have all seen the marketing ads:smarter health care, smarter traffic, smarter cities…On the one hand it's a cool marketing campaign, but it also speaks to desperately needed solutions in our world that has so many challenges.Personal expenditures on health care push millions below the poverty line each
year.1 in 5 people in the world do not have access to safe drinking water. Congested roadways in the US alone are
responsbile for 4.2 billion lost hours of productivity and 2.9 billion gallons of wasted fuel. But hold on, buildings, if uncorrected, will, by 2025, use more energy than any other category of "consumer!"
The work my black belt team of architects does, plays a key role in these Smarter plays. We have software frameworks for each smarter planet solution that provide architectural and
standards based guidance.These frameworks provide for a consistent, scalable , and repeatable
approach.Frameworks like Health
Integration Framework for smarter health care, or Solution Architecture for Energy
(SAFE) for smarter grids…
what does smarter really mean and how is Tivoli relevant?
now have the ability to measure, sense and monitor the condition of almost
everything. In this last decade, we have rapidly reached a tipping point, if you
will, of the proliferation of technology needed to do this and at the right
performance and price point.Have you have
heard the commercial' "it is , do you know where your children are? "
Well now it is 2010 and If you don’t know where they are , get a GPS tracker, they are inexpensive, prolific, and they work really well;)
is now a billion transistors for every human being on the planet.
Sensors are being embedded everywhere—across entire ecosystems—supply-chains,
health care networks, cities… even in livestock and natural systems like rivers. There
are 30 billion RFID tags already embedded into our world , and 85% of new
automobiles now contain event data records.
So what does smarter really mean?
leverages this instrumentation, these sensors, integrates, correlates, and
enriches it, and makes intelligent use of it. Smarter enables an industry's line of business to sense &
respond to opportunities and risks in ‘real time.’Smarter is a result of business process
management, event processing & business optimization capabilities…So you
can see why I might sayTivoli is the HEART of SMART.
is not just about managing IT anymore, it is about managing the world and we
have the technology to do it. Probing, Monitoring, event enrichment, asset
management, storage, secure access, dashboard views…these are the key . Oh yeah, and you need to scale to millions of end points and 10’s of millions ofevents and make sense of it in a timely
Ok ,so if TivoliIS the heart of smart what about an example?
Let's talk about Smarter Buildings. (Something you will hear more about this week at the global Pulse event in Las Vegas.)
The SmarterBuilding solution architecture
leverages the work we’ve done on ITM for Energy to add real time management of
building systems, along with the strength we have with Maximo in the facilities
management space.In addition the Tivoli
Data Warehouse provides a basis for doing advanced analytics.Let’s take a scenario so you can see how
these elements come together to help a facilities manager.
In this case a chiller in one of
the buildings on campus fails.The
building management system sends a notification to Omnibus, Impact enriches the
event with asset, location, contact information from Maximo and initiates a
work order in Maximo.Based on the
severity is also generates an urgent email to the Facilities Manager with the
work order that has automatically been created.The Fac Mgr uses his personalized dashboard containing KPIs and work
orders, checking to see if the chiller was due for preventive maintenance, and
then assigns to a technician to fix.The
technician received the work order, performs the work and records labor costs,
material costs etc. which are reflected in the asset lifecycle costs.The Chiller is now operational.
Ok, cool, but let's talk about this GHG problem from buildings, as they become the largest energy consumer on the planet. Let me again give an example. We have actually deployed chillers in IBM linked to hourly weather forecasting algorithms and samplings in order to leverage temperature and humidity change to lower operating costs and use of natural resources. And yes, in some cases we can even shut down chillers (as opposed to 24x7 operation.) This can be applied to many instances where we box in people and equipment , lock the windows, and run the boilers and chillers and hvacs, regardless of what mother nature is doing on the other side of that glass. We have the technology, it is just a matter of applying it. Fortunately there is a strong set of business partners and ibm technology that is available.
So that is what we are up to in Tivoli and will be talking about this week at Pulse.
By now you have probably heard that Ounce Labs was acquired by the Rational software division as part of IBM's cyber security solution build-out. This is great technology to insure software development and existing software is not the weakest link in the chain in our smarter planet projects.
For example, let's consider the 1,2,3's of how Ounce can help us in our work to secure the smart grid:
1) One of the key components of the Smart Grid is software
2) 99% of the software that powers energy-related applications and devices has been written with no attention to secure coding principles; hence, it is quite susceptible to attack
3) IBM/Ounce tools quickly scan large amounts of software to identify and help fix the most severe vulnerabilities in software
When seconds count, public safety officials rely on communication via private mobile radio and mobile devices...and Tivoli Netcool software is behind the scenes managing the vital signs of the communications network, not only making sure the network is up and running, but proactively monitoring to prevent any network outages from occurring.
IBM Tivoli Netcool software is used by more than 1,000 service providers world-side to manage service quality and reduce operational costs and time to market. We are also helping service providers address emerging opportunities in next-generation network transformation, fixed/mobile convergence, and IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) deployment.
EADS Defence & Security -- a systems solutions provider for armed forces and civil security worldwide -- recently signed a deal with IBM to embed IBM Tivoli Netcool software into the EADS service management platform for multi-technology PMR (private mobile radio) solutions, which include TETRA, TETRAPOL and P25 radio networks, IP core, transmission equipments and application platforms.
How can you take advantage of this capability along with a growing number of partners embedding IBM middleware into their own products to deliver richer solutions at a lower cost? An easy way to do this is by 'OEMing'
A significant part of our growth strategy with our software business are OEM (original equipment manufacturing) agreements, through which you can embed IBM software inside your products to develop new solutions to better meet specific customer needs. IBM's software OEM strategy offers a non-traditional approach to generating revenue for both ISVs as well as IBM.
When seconds count, make sure you have the right technology in place!
Yesterday, the National Transportation Safety Board asked all rail operators to inspect and evaluate their control systems and install technology that could prevent the type of problem that caused fatalities in Washington, D.C. The NTSB stated that what the D.C. system essentially lacked was a real time monitoring system capable of correlating events with control of the asset or rail cars.
This is a huge focus for our team and a key enabler for numerous smarter planet initiatives. Maximo for Transportation is a complete solution for managing all transportation asset types, including locomotives and rail vehicles adding capabilities over Maximo Asset Management.
Leveraging Netcool technology for real-time monitoring and the rapidly accelerating pervasive instrumentation and interconnection of the world’s infrastructure, we are delivering entirely new ways for businesses to organize, operate and differentiate.
While the NTSB is still investigating, it seems apparent that the D.C. system simply failed to detect the presence of a stopped train and did not issue a command to slow which is quite basic functionality of many of our solutions. San Francisco, Miami, Philadelphia, are among the many other systems that rely on such automated systems and in need of immediate review.
The cars in the moving train were some of the oldest in the transit network...Federal officials had sought to phase out the aging fleet because of safety concerns...saying it lacked the money for new cars...
Hersman told The Associated Press that the NTSB had warned in 2006 that the old fleet should be replaced or retrofitted....
This isn't the first time that Metro's automated system has been called into question...In June 2005, Metro experienced a close call because of signal troubles in a tunnel under the Potomac River... Shortly after that incident, Metro attributed the problem to a defective communications cable...
some observations... It is not clear at this point if 1) a red signal for that block of the track was flagged because a train ahead was already on the track ahead and the train from behind violated that signal authority or if the red signal didn't go up to indicate a potential block ahead, which would indicate a signal system failure or 2) the signal system worked right but the computer system failed to apply the emergency brakes on time (since train was operating in automatic mode) and the operator pressed the mushroom button rather belatedly 3) if the train was traveling faster than the authorized speed on this track and hence not providing enough braking time.
As a FYI, WMATA already uses ATC (Automatic Train Control) which to me is a precursor to Positive Train Control (the new mandate).So I am sure the group that looking at PTC is looking at this incident very closely.
The premise before PTC is that locomotives (or any smart vehicle) can take decisions / actions independent of the central Dispatch center based on 1) the data it gets from the on-board sensors, way side sensors and GPS systems for locational awareness and 2) the policies / rules that have already been established on the on-board device. So it doesn't always (doesn't need to anyway) rely on commands from the dispatch center to act in cases like this. (point here is that a "headless system" is already a guiding principle for this architecture).
I can see where this peer to peer system can be an additional input data point in establishing the seriousness of the situation and need to act in this instance. Our work will allow that control to be distributed to the train, so that, should the situation require it, like loss of contact with the central system, the train could communicate with other trains and other signals and execute the central policies around train control without having to be in touch with the central control system.
With all the stimulus funding for infrastructure, there should be a focused effort on replacing or retrofitting these systems with current technology which would have helped to prevent this horrific accident. The technology and solutions exist today.
We have been developing an aviation solution that addresses some of the contributing problems in the Air France event. Our solution is call Advanced Aerospace Solution Environment or AASE.
The AASE was designed to send and receive real-time flight data from the engines, airframe, and other sensors on the aircraft during in-flight operation to ground operations. When one of the many sensors detects a fault, the information about the fault and other related data is sent real-time to the ground central system and recorded. This process also kicks-off a work flow process to have the problem investigated and replaced if needed when the aircraft lands at its destination.
According to media reports, the issue may have been caused by a air speed sensor reporting incorrect information - an event the AASE solution could have detected and addressed.
Right now the FAA and other foreign agencies are trying to locate the "Black Box" flight recorder to help determine the exact cause. Although the AASE solution does not capture the pilots communication and all the second by second sensor data, it could help with information on critical sensors where faults have occurred. This additional information could help crash investigators determine the cause in the event the black box is not found or damaged. It could also shed light on the maintenance history and the frequency the part in question may have been a problem and not replaced.
Some observations that lead me to believe that the airlines can do a better job managing the lifecycle, maintenance, and engineering changes...something our industry solutions addresses. I blogged about this in the past... Remember American Airlines (and others) having to ground their fleet to rush changes or risk compliance penalties?
Let's start with 2 observations:
1) Air France and Airbus apparently couldn't agree on what the maintenance changes should be
2) Airbus was forced to make changes to the pilots manual
Other data points:
The agency said the A330 had sent out 24 error messages in four minutes including one indicating a discrepancy in speed data. It said similar problems had happened before.
Air France said it had first noticed in May 2008 that ice in the sensors was causing lost data in planes like the A330, but that it failed to agree with Airbus on steps to take.
According to Air France, Airbus offered to carry out an in-flight test on new sensors this year but the airline decided to go ahead and started changing them anyway from April 27. It did not say whether the crashed plane had the new sensors but its last maintenance hangar visit was on April 16.
Some of the A330s 50 or so other operators defended the plane's safety record at an airlines meeting in Kuala Lumpur on Sunday, saying the crash was an isolated incident.
Airbus has faced problems with the speed sensors dating to at least 2001, forcing changes in equipment as well as the pilot's flight manual, according to online filings.
In 2001, France reported several cases of sudden fluctuation of A330 or A340 airspeed data during severe icing conditions and Airbus was ordered to change the cockpit manual, according to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration.
It is still early days, and we have to wait for final analysis but I believe there is room for improvement, given the data we have and the airlines should make steps towards improvement immediately to address these problems.
Did you know that buildings consume 20 percent of the world’s available water, a resource that becomes scarcer each year, according to the United Nations Environmental Program.
Water handling systems are becoming more critical factors in green design, construction and product selection, according to McGraw-Hill Construction’s latest SmartMarket Report. In fact, Water efficiency is quickly becoming a higher priority than other aspects of green building such as energy efficiency and waste reduction.
Efficiencies such as grey water treatment and low-flow plumbing fixtures, provide significant opportunities to build high-tech, low-water-demand projects that create green buildings.
Savings can be significant for cities across the nation. If businesses in California, for example, adopt proper water efficiency measures available today, enough water could be saved to supply San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego, according to a new report from the Natural Resources Defense Council.
Business benefits are the key growth drivers including the reduction of energy use (87 percent) and operating costs (84 percent), according to the report. Our team has been leveraging much of the work from smart grid to architect smart water solutions. Our solution improves visibility and the opportunity for control and automation. Understanding and placing better controls on a building's 'thirst' is a great place to start!
IT defense-in-depth security design principles state that one gets better security enforcement when an entity is protected by not just one layer or one component, but by multiple, diverse mechanisms. These and many other IT security principles (such as segmentation of network zones, least privileges) are covered by IT security standards ISO 27002:2005 and ISO 15408. They cover areas such as trusted and consistent identities, authentication and access control, information flow control, audit and compliance and business and IT resiliency. Any energy and utility organization will need to build upon these same principles and objectives for their corporate business and IT infrastructures.[Read More]
Today, at the RSA Conference, IBM announced new security products and services, in response to recent studies from the IBM X-Force security research group revealing that criminal organizations around the globe are developing new attack techniques with alarming speed.
Today’s WSJ reported cyber attacks in the pentagon’s $300B Joint Strike Fighter project and the Air Force’s air traffic control system. The F35 Lightning II fighter program reportedly lost several TB of data (1 terabyte (TB) equals 1000000000000 bytes )related to design and electronics systems used for defense of the plane.
Today’s engineering projects are increasingly deploying more collaborative business models to drive innovation and cycle time. They take advantage of new infrastructures like cloud computing, virtualization and Web 2.0 which provide great advantage but also introduce new risk.
announcement at the RSA conference, coupled with an already strong security portfolio puts IBM in a unique position to protect the world’s critical assests.
Today the WSJ reported that 'Cyberspies have penetrated the U.S. electrical grid and left behind software programs that could be used to disrupt the system, according to current and former national-security officials.The spies came from China, Russia and other countries, these officials said, and were believed to be on a mission to navigate the U.S. electrical system and its controls...The espionage appeared pervasive across the U.S. and doesn't target a particular company or region, said a former Department of Homeland Security official...'
Protecting the nation's electrical grid is a key part of Obama's cybersecurity review. According to the results of a recent NERC survey, Michael Assante, VP and CSO, of NERC(North American Electric Reliability Corporation), raised the concern about the identification of critical assets and the associated Critical Cyber Assets which could be used to manipulate them.
The need is to identify and prioritize grid critical assets according to their relative importance to the infrastructure and then put the appropriate risk mitigation plans in place against these assets.
Current risk mitigation is organized more around single point of conventional failure rather than the type of cyber malware reported by the WSJ. We do,however, have technology available today that we can leverage. We can start with a focus on the intelligent application of tools that have been battle tested on the 'IT Grid' to the Electric Gridwhich can yield much if we can gain better visibility to the prioritized set of critical grid assets that must be protected.
One year ago, today, we acquired Encentuate, Inc. The team from Singapore and Redwood City, California brought best of class Single Sign-On technology to our security portfolio, which provides the ability to log in to internal applications, databases and other corporate systems with just one identity. This is one of the award winning technologies that serve as a building block for our Tivoli industry solutions. Happy Birtday Encentuate![Read More]
A new $787 billion stimulus package by the U.S. government to spend $11 billion to help upgrade the nation's electrical system is on the way.This will help new "smart grids" or "intelligent utility networks" to bring the U.S. power delivery system into the 21st century got a major boost in the stimulus bill that was signed into law this week.
Tivoli Industry Solutions is switched on to this big time with a host of 'entry points' that can put utilities well on the path of en'light'enment. In fact I am in Australia this week speaking to a number of utilities about the same thing. This is a global event that is gaining incredible momentum. Earlier this week I was at an Australian Center for Innovation, complete with intelligent meters, automated switching gear on the poles, portal based control of intelligent homes with supplemental solar and electrical transport that capable of giving back to the grid. The vision is well in place. And we have the strategy and practical starting points to make smart grids a reality.
This years Pulse is destined to be a smash hit. In addition to hearing smash hits from Smash Mouth, you will see smash hits from our many industry focused sessions including:
12 Breakout Sessions with a focus on key Industries: Banking, Utilities, Retail, DefenseCommunication Service ProvidersAerospace, Automotive, Chem & Petroleum, andElectronics. Customer speakers include: Bank of Tokyo, Harley Davidson, Ricoh, Cobb EMC, Telecom Italia, US Centcom, Casas Bahia
And that's not all check out the Demo zone ( ISM for your industry ) on the expo floor
Today, more than ever, the top priority is to figure out ways to preserve capital and cut operational expenses.
By attending Pulse, you can learn from your peers new ways of deploying service management solutions which could have an ROI benefit 10 times higher than the conference cost. Learn about best practices and avoid pitfalls, and improve time to value.