Today, the most advanced, exciting data science technologies come from the open source community. How could Fifth Third Bank safely integrate these tools into its highly secure IT environment?
Fifth Third Bank used IBM Watson Studio to build a powerful, scalable environment that provides access to Jupyter Notebook, R and Python libraries, while meeting IT security requirements.
Unlocksthe ability to harness cutting-edge machine learning and deep learning techniques
Maintainssecurity with a single point of control for open-source tools and data
Scalesseamlessly and cost-effectively as demand for analytics increases
Business challenge story
Embracing a new generation of data science tools
In the past few years, data science has emerged from the shadow of statistics and become a central pillar of analytics strategy for many businesses. Advances in hardware, such as the availability of efficient GPU clusters, now make it practical for companies to train complex neural networks cost-effectively, while new software frameworks are helping to simplify model design, development and deployment.
The real surprise, from an enterprise perspective, is that much of the innovation in data science tooling is coming from open source communities. In many cases, the primary expertise of data scientists graduating from university today is in open source languages like R and Python, frameworks like TensorFlow and Keras, and development tools like Jupyter Notebook, rather than legacy statistics software.
The Decision Sciences Group (DSG) at Fifth Third Bank quickly recognized the potential of open source software to help it gain a competitive advantage—both to optimize marketing analytics and to help it attract top data science talent.
When the bank decided to retool its data science practice, the DSG team realized that it had a golden opportunity to embrace open source. Instead of rewriting thousands of lines of code to pipe data into its legacy models, the team decided to move away from the legacy modeling platform altogether, and rebuild its models from scratch in Python and R.
Security, however, posed a challenge. In many industries, data scientists might be free to download the latest frameworks, and start building models right away—but in a financial services environment, where data governance is subject to strict regulations, it was vital to impose much tighter safeguards for the use of customer data.
Brian Robinson, Principal Application Developer at the bank, comments: “The question was, as a bank, how do we leverage open source software safely to build state-of-the-art models? We needed to create a controlled environment that would empower our data scientists to access these tools, while still passing muster with our IT security standards.”
NOTE: IBM Data Science Experience is now Watson Studio
Building a safe environment for data science
Fifth Third Bank decided to build a Hadoop cluster to support big data analytics and train models efficiently. By deploying the cluster on-premises, the bank would ensure that all its sensitive data remained within its own firewall at all times—helping to maintain compliance with IT security policies.
Jeffrey Allard, Lead Data Scientist for the Decision Sciences Group, says: “We looked at various Hadoop offerings from different vendors, but we were agnostic about the big data infrastructure itself. Our key requirements were around data science tooling and security.”
When the team saw a demo of IBM Watson Studio, they quickly recognized its potential to meet these requirements. Watson Studio is a platform that gives data science teams access to a broad range of open source and enterprise tools covering the whole data science lifecycle from data preparation to model development. As a hybrid solution, it can be deployed on-premises, or accessed via public or private clouds.
“At first, we just set up personal accounts in the cloud version of Watson Studio, and saw how we could use Jupyter Notebook for model development,” says Jeffrey Allard. “If we could deploy the same solution on-premises with Watson Studio Local, it would give us the controlled environment we needed to build models with real banking data.”
The bank worked with IBM to set up a small IBM Watson Studio Local cluster with three nodes. The environment quickly grew—first to a nine-node, and then to an 11-node cluster—as the DSG team began moving more of its model training workloads onto the platform.
Brian Robinson says: “From an IT perspective, Watson Studio Local makes growth seamless, because it scales horizontally. When you need more power, you just add more nodes.”
Watson Studio enables DSG and other groups within Fifth Third Bank to access both the data and the open-source tools and frameworks they need, within a controlled environment. Instead of data scientists downloading random packages (which could be infected with malware) to their own PCs, each package is downloaded centrally and scanned by the bank’s security team before it is made available to users.
The DSG team has already used Jupyter Notebook within Watson Studio to build new models to solve a wide range of marketing and customer analytics problems. Examples include helping direct marketing teams target the right prospects in a database of potential customers, predicting the balance and revenue from new customers’ accounts, and assessing the likelihood of customer attrition over the next five years.
“In addition to more traditional statistical models, we’re also using machine learning and deep learning techniques,” says Jeffrey Allard. “For example, we’re using neural networks to help with forecasting and sequence modeling for customer value analysis and marketing optimization.
“With access to leading-edge natural language processing frameworks in Watson Studio, we can analyze unstructured text in ways that weren’t even feasible with our legacy platform.”
Results story - Fifth-Third-Bank
Faster, safer, and more cost-effective
IBM Watson Studio is helping Fifth Third Bank achieve greater accuracy and much faster training times for its models, compared to its legacy platform.
Jeffrey Allard comments: “The gain in performance that we get from the new open source tools is significant, even when we are just training a model on a laptop. When we run a big training job on the IBM Watson Studio cluster, there’s no contest—the new platform allows us to explore many more models and run many more iterations in the same amount of time, helping us get the results the business needs, fast.”
More importantly, the DSG team is able to harness new open source tools and frameworks confidently, without worrying about data governance and security issues. Every package available in IBM Watson Studio has been thoroughly checked and audited by the bank’s security experts, helping to reduce risk and facilitate compliance with information security policies.
The bank also expects to be able to grow the environment without significantly increasing its infrastructure costs. Brian Robinson says: “Each node in the cluster is just a virtual Linux server, and those servers can run on commodity hardware. As a result, adding new nodes is much less expensive than upgrading the enterprise-class servers that support our legacy platform.”
In the future, the DSG team hopes to take advantage of more features of IBM Watson Studio, such as automated model deployment. The team also plans to offer training to other groups within the business, to help them move their models to the new platform and share skills and data more effectively.
Jeffrey Allard concludes: “IBM Watson Studio gives us a powerful platform that we can use to build the future of data science at Fifth Third Bank. By giving us access to state-of-the-art open-source tools in a safe, fast and scalable environment, IBM Watson Studio is helping us transform customer analytics and attract a new generation of data scientists to an exciting career with Fifth Third Bank.”
About Fifth Third Bank
Fifth Third Bancorp is a diversified financial services company headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had $142 billion in assets and operated 1,153 full-service Banking Centers and 2,459 ATMs with Fifth Third branding in Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Florida, Tennessee, West Virginia, Georgia and North Carolina.
Take the next step
IBM Watson Studio is the enterprise data science platform that allows teams to explore, build and put their data science practice into production faster. For more information about how IBM Watson Studio can transform industries and professions with data, visit https://www.ibm.com/cloud/watson-studio. Follow us on Twitter at @IBMDataScience, on our blog at ibmbigdatahub.com and join the conversation #WatsonStudio