In the world of SOA, the economics of funding determines what services actually get funded to be developed. This is why we need a set of criteria by which we can assess which candidate services are a priority for inclusion in your next budget cycle. We call these criteria or gating factors, the Service Litmus Tests (SLTs). SLTs are included in SOMA , the de facto end to end SOA Development Method .
Not all candidate services should be implemented as services; we may not have enough budget for that. But here this: we STILL need the functionality of the services that fail to pass the SLTs. Therefore those services still need to be implemented as part of some service component or realized by an application.
Economics is hand in glove with governance and of course SOA Gov includes the issues of economics, funding and budgets and ownership.