:
"Unlike most other desktop environments, Sugar does not use the 'desktop', 'folder' and 'window' metaphors. Instead, Sugar's default full-screen activities require users to focus on only one program at a time. Sugar implements a novel file-handling metaphor (the Journal), which automatically saves the user's running program session and allows him or her to later use an interface to pull up their past works by date, activity used or file type."
Now that I have that working, it is time to upgrade from non-supported F17 to a supported level. Ravi Saive explains the [Four Ways to Upgrade from Fedora 17 to Fedora 18]:
As you can probably guess from the title of this post, I chose method 2 "FedUp" as it seemed to be the least invasive. I was unsure if method-1 "Clean Install" of F18 would work with 512MB of RAM, and I have been through enough horrors of failed yum upgrades on my own Red Hat Enterprise Linux [RHEL] at work to avoid method 3. Method 4 is just a script to automate the steps of method 3.
The steps are fairly straightforward. First, install the FedUp package, run "yum update" to ensure you have all the latest kernel and F17 packages for everything else, and reboot.
Then run the fedup-cli command, which upgrades all the packages to F18 level and creates a special kernel level that will then finish the install after the second reboot. It took a while, so I let it run unattended. I put the debug log on partition sda5 in case anything went wrong.
#fedup-cli --reboot --network 18 --de
What could go wrong? Well, it turns out that fedup works by updating the Grub2 boot loader configuration, but my grub2 resides on sda1 partition instead, owned by my existing Edubuntu. The reboot did not give me the option to run the specialized kernel to finish the process.
Fixing this was a hot mess, but I managed to configure Grub2 on Fedora, and complete the upgrade and get everything working as before. However, even though it just came out last year, [F18 version is already out of support]! This means I get a second chance to do FedUp, this time to F19 release. Oh boy! Fun!
While the second time went smoother, the problem was that F19 doesn't seem to run well in 512MB of RAM, and chances are F20 won't either.
So what have I learned from this?
If you have any experience with Fedora or Sugar in the classroom, comment below!
Next week, thousands will convene in Las Vegas for [IBM Pulse 2014], an IBM conference that will focus on Cloud, Service and Storage Management.
To lead up to this event, my colleague Steve Wojtowecz, or 'Woj' as we like to call him, IBM VP of Storage and Network Management Software Development, has a five part series that is worth a read. Here are some excerpts:
For more insights into these predictions, attend [IBM Pulse 2014] in Las Vegas, next week, February 23-26.
Sadly, I won't be there in person. Although I helped launch the original IBM Pulse back in 2008, I have only been invited once to come back, and that was as a last minute replacement for another speaker in 2012. Unfortunately, I could not accept because of my [near-death experience].
Last month, my post [ IBM System Storage Announcements for January 2014] introduced the IBM FlashSystem 840. Last week, I had blog post [Fall in Love with IBM FlashSystem V840 Enterprise Performance Solution]. The similarity in names has raised some confusion.
The first, "Without V" is a 2U storage array that uses Flash to offer 90-135 microsecond latency. Here are some IBM Redbooks that provide guidance:
The second solution, "With V" (for Valentine's Day, of course) is a storage virtualization solution that not only contains the technology from the FlashSystem 840 above, but also borrows technology from our SAN Volume Controller to provide added functionality, like Real-time Compression, Remote Mirroring and Thin provisioning.
We don't have an IBM Redbook specifically yet for the V840, so for now, consider using the [Implementing FlashSystem 840 with SAN Volume Controller] solution guide to get you started.
(Update: Now available! [IBM FlashSystem V840 Enterprise Performance Solution - IBM Redbooks Product Guide])
To learn more about new IBM Redbooks as they get published, follow Burt Dufrasne and team on the [IBM System Storage Redbooks blog]!
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Well, it's Tuesday again, and you know what that means? IBM Announcements!
This week we also have [Valentine's day], so it is perfect time for you to fall in love with the new [IBM FlashSystem V840 Enterprise Performance Solution]! The "V" stands for Valentine.
From the photo, the marketing people staggered the various components to give it a stylized [Dagwood Sandwich] effect. I can assure you that these are just standard 19-inch rack components that fit into 6U of space in standard IT racks.
Starting top to bottom, we have the first FlashSystem V840 Control Enclosure, its 1U-high UPS, a second FlashSystem V840 Control Enclosure and its UPS, and finally a 2U-high FlashSystem V840 Storage Enclosure.
You can have up to a dozen Flash modules, either 2TB or 4TB size, for a maximum of 40TB usable RAID-protected capacity. These can be protected with AES 256-bit encryption. The FlashSystem modules are front-loaded, and slide in and out for easy maintenance.
The system is fully redundant and hot-swappable with concurrent code load to ensure high availability.
(Update: In the comments, readers thought that this was nothing more than just a two-node SVC with FlashSystem 840. There are differences, so I have added the following table.)
The system is fully VMware-certified, supporting VAAI interfaces, and an SRA for VMware's Site Recovery Manager (SRM). With Real-time Compression, you can get up to 80 percent capacity savings for workloads like Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI). That in effect gives you up to 5x (200TB) of virtual capacity in 6U of rack space!
You can either keep it as an All-Flash array, or you can virtualize external IBM and non-IBM disk systems, and use the Flash capacity in the Storage Enclosure for IBM's Easy Tier automated sub-volume tiering and data migration. With or without external storage, the FlashSystem V840 can provide local and remote mirroring and point-in-time copies.
Continuing my series on building a Desktop computer for a kindergarten class, I look at three other Linux systems mentioned in the article [Top 6 Linux Distributions for Children (Ages 2 and Up)].
(This series started with my post [Kindergarten desktop - The Challenge]. I have a 512MB RAM system with 40GB disk drive that I will install Linux and educational software for a class full of kindergarten children.
First, I re-partitioned the 40GB hard drive as follows. On the extended partition, sda5 will hold my system utilities, like Clonezilla and SystemRescue, and sda6 is my swap space. This gives me three primary partitions to install three flavors of Linux to try out.
The first was [LinuxKidX], which actually started out as a Portuguese-language effort in Brazil. It was then translated to the English language to extend its reach. It is based on the KDE desktop familiar to users of OpenSUSE Linux.
Many of the education software were similar or the same as those from Edubuntu I mentioned in my last post. However, not everything was translated, and unless you are able to read Portuguese, you may not want this one.
Next, I wanted to look at [Qimo for Kids], but first I had to look for the distribution, as the mirrors listed seemed to be unavailable. I was able to find an qimo
Unlike Edubuntu, Qimo fits on a CD-ROM for older PCs that may not have DVD drives. Based on lightweight XFCE desktop, the LiveCD runs comfortably in 512MB, with a kid-friendly app launcher at the bottom of the screen. However, Qimo 2.0 is based on Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) LTS, with long term support expiring this May 2013. The Firefox 3.6.3 was too old to run Gmail.
Why hasn't Qimo been enhanced since 2010? It looks like you can just install the packages qimo-session and qimo-wallpaper on newer levels of Ubuntu.
Third, I tried Foresight Linux for Kids 1.0 release. The most recent Foresight is 2.5.3, but Linux for Kids is still at the 1.0 level. The "installer" was very outdated, so the website suggested following the [power-user install HOWTO].
The HOWTO can be a bit intimidating, but I was able to install just fine in 512MB of RAM. Foresight detected I had pre-configured a swap space, and used that to help finish the install process.
Like the others, it had many of the same educational software as before. A key difference is the [Conary package management]. Most systems use either Debian (DEB) or Redhat Package Manager (RPM), but this one is different, and the use of Conary may reduce the number of software applications available.
So what have I learned from these?
If you have had any experience with any of these three distros, please comment below.
Well, it's Thursday again, and you know what that means? IBM Announcements!
(OK, OK, my long-time readers already know that [storage announcements are usually on Tuesdays], not Thursdays.
Here, then, is a quick review of the storage portion of today's announcements.
In other news, IBM had once again filed [the most U.S. Patents for the 21st year in a row], and our brothers and sisters over in server land introduced [the X6 architecture for x86 servers] for the System x and PureSystems product lines, optimized for Cloud and Analytics.
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Last week, in my post [IT Support for the Holidays], I mentioned that I was scrubbing computers in preparation to give them to charity. A local reader asked if I would be willing to donate one of the computers to her kindergarten class. She teaches a class of 20 kids, at the very same elementary school that I went to when I was that age.
So here is the beefiest machine of the set.
Make/Model: Sony PCV-RC850 Processor: 2.4GHz Intel 32-bit RAM: 512MB Hard disk: 40GB Removable media: CD/DVD-ROM and CD/DVD-RW Keyboard/mouse: standard PS/2 Sound: headphone jack Ethernet port: 100Mbps USB ports: two
IBM likes grand challenges, like [Deep Blue computer] to play chess against Grandmaster Garry Kasparov, and the [Watson computer] to play against two experts on the game show Jeopardy! My "Kidergarten Desktop" challenge is certainly on a smaller scale--to install software on this machine that will neet the following requirements
The 512MB is not enough to run Microsoft Windows 7, but certainly enough to run some flavors of Linux. Inspired by this review of [Top 6 Linux Distributions for Children], I thought I would give a few a spin.
Many of these have Live
I had already scrubbed the [Windows XP] and replaced with [Linux Mint 12 LXDE]. Can I just install the Edubuntu-desktop on Linux Mint? While Linux Mint is Ubuntu-based, it is not binary compatible, so I will need to install fresh.
The [Edubuntu] LiveDVD requires 1GB of memory to try out, so to get this installed, I used the "Alternate Ubuntu 12.04" installer DVD.
Why 12.04 release of Ubuntu? The current release is 13.10 will only be supported for 9 months, and in keeping with "Requirement #3 Minimal Maintenance", the [Edubuntu team recommends installing a Long Term Support (LTS) release], and 12.04.3 is the most recent LTS that will be supported through 2017.
Edubuntu recommends 20GB of disk space to run, so I have partitioned the 40GB drive as follows:
For this machine, I will have three users configured:
Ubuntu's [Alternate Installer] uses basic graphic mode that can run in 512MB, and once installed, I was then able to install the Edubuntu Desktop and both preschool and primary-level educational software, to account for all learning ability levels of the children.
admin-$ sudo bash admin-# apt-get install edubuntu-desktop admin-# apt-get install ubun
I am not a big fan of Ubuntu's "Unity" panel on the left, and was hoping that Edubuntu-desktop would remove it, but no luck. so I removed it manually.
This system does not boot USB files natively, and getting Grub2 boot loader to boot ISO files was more difficult than I imagined. I was able to extract the necessary files over to sda2 hard disk to get them to work. I took "Clonezilla" full system backups to a separate SSH server over my local subnet.
Well, that's my start. Any suggestions? Has anyone done this before? Please enter comments below.
Happy new year, everyone!
Are you looking for new storage for 2014? Time to replace that old gear on your IT floor?
The decisions you make about your IT infrastructure affect everything -- from database and business analytics to cloud and virtualization. That's why it's more important than ever to choose wisely.
If you are currently running on storage from HP, HDS, EMC or one of IBM's many other competitors, you might want to take a fresh new look at IBM storage which...
Next week, on January 16, senior IBM executives will share news about breakthrough technologies, featuring Intel® processors, that enhance Smarter Computing servers and storage.
(This webcast will be available worldwide. I, myself, will be in Winnipeg, Canada, freezing my [tuque] off!)
In this webcast, you will learn how to improve decision support and data processing for your mission-critical applications, drive higher performance on analytics and increase agility and flexibility through scalable solutions.
Here is the link to the [Registration Page].
Welcome back everyone! Were you the IT Support for your friends and family during the holidays?
Last year, in my infamous "Laptop for Grandma" blog post series, I discussed my week exploring various Linux distributions (aka "distros") to find one that would re-purpose Grandma's laptop into an MP3 player. Here is the entire series for your reference.
With Microsoft [dropping support for Windows XP this April], many people got new PCs for the holidays.
(Why not just upgrade to a newer version of Windows in place? Well, [Microsoft Windows 7 requires a minimum of 1GB of RAM, with 4GB recommended], and these old machines simply do not have enough memory. If the motherboard could support the hardware and software upgrades, the cost of Windows 7 license and 4GB of RAM might get into hundreds of dollars!)
So what happens to the old machines? They come to me, of course, with three requests:
I had six old machines to work on this year. Generally, I only get the towers, as most people keep their mouse, keyboard and monitor for their next machine.
For five of them, the process was fairly straightforward. First, I would boot up the system to see what it was running, typically Windows XP or Windows Vista, and simply transfer the "My Documents" folder to an external USB drive.
If the system doesn't boot on its own, perhaps because the OS is corrupted on the hard drive or infected by a virus, then I would boot a Linux-based LiveCD, such as my favorite [SystemRescueCD], and copy the data over to USB external drive that way.
(The shred tool is more thorough, but I prefer scrub for its ease-of-use. Its default National Nuclear Security Agency (NNSA) method writes over the entire disk four times with different random patterns of data.)
Third, I would do a fresh install of the now out-dated Linux Mint 12 LXDE from CD. Why Linux Mint 12 LXDE? I don't have to worry about any licensing issues with Linux. Linux Mint is the [fourth most widely used home operating system] in the world.
The latest version of Linux Mint is 16, and version 13 has Long Term Support through 2017, but version 12 is the last release small enough to fit on a 700MB CD for the old machines that cannot read the higher capacity DVD media.
Linux Mint comes with various graphical interfaces, but the Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment [LXDE] edition runs in as low as 256MB of memory, the minimum that Windows XP requires. Many newer operating systems expect 1GB or more. The machine is then ready to give to charity. Whomever gets it can certainly install a different OS if they prefer.
So, the process went smoothly for the first five, but the sixth machine gave me an interesting challenge. Here are the specs:
Operating System: Windows 98 Processor: AMD-K6 (Pentium II-class) 150 MHz RAM: 32MB Hard disk: 10GB Removable media: 3.5-inch floppy and CD-ROM drive Keyboard port: standard PS/2 mouse port: 6-pin DIN Ethernet NIC: 10Mb USB ports: none
Yikes! Windows 98? 32MB of RAM? Even a [Raspberry Pi] has more than this!
My keyboard fits, but my mouse doesn't, so I had to look up Windows 98 keyboard shortcuts to navigate the system. The age of the files indicates this machine was actively used from 1999 to 2005. While most people only keep a PC for 3-5 years, this hardware is 14 years old! It has been sitting in Judy's closet collecting dust the rest of the time.
Without USB port or CD burner, there were only two ways to get data off this system. First, was the 1.44MB floppy disk, and the second was through the Ethernet card. I was able to configure TCP/IP and connect via FTP back to my FTP server, allowing me to copy the files over.
Most of my LiveCDs that I tried just froze mid-boot without sufficient memory. Not even my SystemRescueCD would boot. I was able to use [Basic Linux BL3 version 3.5] which boots from two floppy diskettes and requires only 12MB of RAM.
Basic Linux has neither shred nor scrub utilities, so I used old school "dd" command, which was painfully slow.
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/hda1
While this was not as secure as NNSA, Department of Defense (DoD), or Guttman methods of erasure, I figured it was good enough for a 14-year old machine that had not been used since 2005.
While BL3 includes an install-to-hd script to copy the files over to the hard drive, I could not get LILO to boot natively from /dev/hda1. So, I switched to booting from Damn Small Linux [DSL] LiveCD. Using the "dsl 2" boot cheat code, I was able to boot directly to a superuser text-based prompt, allowing me to create two partitions, a 128MB swap and the rest for an ext2 file system.
DSL only requires 8MB of RAM, but having the extra 128MB swap ensures success. I was able to install DSL on the hard drive, fix up lilo.conf, and boot directly from it.
What a great way to start a new year! Happy New Year everyone!
Are you trying to find the right way to explain Storage Management concepts to your friends and family at the next holiday cocktail party?
One of my readers made the following request:
I had mentioned this video in my 2007 blog post [Re-arranging the Sock Drawer], so I felt I needed to at least make an effort to track it down.
As it turns out, the IBM sales executive in the video, Charles "C.D." Larson, now works for another company (Hitachi Data Systems). Thanks to social media, I was able get in contact with him, and he sent me a copy of this 1989 video, and granted me permission to post it on YouTube.
To put it on YouTube, I had to convert the VOB file to something YouTube could understand. Since I run Linux, I was able to use the [ffmpeg] utility to do this. The result is now an [18-minute video], uploaded for all to enjoy.
The concepts discussed back then still apply today. Yes, we still have DFSMS for the mainframe mentioned in the video, but we also have extended these concepts to the Active Cloud Engine in the SONAS and Storwize V7000 Unified, as well as the hieararchy management included in the Linear Tape File System (LTFS) Enterprise Edition (LTFS-EE) solutions.
Happy Winter Solstice, or whatever holiday you may choose to celebrate this season!