October 16, 2015 | Written by: Alexander Pogue
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Message Hub provides a simple communication mechanism built on Apache Kafka, enabling communication between loosely coupled Bluemix services. This article shows how to communicate with Message Hub from the Streaming Analytics Bluemix service using the messaging toolkit.
Creating a topic
In Message Hub, messages are transported through feeds called topics. Producers write messages to topics, and consumers read from topics.
The Message Hub Bluemix dashboard provides topic management tools. To create a topic click the plus sign, enter “sampleTopic”, and click Save.
We are now ready to use this new topic from Streams.
Using Streams to produce and consume messages
Now we will use the KafkaSASLSample Streams application to produce and consume messages.
Import KafkaSASLSample into Streams Studio from the downloaded toolkit directory (
samples/KafkaSASLSample). The application should build successfully. Instructions for importing Streams applications can be found in Importing SPL projects.
We still need to tell the application where to find our Message Hub service.
- Navigate to Message Hub’s Bluemix dashboard and click the “Service Credentials” tab. Note the
- Change line 1 of
KafkaSASLSample/etc/producer.properties files, substituting
broker.host.1:2181,broker.host.2:2181,broker.host.3:2181 for a comma-separated list of the
kafka_brokers_sasl from the Message Hub service credentials.
We also need to give authentication information to Message Hub by editing
KafkaSASLSample/etc/jaas.conf. In lines 4 and 5, replace
mypassword with the
password from your Message Hub service credentials.
IMPORTANT: After saving producer.properties and consumer.properties, you must clean your workspace: Select Project -> Clean…, then press OK.
The KafkaSASLSample Streams application contains logic to both send and receive messages.
- The “producer” part of the Streams graph (OutputStream → KafkaSinkOp) uses a KafkaProducer operator to send messages to the topic named “sampleTopic” every 0.2 seconds.
- The “consumer” part (KafkaStream → SinkOp) retrieves messages from Kafka using the KafkaConsumer operator and prints them to the console.
Build the KafkaSASLSample’s Distributed Build so that you can run it on your Streaming Analytics service on Bluemix.
To run KafkaSASLSample locally in Streams Studio, see Launching a Main composite.
To view the locally running Streams graph, see Viewing the instance graph for your application.
Streams and Message Hub in the Cloud
Create a Streaming Analytics service on Bluemix – See “Finding the service” section of Introduction to Bluemix Streaming Analytics.
Building KafkaSASLSample creates a .sab file (Streams application bundle) in your workspace directory:
workspace/KafkaSASLSample/output/com.ibm.streamsx.messaging.sample.kafka.KafkaSASLSample/Distributed/com.ibm.streamsx.messaging.sample.kafka.KafkaSASLSample.sab. This file includes all necessary information for the Streaming Analytics Bluemix service to run the Streams application in the cloud.
Upload the .sab file using the Streaming Analytics console.
- Head to the Streaming Analytics service dashboard in Bluemix and click “Launch” to launch the Streams console.
- Click “Submit job” under the “play icon” dropdown in the top-right of the console
- Browse for the
com.ibm.streamsx.messaging.sample.kafka.KafkaSASLSample.sab file that you built, and click Submit.
The Streams application is working properly if the Streams console’s graph view shows that all operators are healthy (green circle) and that approximately five tuples/second are flowing on each stream.
You can also view the messages being printed by SinkOp in the Streams log.
- Navigate to the Streams console log viewer on the far left.
- Expand the navigation tree and highlight the PE that has the SinkOp operator.
- Select the “Console Log” tab.
- Click “Load console messages”.
If you don’t see any messages being logged, ensure that only one instance of the job is running. You can only have one Kafka consumer per topic in each consumer group.
If you had any trouble following these instructions, check out the video tutorial.
This article has shown how Streams can both send and receive messages using operators from the messaging toolkit. Message Hub provides powerful real-time communication between Streams and many other Bluemix services.
To learn more about Streaming Analytics visit: