IBM Celebrates 50th Anniversary of Moon Landing
Last week marked the 50th anniversary of landing a human on the moon. Over 4,000 IBM employees were involved. So much has been written about this, that I thought it would be better to point you to some articles and interviews I found of interest.
(While most people focus on the single day, July 20, when Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin stepped foot on the moon, the entire journey lasted a week, from take off July 16, to splash down on July 24.)
The [Apollo missions were highlighted during IBM's Centennial Anniversary] in 2011. Here is an excerpt:
"The Real-Time Computer Complex (RTCC) in Houston, Texas, was an IBM computing and data processing system at NASA’s Manned Spacecraft Center—now called the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center—that collected, processed and sent to Mission Control information to direct every phase of an Apollo mission. The RTCC was so fast, there was virtually no time between receiving and solving a computing problem. Initially, IBM 7094-11 computers were used in the RTCC. Later, IBM System/360 Model 75J mainframes, and peripheral storage and processing equipment were used."
Those peripheral storage were IBM tape and disk systems, of course. IBM Tape systems were developed in 1952, and disk systems in 1956, in time to be used for the Apollo missions.
Jason Perlow has a great series on the Apollo missions. His post, titled To the Moon: IBM and Univac, Apollo 11's integrators] focuses on IBM's contribution. Here are some excerpts:
"As a system integrator, IBM's involvement in the Apollo program was extensive. No other vendor, Boeing included, touched virtually aspect of the Apollo program.
NPR commemorated [The 50th Anniversary Of Apollo 11's Moon Landing] on their "Fresh Air" radio program. This radio program includes previously recorded interviews with:
As I mentioned in my infamous blog post [ IBM Watson -- How to replicate Watson hardware and systems design for your own use in your basement], you can build your own [Apollo Guidance Computer].
Real-time images from the moon were sent in 10-f
Years later, Gary George, a NASA intern, would purchase a whole bunch of surplus video tapes for just $218 dollars, which included three of the video tapes from Houston of the Apollo 11 landing. Today, they happen to be the only remaining recordings of the event, and [were sold last week for $1.82 Million dollars at Sotheby's auction!
This whole episode exposes the [Digital Dark Age]. Created on perishable plastic, film decays within years if not properly stored. According to [National Film Preservation Foundation], the losses are high. The Library of Congress has documented that only 20 percent of U.S. feature films from the 1910s and 1920s survive in complete form in American archives; of the American features produced before 1950, about half still exist.
To learn more on IBM's impressive capabilities to pull of projects like this, or just how to store data for long term retention, attend one of the [IBM Systems Technical University] events we have coming up in Bangkok, Sao Paulo, Johannesburg, Las Vegas, Sydney, and Prague.