Twenty years ago, after riding high on a microprocessor architecture that launched and sustained the PC revolution, the industry faced considerable new hurdles – specifically with the microchip’s speed and scale. Any company that manufactured a device with a chip inside of it needed something new to help them keep up with the incredible demand for increasingly better electronics.
That’s when IBM’s Semiconductor R&D Center stepped in. In 1997 the group announced it had developed a way to replace the aluminum wires that connected the transistors and various parts of the computer chips of the day, with copper. Copper, conducts electricity significantly better than aluminum, and also handles higher current densities. For perspective, in 1997, laptop computers topped out at 233MHz speeds, and IBM’s Deep Blue was exploring a mere 200 million possible chess positions per second. Without the copper wire chip innovation, our computers and devices would not have advanced much beyond the speed and power of two decades ago.
It used to be so simple. The supply chain behind a ‘media buy’ was made up of three main players – client, agency and media property – and each type of media came with a single measurement source. But the digital era is making that model obsolete, like rabbit ears or appointment-viewing TV. In today’s […]
Bed nets, insecticides and repellents are all effective intervention strategies to control the spread of malaria, but with a continuously dwindling budget, how can public officials and policy makers know what to use, where and when, to be most effective? Malaria is caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected […]
When our team at IBM first approached our friends at the Linux Foundation with a proposal to create an open source project for blockchain technology for business, it became immediately clear that we had a shared vision from the start. That vision was that blockchain has tremendous potential, but that enterprises need a modular, open […]