Customs & Border Management

Advanced Passenger Analysis from IBM

IBM Advanced Passenger Analysis System (APA)

Governments need to facilitate trade and travel and expedite immigration and customs clearance to bona fide passengers while at the same time interrogating or detaining potential high-risk passengers at the border. They can do this by identifying, in advance of arrival and departure, passengers who are known or potential threats. This gives more time to plan and coordinate the intervention.

To assist Governments with the underlying processes of passenger data collection, risk assessment and alerting and keeping a record of entry and exit, IBM has created the Advanced Passenger Analysis – APA – solution.

APA is an pre-integrated set of software that can be customised to local requirements. It comprises:

  • Passenger Data Collector (PDC) to
    • connect to sources of passenger data,
    • check these inbound messages for quality and omissions,
    • and transform the messages into standard XML for further analysis or storage
  • Analysis and Indicator of Risk (AIR) to
    • screen  the inbound passenger data for the presence of known persons and patterns of interest
    • provide investigation tools to allow the analyst to decide if  the match is a genuine ‘hit’ and
    • generate alerts to competent authoritestake action on
  • Passenger Movement History (PMH) to
    • Store a record of every passenger entry and exit
    • Provide a passenger centric search facility to show all relationships between the passenger and government systems.

APA is built on component based architecture using messaging as the interfacing mechanism. The advantage is that each of the components in the solution can be used independently and easily be plugged to augment or add the functionality to an existing client system.

APA Product Highlights

An integrated pre configured solution, that is customisable to project requirements.

Provides functionality to capture, store and risk analyse passenger data

  • Ingest, validate, transform, directly from the airline or via messaging service provider.

o  UN/EDIFACT PAXLST format, which is the international de facto standard for Advanced Passenger Information (API)

o  UN/ EDIFACT PNRGOV (11.1, 12.1 and13.1)  format (which is the international standard for Passenger Name Record (PNR) message

o  PNRPUSH formats and other formats on request, such as SBRRES and variations of standard UN EDIFACT messages

  • Send a message back to the provider system acknowledging receipt and status of a message
  • Provide 360 degree view of all the travel related activities of a passenger
  • Rules Based Risk Aggregation to provide an overall assessment on the basis of weighted responses from the matching and pattern and analysis tools.
  • Provision of role based access control to the passenger PNR data and risk assessment results
  • Graphical representation of the profile based risk, security risk and overall risk
  • Functionality to generate and publish different alerts depending on operational scenario and protocols

Advanced Passenger Analysis was created with insight of several of the leading Government risk assessment programmes. It was designed with the specific requirements of the European Passenger Name Record Directive.


It is available for immediate implementation. We offer the following licenses:


  • Passenger Data Collector (PDC)
    • Code 5526        Licensed materials base
  • Analysis and Indicator of Risk (AIR)
    • Code 4123        Licensed materials base
    • Code 6085        Annual support
    • Code 6086        Annual Enhancements
  • Passenger Movement History (PMH)
    • Code 5526        Licensed materials base


For more information Contact Paul McKeown, APA Solutions Manager, IBM at


Associate Partner, Customs Revenue and Border Management

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