Our study "Comparison of methods to reduce bias from clinical prediction models of postpartum depression” examines healthcare data and machine learning models routinely used in both research and application to address bias in healthcare AI.
Founded in March 2020 just as the pandemic’s wave was starting to wash over the world, the Consortium has brought together 43 members with supercomputing resources. Private and public enterprises, academia, government and technology companies, many of whom are typically rivals. “It is simply unprecedented,” said Dario Gil, Senior Vice President and Director of IBM Research, one of the founding organizations. “The outcomes we’ve achieved, the lessons we’ve learned, and the next steps we have to pursue are all the result of the collective efforts of these Consortium’s community.” The next step? Creating the National Strategic Computing Reserve to help the world be better prepared for future global emergencies.
IBM is supporting marine research organization ProMare to provide the technologies for the Mayflower Autonomous Ship (MAS). Named after another famous ship from history but very much future focussed, the new Mayflower uses AI and energy from the sun to independently traverse the ocean, gathering vital data to expand our understanding of the factors influencing its health.
At AAAI, our team presented two new multilingual research techniques that enable AI to understand different languages while only trained on one.
PAGs play a vital role in the manufacturing of computer chips. They are also one of several classes of chemical compounds that have recently come under enhanced scrutiny from environmental regulators. Researchers have been racing to create more sustainable ones – but the traditional process of discovering new materials is too slow, too costly, and too risky. So IBM researchers have turned to AI for help – and created new PAGs much, much faster, paving the way to the era of Accelerated Discovery.
Our team has developed an AI that verifies other AIs’ ‘fairness’ by generating a set of counterfactual text samples and testing machine learning systems without supervision.
In a recent paper introduced at the 2021 AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), we describe an AI that trades off ‘exploration’ of the world with ‘exploitation’ of its action strategy to maximize rewards. In Reinforcement Learning, an AI gets a reward – such as a bag of gold behind a locked door in a video game – every time it reaches specific desirable states. We have greatly improved this exploration vs exploitation tradeoff using additional commonsense knowledge – in the form of crowdsourced text. Our work could lead to better mapping and navigation applications, and to a new generation of interactive assistive agents able to reason like humans.
We use AI to automatically break down the overall application by representing application code as graphs. Our AI relies on Graph Representation Learning – a popular method in deep learning. Graphs are a natural representation for software and applications. We translated the application to a graph where the programs become nodes. Their relationships with other programs become edges and determine the boundary to separate the nodes of common business functionality.
Our team of researchers from IBM Haifa and Dublin has developed software to help assess privacy risk of AI as well as reduce the amount of personal data in AI training. This software could be of use for fintech, healthcare, insurance, security – or any other industry relying on sensitive data for training.
In our latest paper published in the Microbiome Journal, we propose a way to improve the speed, sensitivity and accuracy of what’s known as microbial functional profiling – determining what microbes in a specific environment are capable of.
Together with Boston Scientific, we are presenting research that details the feasibility and progress towards our new pain measurement method at the 2021 North American Neuromodulation Society Annual Meeting.
Between 2000 and 2001, IBM Research made headlines when it launched an internet-enabled designer watch running Linux, an open-source operating system. Dubbed WatchPad, its aim was to demonstrate the capabilities of the then-novel OS for mobile and embedded devices.