Industry Solutions and Tivoli
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ 2,419 Visits
IT defense-in-depth security design principles state that one gets better security enforcement when an entity is protected by not just one layer or one component, but by multiple, diverse mechanisms. These and many other IT security principles (such as segmentation of network zones, least privileges) are covered by IT security standards ISO 27002:2005 and ISO 15408. They cover areas such as trusted and consistent identities, authentication and access control, information flow control, audit and compliance and business and IT resiliency. Any energy and utility organization will need to build upon these same principles and objectives for their corporate business and IT infrastructures.[Read More]
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ Tags:  security virtulization cloud 2.0 web computing cyber 2,365 Visits
Today, at the RSA Conference, IBM announced new security products and services, in response to recent studies from the IBM X-Force security research group revealing that criminal organizations around the globe are developing new attack techniques with alarming speed.
Today’s WSJ reported cyber attacks in the pentagon’s $300B Joint Strike Fighter project and the Air Force’s air traffic control system. The F35 Lightning II fighter program reportedly lost several TB of data (1 terabyte (TB) equals 1000000000000 bytes )related to design and electronics systems used for defense of the plane.
Today’s engineering projects are increasingly deploying more collaborative business models to drive innovation and cycle time. They take advantage of new infrastructures like cloud computing, virtualization and Web 2.0 which provide great advantage but also introduce new risk.
We have been developing an aviation solution that addresses some of the contributing problems in the Air France event. Our solution is call Advanced Aerospace Solution Environment or AASE.The AASE was designed to send and receive real-time flight data from the engines, airframe, and other sensors on the aircraft during in-flight operation to ground operations. When one of the many sensors detects a fault, the information about the fault and other related data is sent real-time to the ground central system and recorded. This process also kicks-off a work flow process to have the problem investigated and replaced if needed when the aircraft lands at its destination.
According to media reports, the issue may have been caused by a air speed sensor reporting incorrect information - an event the AASE solution could have detected and addressed.
Right now the FAA and other foreign agencies are trying to locate the "Black Box" flight recorder to help determine the exact cause. Although the AASE solution does not capture the pilots communication and all the second by second sensor data, it could help with information on critical sensors where faults have occurred. This additional information could help crash investigators determine the cause in the event the black box is not found or damaged. It could also shed light on the maintenance history and the frequency the part in question may have been a problem and not replaced.[Read More]
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ 2,343 Visits
Today the WSJ reported that 'Cyberspies have penetrated the U.S. electrical grid and left behind software programs that could be used to disrupt the system, according to current and former national-security officials.The spies came from China, Russia and other countries, these officials said, and were believed to be on a mission to navigate the U.S. electrical system and its controls...The espionage appeared pervasive across the U.S. and doesn't target a particular company or region, said a former Department of Homeland Security official...'
Protecting the nation's electrical grid is a key part of Obama's cybersecurity review. According to the results of a recent NERC survey, Michael Assante, VP and CSO, of NERC(North American Electric Reliability Corporation), raised the concern about the identification of critical assets and the associated Critical Cyber Assets which could be used to manipulate them.
The need is to identify and prioritize grid critical assets according to their relative importance to the infrastructure and then put the appropriate risk mitigation plans in place against these assets.
Current risk mitigation is organized more around single point of conventional failure rather than the type of cyber malware reported by the WSJ. We do,however, have technology available today that we can leverage. We can start with a focus on the intelligent application of tools that have been battle tested on the 'IT Grid' to the Electric Gridwhich can yield much if we can gain better visibility to the prioritized set of critical grid assets that must be protected.
One year ago, today, we acquired Encentuate, Inc. The team from Singapore and Redwood City, California brought best of class Single Sign-On technology to our security portfolio, which provides the ability to log in to internal applications, databases and other corporate systems with just one identity. This is one of the award winning technologies that serve as a building block for our Tivoli industry solutions. Happy Birtday Encentuate![Read More]
Some observations that lead me to believe that the airlines can do a better job managing the lifecycle, maintenance, and engineering changes...something our industry solutions addresses. I blogged about this in the past... Remember American Airlines (and others) having to ground their fleet to rush changes or risk compliance penalties?
Let's start with 2 observations:
1) Air France and Airbus apparently couldn't agree on what the maintenance changes should be
2) Airbus was forced to make changes to the pilots manual
The agency said the A330 had sent out 24 error messages in four minutes including one indicating a discrepancy in speed data. It said similar problems had happened before.
Air France said it had first noticed in May 2008 that ice in the sensors was causing lost data in planes like the A330, but that it failed to agree with Airbus on steps to take.
According to Air France, Airbus offered to carry out an in-flight test on new sensors this year but the airline decided to go ahead and started changing them anyway from April 27. It did not say whether the crashed plane had the new sensors but its last maintenance hangar visit was on April 16.
Some of the A330s 50 or so other operators defended the plane's safety record at an airlines meeting in Kuala Lumpur on Sunday, saying the crash was an isolated incident.
Airbus has faced problems with the speed sensors dating to at least 2001, forcing changes in equipment as well as the pilot's flight manual, according to online filings.
In 2001, France reported several cases of sudden fluctuation of A330 or A340 airspeed data during severe icing conditions and Airbus was ordered to change the cockpit manual, according to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration.
It is still early days, and we have to wait for final analysis but I believe there is room for improvement, given the data we have and the airlines should make steps towards improvement immediately to address these problems.[Read More]
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ Tags:  smarter planet solutions industry coumputing cloud 2,269 Visits
Recently Judy Collins appeared at our local bookshop in Rhinebeck, NY that we frequently visit to promote a children's book. Gosh, how time flies! It was just yesterday that we were wearing out her LPs in the college dorms. One of my favorite Judy Colllins song was 'Both sides Now' which contains the line ' I've looked at clouds from both sides now, from win and lose , and still somehow, it's clouds illusions I recall...' So what are the real benefits of cloud? And what is just an illusion? Here are some cloud musings based on my experience in industry solutions for a smarter planet:
How can cloud be used in development for industry oriented applications?
Cloud computing can be used in development for intense simulations of assembly operations. These are the complex simulations of whole systems, as opposed to a single pump for example. Simulations generally require HPC (high performance computing) that can be cost prohibitive for anyone except the largest enterprises. One example is System Verification Management for the Electronic Design Automation Industry. Systems verification is the testing of integrated circuit hardware and embedded software to identify defects. Coverage verification is a type of systems verification using random testing of a chip design simulated in software. Because software simulations run extremely slowcompared to actual hardware, enough tests can never be run to completely verify a chip design. Therefore critical functions are chosen to be “covered” by simulation testing. Modern chip complexity is driving manufacturers to coverage verification to vet design before it hits the expensive silicon and to speed time to market. In fact, Coverage verification simulations approaching 1 million per day on an High Performance Computing (HPC) environment are now becoming the norm. The HPC environment must be utilized and maintained to the maximum extent possible to achieve quickest time to market and that can be achieved efficiently using cloud computing.
Another example is smart grid. One focus for smart grid is demand management or the ability, during brown outs for example, to dynamically deallocate power to nonessential devices like pool pumps and allocate power to schools, hospitals, or certain appliances in your home. This requires visibility up and down the chain of delivery to determine where and how the power is being used and whether its delivery is as efficient as possible. Dealing with a range of variable and unpredictable outages requires the ability to dynamically allocate the compute resources for the task and we have found cloud to be an efficient way to manage a smart grid.
And what about smarter cities? The city of Wuxi in southeastern China, developed a "cloud services factory" to provide computing resources to local companies. Software developers can access new resources in minutes, and new businesses can hit the ground running. Wuxi now has the potential to provide services to hundreds of small and medpium-sized companies, which represent the future of a city that sees itself as an engine for growth.
Are there economic, cultural or other trends that are driving the adoption of cloud computing?
Today, more than ever, the need to drive down the cost of computing while being fully prepared for variable and peak workloads. In addition, if a cloud can handle a mulit-tenent environment with 15, 50, 500 customers all with dynamic processing on the same infrastructure, and same support (monitoring, backup/restore) cost has to decrease due to economy of scale.
I think that the tough economy has definitely spurred interest in cost cutting measures and efficiency; but, I think the real drivers are the emergence and acceptance of virtualization and Service Oriented Architecture in companies. Companies are becoming more technically astute and see the advantages of subscribing to Web Services, applications, storage and services like SPAM filtering in a cloud. In addition, because many people's workstations are now on their phones, pda's and netbooks, it makes more sense to host the operating systems, applications and data on virtual servers in a cloud.
Another factor driving adoption is the need to stay competitive in today's markets. For most business the ability to deliver more applications and services without adding fixed costs helps improve focus on core business competencies. ie: Improve time to market, Increase Business Flexibility and shift from Fixed to Variable Costs. Also, the ability to monitor costs.
What are some of the perceptions or barriers that need to be overcome for cloud computing to gain the widest possible acceptance?
Perception of the lack of bulletproof Reliability,Performance and Security & Privacy. Performance concerns exist about throughput because computing is off-site. Concern exists that data will be secure from competitors eyes in a public cloud.
It’s clear that a variety of security technologies, processes, procedures, laws, and trust models are required to secure the cloud. There is no silver bullet for securing the cloud but who better than IBM with a full breadth and depth of solutions and services enable organizations to take a business-driven, holistic approach to securing the cloud. IBM capabilities empower organizations to dynamically monitor and quantify security risks, to better understand threats and vulnerabilities in terms of business impact, to better respond to security events with security controls that optimize business results, and to better prioritize and balance their security investments.
How will IT change over the next five years or so, because of the influence of cloud computing?
I think IT technologies will more and more be applied to real world (non-IT) assets as we transform utilities, transport, healthcare, buidlings, and cities to a smarter version. This will be made possible in many instances by the power of cloud computing.
An example of a specific opportunity is in the area of storage. As the world becomes smarter and, we are collecting more and more data, and storage requirements are skyrocketing. Today we are approaching a trillion connected sensors that are enabling smarter planet plays such as smarter transportation and smarter healthcare. Being able to farm out the management of the storage devices to experts and pay for what is actually used is already becoming very compelling.
I think 5 years from now we will see much of smarter planet plays being realized and powered by clouds. It will not be clouds illusions we recall but real leverage and value for our industry solutions.
This morning I walked along a stone wall circling a hill as far as I could see. To my right was an expanse of green fields, bordered by forests that framed the horizon. The path I took this morning was well traveled. It was, in fact, along an aisle of the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center. Many famous scientists, dignitaries, and world leaders have walked these halls of local field stone and uninterrupted glass.
Architected by Eero Saarinen over a half century ago, this iconic structure is still the vibrant epicenter of the world’s largest industrial research organization. Throughout the last five decades, this building has facilitated famous achievements and longstanding worldwide patent leadership. Saarinen believed that some of our best thinking is done with nature as our inspiration. His design embraces the forested landscape and natural stone with bold and sweeping lines that infer the endless possibilities of the human mind. I settled into one of his womb chairs in the library looking across a floating stone table into the green pasture to capture my thoughts for this article on paper.
The TJ Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York. It has played a lead pioneering role in the evolution of IBM, but, like its location, maintains some distance from the day-to-day operational units. Its shepherding, however, is felt around the world with extended research facilities that have embraced the growing global nature of our business.
The building and much of its furnishing, including the chair I am sitting on, have remained relatively intact for the last five decades, which is significant given the transformation of the IBM corporation since this building’s capstone was put in place on April 25th, 1961.
That transformation has affected everything within and without the structure itself while the foundational beliefs of IBM, like the very foundation of this building, remain intact.
The building houses a vast collection of tools and laboratories for close to six hundred PhD’s who work here. A formidable supply of electrical power as well as over 15,000 different chemicals and toxic gases are available. There is also an on-site nitrogen-generation plant, a helium-delivery system, an oxygen system, and a wastewater-treatment plant.
How does a building, designed before the IBM 360 system, keep up with the demands of bleeding edge science? I took a trip into the almost Harry Potter-like world of this building to find out.
Between the numbered corridors and hidden behind almost-invisible locked doors, another surprise awaited – the utility cores that efficiently provide water and gases to the building’s many laboratories. This core is a long and narrow alley with all manner of conduits and supply feeds. Who could possibly work in such a space? Apparently there is a wizard called ‘the plumber’ who has been tinkering in these spaces for longer than anyone in the building can remember.
Behind the back of the building, I went through an accordion-style access gate and down a set of steel steps into multiple large rooms that were filled with massive equipment. The vibrations, temperature, and sounds of these rooms let you know you are in the heart of the building.
It’s hard to appreciate boilers, chillers, condensers, fuel tanks, and electric stations until you stand next to (or under) them. Back in the days of punched cards and magnetic core memory, the chillers in this building were powered by steam and massive amounts of air exhaust were drawn out of the building by belt fans. The speed of the fans was adjusted by using different belts, each of which was changed by hand. Waste was pulled from the building from large skips on a daily basis.
Today the science and tools, which IBM is using for smarter planet offerings, are also transforming buildings like this that we live and work in. Manual controls and gauges have largely been replaced with digital switches and smart sensors. Energy management, sustainability, grey water applications, and carbon foot printing have supplanted prior practices that were based on the idea of unlimited resource. Recycling at this site has reduced waste to the point that only one container for two weeks is all that’s needed.
It takes good architectural “bones” to accommodate such change with only minor surgery. Today boilers are run far more efficiently and chiller towers are able to operate 3000 hours a year on free-air cooling. Research staff are working to further increase the efficiency of free-air usage by using the BlueGene supercomputer for weather prediction, while solar experiments are conducted on the building grounds. Facility engineers have developed and acquired software to run every aspect of the building inside control rooms that resemble computer-driven command centers.
IBM’s new smarter building solution leverages the experience gained from managing buildings like this one. Coupled with the IBM software stack, building management business partners, and global services, IBM is well poised to continue this advance for the next 100 years. Operations, space, and energy management are combining into one holistic, highly automated system. Building data feeds are being aggregated, filtered, and correlated to produce work orders and actions based on policies and rules that are programmed into the system. Data from the buildings is being captured in databases for analytics and mash-ups for different role-based dashboards.
Smarter buildings will be holistically managed and optimized to integrate well with other buildings, and with smarter systems like smart grid and smart water. They leverage technology and processes to create a safer, more productive, operationally efficient building that is also environmentally responsible for the planet.
The very science and research that the TJ Watson Research Center was designed to inspire and faithfully deliver over the last 50 years is now being leveraged to make this building smarter. In turn, the smarter this building becomes, the better job it will do facilitating the pioneering work which is conducted that has been a hallmark of the IBM Corporation.
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ Tags:  buildings penn smarter initiative" energy innovation obama "better 2,116 Visits
Today I had the honor of meeting President Obama and shaking his hand!
The President was at Penn State to provide more detail on the State of the Union plan to "Win the Future" through energy efficiency. (see my last blog entry which I wrote before I was informed I would go to this meeting with the President) He first toured some of the smarter building work in the Penn State Labs and then moved to the U Penn rec. center to address a larger crowd of professors, students, and business leaders.
President Obama announced his "Better Buildings Initiative" with a goal to improve energy efficiency by 20%. He mentioned the importance of Penn State as one the 3 energy HUB projects in the country to provide innovative smarter building leadership. He called out IBM as an important part of this project. That made us feel pretty damn proud!
Some of my favorite quotes from today: “ Show us your ideas, we’ll show you the money “ “ We will fund this by diverting funding that is currently given to the major oil companies …they are doing just fine on their own” “Smarter Buildings may not be as sexy as some other green projects your hear about but they are most important given they contribute 40% of the carbon emissions in our country” “ Study and create solutions as if the country depends on it…(pause for effect)...because it does! ”
Here are the high level actions:
New tax incentives for building efficiency
· More financing opportunities for commercial retrofits
· “Race to Green” for state and municipal governments that streamline regulations and attract private investment for retrofit projects
· The Better Buildings Challenge
· Training the next generation of commercial building technology workers
Today the SecureStore framework from IBM was announced...a new solution to help retailers reduce losses caused each year by physical theft, electronic data breaches and compliance violations.
According to a 2008 National Retail Federation Organized Retail Crime Survey, 85 percent of retailers surveyed indicated they had been victims of organized retail crime in the last 12 months! That translates to $30 billion in losses per year, according to the FBI.
The SecureStore framework is a converged security and compliance framework for protecting against online and physical risks that can help retailers reduce losses from theft, prevent brand and financial damage from data breaches and help reduce the cost and complexity of complying with PCI and other regulations.
We were part of the SecureStore team that insured that the right features from the Tivoli portfolio were leveraged. For example, among the many features, SecureStore pulls together security offerings from ISS, Rational and Tivoli product line to help protect databases and applications from network-based threats. That means less work, less loss, and more value for our customers.
By now you have probably heard that Ounce Labs was acquired by the Rational software division as part of IBM's cyber security solution build-out. This is great technology to insure software development and existing software is not the weakest link in the chain in our smarter planet projects.
For example, let's consider the 1,2,3's of how Ounce can help us in our work to secure the smart grid:
1) One of the key components of the Smart Grid is software
2) 99% of the software that powers energy-related applications and devices has been written with no attention to secure coding principles; hence, it is quite susceptible to attack
3) IBM/Ounce tools quickly scan large amounts of software to identify and help fix the most severe vulnerabilities in software
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ 1,990 Visits
When seconds count, public safety officials rely on communication via private mobile radio and mobile devices...and Tivoli Netcool software is behind the scenes managing the vital signs of the communications network, not only making sure the network is up and running, but proactively monitoring to prevent any network outages from occurring.
IBM Tivoli Netcool software is used by more than 1,000 service providers world-side to manage service quality and reduce operational costs and time to market. We are also helping service providers address emerging opportunities in next-generation network transformation, fixed/mobile convergence, and IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) deployment.
EADS Defence & Security -- a systems solutions provider for armed forces and civil security worldwide -- recently signed a deal with IBM to embed IBM Tivoli Netcool software into the EADS service management platform for multi-technology PMR (private mobile radio) solutions, which include TETRA, TETRAPOL and P25 radio networks, IP core, transmission equipments and application platforms.
How can you take advantage of this capability along with a growing number of partners embedding IBM middleware into their own products to deliver richer solutions at a lower cost? An easy way to do this is by 'OEMing'
A significant part of our growth strategy with our software business are OEM (original equipment manufacturing) agreements, through which you can embed IBM software inside your products to develop new solutions to better meet specific customer needs. IBM's software OEM strategy offers a non-traditional approach to generating revenue for both ISVs as well as IBM.
When seconds count, make sure you have the right technology in place![Read More]
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ Tags:  waste energy buildings smarter sustainability planet water 1 Comment 1,845 Visits
Last week, after a less than satisfying shower from a hotel showerhead fitted with too many flow restrictors, I watched a breaking story about a water main rupture that sent tens of thousands of gallons across a Bronx neighborhood affecting over 500 homes and businesses. According to the New York City Department of Environmental Protection, Cas Holloway, there was still no explanation for the break. This is an event that happens too often. Recent advances in linear asset sensor technology can detect pipe deterioration from variances in vibration in the pressurized pipes. Deployment of these wireless sensors coupled with real time monitoring can help us predict and prevent such massive failures.
Today we have a huge opportunity to apply IT and
communication technology to provide deeper insight on how we manage and
maintain energy and water. In the US alone there are
over 5 million buildings that have a combined energy cost of over 200 billion
and account for over 40% of the country’s green house gas emissions. It has
been estimated 30-50% of that energy and water is used inefficiently or wasted.
Focusing solely on alternative energy sources like solar, wind, or geothermal or energy intensive desalination of water as the answer is not only avoiding the root problem but is finding new ways to feed inefficient practices. Don’t get me wrong, I’m all for alternative renewable energy or new breakthroughs in water sourcing, but my point is we should first take a deep look at how we waste energy and water to insure we are being as efficient as possible. Today, there is a huge opportunity to eliminate wasteful practices while making our utilities more efficient.
IBM is a good example of many companies today that have been searching relentlessly for efficiency gains. In just the last 2-3 years, IBM was able to discover ways to conserve 523,000 megawatt hours of electricity, enough to power 47,000 average U.S. homes for a year! And we believe we can eliminate as much as 1.1 million megawatt hours of energy consumption by the end of 2012. See press release.
IBM started back in the 90’s with lighting, windows, and
insulation. (for eg: CFLs, efficient
windows, proper sealing and insulation) We
focused on space management, open offices, telecommuting, and teleconferencing
as well as waste management, supply chain management, and e-waste management.
Fast forward back to 2011 and, if you have done the
obvious, where do you go for the next turn of the crank? Enter the world of IBM Smarter Planet. IBM
is deploying its Smarter Building technologies
to drive energy efficiency to the next
level across IBM’s global portfolio of buildings. Though the use of data
monitoring and analytics, we are leveraging “plug-in” analytics to collect
sensor and operating data for analyzing both individual events and system
trends. This information is then used to optimize building energy use. Many
other companies are also working with IBM’s Intelligent Building Management to
see what efficiencies they can gain from the more holistic building
‘whispering’ enabled by insight derived from real time monitoring of building
sensors and advanced analytics.
This represents ‘a new way to think about how we manage buildings’, according to our own site operations team who has been deploying IBM Intelligent building management. As with any transformational journey, one should start by going after the worst practices, the worst performers, and the low cost opportunities (which smart sensors and software can help you identify and prioritize. AOL Energy just published my top ten list of ways we waste energy and water in buildings. Let’s explore a couple of these in depth.
1) Simultaneous heating and cooling. For example, stores that prop their doors
open with the AC on max. This is reportedly even happening in energy challenged Tokyo this summer. Opening doors with the AC on can use as much
as 25 percent more electricity. Software can detect, alert, and report on such
conditions. In New York City this problem is so pervasive
that a law was passed to keep doors shut when the AC is on (which most shops still ignore.) Did you know that revolving doors, like those at IBM HQ and MIT, can save 85% more energy than swing doors ? Ever sit in a windowed office with the sun
streaming in? It can get very hot. Most buildings today have to cool down south
side facing space and heat interior and north side space, simultaneously. Overcooled offices even result in people
having to resort to space heaters to stay warm. Investing in passive solar
design, building orientation, landscaping, window coatings and overhangs can
help but the latest technology of thermal mapping provides greater
visualization of where hot and cold spot actually are (and why) in order to
adjust airflow for more even dissipation.
It is even difficult to take advantage of those first cool autumn days
in these beautiful glass buildings with windows that don’t open! We
have created virtual ‘green houses’ that heat up from the sun even when it is
cool outside and thus need AC because there is no mechanism in place to bring
in the outside air. IBM implemented 16 free air cooling projects, which utilize
the temperature of the outside air rather than chiller systems to cool water,
saving more than 16,000 MWh of electricity use. Ok, now that we have shut the doors and
windows (or virtually ‘opened’ windows on a cool day) let’s look at some more hidden and pervasive reasons
for simultaneous heating and cooling that can be detected and prevented by
IBM’s Intelligent Building Management.
These include dampers left open or out of adjustment, sensors out of
adjustment, units inadvertently left in override, independent uncoordinated
thermostats, discharge set points not properly adjusted for seasonal shifts, or
just incorrectly maintained equipment. Real time monitoring for these
conditions and applying rule based management systems have already resulted in significant efficiency gains in one of our biggest energy using plants. And we expect the maintenance bill to
also drop by the same percentage which is an added bonus.
2) Heating, cooling, and lighting unoccupied or
underutilized space. Motion detection,
timers, carbon dioxide monitoring, RFID, and security scanners are technologies
that can be leveraged more intelligently to match lighting and temperature with
the actual presence and concentration of humans. HVAC and lighting systems are
often found running beyond the scheduled operating hours like when someone manually
overrides set points or adjusts the schedule and doesn't restore it back to the
normal operating schedule. Set points are not always adjusted as the mission of
the building changes. Software that can perform near real time analytical forecasting
of use can help manage proactively instead of reactively and drive real
savings. This includes improving your
ratio of people to space.
3) Lighting. Many
spaces have all the lights on during the day even when the sunlight is more
than sufficient for the task. Ambient
lighting by harvesting daylight should be tied to the task of each particular workplace
and dynamically adjusted with control systems. Look for areas where you can
decrease lighting without compromising performance and consider task specific
lighting instead of lighting up an entire room or space. It is interesting to
note that today there is nearly 400 times as much artificial lighting in buildings than there was a century ago—and research is showing that the
standards of even ten (10) years ago put more light than we need in offices.
4) Water. Sprinklers that use ‘dumb’ timers turn on while it is raining or when the sun is directly overhead and the evaporation rate is at a high point of the day. Potable water is used for flushing toilets and watering landscapes. Most people think of water and energy as separate but in fact they are inextricably linked. The California Energy Commission has documented that 19% of the state’s electric energy load is related to the pumping, treatment and distribution of drinking water and the collection and treatment of wastewater. On the other hand hydroelectric power, a major source of California's electricity, provides substantially less than 19% percent of the state’s electricity. So the state’s 400 hydro electric plants (14,000 MW) are insufficient to transport water to and from the state’s cities and buildings. Not even a wash! Again we need to take a closer look at how we are using water. Studies show that we easily waste as much as 50% of the water in buildings. Water efficiency programs can vastly reduce the use of energy to pump, treat, and pressurize water and increasing water efficiency can forestall the need for energy required for intensive new water supply development.
Rain water (naturally distilled, evaporated, and condensed) is mostly lost on buildings and their impervious parking lots. This wash-off transports fertilizer, oil, and other contaminants into our waterways. ( IBM is helping San Jose, California, monitor 30,000 storm drains that empty into 136 miles of creeks and streams.) Solutions such as pervious parking pavers and rain water collection systems are economical and a great environmental choice. In the past year IBM has built a rainwater collection system in North Carolina which generates non-potable water to be used in the facility. With the annual rainfall in Raleigh averaging around 41 inches, a 160,000 square foot roof area can collect approximately 3.5 million gallons per year which can then be used for landscaping and toilet flushing. In Burlington Vermont, IBM was able to cut the purified water bill in half with a water management initiative that includes a data-rich system for managing all of the water used in the plant. Recycling gray water for landscaping and flushing should also be part of the plan.
I have provided just a few examples of where do start leveraging technology to drive more efficient delivery and use of our precious resources. The need for efficiency is clear. By 2025, buildings will be the #1 consumer of energy. Up to 50% of energy and water in buildings are often wasted. Real estate is the 2nd largest expense on the income statement. The good news is the benefits from improving building efficiency are real. Energy usage can be reduced by up to 40% and the associated maintenance cost by 10-30%. Studies have shown that more efficient, smarter buildings have higher occupancy rates and higher productivity. The majorities of today’s workforce not only appreciates but are willing to contribute to energy and water efficiency programs. We can change by managing our buildings in a smarter way. Many of the ideas can be implemented at a very low cost with an excellent payback and return on investment. The great news is we are capturing all of these lessons and implementing them in a set of preconfigured rules in our IBM Intelligent Building Management that is now externally available. This solution takes a holistic approach always considering the interactions among all system components.
This is only a start and there is much to be done. Collaborative innovation can help us to transform smarter, quicker, and more effectively. Working together to make this happen is key.
12 Breakout Sessions with a focus on key Industries: Banking, Utilities, Retail, DefenseCommunication Service ProvidersAerospace, Automotive, Chem & Petroleum, andElectronics. Customer speakers include: Bank of Tokyo, Harley Davidson, Ricoh, Cobb EMC, Telecom Italia, US Centcom, Casas Bahia
And that's not all check out the Demo zone ( ISM for your industry ) on the expo floor
Numerous Industry focused Roundtable Luncheons
and our new ISM for your industry web site where you will find our most recent publications
Today, more than ever, the top priority is to figure out ways to preserve capital and cut operational expenses.
DavidBBartlett 0600017MDJ Tags:  ibm smarter_building state_of_the_union innovation tivoli obama energy 1,759 Visits
In last night’s State of the Union address, President Obama set a goal of reducing dependence on polluting fuels over the next quarter century. In the U.S., buildings account for 40% of our total energy use, and by 2023, will be the top emitter of carbon dioxide. In IBM's strategic initiative to make buildings “smarter” we have found a significant opportunity to improve energy usage and building performance. Leveraging existing IT and communication technology, we have developed a way to wire into building management systems to drive end to end analytics and real time improvements. The results have shown up to a 200% return on investment. Utilizing this technology in one of our highest energy consuming manufacturing sites we created an 8% reduction in energy on top of the 6% reduction already being driven through energy improvement programs. That’s a 14% total year over year reduction!
President Obama also said that we need to out-innovate and out-build the rest of the world. He stressed the need for cutting edge initiatives in areas such as innovation and infrastructure. Making our new and existing buildings smarter is a great opportunity to do this. Innovation in building management not only makes them greener, it makes them more efficient and reducing building maintenance costs is key to making companies more profitable.. Innovation for smarter buildings includes a range of leading initiatives from analytics to smarter sensor technologies and related algorithms.
Leadership in this area will require a new set of skills that combine building facility management with IT management. This is driven by the convergence of digital and physical advances in the building space. Opportunities for these new skills and new roles are already being embraced by top universities as they create new cross-discipline majors. Tulane University is a great example as they work to rebuild not only the campus and city that was devastated by Katrina, but also the degree programs that will be relevant as we move forward and respond to the kind of call to action that Obama outlined. Tulane is working to combine engineering and life sciences in new ways and rise to the challenge of reinventing their school of architecture to include smarter building management.
The challenge is clear but the good news is so is the answer. We can get started today to rebuild our cities and communities, one smarter building at a time. We can accelerate this with new skills and roles for our workforce and show real leadership in the world.