Twenty years ago, after riding high on a microprocessor architecture that launched and sustained the PC revolution, the industry faced considerable new hurdles – specifically with the microchip’s speed and scale. Any company that manufactured a device with a chip inside of it needed something new to help them keep up with the incredible demand for increasingly better electronics.
That’s when IBM’s Semiconductor R&D Center stepped in. In 1997 the group announced it had developed a way to replace the aluminum wires that connected the transistors and various parts of the computer chips of the day, with copper. Copper, conducts electricity significantly better than aluminum, and also handles higher current densities. For perspective, in 1997, laptop computers topped out at 233MHz speeds, and IBM’s Deep Blue was exploring a mere 200 million possible chess positions per second. Without the copper wire chip innovation, our computers and devices would not have advanced much beyond the speed and power of two decades ago.
The recent promising news about Covid-19 vaccines is in sharp contrast to the absence of a vaccine for HIV, despite decades of research. Unlike Covid-19 with a single viral isolate that shows minimal diversity, HIV circulates in a wide range of strains that so far have proven impervious to a single vaccine. Fortunately, more people […]
IBM has never avoided taking on big challenges. At IBM, we are privileged to drive impact at scale. We take on challenges that transform our clients, impact people’s lives and innovate for future generations as we strive to effect systematic societal change. Over the course of our 109-year history, the evidence has become clear that […]
Humans have been plying the seas throughout history. But it wasn’t until the late 19th century that we began to truly study the ocean itself. An expedition in 1872 to 1876, by the Challenger, a converted Royal Navy gunship, traveled nearly 70,000 nautical miles and catalogued over 4,000 previously unknown species, building the foundations for modern […]