Leo Gross

Atomic force microscopy helps clear the haze surrounding Saturn’s moon Titan

We have unveiled in the laboratory new details on how the famous Titan haze may have formed and what its chemical make-up looks like. Our findings in the latest issue of the Astrophysical Journal detail how we've resolved molecules of different sizes, giving snapshots of the different stages through which molecules grow to build up the haze.

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Imaging molecules in different charge states

IBM researchers, along with collaborators at the Universidade de Santiago de Compostela and ExxonMobil, reported in the peer-review journal Science that they have been able to resolve with unprecedented resolution the structural changes of individual molecules upon charging.

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