Modified by sumasr
Many teams find it challenging to get a project started quickly, to get team members oriented, to set up and configure tools, and to take advantage of proven patternsof success to do their jobs. Many other teams are required to document their processes for compliance reasons, and show that they follow that process.
Jazz allows us to create a new process template or customize an exisiting process template in RRC, RTC & RQM.
Jazz tools (RRC,RTC & RQM) have pre-defined process templates which can be modified according to the project needs. Process template has different components such as Overview, Timelines, Roles, Permissions, Access Control, Configuration Data and Process Description. Each of these components can be customized according to your project needs.
Read through this article "How to customize process and project templates in Rational Requirements Composer 4.0" to know about the steps to customize process templates in Jazz and how these templates can be shared across the project team. Article also describes the benefits of cusomizing the process templates and project templates in RRC.
Although, article talks about Customizing RRC process templates, same approach is applied for customizing Rational Team Concert and Rational Quality Manager Process Templates.
Managing software and product lifecycle integration has always been a challenge and with the rate of the new demands on the enterprise the challenges are increasing. Leaders from different standards organizations and industry will lead interactive discussions on the importance of open technologies to help enterprises manage the lifecycle activities within their environments. Learn about the direction lifecycle integration is taking as a result of the inclusion of open standards and the importance of this work to you. You will also hear how you can bring forward your requirements and influence the supporting work activities.
The Open Lifecycle Summit will feature short lightning talks and panel discussions with industry leaders such as OASIS CEO Laurent Liscia, Tasktop CEO Mik Kirsten, Opscode VP of Solutions George Moberly, and IBM Fellows Michael Michael Kaczmarski and Kevin Stoodley, and IBM VP of Standards and IBM Cloud Labs, Dr. Angel Diaz.
The Summit is free to attend for all those attending IBM Innovate. Join us for an exciting session and refreshments to start your attendance at Innovate 2013. For more information and to RSVP visit http://ibm.co/16jTusU
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I'm working on.........
I am Guru Prasad, working
for Tata Consultancy Services. I am working as Rational Product Specialist
& part of TCS Rational CoE team. I have conducted several internal
webinars, workshops on various Rational tools including Rational Software
Architect, Rational Requirement Composer, Rational Requisite Pro etc. I always
like to develop custom extensions for Rational tools.
keep myself skilled & updated on rational trends
I always focus on Self educating myself on
IBM Rational tools. Most of the time I spend browsing IBM Jazz.net, IBM
Developer Works & go through the latest releases of the tools, discussion
forums, articles on Rational tools. Also, I attend most of the webinars
conducted by IBM Rational User Group. I do write Rational articles & publish
them in the internal sites. I also assist my team on POC activities / publishing
white papers on Rational in External forums like IBM Developerworks, jazz.net
Since most of the Rational tools
are Eclipse based, Rational users can develop custom extensions easily using the
Eclipse Plugin development features. IBM provides REST APIs , Java APIs to
extend features of Jazz based tools. Users can connect to jazz.net, RUG forum
& discuss on the queries specific to such implementation.
I am an active member of IBM Rational User
Group & IBM Certified Deployment Professional & Solution Designer. I
have developed several plugins for Rational tools on demand.
Below are the methodologies which have been proven to be highly successful in RFT automation projects
Steps in designing the architectureFirst Step: Organize the code into a layered architecture as per the ITCL architecture
1. First Tier : AppObjects -->All the application objects of the application reside in the AppObject scripts. All the finders will be in this package/script
2. Second Tier : Tasks --> Methods around these Appobjects to do a task eg: Logging into an application
3. Third Tier: Test Cases --> The scripts which actually verify and test the application. Testcases are abstracted from the Appobjects which make this architecture robust
Here, the test cases talk to tasks and tasks in turn talk to Appobjects
Advantages of this architecture
1. Highly Organized code
2. Ease in debugging
3. If an application object changes, tester need not update all the test scripts having the appobject, but he needs only to modify the affected appobject and all the test cases are automatically updated. This is due to the fact that the test cases are abstracted from Appobjects
More info on ITCL framework is found in this article: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/rational/library/06/0822_goel/
Second Step: For Web/Dojo Applications Using BLUE and below hacks
Third Step: Scripted Verifications
- If the application is a Dojo application, we can further use BLUE framework on the top of ITCL. BLUE contains very robust methods for Dojo.
- Also, for Web applications, if the RFT tool does not recognize the objects beneath the layers/pages, we can further use the IE developer tools to find the unique properties of the object and feed them to the RFT tool dynamic find
- One can make the code browser independent by making the document page as the top parent instead of making browser as the top parent. All the underlying code will be having the document page as the top parent.
Use scripted verifications instead on recorded verification to verify the state of an application. it makes the automation suite very robust and resilient to the application changesFourth Step: Appobject Unit Tests
For instance a verify_table method will fetch the contents of a table/grid during the first run and write it in an excel and place it in an expected results cannon. During the subsequent runs, it will again fetch the contents of a table/grid and write to an actual excel file. The method then compares the two files and logs the result
Keeping the Appobjects Unit Tests in place makes a confident automation code. Once the build is ready, the appobject unit tests are run to ensure all the application objects are recognized. If there is a change in object properties, the tester updates the recognition properties. This will further ease the debugging effort as we are sure the test cases are failing due to a bug/ defect or due to a functionality change and not due to object recognitionFifth Step: Multi Client Test Script Maintenance
Using a property file can make a single test script to run on multiple clients. This is done by defining a property in the properties file which would instantiate the objects specific to that type of client mentioned.
IBM Rational Functional Tester
(RFT) is a solution for testing Java, Web, Eclipse,Flex, Dojo, Ajax, SAP, Adobe, Microsoft
Visual Studio .NET WinForm based applications, etc. Support is also available
for testing 3270/5250 terminal-based applications and Siebel 7.7
Here is the link where one can find the supported domains for functional testing by RFThttp://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg27027053
Before actually starting to automate, please go thru the above link to check if your environment is supported by RFT, else RFT will not run
Functional Tester plugs into IBM's open-sourced Integrated Development
Environment (IDE) known as Eclipse. By embracing IBM's IDE, Rational Functional
Tester sits along side other development tools created by IBM Rational and
other vendors allowing easy tool integration into a common interface. RFT is
the QSE(Quality Software Engineering) recommended tool for GUI automation.
Scripting with RFT
you to program in standard Java or with Visual Basic .NET. The fact
that RFT uses these programming languages provides two advantages.
advantage is that the languages are standard so the learning curve is smaller
than if the script developer had to learn both the tool and the language.
- Another advantage is the flexibility the two languages offer. Programmers have
the choice of familiar languages. So they can write programs in the one at
which they are most adept or which they feel best suits their needs.
GUI test automation tools
also feature libraries of functions useful for testing, such
as click, select, or verify. In RFT, you can add to this library
("wrapping" several lines of code to perform a single operation
is one useful technique), to provide functions useful to all RFT programmers.
When developers change properties of UI elements, existing scripts potentially
can fail. How do you maintain your scripts if developers keep changing
properties that identify the user interface elements, such as the position of
the object or its name? This is an inevitable part of development, but how can
your scripts keep up?
This is one of the most
important issues to think about when selecting a tool and creating your
scripts, because if your scripts take too much effort to maintain, they cease
to be a cost-effective and efficient solution for testing.
RFT uses two technologies to
address this problem.
- The core technology is the RFT Object Map feature.
RFT Object Map feature is enhanced by ScriptAssure.
The RFT Object Map stores
information about GUI objects and their properties during test development.
This information is used to find GUI objects during test execution. Some of the
properties that identify an object include color, size, position, state (such
as checked and unchecked), text label, and logical name (the name you assign to
the object). Object maps are often shared across multiple tests.
The purpose of ScriptAssure is
to eliminate the need to update the script when the objects in the user
interface change. ScriptAssure accomplishes this by allowing you to weight
the different properties used to identify a UI element. You determine the
most important characteristics for identifying the object. When one property
changes, ScriptAssure can still identify the object based on the other
properties. No single change to any object prevents an RFT script from running
Another way that
RFT reduces script maintenance is with the Object Map update
tool. The tool enables you to globally update a centralized object map.
Rational Quality Manager has following characteristics:
- Rational Quality Manager is based on the Jazz platform and inherits many characteristics from that platform
- IBM Rational Quality Manager is a collaborative and web-based tool
- Offers comprehensive test planning, test construction, and test artifact management functions throughout the software development lifecycle Rational Quality Manager is designed to be used by test teams
- supports a variety of user roles, such as test manager, test architect, test lead, tester, and lab manager
You can download CLM 4.0 and try for 60 days from jazz.net link given below:
Once you download, you can follow the link for installing, configuring, deploying CLM 2012 from the following CLM 4.0 help link:
Have look at what's new in CLM 2012 from the following link by downloading PDF. It has rich set of UI, improved features, manual script recording with RFT adapter etc.
The following article shows how to integrate custom tools with RQM using Command Line Adapters, which does not provide out-of-the box Integration.
For all CLM 4.0 related queries, please join in Jazz forum by registering yourself here:
Once your registration completes, login to Jazz.net and go to forum https://jazz.net/forum. Ask Questions, get Answers, share your thought and ideas and become expert.
The most common causes of the errors observed with Rational® Performance Tester, both during Recording & Playback.Browser and System Port(s)
Cause 1: The browser could already be in use during recording?
Additional Details: RATIONAL® PERFORMANCE TESTER cannot record scripts starting a parallel browser session; this is because RPT needs to create a proxy server port before it can start listening to the traffic exchanged between the client and the server.
Remedy: Close all Browser sessions before attempting a recording.
Cause 2 : Proxy settings in browser might prevent RPT from getting to the browser?
Additional Details: The proxy settings in the browser might be hindering RPT take control of the browser and move ahead with recording.
Remedy: Remove all proxy settings in the browser; also disable the Automatic Configuration scripts if any referred in the proxy settings.
However in scenarios where proxy settings are mandatory, please use the steps as described in the technote
Cause 3: Port 10002 (used by RPT to interact with the in-tool agent controller might be in use) hence
Additional Details: This port is used by Rational® Performance Tester to interact with the Agent Controller (Integrated / Remote) to run load tests
Remedy: Check if 10002 is already in use, if yes, please retry after ensuring that the application using port 10002 has relieved this port. Alternatively, you can try a machine re-start to allow the port to go back to LISTENING mode.
You can use netstat command usage to confirm that 10002 is a free port.
Un-supported network traffic - protocol
Cause: If network traffic used by the application does not fall into the supported protocols category,there might be un-expected behavior.Best Practices – RATIONAL® PERFORMANCE TESTER RecordingScript Maintenance:
Rational® Performance Tester includes built-in recorders for the following network protocols:
Web Services (SOA)
Remedy: Additional protocols can be built using the IBM Rational® Performance Tester Extensibility Software Development Kit (SDK), here is the link to documentation on this
Script Maintenance is a crucial part in effective recording process to ensure that the scripts generated in RATIONAL® PERFORMANCE TESTER are optimal and are in sync with the test plans. Some of the main points to be aware of while recording are:-Document Dependencies:
Always return to the main screen or page at the end of each scenario or before a log-out.
Having common beginning and ending screens is reliable
Apart from the formal change / version control processes, documenting dependencies in the environment which can impact the scripts is a major task which can help avoid deficiencies in the test environment and hence help achieve assigned targets with recording process.
Always document dependencies and other information about your split test modules. This will help with test script maintenance and re usability.
Use comments in the test or schedule or by using the properties description field associated with each test
If the details provided above do not help address the concerns, please contact IBM Rational Client Support
with the details on the issue.
Hi folks, check out this link
for a snapshot of what's new
Have you tried the sandboxes
on jazz.net ??
Well, I just did, I was
looking to have a quick and easy way to 'see' what are the new capabilities
available with CLM 2012. CLM 2012 is comprized of Rational
Team Concert 4.0, Rational
Quality Manager 4.0 and Rational
Requirements Composer 4.0. and
they have a LOT of new capabilities.
But I didnt want to dedicate
my hardware just to seeing what the new versions have en-stored for
me. So I went to https://jazz.net/products/sandbox/
All you need is a jazz.net
id (registration is pretty simple) and within a matter of seconds I had the products
provisioned for me. I can go to each product on the web and see the functionality. Whats more is I can connect my RTC desktop clients to these images too !! Now thats what I call ease of use As mentioned on the sandbox home page, the 4.0 sandboxes are available until Dec. 31st
Now sitting in my office (or
home) I can access these products and see the new capabilities in action. Try it yourself !
Yesterday when I was having a cup of tea with the folded newspaper , I got a chance to notice various mobile phones, So called Smartphone. I was impressed by the features and other fantasies.
They were promising but suddenly questioned myself "Do I need to pay about half a lakh rupees just for a phone ?" Whats your opinion .....
I would be glad to know your ideas on this ...
America's skyscrapers, many built before World War Two, are showing their age. IBM's "building whisperer," Dave Bartlett, believes many of these buildings could use a diet.Bartlett,
who leads IBM's smarter building initiative, is known as the "building
whisperer" because he views buildings as living organisms, an approach
that can help identify problems and suggest cost-effective ways of
making buildings healthier and more energy-efficient. Read more..
A team of IBM
top experts assigned to Nairobi today provided a cohesive framework and
roadmap to the city to improve the flow of road traffic and increase
revenues from the transportation sector. The recommendations complement Nairobi's considerable ongoing investment
in underlying roadway infrastructure. They include making traffic
information more readily available to citizens, motorists, police,
policymakers and planners so that better transportation decisions can be
made in the near and far term. Read more..
IBM says that several hospitals and clinics from Russia's rapidly
evolving regions outside of Moscow and St Petersburg are tying up with
it to modernise infrastructure and improve patient care.
a number of healthcare providers such as the Hospital of Murom Railway
Station, the Clinic of Novosibirsk Institute of Blood Circulation
Pathology in Siberia and the Emergency Hospital of Petrozavodsk have
asked it to provide new information management systems giving doctors
and medical staff rapid access to medical data and reducing waiting time
for patients. Read more...