Debian I always for some reason thought was "challenging", while perhaps a bit "ugly" distribution, especially suitable for real nerdy. On servers, sure ... there is simply Debian uses somehow always: is licensed by far the most hassle-free, is considered reasonably safe, from the beginning of a very strict test department supports a stable environment ... but on my desktop for years discouraged. Probably also because the fight for the drivers to use free range periphery was not yet fought a functioning installation, but non-free drivers for years was significantly easier in a number of other significantly non-free distribution.
What I have for the 15 years I tried to switch from MS-DOS OS directly on the Linux OS, and if possible to avoid all the successive mutations of Microsoft Windows, actually auditioned for distribution? Long ago it was primarily Red Hat. Text menu of my installation of Debian installer (if you use a text mode) reminds us today: no wonder it is obviously still built on the same ncurses. After Red Hat followed visually much more attractive Mandrake - which used the same packaging system, but it looked exactly as I had at the time thought it would be desktopvé Linux distributions seem to get their users feel that they are doing something fundamentally cool and subversive - and that they are not geeks with greasy hair who's afraid to climb out among the people.
True, in the late 90s, appeared extravagant attempt to visually "catch up and overtake" the former user's desktop environment (located roughly úrvovni Mac OS 9 and Windows 98). This experiment was called the window manager Elightenment . In 2010, when I remember him and wrote about him on Te?kuCZ referenced article, it was more of a nostalgic memory: actually, even after years typical X server does not have enough to cover all the steampunk frills, but which at the same time due to the absence of alpha -Blending refer rather to a 2D computer game for the PC from the 90s until the 21st century (we are talking about the classic E16 - not by actually developed successors).
Then she appeared Ubuntu, which in relation to the Debian package system and was, something like the original Mandrake Linux related to Red Hat. Just the visual sensation not bet on it look cool cyberpunk, but in the meantime brought in Linux incredible elegance, grace and even a kind of self-proclaimed "humanity". In particular, the first version of Ubuntu was very graphically by a carefully balanced. Add to this a few relatively easy to install non-free add-ons, autodekci all sorts of fonts and nicer - and more "user friendly" distribution, which could really without any special knowledge to use as a basic internet and office desktop absolutely everyone who was interested. distribution of Ubuntu I have a few years (ca. 2007-2010) and I recommend .
But then "something" happened. It came slowly: first elegant, but probably few assertive brown-ocher color combination replaced the haunting, slightly aggressive purple. And then it happened: instead of environment that you're used to, after you log into the updated Ubuntu themselves in the Unity environment. Not that some ideas were fundamentally wrong (for example, to place a toolbar vertically when the current widescreen monitor is almost always a surplus of space at the sides and almost never at the top and bottom). But this environment is almost no way could not adapt their habits and tastes, and most importantly: it it was not actually do anything! It felt almost like a deliberate sabotage - when logging into the system you choose, although it was also different environment, but because Gnome 2 was originally default theme (named Ubuntu Classic), so it was when you upgrade the system without replacement by a new default theme - and alternative desktops in the time there simply were not completed and the full refund. (Of course - fans Kubuntu uses the KDE desktop, is that they can still laugh, those are not affected today). I had but the usability of Ubuntu on the desktop lost confidence - updated system after some years ceased to be useful, and my other systems I was out of desperation rather upgrade stopped. And if this my Linux (if one server or desktopovému) do so, however, inevitably condemn him to a future inevitable deletion and subsequent complete re-installation: Linux world is simply furnished so that new applications can be installed on the old system will not go (and you will not go there either translate because I had you download or libraries that would require compilation, etc.)
When he discovered this new Debian, so at first I waited. In the past, I knew that everything was under Ubuntu easy to automatic, it was under Debian nesamoz?ejmé to impossible, and if it was possible after all, so it took hours googlení So ... how was this year? Honestly ... at first I was stuck on a few things that would be ten or more years ago, nor could either occur - such as the choice between i386 and amd64 platform, which is currently the case, choosing the wrong kernel without explanation ends with the message that the package blabla -kernel "has no installation candidate" - or I am using the "well-trained monkey" overcame several obstacles that would cost ordinary mortal frightened (eg installation stuck in a very complicated okecané inability to install GRUB - which could be addressed by omitting this step and installation traditional LILO, to my notion of almost automatically install the freshly downloaded the current distribution, which also gets a chance to completely reformat all disk partitions, however, it has far).
Back to the mythology of the Linux lifestyle:
The original Linux distribution around 2000 were the ideal choice for underground and alternative IT guy, who instead decided important career decisions especially in large grow and consume cannabis: the only psychoactive cannabinoids is effectively suppressed existential stress from the inability to open a Word document, which at that time lived all around the world. A major problem could be withdrawal symptoms vyplýávající from the inability to play at that time under Windows favorite computer games - which resulted from the subsequent alienation of when you should unconverted friends with nothing to talk about in the pub.
Ubuntu distribution was appropriate for the season when you smoke cannabis then stopped: Ubuntu already provided all the basic PC functionality, you have a few years before ascetically give up in the name of radical ideals. Ubuntu was like an ashram with a hot shower and flushing toilet. Luxury and comfort were the next few years for free - you could use Linux and still be productive and you did not have all the time just to compile the kernel and configure firewall rules, you then instead of MS Office only had vi editor and TeX. Drivers for autodetected graphics card suddenly started to support accelerated OpenGL - and owners of overpriced Macs owning a prosperous DTP, suddenly started looking at Linux desktops fall of the jaw: what was once tried in vain to Enlightenment window manager, but what in his era was the then technical means possible achieve, it suddenly became commonplace everyday. The era of widespread Ubuntu is not by chance coincided with the time when the peak of their success was the open source browser Firefox: i bought this critical mass of those who otherwise remained in their Windows XP, and effectively forced out of the market all variants Microsoftího Internet Explorer that this defeat had recovered. All that we dreamed of in the '90s, at this time practically fulfilled.
But then everything went wrong ... somehow. We've grown old and no longer prosecute. Google has become the new great evil, and came up with Chrome and Android with attractive, vytun?nými toys that could not be rejected and that unlike Firefox and Ubuntu on the desktop it did not represent the community playful revolution, but hard business model gradual loss of privacy. Ubuntu under the guidance of space tourists lost all reason and in order to become a mass-used operating system threw overboard convention and taste existing user community. While I was trying to run on Linux DJs from the Mixxx - but of course it was clear that about it not long ago. As from the 2008 financial crisis progressed and we all felt the increasing competitive pressures, the community gradually ceased to be interested in a utopian world in which due to unrestricted investments in startups will all be free - and began trading with Bitcoin. In 2012 he also be the end of the world - so to waste time re-installing outdated systems on desktops and laptops seemed unnecessary.
The year is 2013, and we all know that the NSA snoop extent to which if believed even a few years before, and someone admit it, so you immediately prescribe (U.S.) antipsychotics, is now accorded to reality. Actually most of the things that five years ago they believed only paranoids, is now an everyday reality. And so I decided to give a chance to the desktop Debian: not perhaps to increase your chances of a privacy or security, I gave a long time ago. But I saw in the office on company computers installed Debian guys and oddly enough is there to work - so I decided to try it too.
Of course, all those things that you today "universal operating system" Debian will have no one cares. You're like once virtuoso classical music to classic musical instrument that already practicing just for your own pleasure. Graphics? Multimedia? Cool and trendy today is more when you can own sletovat electronics and tomatoes will ripen (mature parents to lodge me in a greenhouse at a friend's not, because in June it took an apocalyptic flood). A cool 3D printers are not, they are still too nerdy - but next year will jump straight to the point if they are not cool, they will be a commodity, as recently CD-ROM burners and printers. A couple of years you will roll a 3D printer in a dusty corner, as today the 2D printer. And that's basically good ... but back to what is thus open to do with Debian.
Gnome 3 course nobody wants. I can not judge whether it is better or worse than Ubun?ácké Unity, Unity because I have long used it. User's desktop metaphor that would be appropriate in order to maximize ... for smartphones and tablets with touchscreens? I never did like extra windows GUI metaphor, but I'm used to ... and now I'm happy again when I someone had forcibly taken. When we fought the existence of open source world to us but does not provide privacy or security, we can at least hope to defend us against so-called "user experince" - that we keep his historic "graphical user interface" defend ourselves and the fact that someone different shaped our experience of cyberspace. Gnome 3 is said to have gone so far as to briefly allowed to cancel klasckou X11 clipboard feature with the middle mouse button. But it was already too much even for previously loyal users and their functionality was collected after protests turn quickly recovered. Overall, however, Gnome 3 at first glance looks more like environment focused on touchscreen display with a relatively low resolution (smartphones, tablets) and not as a manager víceokenního traditional user interface on HD monitor.
Instructions to Install the MATE desktop environment [wiki.mate-desktop.org] Debian can be found directly on the website this environment. It reads "maté" - either by South American alternative to tea ... or maybe of the same name, taste and effects rather unappetizing, but the hackers apparently popular caffeinated sodas. MATE environment is essentially a continuation of the development of Gnome 2, which I first took just under older versions of Ubuntu and I use it since many years. The reason is not directly part of the MATE environment official repositories is interesting: among other things, IPC infrastructure developed around Gnome 2 (Bonobo) for most developers incomprehensible and therefore it would be better to rewrite everything "from scratch" [bugs.debian.org]. This also explains why the Gnome 3 desktop is almost nothing easily configurable, there you find your favorite Gnome 2 applets, etc. Installing MATE insurance requires editing of the main konfigura?níhoi file / etc / apt / sources.list , update commandsubsequent confirmation to install the certificate repository and gradually installed three large blocks of newly configured repository. Then it is necessary to log out of Gnome 3 and the main graphical login screen (GDM) to choose the type of session you have.
The trick: if you like rather Midnight Commander (mc - direct successor Norton, respectively. Volkov Commander even after 20 or so years), than you are still dragging the icons of files on your computer, you have in your terminal Edit | Keyboard Shortcuts | ( not) allow the F10 key . (When you write it down like that, it simply looks embarrassed - but I first few days of the new system, jumping from mc using the mouse or the exit command :-) Previously I was used to the same effect was achieved using (non) display panel menu, but the new option is much better, because you have it zapamtuje Terminal even after the next start - this alone probably causes the upgradnout I make the last remaining Ubuntu with Gnome 2 MATE terminal to me there could also use the latest MATE terminal ...
Regardless of the choice of desktop environment Gnome 3 or MATE, see the Debian from a Firefox web browsers. It is indeed imported from the same IT - Bangladesh, as in other operating systems and distributions, but traditionally determinedly "the Debian" by-branded under the name Iceweasel. If you're used to Chrome, install all it from a root console command apt-get install chromium - a relatively small package that quickly withdraws from the standard repositories distribuce.Pro? ultra-free community resent the Debian Gnome 2/MATE and she does not mind Chrome, It is one of the great political mysteries of the Internet era. Well ... Chrome is a plague - but we are all accustomed to it and has a built-in "pornomód" under the title "New Incognito Window", which can be of some types of usage would recommend. A mainly Debian probably already exhausted all those years ago, when all fought mainly against MSIE ... while orthodox gradually fought well against Netscape, Konqueror and Firefox - which had first form of native Gtk Gecko-based browser and then (as apparently last-stand ) just odbrandovaného Firefox.
If you want to install Debian some of the "non-free" packages, which you are used eg Ubuntu (or, uh, from Windows), so the procedure is as follows:
First check that the / etc / apt / sources.list except line wheezy main deb http://ftp.cz.debian.org/debian/ you still have these lines (well mostly the latter - the first to install an update, and I was missing after system restart - which could be related to the fact that the installation is quite possibly right behind the end - I mentioned some krkolomnost the process):
deb http://ftp.cz.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main
contrib deb http://ftp.cz.debian.org/debian/ wheezy
Second If it is needed, so do apt-get update
3rd choose an at least Flash player and the most common Windows fonts:
root @ One-Sunday :/ home / xchaos # apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree
root @ One-Sunday :/ home / xchaos # apt-get install ttf-installer-mscorefonts
I also had a minor problem with fonts .... with those that had always been in Linux and therefore later in Debian complex. When I installed the system on a laptop at work, so I lost everything right from the beginning ok (especially the otherwise unusable Gnome 3 to perfect font smoothing makes really, really well, it seems to me) - but at home I have some more square pixels on your monitor, or whatever, and initially I'm pretty eyes tearing, and I furiously tuned. To set the font rendering in MATE environment under Debian, there are several tips - basically the main trick is to choose the right type of anti-aliasing (or sub-pixel anti-aliasing) for your particular type of monitor. If you go to edit a file local user fonts.conf file like me, you probably will not help (especially helped me restart the system and that I'm used to).
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