Announcement Letter Number 186-118 dated June 16, 1986
US - Last Revised on June 16, 1986

Brief Description of Announcement, Charges, and Availability

     The IBM 3193 Display Station is a new member of the IBM 3270
Information Display System which displays alphameric and image
information.  It provides multiple logical terminals, multiple
partitioning, and up to 48 lines of alphameric display capability.
Two logical terminals may function on the screen.  Image handling
capability is provided in conjunction with existing alphameric
functions. Image documents of up to letter or A4 size may be
displayed.  The image capabilities are significantly enhanced by the
all-points-addressable (APA) screen capability.
       The 3193 is a high resolution, monochrome, portrait type,
15-inch CRT display terminal. It attaches to IBM System/370, 43XX,
303X, 308X, and 3090 Processors via an IBM 3174 or 3274 Control Unit.
The IBM 3117 Scanner with its Extension Unit feature and the IBM 3118
Scanner can be attached to the 3193.  Compressed images can be sent
to the 3193 and decompression of the image is performed in the 3193.
Image data compression is a technique to save transmission time and
reduce storage requirements.
       Availability is planned for September 1986.
       3193-010 -- Purchase Price: $2,495; 3193-020 -- Purchase
Price:  $2,495

Customer Letter Section

       The 3193 Display Station represents an advanced function
member of the IBM 3270 Information Display System.  Some of the
highlights are:
o   15-inch monochrome display 880 (horizontal) x 1200 (vertical)
o   Multiple logical terminal capability (up to two logical
o   IBM 3278 Display Station Model 2, 3, 4 and 80 characters x 48
    line screen support
o   Multiple partition capability (up to eight partitions)
o   Image datastream support
o   Decompression of image data
o   Scanner attachment (IBM 3117 Scanner with Extension Unit feature
    or IBM 3118 Scanner)
o   Image manipulation functions: Scale, Orient, Mirror, Invert, Fill
o   Entry assist function
o   Scrolling functions
o   Intel 80186r microprocessor
o   Selectable cursors: alphameric, cross cursor, and image rectangle
o   Display letter or A4 size image pages at 100 pels/inch
o   Enlarge key to enlarge a viewport
o   Modifiable keyboard.
       The 3193 Display Station is a new high resolution image
display with 880 dots horizontally and 1200 dots vertically (48 dots
worth of space are used as an operator information area, leaving 1152
dots for display).  The image capabilities are significantly enhanced
by an all-points-addressable (APA) screen capability.  The terminal
utilizes a new 15-inch, portrait type, monochrome cathode ray tube
and provides a full 8-1/2 x 11 inch or A4 size image display
capability. It accepts compressed or uncompressed image data from the
host system.
       This display terminal supports multiple logical terminals and
provides a user with viewing capability of alphameric data only,
image data only, or a combination of both.  The image displayed is
represented by dots providing a high resolution white on a black
background, or black on a white background by reversing images.
Datastream compatibility with today's IBM 3270 displays is provided
in alphameric application environments.  The 3193 is designed to
support existing applications programmed for the IBM 3270 (except
where hardware features are not supported). See "Limitations" below
for additional information.  The character box size is 11
(horizontal) and 24 (vertical) dots.
       Using the Intel 80186 microprocessor, the 3193 provides
advanced display function for processing the alphameric and image
information. One of its salient functions is to provide
two-logical-terminals capability to the user. The terminal user may
log-on to one or two applications or systems. Each configured screen
acts like a separate display station, referred to as a logical
terminal.  Storage display buffers in the 3193 store data for
presentation and display on the screen. Through the use of scrolling,
the buffer contents can be displayed.
       The 3193 is compatible with the IBM 3278 Display Station
Models 2, 3, and 4.  The screen formats in split-screen or
full-screen configurations are as follows:
       Split-screen configuration
o   Two full 3278 Model 2 screens
o   One 3278 Model 2 screen of 24 rows of 80 columns and one image
       Full-screen configuration. The following screens can exist
singularly or two can coexist at a time (one is hidden under the
o   One full 3278 Model 2, 3, or 4 screen
o   Up to 48 rows of 80 columns alphameric screen
o   A full screen of image only
o   A full screen of image and alphameric mixed
       The host can send image data with an image order that is
executed in the 3193.
       Source Image Data
       The 3193 accepts source image data with the following
o   Compression
    -   Compressed with Modified Modified Read (MMR) format
    -   Uncompressed
o   Horizontal and vertical resolution  (in pels per inch)
    -   Any combination of 240 and 120 horizontally and vertically,
        or any combination of 200 and 100 horizontally and vertically
o   Some of the image functions supported are:
    -   Decompression and mapping of image data stream to
        approximately a 100 pel screen when pages are received in
        varying pel resolutions
    -   Scale up or down the size of an image to:  4x, 2x, 3x, 3/2x,
        4/3x, 1x, 3/4x, 2/3x, 1/2x, 1/3x, 1/4x
    -   Image orientation rotates images 0, 90, 180 and 270 degrees
    -   Image mirror rotates an image around a horizontal or vertical
        axis to present a view of image from the other side
    -   Invert image changes each dot to reverse black/white
    -   Image fill causes a defined rectangle to be filled with white
        or black
    -   Attachment of an IBM 3117 Scanner via its Extension Unit
        feature or an IBM 3118 Scanner for scanning and transmitting
        images of documents to the host system
MULTIPLE LOGICAL TERMINALS: The 3193 provides multiple logical
terminal capability (up to two), which allows a user to use it as two
independent logical terminals, each of which interacts with its own
host application program. This capability maximizes the use of the
display terminal without modifying the existing applications. Only
one of the logical terminals provides image capability. Both logical
terminals can be used to support alphameric applications.
MULTIPLE PARTITIONS: The 3193 supports up to a total of eight
partitions in one or two logical terminals.  A partition can be a
part of the divided screen or can be a hidden one. Each partition
will be separately managed via application program control. One
partition can handle image data and the rest of the partitions
alphameric data.  A partition can display alphamerics only, image
only, or mixture of the image and alphamerics.
       A partition with which the terminal user can interact is
called an active partition and only one partition can be active to
the operator at a time. The terminal user can successively activate
partitions by pressing the Jump Partition key, and the application
program can also activate any partition.
       Setup mode is provided to customize features of the 3193.
       The IBM 3193 is offered in two models, depending upon the
keyboard desired.
o   Model 010 - 122-Key Typewriter Keyboard
o   Model 020 - 102-Key Typewriter Keyboard
       Note: Keyboards used on other products are not interchangeable
with keyboards used on the 3193.
       The 3274 Keyboard Definition Utility and the 3174 support the
3193 Display Station, allowing definition of customer specific
keyboard layouts.  The IBM 3274 and 3174 Downstream load diskettes
provide space for three modified layouts per control unit. A keycap
removal tool is standard so that keycaps can be interchanged
CURSORS: Improved cursor movement is provided. Whenever cursor keys
are kept depressed, the cursor accelerates.  Two new cursors are
provided in an image partition in addition to the alphameric cursor,
an image cross cursor and an image rectangle cursor. The cross cursor
informs a host program of a point on the screen; the rectangle cursor
provides the host program with the co-ordinates of a rectangular area
on a screen.
ENLARGE KEY: The Enlarge Key is used to enlarge the viewport to the
physical screen size.  For example, when an operator is using a split
screen and is viewing half of an image in one logical terminal, the
operator can press the Enlarge key and see the full page (the other
logical terminal will disappear from the physical screen).
SCROLL KEYS: Four Scroll Keys are provided; left, right, forward, and
backward.  The following scrolling operation is performed while one
of the scroll keys is depressed, depending on which partition is
o   Alphameric only partition.  Alphameric data will be scrolled. A
    scrolling unit is a character cell.
o   Alphameric and image partition.  Alphameric and image data will
    be scrolled together.  A scrolling unit is a character cell.
o   Image only partition.  Image data will be scrolled. A scrolling

    unit is 1 dot.
JUMP KEY: This key is effective only in two-logical-terminal
operation.  Pressing it alternately makes each logical terminal
JUMP PARTITION KEY: This key is effective only in multi-partition
operation.  Pressing it switches active partition from one to the
CLEAR PARTITION KEY: Pressing this key causes all data in the active
partition to be erased.
CLEAR KEY: Pressing this key erases data in all presentation space(s)
operating under an active logical terminal.
SETUP KEY: Pressing this key causes the 3193 to enter setup mode.
Some of the typical items which can be set up by the terminal user
o   Screen layout: Full screen or split screen
o   Logical Terminal Attributes
    -   Screen model of each logical terminal (IBM 3278 Model 2, 3, 4
        or 48 rows x 80 columns screen)
    -   Extended attributes
    -   Numeric lock on/off
    -   Number of partitions: 0 to 8
o   Display polarity: Dark on a bright background or bright on a dark
o   Keyboard ID (for keyboard layout selection)
o   Audible alarm: Volume
o   Mono/Dual case: Selection of either case
o   Local copy: Viewport copy or presentation space copy
ENTRY ASSIST: The 3193 supports Entry Assist capabilities for an
operator for entry and editing of text material. The capabilities
include margins, tabs, wordwrap, improved cursor positioning,
improved character/word delete, cursor position indicator, and an
audible end-of-line warning tone. Entry Assist is intended for use
primarily with a specific set of host editor programs.
MODIFIABLE KEYBOARD: Three additional keyboard layouts can be defined
in addition to the standard layout.
OPERATOR FACTORS: The 3193 Display Station has a screen with
anti-reflection treatment to minimize glare.  Indicators are
displayed in symbols on the bottom row of the screen, outside the
data area, and provide useful operator information.  An underline
cursor and a rectangular reverse video cursor with blinking option
are provided for alphamerics.  The cross cursor and rectangle cursor
are provided for image operations in the image partition. An audible
alarm is provided to alert the operator. The volume of the alarm can
be adjusted by the operator in the 3193 setup mode.
       The video pedestal provides 19.4 degrees of tilt (+15 degrees
to -4.4 degrees) and 180 degrees of swivel (�90 degrees from the
center position) to enable the display to be positioned properly.
       The keyboard is low profiled and connected with a coiled
cable.  The keyboard provides three or two angles of inclination (6,
12 or 18 degrees for the Model 1 keyboard; 6 or 12 degrees for the
Model 2 keyboard) for operator adjustment.
INPUT EDITING CAPABILITY: Cursor move, tab, home key, back tab,
insert, delete, extended erase (erase to end-of-field, erase all
keyboard input data, and erase entire screen or partition) and cursor
select keys are all standard.  All alphameric and special symbol keys
have typematic capability.  Cursor move keys cause acceleration of
the cursor when held down.  Simultaneous depression of vertical and
horizontal cursor move keys will cause diagonal cursor movement.
Fields of data can be selected by positioning the cursor, then using
the cursor select key. Both Model 1 and Model 2 keyboards contain 24
Program Function (PF) keys. The 3193 supports Entry Assist
capabilities which facilitate operator entry and editing of text
material.  The capabilities include margins, tabbing, wordwrap,
improved cursor positioning, character/word delete, cursor position
indicator and an audible end-of-line warning tone.  Entry Assist is
intended for use primarily with a specific set of host editor
SECURITY FACILITIES: Data security functions provided by the 3193 are
non-display control (specified in the attribute byte) and a Security
Keylock. A program defined non-displayed input mode is provided for
fields of data, so that data is entered from the keyboard without
being displayed on the screen.  The Security Keylock prevents display
of data on the 3193 unless the key is turned to the "UNLOCK"
position.  The key is removable in both the "LOCK" and "UNLOCK"
o   IBM 3193 Display Station Description (GA18-2364)*
o   IBM 3193 Display Station Setup Instructions (GA18-2366)**
o   IBM 3193 Display Station Operator's Guide (GA18-2365)**
o   IBM 3193 Display Station Problem Solving Quick Check Guide
o   IBM 3193 Display Station Problem Solving Guide (GA18-2444)**
*    Available at announcement.
**   Shipped with each machine.
       Additional copies can be purchased through your IBM marketing
       For others, see KWIC Index (G320-1621) or specific system
       The following course will be available fourth quarter 1986.
o   Graphics Technical Education - Update (B3819)
       General availability is planned for September 1986.
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS: The 3193 Display Station attaches to IBM
System/370, 43XX, 303X, 308X, and 3090 Processors via an IBM 3174 or
3274 Control Unit. All attachment environments are supported; SNA
local channel, SNA remote, non-SNA local channel, and BSC.
SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS: The 3193 is supported by the current level of
DOS/VSE, OS/VS1, MVS, MVS/XA, VM/SP, VM/SP High Performance Option,
and SSX/VSE for System/370, 43XX, 303X, 308X, and 3090 Processors.
IMS non-SNA and TCAM are not supported.  The 3193 is designed to
operate with GDDM Version 2 Release 1 and GDDM-IVU (Image View
Utility) to support image.
COMPATIBILITY: Datastream compatibility with today's IBM 3270
displays is provided in alphameric application environments.  It
provides IBM 3278 model 2, 3 and 4 screen support.  The 3193 is
designed to support existing applications programmed for the IBM 3270
system (except where hardware features are not supported). See
"Limitations" below for additional information.
       The following displays and printers can coexist with the 3193
(including IBM 3117 and IBM 3118 Scanners) under the same 3174 or
3274 Control Unit (with or without PS):  IBM 3178, 3179 (including
3179-G), 3180, 3191, 3278, 3279, 3287, and 3289
PREREQUISITES: The IBM 3193 Display Station is designed to attach to
an IBM 3174 or 3274 Control Unit.  3174 Models 1G, 1R, 2R, 3R, 51R,
52R or 53R with #9017 are supported.  3274 Models 31A, 31C, 31D, 41A,
41C, 41D, 51C and 61C with Configuration Support D at microcode
Release 65.0 or higher are supported.  The diskette is orderable at
no charge.  For ordering the feature code diskette, contact your IBM
marketing representative.
    -   IBM 3174 Downstream load diskette (#9017) and the IBM 3274
        Downstream load diskette (#9311) provide space for three
        modified keyboard layouts per control unit.  The diskette is
        supplied via microcode release level 65.0 or higher from
        Raleigh microcode administration for the 3274 with
        Configuration Support D. The modified keyboard layouts are
        selected by the operator of the 3193 during setup mode.
               Customers attaching 3193s to non-IBM controllers may
        obtain the microcode load diskette provided for #9311 (or
        other appropriate code) by completing the card enclosed in
        the shipping package.  This card must be carefully and
        completely filled out and mailed to the IBM address printed
        on the card:
            IBM Corporation
            P. O. Box 12195
            Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
            Attn: Microcode Administration Dept. 383
               It is not necessary to return an address card for each
        IBM 3193.  Only one (1) diskette is required with an
        individual controller.  Return one (1) card for each
        different controller address location for which you are
        requesting a microcode shipment.
               Subsequent updates of the microcode diskette may be

        ordered by calling the Central Order Facility at the
        following toll free numbers for previously recorded order
        Continental U.S. Locations.......800-334-1089
        North Carolina....................800-672-3301
        Alaska and Hawaii (Collect).......919-543-8033 or 8124
       NOTE: It is the customer's responsibility to determine if
microcode diskettes may be required.
       An IBM 3178, 3179, 3180, 3191, 3278, or 3279 display station
with a 1920 character screen or larger must be attached to Port 0 of
the 3174 or 3274 Control Unit for customization and diagnostic
LIMITATIONS: Category B terminals (for example, IBM 3277 Display
Stations) and IBM 3290 Information Panels cannot be used on a 3274
customized to support the 3193.  Existing alphameric applications
will run on the 3193 unless the program is affected by 3274 Control
Unit configuration restrictions (for example, no Category B
terminals) or if required hardware functions are not available in the
3193; for example, magnetic readers, light pen, triple plane
programmable symbols, encryption/decryption, or unsupported screen
       BSC Copy Command is not supported.
       Functions and features not supported by the 3193 are:
o   Programmed Symbol Set
o   APL/Text
o   Ruling
o   Attachment of Magnetic Reader or Selector Light Pen
o   Data Entry Keyboard
o   Monocase Switch (the function can be set up at setup time)
o   Color. The 3193 is monochrome; it does, however, accept the 3270
    data stream with color attributes for display.
o   Graphic data stream.
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITY: The customer is responsible for:
o   Adequate site, system, and other vendor preparation.
o   Receipt at the customer's receiving dock, unpacking, and
    placement of the unit.
o   Physical setup, connection of cables in customer access area,
    switch settings, and checkout.
o   Contacting an IBM service representative for attachment of the
    3193 communication cable to an on-site, serviced 3174 or 3274.
o   Determination of required number of spares.
o   Performing Customer Problem Analysis and Resolution (CPAR).
o   Returning a failing element to the Repair Center (for Customer
    Carry-in Repair maintenance) or to the Service/Exchange Center
    (for Customer Carry-in Exchange maintenance).
o   Calling the Service/Exchange Communication Center (S/ECC) on a
    toll free number for service.
o   Removing customer-owned keycaps prior to submitting a keyboard
    for exchange or repair service and returning the standard layout
    keyboard to IBM.
o   Returning security keys to IBM if any exchange service of logic
    element is required. If the keys are not returned to IBM, the
    customer will be charged for the replacement of the security keys
    and locks on a time and material basis.
o   Ordering the IBM 3193 Display Station Description Manual
    (GA18-2364) for site planning and preparation work. The manual is
    not shipped with each machine.
SPARES: It is recommended that the customer replace a failing element
with a spare element and that the customer purchase sufficient spare
3193s for such use.  The number of spare units is dependent upon the
number of 3193s the customer has installed, the application
requirements, physical locations and layout. Determination of the
required number of spares is a customer responsibility.
       It is recommended that the customer test spares for correct
operation before putting them on the shelf. Spares may be ordered as
a complete machine or as individual elements.  See "Accessories" and
"Machine Elements" for ordering individual elements.
CABLE ORDERS: A 2.8 meter (9.0 foot) line cord with non-locking plug
is supplied as standard. A 1.8 meter (6.0 foot) cord (#9986) is
available if required.
       See "Accessories" below for attachment cables.
PROBLEM DETERMINATION: The customer is responsible for problem
determination through the use of Customer Problem Analysis and
Resolution (CPAR) procedures by the operator.
PACKAGING: The 3193 shipment consists of a video element, logic
element, keyboard element, pedestal, line cord, and publications.
       Data security functions provided by the 3193 Display Station
are non-display field control (specified in the attribute byte) and
the Security Keylock.
       User management is responsible for evaluation, selection, and
implementation of security features, administrative procedures, and
appropriate controls in application systems and communications
       If sensitive data is sent over external communications
facilities, user management may wish to pursue the application of
cryptography. For more information on data security controls, see
Data Security Controls and Procedures (G320-5649).
CUSTOMER SET-UP (CSU): The 3193 is a customer set-up machine.  CSU
allowance is one day. IBM set-up is available at the applicable IBM
hourly service rates and minimum charges.
EDUCATIONAL ALLOWANCE: A 20% educational allowance is available to
qualifying institutions.  The educational allowance is not additive
to any other discount or allowance.
o   Warranty
    -   IBM On-Site Exchange (IOE)
o   IBM Maintenance Agreement
    -   IBM On-Site Exchange (IOE)
    -   Customer On-Site Exchange (COE)
identify each element (logic, video and keyboard) of all element
exchange products. The RID tag is used by IBM for service
entitlement. Only the Type and Serial Number of the product is stored
in IBM's entitlement system. Therefore, the RID tag is used to tie
the logic, video and keyboard elements to the product Type and Serial
Number. Detail information regarding the RID tag is contained in the
IBM 3193 Display Station Setup Instructions manual which is shipped
with each 3193.
Determination by IBM that damage to replaced units is due to causes
or conditions not covered under the terms and conditions of the
purchase or maintenance agreement and repair of that damage or
replacement of missing, altered or non-IBM parts will be charged for
at IBM's then applicable hourly service rates and terms. Altered
elements will not be eligible for the exchange or replacement
ON-SITE ASSISTANCE: If the customer desires assistance in performing
Customer Problem Analysis and Resolution (CPAR), the customer calls
the Service/Exchange Communication Center (S/ECC) on a toll-free
number. IBM will assist the customer on-site in performing CPAR
procedures using the same documentation that is available to the
customer.  Customer owned spare elements can be installed to replace
defective elements by IBM upon customer request. Shipping of
defective elements to the Repair Center or Service/ Exchange Center
is a customer responsibility. All on-site assistance is provided on
an hourly service base at the applicable hourly service rates and
eligible under Category A, Discount Group 6, of the IBM Workstations
VPA Exhibit, or under Category B of the IBM Information Display
System VPA Exhibit (3270-12 or later). See your IBM marketing
representative for details.
FINANCING: IBM Credit Corporation term leases and installment payment
plans are available.
                                 Model     Price
3193 Display Station

 122-key typewriter keyboard     010       $2,495
 102-key typewriter keyboard     020        2,495
       Annual Minimum Maintenance Charges
                  IOE        COE
         Model    (#9830)    (#9824)
3193     010       $75        $50
3193     020        75         50
CABLES: IBM shielded twisted pair cable (or equivalent) or coaxial
cable is required for product attachment. Cable and associated
accessories can be purchased from IBM or a customer-selected source.
The customer is responsible for installation and maintenance of the
cable and associated accessories.
o   Twisted Pair Cable: For proper identification, installation, and
    application of cable and associated accessories, refer to the IBM
    Cabling System - Planning and Installation Guide (GA27-3361).
           For pricing and ordering information, refer to the
    appropriate IBM DIRECT catalog.
o   Coaxial Cable: For proper identification, installation, and
    application of cable and associated accessories, refer to IBM
    3270 Installation Manual-Physical Planning (GA27-2787).
via 800-IBM-2468. The IBM National Distribution Division (NDD) will
ship to the customer.
Description                                       Part Number
Clear Lens Keycaps/Paper
 Inserts/Removal Tool                             6341707
Blank Keycaps (Light) and
 Removal Tool                                     1351710
Blank Keycaps (Dark) and
 Removal Tool                                     1351728
Keycap Removal Tools (6 tools)                    1351717
Paper Inserts (150 Light and
 150 Gray)                                        6341704
Keyboard Overlays (10 overlays)
 For Model 01X                                    6456082
 For Model 02X                                    6456146
Switch Control Unit*                              6052157
*  Permits switching operational control of the 3193 between two
   different control units. The customer is responsible for
   procurement and installation of this accessory, and also for the
   replacement of a defective unit.  There is no switch control unit
   designed specifically for the 3193, but use can be made of the
   unit designed for the IBM 3278 or 3279. The 3279 switch is
   suggested, even though it does not fit readily under the foot of
   the 3193, since it is better adapted than the 3278 switch to a
   free-standing position.
       The machine elements below can be ordered as needed through
the North-Central or South-West Marketing Division.
                                 Part       Purchase
                                 Number     Price
Video                            6238880    $  685
Logic                            6238810     1,485
Keyboard Typewriter, Mdl 010     1390832       295
Keyboard Typewriter, Mdl 020     1391065       295
Pedestal                         5954170        20
Line cord - 2.8M (9.0 ft.)       6952297        10
Line Cord - 1.8M (6.0 ft.)       6952298        10
       The following parts are not covered by IBM Maintenance
Agreement and must be purchased by the customer when replacement is
       Order from IBM Parts Distribution Center, Greencastle,
Description                    Part Number
Field Packaging Material
 For Video                     6481600
 For Logic                     6316868
 For Model 010 keyboard        7342987
 For Model 020 keyboard        7342889
Keys*                          6342xxx (3 digits
                               of key code numbers)
*  The 3193 is shipped with two keys for the Security Keylock.  If
   the keys are lost, and the Security Keylock key code number is
   unknown, the Logic Element should be sent to an IBM Repair Center
   or an IBM Service/Exchange Center for replacement of the locks and
   the keys.  This service is available on an hourly service basis.