Twenty years ago, after riding high on a microprocessor architecture that launched and sustained the PC revolution, the industry faced considerable new hurdles – specifically with the microchip’s speed and scale. Any company that manufactured a device with a chip inside of it needed something new to help them keep up with the incredible demand for increasingly better electronics.
That’s when IBM’s Semiconductor R&D Center stepped in. In 1997 the group announced it had developed a way to replace the aluminum wires that connected the transistors and various parts of the computer chips of the day, with copper. Copper, conducts electricity significantly better than aluminum, and also handles higher current densities. For perspective, in 1997, laptop computers topped out at 233MHz speeds, and IBM’s Deep Blue was exploring a mere 200 million possible chess positions per second. Without the copper wire chip innovation, our computers and devices would not have advanced much beyond the speed and power of two decades ago.
Thirty years ago, three thousand people gathered on the lawn of the White House to watch President George H.W. Bush sign legislation that finally, after years of struggle, gave people with diverse abilities equal rights and access. With the signing of the Americans with Disabilities Act (the ADA) on July 26, 1990, daily life promised […]
What’s in a pronoun? Does he, him, his not apply to every person who is perceived as a male? Or she, her, hers to a perceived female? In our non-binary world, they do not. For non-binary or genderqueer individuals, and those who relate to gender in a fluid way, to be misgendered can be a […]
As we publish the 30th edition of IBM’s annual corporate environmental report, the world is in crisis: we are in the midst of a pandemic, a global economic contraction, and the heartbreaking persistence of racial inequality. In times like these, it would be easy for business leaders to neglect their responsibility for environmental protection, including […]